Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1    I,     2. 10.  4    |                  by another and the cost burden to the stakeholders in the
  2   II,     4.  1        |            simply reducing the potential burden of an ageing population.
  3   II,     5.  1.  1    |      disabilities represent the greatest burden of mortality and morbidity
  4   II,     5.  2.  1    |                of patients with CVD.~The burden of CVD is killing more people
  5   II,     5.  2.  1    |                an increase in the health burden of CVD and consequent increase
  6   II,     5.  2.  1    |                reduce the growing health burden and lessen its socio-economic
  7   II,     5.  2.  7    |               the Task Force (1997): The burden of cardiovascular diseases
  8   II,     5.  3.  1    |                reflects the total cancer burden in a population and is a
  9   II,     5.  3.  1    |         relevance. Table 5.3.1 shows the burden of these cancer sites in
 10   II,     5.  3.  2    |               reasons:~ ~· Measuring the burden and the public health impact
 11   II,     5.  3.  2    |                 the comparison of cancer burden in EU.~ ~
 12   II,     5.  3.  2    |                 monitoring of the cancer burden and for promote the use
 13   II,     5.  3.  3    |                  diseases with different burden in the European populations.
 14   II,     5.  3.  7    |                control plan~ ~The cancer burden of a given population is
 15   II,     5.  3.  7    |              Conclusion on “Reducing the Burden of Cancer” that provides
 16   II,     5.  4.  1    |       contributors to economic and human burden, equally in the developed
 17   II,     5.  4.  2    |                  reduction in this heavy burden of disease and death can
 18   II,     5.  4.  2    |                human as well as economic burden of diabetes necessitates
 19   II,     5.  4.  3    |                on the human and economic burden of diabetes and its complications,
 20   II,     5.  4.  6    |               this type of diabetes.~The burden of diabetes may be effectively
 21   II,     5.  4.  8    |                 47.~ ~K H (1998): Global burden of diabetes, 1995-2025:
 22   II,     5.  5.Int    |                the portion of the global burden of disease attributable
 23   II,     5.  5.Int    |                  despite this staggering burden, mental healthcare services
 24   II,     5.  5.Int    |         ill-health represents 20% of the burden of disease.~ ~The lifetime
 25   II,     5.  5.Int    |               prevalence, the associated burden of ill-health on individuals
 26   II,     5.  5.Int    |          families is much greater.~ ~The burden of ill health can be reduced
 27   II,     5.  5.Int    |            particular attention16.~ ~The burden of depression includes a
 28   II,     5.  5.Int    |             depression includes a higher burden on social security systems
 29   II,     5.  5.Int    |                  individuals. The Global Burden of Disease Study17, judged
 30   II,     5.  5.Int    |                 leading cause of disease burden worldwide.~ ~Eating disorders:
 31   II,     5.  5.Int(17)|                Murray CJL (2006): Global Burden of Disease and Risk Factors [
 32   II,     5.  5.Int    |               families and places a huge burden on health care resources.
 33   II,     5.  5.  1    |                    2002).~ ~The economic burden of suicides has a major
 34   II,     5.  5.  1    |                the 6 ESEMED countries, a burden higher than that attributable,
 35   II,     5.  5.  1    |                 Figure 5.5.1.1. Relative burden of some mental health disorders
 36   II,     5.  5.  1    |                  and economic and mental burden. The report recognised depression
 37   II,     5.  5.  1    |                 al. (2007). The economic burden of depression in Sweden
 38   II,     5.  5.  2    |                Dementia is an increasing burden for families and European
 39   II,     5.  5.  3    |                not provided (WHO, 2005b)~Burden of disease~Compared to other
 40   II,     5.  5.  3    |         re-hospitalisation. The economic burden caused by schizophrenia
 41   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 in schizophrenia and the burden of the disease. In addition –
 42   II,     5.  5.  3    |           complex aspects of the disease burden. Hence the data presented
 43   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 usually representing the burden of disease are death rates
 44   II,     5.  5.  3    |             aspects of the schizophrenia burden.~Prevalence and Incidence~
 45   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  WHO report and the 1996 Burden of disease study – although
 46   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  estimates of the Global burden of disease study (Mathers
 47   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  according to the Global Burden of Disease estimates, amounting
 48   II,     5.  5.  3    |                be aware that the disease burden due to schizophrenia is
 49   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 may lead to an increased burden of the disease due to more
 50   II,     5.  5.  3    |             represent 20% of the disease burden, only 5.7% of the budget
 51   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  associated with a heavy burden of stigmatization because
 52   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  estimate the aggregated burden of mental illness as a whole,
 53   II,     5.  5.  3    |       expenditures; most of the economic burden is due to DALYs and the
 54   II,     5.  5.  3    |            financial (and psychological) burden. Providers of care are aware
 55   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  Their findings22% of burden could be averted by optimal
 56   II,     5.  5.  3    |                respect to the increasing burden of mental illnesses,. Investments
 57   II,     5.  5.  3    |           regards to the enormous social burden it is indispensable~· to
 58   II,     5.  5.  3    |              chronic cases and financial burden;~· to reduce the stigma
 59   II,     5.  5.  3    |               plenty to do to reduce the burden caused by schizophrenia
 60   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  of Global Mortality and Burden of Disease from 2002 to
 61   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  the social and economic burden of ASD has not been adequately
 62   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 prevalence and financial burden of the disease and monitor
 63   II,     5.  5.  3    |               the study of the Financial Burden of ASD. The economic consequences
 64   II,     5.  5.  3    |                Indeed, the public health burden of these disorders is now
 65   II,     5.  5.  3    |                al (2007): Estimating the Burden of Disease for Autism Spectrum
 66   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  with regards to disease burden. The most relevant epidemiological
 67   II,     5.  5.  3    |            global disease socio-economic burden.~ ~The socio-economic burden
 68   II,     5.  5.  3    |             burden.~ ~The socio-economic burden of MS in Europe~ ~The disability
 69   II,     5.  5.  3    |               measures in evaluating the burden of MS in health economics.
 70   II,     5.  5.  3    |                will increase the disease burden due to the greater number
 71   II,     5.  5.  3    |                thus proportional greater burden of disease in the future.~
 72   II,     5.  5.  3    |                population). The economic burden of MS for the year 2005
 73   II,     5.  5.  3    |                descriptive research, the burden of disability is most frequently
 74   II,     5.  5.  3    |        directions in refining the global burden of disease approach: a response
 75   II,     5.  5.  3    |                   2004a). Revised Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2002 Estimates.
 76   II,     5.  5.  3    |         considerably contributing to its burden (Global Parkinson’s Disease
 77   II,     5.  5.  3    |               and leads to a substantial burden to the society. A recent
 78   II,     5.  5.  3    |              initiative to calculate the burden of brain disorders estimated
 79   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 i) PD represents a major burden on the individual, family,
 80   II,     5.  5.  3    |           reflect a small portion of the burden, while costs due to informal
 81   II,     5.  5.  3    |     Whetten-Goldstein et al, 1997). This burden of informal care and earnings
 82   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 Dorsey et al, 2007). The burden of PD will also shift from
 83   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  Schenkman M (1997): The burden of Parkinson’s disease on
 84   II,     5.  6.  1    |                  2007). They are a major burden on health and social care,
 85   II,     5.  6.  1    |               Medical Care, 2001).~ ~The burden of musculoskeletal conditions
 86   II,     5.  6.  1    | physical activity will also increase the burden. This great and increasing
 87   II,     5.  6.  2    |                  reports:~ ~· WHO Global Burden of Disease 2000 revision~·
 88   II,     5.  6.  2    |              Disease 2000 revision~· The Burden Of Musculoskeletal Conditions
 89   II,     5.  6.  2    |            Health)~· Woolf AD, Pfleger B Burden of Osteoporosis and Fractures
 90   II,     5.  6.  3    |                  to overestimates of the burden of disease as radiological
 91   II,     5.  6.  3    |                 3) and this is where the burden lies. Surveys show that
 92   II,     5.  6.  3    |                  estimated in the Global Burden of Disease study that approximately
 93   II,     5.  6.  3    |               leading cause of non-fatal burden of disease in high income
 94   II,     5.  6.  3    |             result of disability (Global burden and risk factors 2006) .~ ~
 95   II,     5.  6.  3    |                  greater disability. The burden however may be controlled
 96   II,     5.  6.  3    |               central to controlling the burden.~ ~Rheumatoid arthritis~ ~
 97   II,     5.  6.  3    |        management applied optimally, the burden of disability due to RA
 98   II,     5.  6.  3    |                 enormous increase in the burden.~ ~
 99   II,     5.  6.  4    |              represents a great economic burden for policy makers when prioritizing
100   II,     5.  6.  4    | physical activity will also increase the burden.~ ~ ~
101   II,     5.  6.  6    |                Murray CJL (2006): Global Burden of Disease and Risk Factors
102   II,     5.  6.  6    |                  conditions to the total burden of mobility disability in
103   II,     5.  6.  6    |                 Pfleger B (2003): Global Burden of Osteoarthritis in the
104   II,     5.  6.  6    |                 G (1998): Estimating the burden of musculoskeletal disorders
105   II,     5.  6.  6    |           Organization~ ~WHO (2003): The Burden of Musculoskeletal Diseases
106   II,     5.  6.  6    |                Woolf AD (2008): Economic Burden of Rheumatic Diseases. In
107   II,     5.  6.  6    |              Woolf AD, Pfleger B (2005): Burden of osteoporosis and fractures
108   II,     5.  6.  6    |                 AD and Pfleger B (2003): Burden of Major Musculoskeletal
109   II,     5.  7.  1    |               control the cardiovascular burden deriving from these diseases.
110   II,     5.  7.  3    |                still increasing economic burden on Member States.~ ~Socioeconomic
111   II,     5.  7.  3    |                still increasing economic burden on Member States.~ ~Mortality
112   II,     5.  7.  7    |                 findings from the Global Burden of Disease study. PLoS Med
113   II,     5.  8.  1    |                 and widely quoted Global Burden of Disease study, which
114   II,     5.  8.  3    |                problems and the economic burden associated to these disorders.~ ~
115   II,     5.  8.  3    |             Recently, the results of the Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease (
116   II,     5.  8.  3    |               most countries. The Global Burden of Disease Study (Murray
117   II,     5.  8.  3    |                comorbidities.~ ~Economic burden and health care utilization~ ~
118   II,     5.  8.  3    |                  2002).~ ~A study on the burden of COPD and asthma was performed
119   II,     5.  8.  4    |       contributes by about 10-20% to the burden of COPD (Balmes et al, 2003).
120   II,     5.  8.  6    |           increasing health and economic burden of COPD.~ ~Some new broncodilators,
121   II,     5.  8.  6    |            levels of end-of-life symptom burden for lung cancer and chronic
122   II,     5.  8.  7    |         Occupational Contribution to the Burden of Airway Disease. 10.1164/
123   II,     5.  8.  7    |         Occupational Contribution to the Burden of Airway Disease. Am. J.
124   II,     5.  8.  7    |                 A, Cerveri I (2003): The burden of COPD in Italy: results
125   II,     5.  8.  7    |              estimates: what is the true burden of disease? Chest 2003;
126   II,     5.  8.  7    |                 Mannino DM (2006):Global burden of COPD: systematic review
127   II,     5.  8.  7    |               2006): Global and regional burden of disease and risk factors,
128   II,     5.  8.  7    |                  Buist AS (2007): Global burden of COPD: risk factors, prevalence,
129   II,     5.  8.  7    |                  cause 19902020: Global Burden of Disease Study. Lancet
130   II,     5.  8.  7    |                Austria: results from the Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease (
131   II,     5.  9. FB    |              considerable socio-economic burden, in terms of health care
132   II,     5.  9.  1    |              addition to the symptomatic burden of AR in patients with asthma,
133   II,     5.  9.  1    |                 addition to the economic burden of asthma, which is considerable,
134   II,     5.  9.  3    |                  Figures, 2003 ERJ). The burden of asthma care in Europe
135   II,     5.  9.  3    |                 the future.~ ~A study on burden of COPD and asthma was performed
136   II,     5.  9.  4    |               contributes to the disease burden in asthma and allergy, and
137   II,     5.  9.  5    |               eventually to decrease the burden of allergy and asthma throughout
138   II,     5.  9.  6    |                  Asthma is a significant burden, not only in terms of health
139   II,     5.  9.  7    |                 GINA) (2004): The global burden of asthma: executive summary
140   II,     5. 10.  4    |                 the real cost and social burden linked to them and the first
141   II,     5. 10.  4    |              lactating women.~The social burden of FA and intolerance goes
142   II,     5. 11.  1    |               symptoms result in a large burden of disease in global terms.~ ~
143   II,     5. 11.  3    |               annual world-wide melanoma burden is split unevenly between
144   II,     5. 11.  5    |            policy response to reduce the burden of environment-related disease
145   II,     5. 11.  7    |                  al (1994): The economic burden of atopic eczema: a community
146   II,     5. 12.  7    |              implications for the future burden of chronic liver disease
147   II,     5. 13        |                  the five global disease burden risk factors closely related
148   II,     5. 13        |                  also impose an economic burden on society through increased
149   II,     5. 14.  2    |                  estimate the impact and burden of periodontal diseases
150   II,     5. 14.  3    |                  expensive to treat. The burden of dental caries lasts a
151   II,     5. 14.  3    |               dental caries has become a burden for ageing adults. In Canada,
152   II,     5. 14.  3    |                  are associated with the burden of these diseases and disorders,
153   II,     5. 14.  5    |                  oral health care.~ ~The burden of oral disease is particularly
154   II,     5. 14.  6    |           populations who still suffer a burden from this preventable disease.
155   II,     5. 14.  8    |               Diaye C (2005): The global burden of oral diseases and risk
156   II,     5. 15.  3    |              order to evaluate the total burden of rare diseases on the
157   II,     5. 15.  3    |              regulation and the economic burden of these new therapies (
158   II,     6.  3.  1    |                factors, determinants, or burden of disease. Furthermore,
159   II,     6.  3.  1(3) |              morbidity, mortality, cost, burden, etc., and to suggest effective
160   II,     6.  3.  3    |                 to assess the spread and burden of HIV but is solely of
161   II,     6.  3.  5    |                to better assess the real burden and risk of transmission
162   II,     7.  1        |             information about the injury burden of health, underlining the
163   II,     7.  2        |                  of the magnitude of the burden of injuries in the EU. These
164   II,     7.  3.  5    |         certainly underestimate the true burden of violence. In all parts
165   II,     7.  4        |         accidents and injuries. The huge burden of accidents and injuries
166   II,     7.  4        |        adolescents and young adults. The burden of premature deaths is particularly
167   II,     7.  4        |           addition to the huge financial burden on health and welfare systems,
168   II,     7.  4.  3    |                major contributors to the burden of injury. Each year, 45
169   II,     7.  5        |                general reports about the burden of injury, the analyses
170   II,     7.  6        |       Nevertheless, given the increasing burden of health expenditures and
171   II,     7.  7        |         graphical overview of the global burden of injuries. Geneva, World
172   II,     8.  2.  2    |        constitute a significant economic burden for the individual, the
173   II,     8.  2.  2    |               Stein C (2001): The Global Burden of Disease 2000 project:
174   II,     8.  2.  3    |                 in the estimation of the burden of disability for hearing
175   II,     8.  2.  3    |                Mathers et al, 2003).~The burden of disability due to hearing
176   II,     8.  2.  3    |                  Concha M (2003): Global burden of hearing loss in the year
177   II,     9            |               concern in relation to the burden of congenital anomalies
178   II,     9            |              that over 3% of all disease burden, over 20% of CHD, and 10%
179   II,     9            |                   WHO’s 1996 ‘The Global Burden of DiseaseReport states
180   II,     9.  1        |               see chapter 9.3.2).~ ~This burden of death and illness is
181   II,     9.  1.  2    |               concern in relation to the burden of congenital anomalies
182   II,     9.  1.  2    |              economic evaluation of the “burden” of congenital anomalies
183   II,     9.  2.  3    |                    Moreover, “The Global Burden of asthma” (Masoli et al,
184   II,     9.  2.  3    |             illnesses pose an increasing burden of disability on children.
185   II,     9.  2.  7    |                Beasley R (2004?): Global Burden of Asthma [on-line publication
186   II,     9.  3.  1    |                well as the World Bank’s “Burden of Diseases Study”.~ ~Determining
187   II,     9.  3.  1    |                almost all studies.~ ~The burden of depression includes a
188   II,     9.  3.  1    |             depression includes a higher burden on social security systems
189   II,     9.  3.  1    |            individuals. The World Bank’s Burden of Diseases Study, judged
190   II,     9.  3.  1    |                 leading cause of disease burden worldwide.~ ~Some countries
191   II,     9.  3.  1    |               families and places a huge burden on healthcare resources.
192   II,     9.  3.  1    |                 leading cause of disease burden in developing countries.~ ~
193   II,     9.  3.  1    |                 difficult to compare the burden of the disease in European
194   II,     9.  3.  1    |                 to better understand the burden of this illness.~ ~Fibromyalgia.
195   II,     9.  3.  1    |              that over 3% of all disease burden, over 20% of CHD, and 10%
196   II,     9.  3.  1    |           Neumayer E (2006): The unequal burden of war: the effect of armed
197   II,     9.  4.  1    |             their lifetime (and not as a burden).~ ~health promotion policy
198   II,     9.  4.  3    |           partially explains the growing burden of chronic disease (European
199   II,     9.  4.  3    |               lived with disability. The burden of ill health in older people
200   II,     9.  4.  4    |                   WHO’s 1996 ‘The Global Burden of DiseaseReport states
201   II,     9.  4.  7    |                 Alzheimer’s disease: the burden of the illness in England,
202   II,     9.  4.  7    |                   WHO (1996): The Global Burden of Disease: A comprehensive
203   II,     9.  5.  3    |                  about 9% of the disease burden in Europe, perhaps as high
204   II,     9.  5.  3    |              that over 3% of all disease burden, over 20% of CHD, and 10%
205  III,    10.  1        |                  estimations of the body burden of chemicals, combined exposures
206  III,    10.  1        |               contributed to the disease burden in 85 categories. Globally,
207  III,    10.  1        |             estimated 24% of the disease burden (healthy life years lost)
208  III,    10.  1.  3    |                  and global and regional burden of disease. Lancet 2002;
209  III,    10.  2.  1    |                  impact on total disease burden (both mortality and morbidity)
210  III,    10.  2.  1    |                of diseases and a massive burden of chronic illness.~Cardiovascular
211  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 Pirkle, 2006).~ ~Disease burden~ ~Tobacco is the leading
212  III,    10.  2.  1    |                leading cause for disease burden in the EU. The term 'Burden
213  III,    10.  2.  1    |              burden in the EU. The term 'Burden of disease' denotes the
214  III,    10.  2.  1    |                  risk factor for disease burden in developed world, accounting
215  III,    10.  2.  1    |                  accounted for about 75% burden of disease expressed in
216  III,    10.  2.  1    |                   WHO, 2002).~ ~Economic burden~ ~The economic burden of
217  III,    10.  2.  1    |           Economic burden~ ~The economic burden of smoking probably exceeds
218  III,    10.  2.  1    |                  disproportionate health burden. There is clear evidence
219  III,    10.  2.  1    |                  evolution of the Global Burden of Disease framework for
220  III,    10.  2.  1    |               for future chronic disease burden in adults. Lancet, 2006;
221  III,    10.  2.  1    |              Alcohol Syndrome~GBD~Global Burden of Disease~HBSC~Health Behaviour
222  III,    10.  2.  1    |            carried out within the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) project~·
223  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 of depression.~ ~Overall burden~ ~Adding up all the harm
224  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 larger proportion of the burden arises from alcohol-related
225  III,    10.  2.  1    |                  3. Alcohol-attributable burden of death and ill-health
226  III,    10.  2.  1    |                alcohol consumption~ ~The burden of ill-health due to alcohol
227  III,    10.  2.  1    |             cause of inequalities in the burden of ill-health for men (7th
228  III,    10.  2.  1    |       Socioeconomic Differentials in the Burden of Disease in Sweden. Bulletin
229  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 Patterns of Drinking and Burden of Disease in the European
230  III,    10.  2.  1    |                bad.~ ~The overall health burden associated with drug use
231  III,    10.  2.  1    |           efficient way for reducing the burden of these diseases. This
232  III,    10.  2.  1    |                  health achievement, the burden of the disease is still
233  III,    10.  2.  1    |           description and analysis~ ~The Burden of oral hygiene~ ~As it
234  III,    10.  2.  1    |           efficient way for reducing the burden of these diseases. This
235  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 S, NDiaye C. The global burden of oral diseases and risk
236  III,    10.  2.  1    |                about 3.5% of the disease burden and up to 10% of deaths
237  III,    10.  2.  1    |                  foretell an even larger burden of disease if no action
238  III,    10.  2.  1    |                  the five global disease burden risk factors closely related
239  III,    10.  2.  1    |                  also impose an economic burden on society through increased
240  III,    10.  2.  1    |             targets to reduce the health burden related to food and nutrition,
241  III,    10.  2.  1    |               risks: global and regional burden of disease attribution to
242  III,    10.  2.  1    |               1997): Determinants of the burden of disease in the European
243  III,    10.  2.  4    |               clinical setting. The main burden of disease can be associated
244  III,    10.  2.  4    |                which constitute the main burden of disease, we do not have
245  III,    10.  3.  1    |                the highest proven cancer burden. Lung cancers in children
246  III,    10.  3.  1    |               studies have estimated the burden of disease due to noise
247  III,    10.  3.  1    |                UV-radiation, the disease burden attributable to annoyance,
248  III,    10.  3.  1    |                The environmental disease burden in the Netherlands (based
249  III,    10.  3.  1    |                  al., 2005). The disease burden is expressed in the number
250  III,    10.  3.  1    |             million people~ ~The overall burden of ill health due to noise
251  III,    10.  3.  1    |              Trends in the environmental burden of disease in the Netherlands,
252  III,    10.  3.  1    |             ultraviolet radiation Global Burden of Disease from Solar Ultraviolet
253  III,    10.  3.  1    |                  Radiation.Environmental Burden of Disease Series No 13.
254  III,    10.  3.  2    |              that over 30% of the global burden of disease can be attributed
255  III,    10.  3.  2    |             While currently much of this burden is caused by “traditional”
256  III,    10.  3.  2    |                  shows an increased body burden of some persistent and bio-accumulative
257  III,    10.  3.  2    |                  shows an increased body burden of some persistent and bio-accumulative
258  III,    10.  3.  2    |                 substances; shifting the burden of proof from competent
259  III,    10.  3.  4    |              remains in quantifying this burden in terms of lost years of
260  III,    10.  3.  4    |            regard to cause of death, the burden of heat-wave mortality falls
261  III,    10.  3.  4    |              water, adding an additional burden on the already limited income
262  III,    10.  4.  1    |              responsible for the largest burden of environment-related diseases.
263  III,    10.  4.  1    |          pollution levels.~ ~Much of the burden of diseases resulting from
264  III,    10.  4.  1    |                 reduce the environmental burden on health appears to be
265  III,    10.  4.  1    |              responsible for the highest burden of environmentally-related
266  III,    10.  4.  1    |                pollution-related disease burden consists of respiratory
267  III,    10.  4.  1    |             products add to the combined burden of the indoor environment.
268  III,    10.  4.  3    |                  Valent F, et al (2004): Burden of disease attributable
269  III,    10.  4.  3    |           adolescents. WHO Environmental Burden of Disease Series, No 8.
270  III,    10.  5.  1    |             various years). However, the burden of this housing problem
271  III,    10.  5.  1    |              solid fuels - Assessing the burden of disease at national and
272  III,    10.  5.  1    |            Geneva. Environmental Disease Burden Series No.4~Eisenreich S,
273  III,    10.  5.  1    |                Murray C, Bloom B (2001): Burden of disease implications
274  III,    10.  5.  3    |                First, information on the burden of diseases on work is provided
275  III,    10.  5.  3    |             description and analysis~The burden of diseases to the world
276  III,    10.  5.  3    |                  relevance.~The economic burden of CVD in the EU25 is estimated
277  III,    10.  5.  3    |                the illness, the economic burden associated to mental disorders
278  III,    10.  5.  3    |          enormous and unnecessary health burden, suffering and economic
279  III,    10.  5.  3    |                Rayner M (2005): Economic burden of cardiovascular diseases
280  III,    10.  6.  1    |                  G, Nevala S (2005): The burden of crime in the EU. A comparative
281  III,    10.  6.  2    |     prerequisites for health. The health burden of adverse job conditions
282  III,    10.  6.  3    |           References~ ~EUICS (2005): The Burden of Crime in the EU [on-line
283   IV,    11.  1.  1    |            distribution of the financial burden to operate the systems.~ ~
284   IV,    11.  1.  2(1) |                statistics and reduce the burden of data reporting from national
285   IV,    11.  1.  4    |                distribution of financial burden across income groups and
286   IV,    11.  1.  4    |                  or remove the financial burden from those not, or less,
287   IV,    11.  2.  2    |                  programmes based on the burden of the disease, its socioeconomic
288   IV,    11.  2.  2    |            status, epidemiological data, burden of disease and, at times,
289   IV,    11.  6.  1    |               oil crisis and the growing burden of unemployment eroded the
290   IV,    11.  6.  2    |             relatively heavier financial burden on lower income groups (
291   IV,    11.  6.  2    |                 to relieve the financial burden on the labour market (Sandier
292   IV,    11.  6.  2    |                by shifting the financial burden onto the individual, and
293   IV,    11.  6.  3    |                considers how the funding burden is distributed within the
294   IV,    11.  6.  3    |            distribution of the financial burden and the degree of progressiveness
295   IV,    11.  6.  3    |            because it shifts the funding burden away from such population-based
296   IV,    11.  6.  4    |                authorities~Age, relative burden of illness: diabetes, hypertension,
297   IV,    12.Acr        |               Hospital~EBD~Environmental burden of disease estimates~EFTA~
298   IV,    12.  2        |                  standards.~ ~The cancer burden of a given population is
299   IV,    13.Acr        |               Hospital~EBD~Environmental burden of disease estimates~EGE~
300   IV,    13.Acr        |                  programmes based on the burden of the disease, its socioeconomic
301   IV,    13.Acr        |            status, epidemiological data, burden of the disease and, at times,
302   IV,    13.  2        |                through estimation of the burden of disease~ ~
303   IV,    13.  2.  2    |                                  13.2.2. Burden of diseases~ ~Environmental
304   IV,    13.  2.  2    |                 diseases~ ~Environmental burden of disease estimates (EBD)
305   IV,    13.  2.  2    |         environment-related share of the burden of a disease also depends
306   IV,    13.  2.  2    |                  to be 2-6% of the total burden of disease in the OECD and
307   IV,    13.  2.  2    |                cause most of the disease burden; while in the high-income
308   IV,    13.  2.  2    |                  total and environmental Burden of Disease in the developing
309   IV,    13.  2.  2    |                the results of the global burden of disease study, published
310   IV,    13.  2.  2    |                 4).~ ~Table 13.2. Global burden of disease study results (
311   IV,    13.  2.  2    |            additional estimations of the burden of specific diseases are
312   IV,    13.  2.  2    |                Additional estimations of burden of diseases and selected
313   IV,    13.  2.  2    |                  according to the Global Burden of Disease estimates, amounting
314   IV,    13.  2.  2    |             preventable cause of disease burden in the EU accounting for
315   IV,    13.  2.  2    |              that over 3% of all disease burden, over 20% of CHD, and 10%
316   IV,    13.  2.  3    |                                  13.2.3. Burden of diseases attributable
317   IV,    13.  2.  3    |               fractions of total disease burden for the developed world (
318   IV,    13.  2.  3    |                   13.2% of total disease burden due to tobacco use, 10.9%
319   IV,    13.  2.  3    |           attributed the highest disease burden, i.e. 9.5%. Estimations
320   IV,    13.  2.  3    |                 of environmental disease burden for the developed world
321   IV,    13.  2.  3    |                 from 2-6%.~ ~Table 13.4. Burden of disease in 2000 due to
322   IV,    13.  2.  3    |              still produce a substantial burden of disease. Tobacco and
323   IV,    13.  2.  3    |             estimated 24% of the disease burden (healthy life years lost)
324   IV,    13.  2.  4    |                        13.2.4. Avoidable Burden of diseases.~ ~The WHO (
325   IV,    13.  2.  4    |               presented estimates of the Burden of Disease, measured in
326   IV,    13.  2.  4    |                  that contribute to that Burden of Disease. As these major
327   IV,    13.  2.  4    |             estimate for the preventable Burden of Disease in European countries (
328   IV,    13.  2.  4    |                estimates for preventable Burden of Disease (DALY's) in the
329   IV,    13.  2.  4    |              unsafe sex would lessen the burden of disease in the EU even
330   IV,    13.  2.  4    |              resulting both in a reduced burden for the healthcare systems
331   IV,    13.  5        |             Chronic diseases are a heavy burden on older adults due to associated
332   IV,    13.  5        |             responsibilities put a heavy burden on societies. Patterns of
333   IV,    13.  5        |                 could help alleviate the burden. The same applies to long
334   IV,    13.  6.  1    |                    13.6.1 Measurement of burden and effects of ill-health
335   IV,    13.  6.  1    |              adult-focused view of life, burden of illness and disability.
336   IV,    13.  6.  1    |              their peers.~ ~This overall burden is much more than that calculated
337   IV,    13.  9        |                  and global and regional burden of disease. Lancet 2002;
338  Key,   Ap5.  0.  0    |                  buprenorphine~bupropion~burden~