Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1    I,     2.  1    |               a significant amount of evidence to support the economic
  2    I,     2.  4    |            from them.~ ~The available evidence suggests that during - the
  3    I,     2.  4    |              mortality. The available evidence clearly shows that these
  4    I,     2.  4    |               mortality has occurred. Evidence from some other Eastern
  5    I,     2.  9    |              threshold. There is some evidence that winter mortality in
  6    I,     2. 10.  5|               reached and how the HTA evidence is used for decision making.~ ~ ~
  7    I,     2. 11    |       practices and job satisfaction: evidence from Europe. Available at: ftp ~ ~
  8    I,     3.  1    |               ages. However, there is evidence that higher educated women
  9    I,     3.  4    |              their Economic Position:~Evidence from the European Labour
 10   II,     5.  1.  1|               cancer. There is strong evidence that infection with a certain
 11   II,     5.  1.  1|                Colorectal cancer: the evidence that physical activity protects
 12   II,     5.  1.  1|              convincing, although the evidence is stronger for colon than
 13   II,     5.  1.  1|            colon than for rectum. The evidence that red meat, processed
 14   II,     5.  1.  1|   postmenopause, and there is limited evidence suggesting that it protects
 15   II,     5.  1.  1|        diagnosed in premenopause. The evidence that alcoholic drinks are
 16   II,     5.  1.  1|               ages is convincing. The evidence that the factors that lead
 17   II,     5.  1.  1|    Periodontal diseases~The available evidence shows that important risk
 18   II,     5.  2.  2|             in the light of available evidence on changes in environmental
 19   II,     5.  2.  3|             of hypertension; there is evidence suggesting that a decrease
 20   II,     5.  2.  4|            see Chapter 5.1.4). Recent evidence suggests that abdominal
 21   II,     5.  3.  4|               cancer. There is strong evidence that infection with a certain
 22   II,     5.  3.  4|                Colorectal cancer: the evidence that physical activity protects
 23   II,     5.  3.  4|              convincing, although the evidence is stronger for colon than
 24   II,     5.  3.  4|            colon than for rectum. The evidence that red meat, processed
 25   II,     5.  3.  4|  post-menopause, and there is limited evidence suggesting that it protects
 26   II,     5.  3.  4|       diagnosed in pre-menopause. The evidence that alcoholic drinks are
 27   II,     5.  3.  4|               ages is convincing. The evidence that the factors that lead
 28   II,     5.  3.  6|        greatly reduced. There is some evidence of a more rapid improvement
 29   II,     5.  3.  7|          indirect or non-experimental evidence of the efficacy of screening
 30   II,     5.  3.  7|         improved. There is increasing evidence that international survival
 31   II,     5.  4.  2|             impede it: a huge pile of evidence is available, there is agreement
 32   II,     5.  4.  4|           credibility from scientific evidence, i.e. the measuring of one’
 33   II,     5.  4.  4|               we know from scientific evidence that the rise of diabetes
 34   II,     5.  4.  4|     underlined by prevalence results. Evidence shows that prevalence is
 35   II,     5.  4.  6|              diabetes epidemiological evidence by considering the establishment
 36   II,     5.  4.  7|            updating and disseminating evidence on the application and clinical
 37   II,     5.  5.Int|             treatment and preliminary evidence showed higher proportions
 38   II,     5.  5.Int|        seizure per month .~ ~There is evidence that suicide can be prevented
 39   II,     5.  5.Int|              in finding key facts and evidence base, areas for actions,
 40   II,     5.  5.  1|             Unemployment and suicide. Evidence for a causal association?
 41   II,     5.  5.  1|              suicide: a review of the evidence. Am J Psychiatry 159(6):
 42   II,     5.  5.  2|             qualitative assessment of evidence. Where information is scarce,
 43   II,     5.  5.  2|            have a buffering effect as evidence is often conflicting and
 44   II,     5.  5.  2|              good for your brain: the evidence on risk reduction and dementia,
 45   II,     5.  5.  3|         should be emphasised that the evidence level for reviewed studies
 46   II,     5.  5.  3|               over time, there is new evidence of a substantial difference
 47   II,     5.  5.  3|           partly elucidated. There is evidence for a multi-factorial pathogenesis
 48   II,     5.  5.  3|         appropriate care according to evidence based knowledge (Lehman
 49   II,     5.  5.  3|            Region (Kohn et al, 2004). Evidence indicates that there is
 50   II,     5.  5.  3|        account the treatment gap, the evidence for coding bias and the
 51   II,     5.  5.  3|       reliable data although there is evidence for a substantially increased
 52   II,     5.  5.  3|           with schizophrenia there is evidence of an increased frequency
 53   II,     5.  5.  3|      schizophrenia is underestimated.~Evidence based treatment of schizophrenia
 54   II,     5.  5.  3|      available data there seems to be evidence that intervention during
 55   II,     5.  5.  3|             is far behind the current evidence. Closing this gap is essential
 56   II,     5.  5.  3|           Although there is plenty of evidence that the treatment of schizophrenia
 57   II,     5.  5.  3|             et al, 1997); more recent evidence suggests a decline in prevalence (
 58   II,     5.  5.  3|             the gap between guideline evidence and practice. However, in
 59   II,     5.  5.  3|            year 2002.~The gap between evidence and implementation as well
 60   II,     5.  5.  3|          intended to be a synopsis of evidence based knowledge about schizophrenia
 61   II,     5.  5.  3|        schizophrenia provided limited evidence for the efficacy. The authors
 62   II,     5.  5.  3|        Further research to ensure the evidence base for such programmes
 63   II,     5.  5.  3|             enhance implementation of evidence based guidelines~· to promote
 64   II,     5.  5.  3|             of schizophrenia: current evidence and future perspectives.
 65   II,     5.  5.  3|              studies suggest that the evidence supporting an increasing
 66   II,     5.  5.  3|            the strongest, most robust evidence, available to determine
 67   II,     5.  5.  3|         epilepsy (without unequivocal evidence of generalized and focal
 68   II,     5.  5.  3|            our knowledge, there is no evidence that epilepsy education
 69   II,     5.  5.  3|            the light of the available evidence, there is no need for further
 70   II,     5.  5.  3|           Diagnostic criteria require evidence of dissemination of neurologic
 71   II,     5.  5.  3|             clinical and paraclinical evidence. The most widely used criteria
 72   II,     5.  5.  3|           disease. Based on available evidence, early, aggressive treatment
 73   II,     5.  5.  3|             is difficult and there is evidence that treatment with interferon
 74   II,     5.  5.  3|     guidelines based on the available evidence from clinical studies and
 75   II,     5.  5.  3|               of MS in South Estonia. Evidence of a new border of the Fennoscandian
 76   II,     5.  5.  3|             epidemiology in Sardinia: evidence for a true increasing risk.
 77   II,     5.  5.  3|               in South East Scotland: evidence of a genetic predisposition.
 78   II,     5.  5.  3|           2001).~We found conflicting evidence of a higher prevalence for
 79   II,     5.  5.  3|        Parkinson disease: what is the evidence? Environ Health Perspect
 80   II,     5.  5.  3|          environmental or hereditary? Evidence from twin studies. Adv Neurol
 81   II,     5.  5.  3|                2005): Epidemiological evidence on multiple system atrophy.
 82   II,     5.  6.  3|                whilst there is little evidence of persistent disease in
 83   II,     5.  6.  5|              based on a review of the evidence from existing guidelines
 84   II,     5.  6.  5|              want to be achieved. The evidence for these recommendations
 85   II,     5.  6.  6|               Koivisto O (1994): More evidence from a community based series
 86   II,     5.  6.  6|           rheumatoid factor in women: evidence for a secular decline. Ann
 87   II,     5.  7.  1|             is coherent, undisputable evidence that treatment can prevent
 88   II,     5.  7.  1|               al. 2003). Furthermore, evidence is emerging that CKD is
 89   II,     5.  7.  7|            syndrome differ by gender: evidence from NHANES III. Ann Epidemiol
 90   II,     5.  8.  6|               of clinical trials. New evidence is being acquired on the
 91   II,     5.  9. FB|          pregnancy have found no real evidence for a protective effect
 92   II,     5.  9.  4|        environmental allergens.~ ~The evidence of a possible evolution
 93   II,     5.  9.  5|              is not enough scientific evidence of the effectiveness of
 94   II,     5. 10.  5|               based on new scientific evidence.~ ~
 95   II,     5. 11.  3|        reasonable direct and indirect evidence to suggest that the prevalence
 96   II,     5. 11.  3|           addition, there is emerging evidence that other metals such as
 97   II,     5. 11.  3| Larsson-Stymne and L Widström, 1985). Evidence that ear piercing increases
 98   II,     5. 11.  5|                and injuries. Based on evidence on the whole WHO European
 99   II,     5. 11.  6|               filled by exploring the evidence of effectiveness for the
100   II,     5. 14.  3|            places.~ ~Dental erosion~ ~Evidence has been collected that
101   II,     5. 14.  4|        diseases~ ~Currently available evidence shows that important risk
102   II,     6.  3.  1|               assist in providing the evidence base for action, in identifying
103   II,     6.  3.  3|             their infection. There is evidence to suggest that this group
104   II,     6.  3.  3|             an STI, although there is evidence that common practices (tattooing,
105   II,     6.  3.  6|          particularly as there is now evidence of transmission of vCJD
106   II,     6.  3.  7|               mosquito bites. Current evidence indicates that repeated
107   II,     7.  1    |         injuries. There is also ample evidence that improvements in trauma
108   II,     7.  1    |               EU, a discussion of the evidence base for the proposed seven
109   II,     7.  4    |     disability and human suffering;~· Evidence regarding the effectiveness
110   II,     7.  4.  2|      documents on this issue are: The evidence report by Todd & Skelton
111   II,     7.  4.  5|              provide at least a broad evidence base for consumer protection
112   II,     7.  4.  6|              self-harm, there is some evidence - in a very controlled setting -
113   II,     7.  7    |           suicide prevention is there evidence of effectiveness? Copenhagen,
114   II,     7.  7    |             Office for Europe (Health Evidence Network report [http://www.
115   II,     8.  2.  1|       prevalence data, health-related evidence from the published literature
116   II,     8.  2.  1|              2002 to gather available evidence and to develop health indicators
117   II,     8.  2.  1|           vulnerable to health risks. Evidence suggests that lower socio-economic
118   II,     8.  2.  1|            Walsh, in press). Although evidence demonstrates that they experience
119   II,     8.  2.  1|          prevention~A growing body of evidence suggests that health promotion
120   II,     8.  2.  1|            intervention. Considerable evidence indicates that specific
121   II,     8.  2.  1|           Valk et al (2007) presented evidence that patients with intellectual
122   II,     8.  2.  2|         sources. (Global Programme on Evidence for Health Policy Discussion
123   II,     8.  2.  3|             range 0.9-1.2), with some evidence of increased prevalence
124   II,     9        |               and there is increasing evidence that obesity is also associated
125   II,     9        |               of these therapies, the evidence derives largely from secondary
126   II,     9.  1    |             essential and provides an evidence base for assessing the efficacy
127   II,     9.  1.  1|              solid base of scientific evidence, as well as the consensus
128   II,     9.  1.  2|               and there is increasing evidence that obesity is also associated
129   II,     9.  1.  2|               European level, but the evidence to date generally suggests
130   II,     9.  1.  2|               and there is suggestive evidence for example that survival
131   II,     9.  1.  2|     interpretations of the scientific evidence in the design and implementation
132   II,     9.  2.  2|         country, though there is some evidence that the inevitable exclusion
133   II,     9.  2.  3|               The apparent scientific evidence brought into this controversy
134   II,     9.  2.  6|        respective countries. However, evidence can act as a tool for change,
135   II,     9.  2.  7|      disruption and family formation: evidence from 16 FFS countries. Demographic
136   II,     9.  3.  1|            mid 1990’s. This dearth of evidence is further reflected in
137   II,     9.  3.  1|             treatment and preliminary evidence showed higher proportions
138   II,     9.  3.  1|            from circulatory disease). Evidence is growing that lowering
139   II,     9.  3.  1|                snackingculture. New evidence highlights the ready evasion
140   II,     9.  3.  1|              of cervical cancer shows evidence of HPV infection (Madeleine
141   II,     9.  3.  1|                while there is growing evidence that the decrease reflects
142   II,     9.  3.  1|             life, but there is little evidence that menopause per se initiates
143   II,     9.  3.  1|               originates (Shah 2002). Evidence indicates that most ED is
144   II,     9.  3.  1|               of these therapies, the evidence derives largely from secondary
145   II,     9.  3.  2|           intervention and the use of evidence based medicine for determining
146   II,     9.  3.  3|          schools (WHO, 2006b) and the evidence is that curriculum-based
147   II,     9.  3.  3|           country (WHO, 2006b).~ ~The evidence is that information gained
148   II,     9.  3.  3|           collected data supports the evidence that differences in attitudes
149   II,     9.  3.  3|               Collection of empirical evidence is important to correct
150   II,     9.  3.  3|          sexual health promotion, but evidence shows that they need to
151   II,     9.  3.  3|              and love.~ ~The existing evidence that migration dynamics
152   II,     9.  4.  3|        survival time; however, recent evidence suggests that survival may
153   II,     9.  4.  3|            over 64 years of age, show evidence of a higher prevalence of
154   II,     9.  4.  5|               the community. There is evidence of effectiveness for a mixed
155   II,     9.  4.  5|             across Europe. A stronger evidence base may help inform policy
156   II,     9.  5.  1|     prevalence. An increasing body of evidence suggests that women do not
157   II,     9.  5.  2|           care services;~- Provide an evidence base to help determine key
158   II,     9.  5.  3|               drinking. There is much evidence to show that there is a
159   II,     9.  5.  3|            and expectations. There is evidence to suggest that pharmacologically-based
160   II,     9.  5.  3|             CDC, 2001). There is some evidence that pharmacologically-based
161   II,     9.  5.  3|             days per gender~ ~Current evidence suggests that the immediate
162   II,     9.  5.  4|              reinforce the scientific evidence on the effectiveness of
163   II,     9.  5.  4|        response of medical science to evidence of gender difference. Negative
164   II,     9.  5.  5|              s health improvement and evidence of successful targeted interventions.~ ~
165   II,     9.  5.  6|               Poverty In Old Age: New Evidence From The European Community
166   II,     9.  5.  6|            Women’s mental health – an evidence based review. Geneva. Available
167  III,    10.  1.  1|             Melzer et al, 2005). Most evidence suggests that energy intake
168  III,    10.  1.  1|        studies, but there is still no evidence of a causal relationship.
169  III,    10.  1.  1|              and Chermack, 1993). The evidence linking male alcohol consumption
170  III,    10.  1.  1|                family disharmony. The evidence to conclude that the offspring
171  III,    10.  1.  3|       overweight and obesity: current evidence and research issues. Med
172  III,    10.  1.  3|     theoretical frameworks, empirical evidence and measurement. J Drug
173  III,    10.  2.  1|          caused by second-hand smoke: Evidence of causation is sufficient,
174  III,    10.  2.  1|              approach assert that the evidence from Sweden suggests that
175  III,    10.  2.  1|               insufficient scientific evidence to support the use of STP
176  III,    10.  2.  1|         health burden. There is clear evidence that tobacco control measures
177  III,    10.  2.  1|         further improvement. Economic evidence shows that tobacco control
178  III,    10.  2.  1|              a statement in favour of evidence based regulation for public
179  III,    10.  2.  1|        quantification: developing the evidence base for national, regional
180  III,    10.  2.  1|              with particularly strong evidence from studies of domestic
181  III,    10.  2.  1|               studies provided strong evidence that impairment in driving
182  III,    10.  2.  1|          alcohol consumption, with no evidence of a threshold effect, including,
183  III,    10.  2.  1|             disorders, while there is evidence for a continuum in the magnitude
184  III,    10.  2.  1|          linear relationship, with no evidence of a threshold effect.~ ~
185  III,    10.  2.  1|            even in people without any evidence of pre-existing heart disease.~ ~
186  III,    10.  2.  1|           alcohol drunk in a country, evidence suggests that this is not
187  III,    10.  2.  1|                2002).~ ~There is also evidence that restricting days and
188  III,    10.  2.  1|          minors. There is very strong evidence that changes in minimum
189  III,    10.  2.  1|        commercial communications. The evidence would thus show that there
190  III,    10.  2.  1|              There is also convincing evidence that both intensive random
191  III,    10.  2.  1|               harm; although there is evidence of positive effects on the
192  III,    10.  2.  1|       improved attitudes, there is no evidence for a sustained effect on
193  III,    10.  2.  1|    consumption. The exception to this evidence of inefficacy is the evidence
194  III,    10.  2.  1|         evidence of inefficacy is the evidence for the impact of mass media
195  III,    10.  2.  1|       follow-up.~ ~There is extensive evidence that shows the effectiveness
196  III,    10.  2.  1|           Miller and Wilbourne 2002). Evidence shows that individuals exposed
197  III,    10.  2.  1|          time-series data.~ ~There is evidence of stabilising or even decreasing
198  III,    10.  2.  1|           many countries. Most of the evidence relates to dental caries
199  III,    10.  2.  1|               children, provide clear evidence that fluoride toothpastes
200  III,    10.  2.  1|             There is therefore strong evidence for the caries preventing
201  III,    10.  2.  1|            interviews). There is good evidence that different instruments
202  III,    10.  2.  1|         Physical activity and health: evidence for action (WHO, 2006a)
203  III,    10.  2.  1|            people’s health. Available evidence indicates that physical activity
204  III,    10.  2.  1|            the United States: current evidence and research issues. Medicine
205  III,    10.  2.  1|                 At least five a week. Evidence on the impact of physical activity
206  III,    10.  2.  1|         Physical activity and health: evidence for action. Copenhagen,
207  III,    10.  2.  1|              1994; Power, 1994). Some evidence already points to the same
208  III,    10.  2.  1|            Office for Europe, 2006b).~Evidence on preventing obesity and
209  III,    10.  2.  1|               is growing rapidly. The evidence base for interventions at
210  III,    10.  2.  1|               more developed than the evidence base for population-wide
211  III,    10.  2.  1|                1998). There is strong evidence for the effectiveness of
212  III,    10.  2.  1|            vegetable intake. Moderate evidence on assisting children in
213  III,    10.  2.  1|             using multimedia. Limited evidence is found for interventions
214  III,    10.  2.  1|           Branca et al, 2007b).~ ~The evidence found for the effectiveness
215  III,    10.  2.  1|             can be very useful, since evidence on the impact of policies
216  III,    10.  2.  4|         conclusions from the existing evidence.~ ~A comprehensive health
217  III,    10.  2.  4|         conclusions from the existing evidence. In order to make sound
218  III,    10.  2.  4|         regulation depends on a sound evidence base and this evidence base
219  III,    10.  2.  4|          sound evidence base and this evidence base would be incomplete
220  III,    10.  2.  5|  developmental risk factors. There is evidence for links between nutritional
221  III,    10.  2.  5|             linked with the strongest evidence from longitudinal studies (
222  III,    10.  2.  5|             in childhood: prospective evidence from a Dutch birth cohort.
223  III,    10.  3.  1|                accumulating amount of evidence indicates that an increase
224  III,    10.  3.  1|          there is still no conclusive evidence showing that EMF has significant
225  III,    10.  3.  1|              balance of epidemiologic evidence indicates that use of mobile
226  III,    10.  3.  1|           children. While no specific evidence exists, children or adolescents
227  III,    10.  3.  1|             studies have not provided evidence that RF fields could induce
228  III,    10.  3.  1|       leukaemia have strengthened the evidence of an association. However,
229  III,    10.  3.  1|             causal. Thus, the overall evidence for 50/60 Hz magnetic fields
230  III,    10.  3.  1|               In spite of the limited evidence available, exposure to leisure
231  III,    10.  3.  1|              development although the evidence is more circumstantial than
232  III,    10.  3.  1|                ISO, 2003).~ ~There is evidence that environmental noise
233  III,    10.  3.  1|               of clear and conclusive evidence concerning negative health
234  III,    10.  3.  1|              scientific and technical evidence.~ ~The European Parliament
235  III,    10.  3.  2|           concern derives from strong evidence of endocrine disruption
236  III,    10.  3.  2|             al (1999). Greenland snow evidence of large scale atmospheric
237  III,    10.  3.  2|              Environment: a Review of Evidence. A Joint Report from the
238  III,    10.  3.  3|         infections is caused by MRSA. Evidence from the countries participating
239  III,    10.  3.  4|            changes~ ~There is growing evidence that climate change and
240  III,    10.  3.  4|           Climate Change has provided evidence that most of the changes
241  III,    10.  3.  4|              Although there is little evidence about the role of extreme
242  III,    10.  3.  4|        pesticides. Published data and evidence are lacking on a clear cause–
243  III,    10.  3.  4|          flood, although there was no evidence of this in Bulgaria. Although
244  III,    10.  4.  1|           childhood. There is growing evidence that these periods are critical
245  III,    10.  4.  1|             NO2 effects omitted, less evidence and concern over double
246  III,    10.  4.  1|              the general population~ ~Evidence for effects was achieved
247  III,    10.  4.  2|              more complete scientific evidence and other data. Such measures
248  III,    10.  4.  2|             currently less convincing evidence to support adding potencies
249  III,    10.  4.  2|        nutrients. The need for direct evidence of benefit to humans (based
250  III,    10.  4.  4|               provide a minimum broad evidence base for consumer protection
251  III,    10.  4.  5|           health effects, the current evidence is not sufficient to establish
252  III,    10.  4.  5|         greenhouse gases. The current evidence of adverse health effects
253  III,    10.  4.  5|               landfills provides some evidence of the association between
254  III,    10.  4.  5|           adverse health effects. The evidence, somewhat stronger for reproductive
255  III,    10.  4.  5|              incineration plants, the evidence is, overall, not conclusive
256  III,    10.  4.  5|             sources of pollution. The evidence of adverse health effects
257  III,    10.  5.  1|             and women. There is clear evidence of the significantly poorer
258  III,    10.  5.  1|     recreational activities. There is evidence that the use of recreational
259  III,    10.  5.  1|            Various city case studies, evidence reports and working tools
260  III,    10.  5.  1|         Healthy places: exploring the evidence. In: American Journal of
261  III,    10.  5.  2|          Health, EURIPA etc.)~Gaps of evidence emerge when it comes to
262  III,    10.  5.  2|     rural settings. Finally, there is evidence on educational differences,
263  III,    10.  5.  2|          reveal sometimes conflicting evidence on the health differences
264  III,    10.  5.  2|         mental illness (BMA, 2005).~ ~Evidence from Bulgaria suggests that
265  III,    10.  5.  2|              with similar conflicting evidence on the question whether
266  III,    10.  5.  2|               2003). Thereby, current evidence questions the equity of
267  III,    10.  5.  2| rural settings. Based on the reviewed evidence, it seems that rural residents
268  III,    10.  5.  2|        categories in order to provide evidence on the urban-rural health
269  III,    10.  5.  3|               provide and communicate evidence for action and practice;
270  III,    10.  5.  3|          narrow:~“There is increasing evidence that workershealth is
271  III,    10.  5.  3|             Summary of the scientific evidence. IGA_Report 3. Essen. BKK
272  III,    10.  5.  3|          Inequalities in Health - New Evidence and Policy Implications (
273  III,    10.  6.  1|   cardiovascular disease: prospective evidence from Eastern Finland. Am
274  III,    10.  6.  2|        greatest benefits.~ ~Available evidence suggests that during the
275  III,    10.  6.  2|              mortality. The available evidence clearly shows that these
276  III,    10.  6.  2|               mortality has occurred. Evidence from some other Eastern
277  III,    10.  6.  2|        determinants for health,. This evidence puts policy makers before
278  III,    10.  6.  2|       inequalities and identified the evidence base for future policy developments.~ ~
279  III,    10.  6.  2|             level Consortium to apply evidence based approaches across
280   IV,    11.  1.  2|              survey data and existing evidence in the literature. The European
281   IV,    11.  1.  3|                These studies provided evidence that (access to) health
282   IV,    11.  1.  3|            the system when faced with evidence of sub-optimal performance.
283   IV,    11.  1.  4|           procedures, there is little evidence on differential experiences
284   IV,    11.  1.  4|             groups. However, there is evidence to suggest that the availability
285   IV,    11.  1.  4|   Specifically, while there is little evidence of inequity in GP visits
286   IV,    11.  1.  4|          visits is pro-poor, there is evidence of significant pro-rich
287   IV,    11.  1.  4|             investigated (with little evidence of inequity in the other
288   IV,    11.  1.  4|             outcomes. Though there is evidence of inequity in access and
289   IV,    11.  1.  5|        quality of care. For instance, evidence from the US provides some
290   IV,    11.  1.  5|              defined, there is little evidence available comparing quality
291   IV,    11.  1.  5|     strategies of care and outcomes~ ~Evidence that reporting performance
292   IV,    11.  1.  5|               in the US), while early evidence from the US, Denmark and
293   IV,    11.  1.  5|              performance data. Recent evidence from the US shows that some
294   IV,    11.  1.  5|              al, 2004). Observational evidence from the US shows that those
295   IV,    11.  1.  5|           based on the best available evidence. They may reduce disparities
296   IV,    11.  1.  5|    difficulties there has been little evidence to support the effectiveness
297   IV,    11.  1.  5|                 There is inconclusive evidence on the link between targeted
298   IV,    11.  1.  5|             used, for example through evidence based practice (EBP) (see
299   IV,    11.  1.  6|         studies have found supportive evidence for the actual effects of
300   IV,    11.  1.  6|        expected costs, and to date no evidence of improved efficiency or
301   IV,    11.  2    |               programmes are based on evidence, monitored and evaluated.~ ~
302   IV,    11.  2.  2|               is the relative lack of evidence to support policy decisions
303   IV,    11.  2.  2|              mental health, while the evidence base on the availability
304   IV,    11.  3.  2|               more expensive product. Evidence suggests, however, that
305   IV,    11.  3.  2|              Baltic States), economic evidence is considered to some extent
306   IV,    11.  3.  2|     prescribing guidelines in France. Evidence of the impact of this different
307   IV,    11.  4    |        Systematic review of published evidenceResearch in biotechnology~·
308   IV,    11.  4    |               and review of published evidence on the efficacy and effectiveness
309   IV,    11.  4    |        independent assessments of the evidence, accompanied by economic
310   IV,    11.  5.  4|             surgical advances, strong evidence of favourable transplant
311   IV,    11.  6.  2|             And while there is little evidence on how informal payments
312   IV,    11.  6.  4|        evaluation abilities to assess evidence of the cost-effectiveness
313   IV,    11.  6.  4|           select, while there is some evidence of risk selection activities (
314   IV,    11.  6.  4|              there was also increased evidence of risk selection therefore
315   IV,    11.  6.  4|             of some groups. Moreover, evidence suggests that public spending
316   IV,    11.  6.  5|          health care utilization: new evidence on old fallacies." Social
317   IV,    11.  6.  5|             care services: theory and evidence from UK." Social Science
318   IV,    11.  6.  5|               and proximity to death: evidence for 1987-88 and 1994-95
319   IV,    11.  6.  5|              nine European countries. Evidence from the European Union
320   IV,    11.  6.  5|        measured and monitored? Health Evidence Network synthesis report
321   IV,    11.  6.  5|    PopulationsHealth: Assessing The Evidence." Health Affairs Jan-Jun(
322   IV,    12.  2    |             care. There is increasing evidence that international survival
323   IV,    12.  2    |               drunk in a country, the evidence suggests that this is not
324   IV,    12.  2    |               cases. ~ ~There is also evidence that restricting days and
325   IV,    12.  2    |          minors. There is very strong evidence that changes in minimum
326   IV,    12.  2    |        commercial communications. The evidence would thus show that there
327   IV,    12.  2    |              There is also convincing evidence that both intensive random
328   IV,    12.  2    |               harm; although there is evidence of positive effects on increased
329   IV,    12.  2    |       improved attitudes, there is no evidence for a sustained effect on
330   IV,    12.  2    |    consumption. The exception to this evidence of inefficacy is the evidence
331   IV,    12.  2    |         evidence of inefficacy is the evidence for the impact of mass media
332   IV,    12.  2    |         follow-up. There is extensive evidence that shows the effectiveness
333   IV,    12.  2    |              and Wilbourne 2002). The evidence shows that individuals exposed
334   IV,    12. 10    |     conventions and/or where there is evidence that the substances are
335   IV,    12. 10    |              regional level, based on evidence~based best practice. ~ ~
336   IV,    12. 10    |            environment~- Diffusion of evidence based best practices and
337   IV,    12. 10    |               of the expanded work on evidence based medicine and medical
338   IV,    12. 10    |           systematically assessed the evidence on the effectiveness of
339   IV,    13.  1    |              In any case, there is no evidence that we are approaching
340   IV,    13.  7.  5|                More important from an evidence base-point of view, such
341   IV,    13.  8    |         concerns of the public but to evidence that would help them build
342   IV,    13.  8    |              and academics to present evidence and work with MEPs on policy