Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1    -,     1        |        selected indicators and their trends mainly over the last 10
  2    -,     1        | previously-identified health-related trends have developed fast, while
  3    -,     1        |            developed fast, while new trends have brought new challenges.
  4    I,     2.  1    | institutional developments and their trends that occurred with large
  5    I,     2.  1    |             are several features and trends to be taken into account
  6    I,     2.  3    |              in terms of demographic trends and welfare standards.~The
  7    I,     2.  4    |                  2.4. Socio-economic trends and inequalities~ ~Europe
  8    I,     2.  5    |             and off-shoring. General trends include changing work patterns (
  9    I,     2.  5    |            next decades. Three major trends can be seen (OSHA. 2002).~ ~
 10    I,     2.  5    |             of the population, while trends for women of the same age
 11    I,     2.  9    |           and butterflies, and these trends are projected to continue.
 12    I,     2. 10.  3|              e-Business policies and trends and assessment of the need
 13    I,     3.  2    |              in terms of demographic trends and welfare standards.~ ~
 14    I,     3.  3    |          fertility decline on ageing trends is much more profound than
 15    I,     3.  3    |           They clearly show that the trends in the 12 new Member States
 16    I,     3.  3    |             lagging behind in ageing trends. Moreover, the share of
 17    I,     3.  3    |           2005. The country specific trends are rather similar: after
 18    I,     3.  3    |      long-term care.~ ~These general trends are rather similar across
 19   II,     4        |                    4.~OVERALL HEALTH TRENDS~
 20   II,     4.  1    |             for the EU25, review the trends in life expectancy at birth
 21   II,     4.  1    |             at 65 in the EU27and the trends in DFLE for the EU15. moreover,
 22   II,     4.  1    |             Member States in 2005.~ ~Trends in DFLE for the EU15 were
 23   II,     4.  1    |       appropriate for comparing time trends in health in individual
 24   II,     4.  1    |           care for daily survival.~ ~Trends in HLY are not yet available
 25   II,     4.  1    |               gave an idea of likely trends. Table 4.1.2 gives estimates
 26   II,     4.  1    |            Table 4.1.3 shows 10-year trends in life expectancy at birth (
 27   II,     4.  1    |           from the mid-1970s, whilst trends in Norway and the Netherlands
 28   II,     4.  2    |            The analysis of mortality trends is limited to some Countries
 29   II,     4.  3    |             of being sick: morbidity trends in four countries. Population
 30   II,     5.  2.Acr|              Organization MONItoring trends and determinants of CArdiovascular
 31   II,     5.  2.  2|              Organization MONItoring trends and determinants of Cardiovascular
 32   II,     5.  2.  2|              Kesteloot et al, 2006). Trends over time have been studied
 33   II,     5.  2.  2|               1994-2003) to estimate trends. Thus, we present the data
 34   II,     5.  2.  2|             years available.~To make trends more visible, countries
 35   II,     5.  2.  2|         possible to analyze temporal trends. Crude rates for all ages
 36   II,     5.  2.  2|   understanding morbidity and future trends in medical care.~The ICD
 37   II,     5.  2.  2|            incidence, case-fatality, trends in classical risk factors
 38   II,     5.  2.  2|       selected to estimate mortality trends. To make trends more visible,
 39   II,     5.  2.  2|            mortality trends. To make trends more visible, countries
 40   II,     5.  2.  2|           scarce, therefore temporal trends were not analyzed. Crude
 41   II,     5.  2.  3|             per 100.000.~ ~Mortality trends for IHD in men are shown
 42   II,     5.  2.  3|         mortality rates per 100.000. Trends for ischemic heart diseases (
 43   II,     5.  2.  3|         mortality rates per 100.000. Trends for ischemic heart diseases (
 44   II,     5.  2.  3|             the analysis of temporal trends was not possible and comparisons
 45   II,     5.  2.  3|              of morbidity and future trends in medical care.~ ~Table
 46   II,     5.  2.  3|              women aged 35-64 years. Trends for age-adjusted event rates
 47   II,     5.  2.  3|           interpretation of temporal trends in the various countries
 48   II,     5.  2.  3|       affects the elderly.~Mortality trends for stroke in men are shown
 49   II,     5.  2.  3|           Europe countries. Temporal trends from 1993 to 2002 in stroke
 50   II,     5.  2.  3|              In brief, the declining trends of stroke mortality during
 51   II,     5.  2.  4|       possible to pool data, provide trends overview and comparison
 52   II,     5.  2.  4|          2000; Tolonen et al, 2002). Trends data show a decrease in
 53   II,     5.  2.  5|         which measured IHD mortality trends between the early 1980s
 54   II,     5.  2.  5|             has been recognized that trends do not change equally across
 55   II,     5.  2.  5|         important to monitor disease trends, treatments and risk factors
 56   II,     5.  2.  6|      influence in producing spurious trends of disease frequency, severity,
 57   II,     5.  2.  7|           WHO MONICA Project (2001): Trends in coronary risk factors
 58   II,     5.  2.  7|            classical risk factors to trends in coronary event rates
 59   II,     5.  2.  7|             Pisa Z, Uemura K (1982): Trends of mortality from ischemic
 60   II,     5.  2.  7|             heart disease: rates and trends. Int J Epidemiol 18 (suppl):
 61   II,     5.  2.  7|             JJ, Leaverton PE (1985). Trends in total mortality and mortality
 62   II,     5.  2.  7|            MONICA Project (2002): Do trends in population levels of
 63   II,     5.  2.  7|  cardiovascular risk factors explain trends in Stroke event rates? Comparisons
 64   II,     5.  2.  7|               1999): Contribution of trends in survival and coronary-event
 65   II,     5.  2.  7|              populations. Monitoring trends and determinants in cardiovascular
 66   II,     5.  2.  7|             Uemura K, Pisa Z (1988): Trends in cardiovascular disease
 67   II,     5.  3.  1|              Product (GDP) and their trends are subdivided by geographical
 68   II,     5.  3.  2|              screening introduction; trends in mortality among screened
 69   II,     5.  3.  3|           Cancer incidence estimates trends in men and women separated
 70   II,     5.  3.  3|             ICD).~- Cancer mortality trends in men and women separately
 71   II,     5.  3.  5|               Women~ ~Figure 5.3.2a. Trends of all cancer (ICD9 140-
 72   II,     5.  3.  5|            sex A) Men~Figure 5.3.2b. Trends of all cancer (ICD9 140-
 73   II,     5.  3.  5|               Women~ ~Figure 5.3.4a. Trends of all cancer (ICD9 140-
 74   II,     5.  3.  5|            sex A) Men~Figure 5.3.4b. Trends of all cancer (ICD9 140-
 75   II,     5.  3.  5|             Figures 6) and mortality trends (Figures 5.3.8) are decreasing
 76   II,     5.  3.  5|               Women~ ~Figure 5.3.6a. Trends of stomach cancer (ICD9
 77   II,     5.  3.  5|            sex A) Men~Figure 5.3.6b. Trends of stomach cancer (ICD9
 78   II,     5.  3.  5|               Women~ ~Figure 5.3.8a. Trends of stomach cancer (ICD9
 79   II,     5.  3.  5|            sex A) Men~Figure 5.3.8b. Trends of stomach cancer (ICD9
 80   II,     5.  3.  5|              Women~ ~Figure 5.3.10a. Trends of colorectal cancer (ICD9
 81   II,     5.  3.  5|           sex A) Men~Figure 5.3.10b. Trends of colorectal cancer (ICD9
 82   II,     5.  3.  5|              Women~ ~Figure 5.3.12a. Trends of colorectal cancer (ICD9
 83   II,     5.  3.  5|           sex A) Men~Figure 5.3.12b. Trends of colorectal cancer (ICD9
 84   II,     5.  3.  5|              Women~ ~Figure 5.3.14a. Trends of lung cancer (ICD9 162)
 85   II,     5.  3.  5|           sex A) Men~Figure 5.3.14b. Trends of lung cancer (ICD9 162)
 86   II,     5.  3.  5|              Women~ ~Figure 5.3.16a. Trends of lung cancer (ICD9 162)
 87   II,     5.  3.  5|           sex A) Men~Figure 5.3.16b. Trends of lung cancer (ICD9 162)
 88   II,     5.  3.  5|              effect on the incidence trends is in fact an anticipation
 89   II,     5.  3.  5|               in Denmark). Mortality trends (Figure 5.3.20) are decreasing
 90   II,     5.  3.  5|               in 2006~Figure 5.3.18. Trends of female breast cancer (
 91   II,     5.  3.  5|               in 2006~Figure 5.3.20. Trends of female breast cancer (
 92   II,     5.  3.  5|               in 2002~Figure 5.3.22. Trends of cervical cancer (ICD9
 93   II,     5.  3.  5|             1996-2001~Figure 5.3.24. Trends of uterus cancer standardized
 94   II,     5.  3.  5|               in 2006~Figure 5.3.26. Trends of prostate cancer (ICD9
 95   II,     5.  3.  5|               in 2006~Figure 5.3.28. Trends of prostate cancer (ICD9
 96   II,     5.  3.  6|              and explaining survival trends and country differences
 97   II,     5.  3.  6| Sex-and-age-adjusted 5-year survival trends for all childhood cancers
 98   II,     5.  3.  6|              as a whole. Europe-wide trends for 14 childhood cancers
 99   II,     5.  3.  6|          countries.~Data on survival trends (not shown) indicate that
100   II,     5.  3.  6|         around 45%.~Data on survival trends (not shown) indicate that
101   II,     5.  3.  6|             shown). Data on survival trends (not shown) indicate that
102   II,     5.  3.  7|        International differences and trends in cancer survival within
103   II,     5.  3.  7|            geographical patterns and trends in survival are often broadly
104   II,     5.  3.  7|          geographical differences or trends in the type of cancer, diagnostic
105   II,     5.  3.  9|            Childhood Cancer Survival Trends in Europe: A EUROCARE Working
106   II,     5.  4.  4|              that the current social trends also push for worsened conditions,
107   II,     5.  4.  6|              measuring health status trends/determinants throughout
108   II,     5.  4.  8|          National Diabetes Register: trends in incidence, prevalence
109   II,     5.  4.  8|          Group (2000): Variation and trends in incidence of childhood
110   II,     5.  4.  8|        Feature: Nature and causes of trends in male diabetes prevalence,
111   II,     5.  5.  1|         adjusted mortality rates and trends due to suicide and self
112   II,     5.  5.  1|             data and epidemiological trends.~o The Report of the State
113   II,     5.  5.  2|            states.~ ~Past and future trends~ ~Alzheimer Europe also
114   II,     5.  5.  3|            not able to identify time trends and changes over time. Several
115   II,     5.  5.  3|              van Hoeken, 2003). Time trends in incidence reveal that
116   II,     5.  5.  3|            as they can identify time trends and changes over time. Longitudinal
117   II,     5.  5.  3|           the authors found positive trends in efficacy, but due to
118   II,     5.  5.  3|          inferring disease frequency trends from multiple surveys. ~
119   II,     5.  5.  3|          disease and monitor ongoing trends in these areas.~The project
120   II,     5.  5.  3|             On? The Question of Time Trends in Autism. Public Health
121   II,     5.  5.  3|         observations on the temporal trends of epilepsy in Europe. No
122   II,     5.  5.  3|       epilepsy in Europe. No overall trends have been observed. In one
123   II,     5.  5.  3|              geographic and temporal trends of epilepsy in children
124   II,     5.  5.  3|             6000 reexamined: secular trends in first attendance rates,
125   II,     5.  5.  3|           three main epidemiological trends: a north-to-south gradient:
126   II,     5.  5.  3|            heterogeneity in temporal trends and across regions. The
127   II,     5.  5.  3|       reported in Table 7 Decreasing trends over time are reported for
128   II,     5.  5.  3|             et al, 2006), increasing trends in Norway, Sweden, Bulgaria
129   II,     5.  5.  3| Koch-Henriksen N, Stenager E (2004): Trends in survival and cause of
130   II,     5.  5.  3|         Austria 19702001: dynamics, trends, and prospects. Eur J Neurol
131   II,     5.  5.  3|      sclerosis in Finland: incidence trends and differences in relapsing
132   II,     5.  5.  3|          major changes in employment trends have been observed compared
133   II,     5.  5.  3|             and Parkinson’s disease. Trends Neurosci 27(9):561-568.~
134   II,     5.  6.  3|           economic impact and future trends. Estimates of incidence
135   II,     5.  6.  3|          Juni et al, 2003).~ ~Future trends~ ~Future changes in the
136   II,     5.  6.  3|               Woolf, 2008).~ ~Future trends~ ~Future changes in the
137   II,     5.  6.  3|             result of these opposite trends, however, is unpredictable
138   II,     5.  6.  3|       Johnell et al, 2004).~ ~Future trends~ ~The number of osteoporotic
139   II,     5.  6.  3|             pain condition.~ ~Future trends~ ~There has been a reported
140   II,     5.  6.  4|           national product.~ ~Future trends~ ~The impact on the individual
141   II,     5.  6.  6|        Epidemiology of osteoporosis. Trends Endocrinol Metab 314:224-
142   II,     5.  7.  3|           2005 period per country.~ ~Trends over time~ ~There is no
143   II,     5.  7.  3|             is no information on the trends of the CKD incidence rate
144   II,     5.  7.  3|            cause of renal failure.~ ~Trends over time~ ~There is still
145   II,     5.  7.  3|            cause of renal failure.~ ~Trends over time~ ~Previous analyses
146   II,     5.  7.  7|           awareness, prevalence, and trends among U.S. adults, 1999
147   II,     5.  7.  7|             MG, de ZD, et al (2004): Trends in the incidence of treated
148   II,     5.  7.  7|         population dynamics: current trends and long-term implications.
149   II,     5.  7.  7|             Simpson K, et al (2003): Trends in the incidence of renal
150   II,     5.  8.  3|           bias in its diagnosis, the trends in mortality rates over
151   II,     5.  8.  3|          information. COPD mortality trends generally track several
152   II,     5.  8.  3|       several decades behind smoking trends. Trends in age-standardized
153   II,     5.  8.  3|       decades behind smoking trends. Trends in age-standardized death
154   II,     5.  8.  7|               prevalence, and future trends. Lancet 370: 765-773.~ ~
155   II,     5.  8.  7|              Pride NB (2000): Recent trends in physician diagnosed COPD
156   II,     5.  9.  1|             explain these increasing trends, which have been attributed
157   II,     5.  9.  2|            recent literature on time trends in asthma prevalence among
158   II,     5.  9.  3|              the end of the 1990s.~ ~Trends in prevalence rates~A substantial
159   II,     5.  9.  3|     Australia, USA), that the rising trends in asthma prevalence among
160   II,     5.  9.  3|            studies have shown stable trends in childhood asthma since
161   II,     5.  9.  3|              on stable or decreasing trends in prevalence of asthma~ ~
162   II,     5.  9.  3|              continuously increasing trends in prevalence of asthma~ ~
163   II,     5.  9.  3|       studies showing disparities in trends for asthma and allergic
164   II,     5.  9.  4|             occurred, making secular trends in the onset of puberty
165   II,     5.  9.  7|              Burr M, Jeffs D (2004): Trends in prevalence of symptoms
166   II,     5.  9.  7|                2007): Worldwide time trends for symptoms of rhinitis
167   II,     5.  9.  7|             Osman M (2007): Changing trends in sex specific prevalence
168   II,     5. 11.  7|            Europe, 19531997: Rising trends in incidence and mortality
169   II,     5. 11.  7|          Randimbison L et al (2001): Trends in Skin Cancer Incidence
170   II,     5. 11.  7|              Obsitnikova A, Boyle P. Trends in the incidence of non-melanoma
171   II,     5. 12.  1|              order to monitor recent trends in Europe, we have systematically
172   II,     5. 12.  1|            quantified the changes in trends since 1970 (Kim et al, 2000;
173   II,     5. 12.  2|           for each of the identified trends by fitting a regression
174   II,     5. 12.  3|         diverged from the favourable trends of cirrhosis mortality in
175   II,     5. 12.  3|        decades earlier. The downward trends in several European countries
176   II,     5. 12.  3|        countries (Table 5.12.2), but trends were similar to those of
177   II,     5. 12.  3|        before making an inference on trends. Joinpoint analysis indicates
178   II,     5. 12.  3|        Conversely, persisting upward trends up to the more recent calendar
179   II,     5. 12.  3|      cirrhosis mortality.~Changes in trends over time cannot be attributed
180   II,     5. 12.  4|              6), cirrhosis mortality trends and their variability across
181   II,     5. 12.  4|            the subsequent favourable trends followed the decline of
182   II,     5. 12.  5|    information on the prevalence and trends of HBV and HCV in various
183   II,     5. 12.  5|  contribution to cirrhosis mortality trends is difficult to quantify.
184   II,     5. 12.  5|         least part of the favourable trends observed in Southern European
185   II,     5. 12.  7|             in U.S. cancer mortality trends. Cancer 86:157-169.~ ~Corrao
186   II,     5. 12.  7|           Arico S, Decarli A (1997): Trends of liver cirrhosis mortality
187   II,     5. 12.  7|               Worldwide patterns and trends in mortality from liver
188   II,     5. 13    |             given the rising obesity trends (Commission of the European
189   II,     5. 14.  2|       proceed to a state analysis of trends. A critical analysis of
190   II,     5. 14.  2|            evaluation of oral health trends: weaknesses in terms of
191   II,     5. 14.  2|       limited. New and complementary trends should be recommended so
192   II,     5. 14.  5|          surveillance system so that trends and changes in life-style
193   II,     5. 14.  5|            objectives to monitor the trends in the European community,
194   II,     6.  1    |            outlines the patterns and trends for the most important communicable
195   II,     6.  1    |             and indicators about the trends of the communicable diseases
196   II,     6.  1    |        anticipate and counter rising trends.~ ~
197   II,     6.  2    |            from Eurostat for data on trends for the years 199520041.
198   II,     6.  3.  1|        deducted from the overview of trends for the 49 diseases under
199   II,     6.  3.  1|            having rising (or steady) trends. It is of concern that three
200   II,     6.  3.  1|         belong to this group. Rising trends are also observed for the
201   II,     6.  3.  1|           and also showed decreasing trends (except for avian influenza,
202   II,     6.  3.  1|              6.1. Summary of general trends (19952005), EU incidence (
203   II,     6.  3.  2|             to be able to follow the trends of resistance patterns is
204   II,     6.  3.  2|            three levels:~· following trends of resistance in major important
205   II,     6.  3.  3|        States in terms of magnitude, trends, and affected populations.
206   II,     6.  3.  3|              peak in Europe. Similar trends have been observed in most
207   II,     6.  3.  3|            by 26 countries. Previous trends have generally continued
208   II,     6.  3.  3|              dramatically increasing trends over the period 19952004
209   II,     6.  3.  3|              in women.~ ~Figure 6.3. Trends of Gonorrhoea within the
210   II,     6.  3.  4|    tuberculosis situation in Europe. Trends show a continuous decline,
211   II,     6.  3.  4|           antibiotics.~ ~Figure 6.4. Trends of legionellosis 1995 -
212   II,     6.  3.  5|              child population.~ ~The trends of invasive pneumococcal
213   II,     6.  3.  5|             000 per year with stable trends or even with a slight decrease
214   II,     6.  3.  5|              been showing increasing trends. A very high proportion
215   II,     6.  3.  6|              6.7. Campylobacteriosis trends between 1995 - 2004~ ~In
216   II,     6.  3.  7|           over the last 10 years and trends for both countries appear
217   II,     6.  3.  7|                  Figure 6.8. Malaria trends in Europe~ ~In 2005, 4 306
218   II,     6.  4.  1|             help to identify disease trends, risk factors, and the need
219   II,     7        |            INJURIES AND RELATED TIME TRENDS: PREVALENCE, INCIDENCE AND
220   II,     7.  1    |             measures, monitor injury trends, prioritise issues, guide
221   II,     7.  2    |             that are used to measure trends and identify factors related
222   II,     7.  3.  2|             age group, EU27~ ~Recent trends indicate that injury mortality
223   II,     7.  4.  6|       cognitive behavioural therapy. Trends towards benefits were also
224   II,     9        |               MAIN HEALTH ISSUES AND TRENDS FOR DIFFERENT AGE AND GENDER~
225   II,     9        |           the main health issues and trends concerning different age
226   II,     9        |      registers to determine numbers. Trends regarding alcohol drinking
227   II,     9        |     anomalies such as Down syndrome. Trends towards older age at childbearing
228   II,     9.  1.  1|    Langhoff-Ross et al, 2006); these trends, which cannot be monitored
229   II,     9.  1.  1|           with the aim of monitoring trends in CP rates and providing
230   II,     9.  1.  1|             monitor perinatal health trends and understand the differences
231   II,     9.  1.  1|             K, Vintzileos AM (2005): Trends in twin preterm birth subtypes
232   II,     9.  1.  1|              2003): Disabilities and trends over time in a French county,
233   II,     9.  1.  1|      Sturgiss SN (2000): Comparative trends in cause-specific fetal
234   II,     9.  1.  1|    Inequalities in infant mortality: trends by social class, registration
235   II,     9.  1.  1|           Torrioli MG, et al (2007): Trends in cerebral palsy among
236   II,     9.  1.  2|         increased.~ ~Figure 9.1.2.1. Trends in the total and live birth
237   II,     9.  1.  2|             1 000.~ ~Figure 9.1.2.2. Trends in the total and live birth
238   II,     9.  1.  2|            policy.~ ~Figure 9.1.2.3. Trends in the total and live birth
239   II,     9.  1.  2|      registers to determine numbers. Trends regarding alcohol drinking
240   II,     9.  1.  2|     anomalies such as Down syndrome. Trends towards older age at childbearing
241   II,     9.  1.  2|              Mastroiacovo P (2006): "Trends of Selected Malformations
242   II,     9.  1.  2|         Lillis D, Bianchi F (2005): "Trends and Geographic Inequalities
243   II,     9.  2.  3|           2005) (HPA 2006). However, trends in fluctuation are difficult
244   II,     9.  2.  4|            as well as wider societal trends and peer pressures – all
245   II,     9.  3.  1|              allow firm estimates of trends in terms of infection with
246   II,     9.  3.  1|             000 in 2005 (HPA, 2006). Trends in fluctuation are difficult
247   II,     9.  3.  1|           Lowndes C M (2004): Recent trends in the epidemiology of sexually
248   II,     9.  3.  2|             monitor perinatal health trends - including those of pregnant
249   II,     9.  3.  2|           the health impact of these trends towards shorter hospital
250   II,     9.  3.  2|             K, Vintzileos AM (2005): Trends in twin preterm birth subtypes
251   II,     9.  3.  2|              2003): Disabilities and trends over time in a French county,
252   II,     9.  3.  2|      Sturgiss SN (2000): Comparative trends in cause-specific fetal
253   II,     9.  3.  2|    Inequalities in infant mortality: trends by social class, registration
254   II,     9.  3.  2|           Torrioli MG, et al (2007): Trends in cerebral palsy among
255   II,     9.  3.  3|              outcomes for monitoring trends and epidemics. Incorporation
256   II,     9.  3.  3|              effective monitoring of trends and the further development
257   II,     9.  3.  3|           cross-cultural analysis of trends in the 20th century. In
258   II,     9.  3.  3|            naapureissa (in Finnish) (Trends in sexual behaviour in Finland
259   II,     9.  3.  3|              Kontula O (2003) Sexual trends in the Baltic area. Helsinki:
260   II,     9.  3.  3|            41:247-52.~Weiss,P.(2008) Trends and risk factors in the
261   II,     9.  4.  5|          technological and financial trends that may represent challenges
262   II,     9.  4.  7|           illness in England, Health Trends. vol. 25, pp. 3137.~ ~International
263  III,    10.  2.  1|            are indicative of smoking trends two to three decades ago.
264  III,    10.  2.  1|            more than women. However, trends over the past decades show
265  III,    10.  2.  1|              2.1.1.3. illustrate the trends in smoking prevalence among
266  III,    10.  2.  1|          women.~ ~Figure 10.2.1.1.5. Trends in smoking attributable
267  III,    10.  2.  1|    prevalence in a population. These trends are followed by similar
268  III,    10.  2.  1|           aid. Furthermore, relative trends in progression from STP
269  III,    10.  2.  1|       Sosnoff CS, Pechack TF (2006): Trends in the Exposure of Non smokers
270  III,    10.  2.  1|          Baumberg 2006). While these trends are sometimes the accumulation
271  III,    10.  2.  1|           1978.~ ~Figure 10.2.1.2.1. Trends in recorded alcohol consumption
272  III,    10.  2.  1|            See Figure 10.2.1.3.3 for trends in countries with available
273  III,    10.  2.  1|       stabilising or even decreasing trends in amphetamine and ecstasy
274  III,    10.  2.  1|                   Figure 10.2.1.3.3. Trends in last year prevalence
275  III,    10.  2.  1|            injecting problem.~ ~Time trends in drug use~ ~The important
276  III,    10.  2.  1|            understanding of the main trends regarding drug use and drug-related
277  III,    10.  2.  1|          opioid users. These general trends were, however, not present
278  III,    10.  2.  1|           only a summary of the time trends based on AIDS cases (Figure
279  III,    10.  2.  1|           claim to use F-toothpaste. Trends of tooth-brushing frequency
280  III,    10.  2.  1|           had robust data to monitor trends over time; the best example
281  III,    10.  2.  1|      Child-friendly? Canadian Social Trends, 2002:25.~ ~Pratt M, Macera
282  III,    10.  2.  1|             given the rising obesity trends (Commission of the European
283  III,    10.  2.  1|            repeated in a proper way, trends over time can be studied.
284  III,    10.  2.  1|           and obesity among adults~ ~Trends over time~ ~The epidemic
285  III,    10.  2.  1|          2006).~ ~Figure 10.2.1.7.4. Trends of overweight in school-aged
286  III,    10.  2.  1|              t)~ ~Figure 10.2.1.7.5. Trends in gross human apparent
287  III,    10.  2.  1|              measuring routinely the trends in overweight and obesity
288  III,    10.  2.  1|             2004, and an overview of trends since 1983. European Journal
289  III,    10.  2.  1|             getting bigger? Temporal trends in fetal growth and its
290  III,    10.  2.  1|             application for study of trends in physical developments
291  III,    10.  2.  1|        year-old Portuguese children: trends in body mass index from
292  III,    10.  2.  1|               Overweight and obesity trends from 1974 to 2003 in English
293  III,    10.  2.  1|               Reasons for increasing trends in large for gestational
294  III,    10.  2.  1|         Lobstein T (2006): Worldwide trends in childhood overweight
295  III,    10.  2.  4|            Currently, the followingtrends” can be observed regarding
296  III,    10.  2.  4|         preventive strategies.~ ~The trends, which have been briefly
297  III,    10.  3.  1|           begin. These environmental trends, in conjunction with the
298  III,    10.  3.  1|    preventive action in Europe. Time trends for malignant melanoma incidence
299  III,    10.  3.  1|          monitoring of melanoma time trends through high-quality cancer
300  III,    10.  3.  1|        Overveld AJP van, Ameling CB. Trends in the environmental burden
301  III,    10.  3.  3|            having rising (or steady) trends. The fact that three of
302  III,    10.  3.  3|             and also show decreasing trends (except for avian influenza
303  III,    10.  3.  3|              3.1. Summary of general trends (19952005), main age groups
304  III,    10.  3.  4|               Table 10.3.4.1. Global trends in extreme weather events~ ~ ~
305  III,    10.  4.  2|             knowledge of sources and trends of pathogens by monitoring
306  III,    10.  4.  2|          Community summary report on trends and sources of zoonoses,
307  III,    10.  4.  3|         makes the derivation of time trends at European level difficult.
308  III,    10.  4.  5|    increasing in absolute terms, but trends differ from region to region.
309  III,    10.  4.  5|            slow. As long as observed trends continue in the future,
310  III,    10.  5.  1|     indicator to monitor the general trends of change within the city,
311  III,    10.  5.  2|           Similar (although varying) trends are found for other EU countries,
312  III,    10.  5.  2|          there are no clear European trends for most of the available
313  III,    10.  5.  2|           policies on priorities and trends.~ ~
314  III,    10.  5.  3|            Table 10.5.3.6 gives time trends with respect to European
315  III,    10.  5.  3|             and off-shoring. General trends include changing work patterns (
316  III,    10.  5.  3|            next decades. Three major trends can be seen (OSHA, 2003).~
317   IV,    11.  1.  1|               with a focus on recent trends and key features. More specifically,
318   IV,    11.  1.  1|         moves to a discussion of the trends in the provision of care,
319   IV,    11.  1.  1|            of health care, including trends in expenditure, sources
320   IV,    11.  1.  2|             health care utilization. Trends are mostly reported for
321   IV,    11.  1.  3|       category.~ ~Recent health care trends in the European Union’s (
322   IV,    11.  2    |               public health). Recent trends in the provision of health
323   IV,    11.  6    |            of expenditure and recent trends, which funds are collected
324   IV,    11.  6    |              arrangements and recent trends.~ ~
325   IV,    11.  6.  1|             expenditure patterns and trends~ ~OECD Health Data (2007)
326   IV,    11.  6.  2|           section introduces the key trends and reforms affecting the
327   IV,    11.  6.  2|            The implications of these trends can be evaluated on the
328   IV,    11.  6.  2|           earnings.~ ~There are some trends across Europe followed to
329   IV,    11.  6.  4|            and to measure changes or trends over a period of time. Most
330   IV,    12.  2    |        International differences and trends in cancer survival within
331   IV,    12.  2    |            geographical patterns and trends in survival are often broadly
332   IV,    12.  2    |          geographical differences or trends in the type of cancer, diagnostic
333   IV,    12.  5    |             States and the differing trends over time (Jagger and EHEMU
334   IV,    12. 10    |                Health in Ireland Key Trends 2007 ~ht s/~This booklet
335   IV,    12. 10    |             overview of selected key trends in health in Ireland in