Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1    -,     1        |                  health through selected indicators and their trends mainly
  2    -,     1        |                  the evolution of health indicators, and related Community and
  3    -,     1        |       definitions and measurement of key indicators and data coverage inevitably
  4    I,     2.  4    |                  Lisbon strategy.~ ~Good indicators of the wealth differences
  5    I,     2. 10.  1|                  far, there are still no indicators for the implementation of
  6    I,     2. 10.  1|             genomics into public health. Indicators and statistical material
  7    I,     2. 10.  1|               effects.~The future use of indicators and health statistics will
  8    I,     2. 10.  1| individualisation in healthcare systems. Indicators and statistics can only
  9    I,     3.  3    |           smaller.~ ~Obviously all other indicators are in accordance with this
 10   II,     4.  1    |                led to the development of indicators of health expectancies,
 11   II,     4.  1    |                 expectancy (DFLE). These indicators represent the increasing
 12   II,     4.  1    |           indicator among the Structural Indicators. HLY is the first EU Structural
 13   II,     4.  1    |                 50 and 65) as key health indicators for the EU27 in addition
 14   II,     4.  1    |           Details on the HLY, Structural Indicators and the Lisbon Strategy
 15   II,     4.  1    |                  the European Structural Indicators is to allow a fair assessment
 16   II,     4.  1    |                 and ensuring that common indicators between the EU and the USA
 17   II,     4.  1    |                  these simple and robust indicators to monitor the quality of
 18   II,     4.  1    |             higher expectations of these indicators. In order to be ready to
 19   II,     4.  1    |            summary measures, true period indicators (using incidence in place
 20   II,     4.  3    |            region. Mainstreaming Ageing. Indicators to Monitor Sustainable Progress
 21   II,     4.  3    |               Creating a coherent set of indicators to monitor health across
 22   II,     4.  3    |               Creating a coherent set of indicators to monitor health across
 23   II,     5.  2.Acr|                  European Cardiovascular Indicators Surveillance Set~EUROSTAT~
 24   II,     5.  2.  2|                  European Cardiovascular Indicators Surveillance Set - (h p,
 25   II,     5.  2.  2|                  European Cardiovascular Indicators Surveillance Set - (h p,
 26   II,     5.  2.  6|                 comparability of disease indicators. All these factors may have
 27   II,     5.  2.  7|                 in Europe: are morbidity indicators comparable?: Results from
 28   II,     5.  3.  1|               Baili et al, 2003).~ ~Main indicators to describe the evolution
 29   II,     5.  3.  1|                  related to macro-social indicators and lifestyles (Micheli,
 30   II,     5.  3.  1|              this chapter cancer outcome indicators are ordered by country specific
 31   II,     5.  3.  2|                  following data:~- early indicators: screen-detected incidence
 32   II,     5.  3.  2|           screening programmes;~- impact indicators: down-staging of incident
 33   II,     5.  3.  2|            collection of data on defined indicators, developing recommendations
 34   II,     5.  3.  3|               this reason cancer outcome indicators (i.e. incidence, mortality,
 35   II,     5.  3.  7|                  of updated and reliable indicators is essential.~ ~
 36   II,     5.  3.  9|                of European cancer health indicators. Eur J Public Health 13(
 37   II,     5.  4.Acr|                European Community Health Indicators~ESRF~End Stage Renal Failure~
 38   II,     5.  4.Acr|             Diabetes~EUCID~European Core Indicators for Diabetes Mellitus~FEND~
 39   II,     5.  4.  1|                  be usefully targeted as indicators of the development of diabetes.
 40   II,     5.  4.  2|                basis of average national indicators (e.g. blood pressure increase
 41   II,     5.  4.  2|                  adopt different sets of indicators, an aspect that still limits
 42   II,     5.  4.  2|                 a common set of targets (indicators) that can be conveniently
 43   II,     5.  4.  2|                of processes and outcomes indicators.~The OECD basic set of quality
 44   II,     5.  4.  2|                OECD basic set of quality indicators undoubtedly reflect the
 45   II,     5.  4.  2|           showing that a large number of indicators may result into an ambitious
 46   II,     5.  4.  2|                of fact, out of only nine indicators judged to be immediately
 47   II,     5.  4.  2|               which have included target indicators as a basis for budgeting.
 48   II,     5.  4.  2|                 collection on a range of indicators (of which several for diabetes)
 49   II,     5.  4.  2|           Framework.~ ~Table 5.4.2. OECD indicators~ ~ ~Areas~ ~Indicator Name~
 50   II,     5.  4.  2|             collected, meaning that most indicators cannot be estimated using
 51   II,     5.  4.  2|         short-list of core and secondary indicators that is now given considerable
 52   II,     5.  4.  2|                  Table 5.4.3. EUDIP core indicators and their availability in
 53   II,     5.  4.  2|             Table 5.4.4. EUDIP secondary indicators and their availability in
 54   II,     5.  4.  2|                  included in the list of indicators fit for international comparisons.~
 55   II,     5.  4.  3|                  referring to the latest indicators results published in the
 56   II,     5.  4.  3|               and the core and secondary indicators published in the final EUCID
 57   II,     5.  4.  3|                 Across 11 countries, the indicators varied between 3 (Belgium)
 58   II,     5.  4.  3|               across Europe.~ ~Secondary Indicators~ ~In terms of clinical management
 59   II,     5.  4.  4|            alarming rate. The EUCID core indicators are definitely the best
 60   II,     5.  4.  4|            diabetes.~As far as secondary indicators are concerned, it is worth
 61   II,     5.  4.  4|           through a long list of process indicators, showing that, despite the
 62   II,     5.  4.  4|             Overall, process and outcome indicators in diabetes seem to highlight
 63   II,     5.  4.  6|              reproducible and comparable indicators within the EU has become
 64   II,     5.  4.  6|              requires carefully selected indicators, which should meet the usual
 65   II,     5.  4.  6|               list of core and secondary indicators. The project aimed at “establishing
 66   II,     5.  4.  6|               aimed at “establishing the indicators for monitoring diabetes
 67   II,     5.  4.  6|               national level. The set of indicators released at the end of the
 68   II,     5.  4.  6|                comparability of national indicators is far from straightforward.
 69   II,     5.  4.  6|                subsequentEuropean Core Indicators in Diabetes” (EUCID) project
 70   II,     5.  4.  6|                 allowed to collect EUDIP indicators in 20 European countries,
 71   II,     5.  4.  6|              limited availability of all indicators, but also forming the basis
 72   II,     5.  4.  6|                  the production of EUCID indicators has now been passed to the
 73   II,     5.  4.  6|                  targets for all process indicators reported in section 5.4.
 74   II,     5.  4.  6|                 for most quality of care indicators the gold standard to achieve
 75   II,     5.  4.  7|                 system to produce online indicators, including the EUCID shortlist,
 76   II,     5.  4.  7|              level); and~· risk-adjusted indicators (epidemiology, process quality,
 77   II,     5.  4.  8|              Report, Health Care Quality Indicators Project, Health Working
 78   II,     5.  4.  8|                  European Union diabetes indicators. European Journal of Public
 79   II,     5.  4.  8|               Mattke S (2004): Selecting Indicators for the quality of Diabetes
 80   II,     5.  5.  1|                  database includes seven indicators related to mental health.
 81   II,     5.  5.  1|               also general mental health indicators like mortality and potential
 82   II,     5.  5.  1|                  Reliable and comparable indicators to monitor mental health
 83   II,     5.  5.  1|                of a Set of Mental Health Indicators for European Union (1999-
 84   II,     5.  5.  1|               Union (1999-2001) provided indicators derived from statistical
 85   II,     5.  5.  1|                surveys, and consisted of indicators of health status, determinants
 86   II,     5.  5.  1|               final set of mental health indicators and proposed a system to
 87   II,     5.  5.  3|            reviewed. The review analysed indicators such as mortality (death,
 88   II,     5.  5.  3|     schizophrenia (IMS 2003).~ ~ ~Health indicators usually used have limited
 89   II,     5.  5.  3|              hospital admission rates as indicators for prevalence - as well
 90   II,     5.  5.  3|                policies but are probably indicators for the gap between guideline
 91   II,     5.  6.  2|               Series 919 (WHO TRS 919)~· Indicators for Monitoring Musculoskeletal
 92   II,     5.  6.  2|              European Commission (2003): Indicators for Monitoring Musculoskeletal
 93   II,     5.  6.  3|              European Commission (2003): Indicators for Monitoring Musculoskeletal
 94   II,     5.  6.  4|              European Commission (2003): Indicators for Monitoring Musculoskeletal
 95   II,     5.  6.  4|              European Commission (2003): Indicators for Monitoring Musculoskeletal
 96   II,     5.  6.  6|              European Commission (2003): Indicators for Monitoring Musculoskeletal
 97   II,     5.  7.  5|     electronically reported four quality indicators. Since the beginning of
 98   II,     5.  7.  5|                  of clinical performance indicators in RRT comparable at international
 99   II,     5.  7.  6|                  on clinical performance indicators in RRT. The availability
100   II,     5.  7.  6|                  of clinical performance indicators, the development of techniques
101   II,     5.  7.  6|                 the American population. Indicators on these goals are currently
102   II,     5.  9.  5|                  operational performance indicators; and agree on and gain consensus
103   II,     5. 11.  5|                core and extended sets of indicators and case studies, including
104   II,     5. 14.Acr|              European Global Oral health Indicators Project~
105   II,     5. 14.  2|               Poland and Portugal.~ ~The indicators, issue from the EGOHID I
106   II,     5. 14.  5|               integration of oral health indicators in any health surveillance
107   II,     5. 14.  5|                  resulted in a deluge of indicators overwhelming health services
108   II,     5. 14.  5|                 of a profusion of health indicators, operating a selection is
109   II,     5. 14.  5|              European Global Oral Health Indicators (www. egohid.eu). The objectives
110   II,     5. 14.  5|               identify basic oral health indicators for a European surveillance
111   II,     5. 14.  5|               establishment of the major indicators of reference. A core group
112   II,     5. 14.  5|                core group of oral health indicators is being designed for integration
113   II,     5. 14.  5|             national health systems. The indicators will focus in particular
114   II,     5. 14.  8|              European Global Oral Health Indicators Development Project. 2003
115   II,     5. 14.  8|              European Global Oral Health Indicators Development. The Challenge.
116   II,     5. 14.  8|              European Global Oral Health Indicators Development Project. 2003
117   II,     6.  1    |              based on available data and indicators about the trends of the
118   II,     7.Acr    |                European Community Health Indicators~ECMT~European Conference
119   II,     7.  2.  2|             options to calculate diverse indicators on the basis of the hospital
120   II,     7.  2.  8|               and health data. Important indicators to inform and monitor development
121   II,     7.  2.  8|                  Survey (ECHIS) selected indicators on injuries are collected.~htt ~ ~
122   II,     7.  2.  9|                 The delivery of reliable indicators with the existing data sources
123   II,     7.  3.  1|         medically treated cases”). Also, indicators on health care consumption (
124   II,     7.  3.  4|                IDB provides a variety of indicators on hospital treated injuries,
125   II,     7.  4    |                 is a proposal for health indicators which can be calculated
126   II,     7.  4    |                and reasonably comparable indicators (mostly based on assessment
127   II,     7.  4    |        structured inventory of important indicators , which are not yet widely
128   II,     7.  4    |              also contain several injury indicators defining the European standard
129   II,     7.  4    |              European standard of injury indicators.~(See: htt ~ ~Injury surveillance
130   II,     7.  4    |            calculate the standard injury indicators. Only some of the data presented
131   II,     7.  5    |      internationally comparable national indicators, e.g. on disabilities and
132   II,     7.  6    |          self-harm. Also the question of indicators for health costs and disability
133   II,     8.  2.  1|           evidence and to develop health indicators permitting comparable health
134   II,     8.  2.  1|        intellectual disabilities. Health indicators are essential in order to
135   II,     8.  2.  1|                 The ECHI project: Health Indicators for the European Community.
136   II,     8.  2.  1|                 2007): Developing health indicators for people with intellectual
137   II,     8.  2.  1|                  Valk HMJ (2003): Health indicators for people with intellectual
138   II,     8.  2.  1|               Developing a set of health indicators for people with intellectual
139   II,     9.  1.  1|             covered by the EURO-PERISTAT indicators on morbidity, including
140   II,     9.  1.  1|                  use of perinatal health indicators. Today, perinatal, infant
141   II,     9.  1.  1|             among the most commonly used indicators of population health status.
142   II,     9.  1.  1|      methodological shortcomings of many indicators, whether mortality or other
143   II,     9.  1.  1|                Europe. The EURO-PERISTAT indicators, listed in Table 1, were
144   II,     9.  1.  1|                existing perinatal health indicators using a DELPHI consensus
145   II,     9.  1.  1|              Europe.~ ~The EURO-PERISTAT indicators are grouped into four themes:
146   II,     9.  1.  1|                and health services. Core indicators are defined as those essential
147   II,     9.  1.  1|            perinatal health, recommended indicators are those considered desirable
148   II,     9.  1.  1|            across the member states, and indicators for further development
149   II,     9.  1.  1|                 9.1.1.2.1. EURO-PERISTAT Indicators by category; Data on indicators
150   II,     9.  1.  1|          Indicators by category; Data on indicators in bold italics are available
151   II,     9.  1.  1|               medical intervention~ ~The indicators that were developed by EURO-PERISTAT
152   II,     9.  1.  1|         presented here to show how these indicators, once they are part of a
153   II,     9.  1.  1|                 using currently reported indicators, are essential for monitoring
154   II,     9.  2.  2|         information project Child Health Indicators of Life and Development (
155   II,     9.  2.  2|              with identifying a range of indicators which would measure this
156   II,     9.  2.  2|                  A total of thirty eight indicators were recommended, of which
157   II,     9.  2.  2|                 years later few of these indicators have yet been built into
158   II,     9.  2.  2|                 of the recommended CHILD indicators, together with WHO Health
159   II,     9.  2.  2|            relating to children. Thus 24 indicators are published as Table 6
160   II,     9.  2.  2|               commonly agreed and tested indicators, which produce comparable
161   II,     9.  3.  1|         boundaries change, and differing indicators may be used in various areas.
162   II,     9.  3.  1|               commonly agreed and tested indicators which produce comparable
163   II,     9.  3.  2|                  well as two recommended indicators, maternal deaths by cause
164   II,     9.  3.  2|            demographic and socioeconomic indicators that should be monitored,
165   II,     9.  3.  2|                 women. Of these proposed indicators, however, data are only
166   II,     9.  3.  2|             project includes a series of indicators for monitoring healthcare
167   II,     9.  3.  2|             identification of meaningful indicators that perform similarly across
168   II,     9.  3.  2|                 healthcare systems. Many indicators useful at national level
169   II,     9.  3.  2|                  in Europe.~ ~Few of the indicators recommended by EURO-PERISTAT
170   II,     9.  3.  2|           international databases. These indicators nonetheless provide an indication
171   II,     9.  3.  2|                of postpartum stay. These indicators were not selected for the
172   II,     9.  3.  2|               2006): Reproductive health indicators in the European Union: The
173   II,     9.  3.  3|               Europe including five main indicators: sexual behaviour, teenage
174   II,     9.  3.  3|                from the ECHI recommended indicators (htt European Countries
175   II,     9.  3.  3|           HIV/AIDS and following defined indicators Some of them concern sexual
176   II,     9.  3.  3|           defined in a guideline on core indicators ( ht ~ ~Majority of sexual
177   II,     9.  3.  3|                   the definition of some indicators differs country from country,
178   II,     9.  3.  3|         recommends the following outcome indicators to monitor and evaluate
179   II,     9.  3.  3|                 broadening the number of indicators when surveys are carried
180   II,     9.  3.  3|            systematic use of comparative indicators for sexual behaviour and
181   II,     9.  3.  3|                comparative sexual health indicators will enable a more effective
182   II,     9.  3.  3|          behaviour. However, most of the indicators are directly linked to outcomes
183   II,     9.  4.  5|                systematic use of quality indicators for drug use and better
184   II,     9.  5.  2|                  Community Public Health Indicators). Euro-REVES was set up
185   II,     9.  5.  2|                provide comparable health indicators that would address inequalities
186   II,     9.  5.  2|              European populations. These indicators can simultaneously assess
187   II,     9.  5.  4|              standardisation of existing indicators for health;~· Recognition
188   II,     9.  5.  4|            social construction in gender indicators;~· To seek simple yet comprehensive
189   II,     9.  5.  4|               commonly agreed and tested indicators which produce comparable
190   II,     9.  5.  6|                   Bonté J (2004): Health Indicators and Eurostat, UNECE/WHO~ ~
191  III,    10.  1    |             Workplace~Physiological risk~indicators~ ~ ~Transport~ ~ ~ ~Social
192  III,    10.  2.  1|                  1.2. Data sources~ ~Key indicators pertaining to smoking are
193  III,    10.  2.  1|              along 5 key epidemiological indicators ((i) drug use among the
194  III,    10.  2.  1|                 but also other important indicators and data in the following
195  III,    10.  2.  1|               set of key epidemiological indicators which need to be fully implemented
196  III,    10.  2.  1|              European Global Oral Health Indicators Development Project~ ~ ~
197  III,    10.  2.  1|                  has also be used.~ ~The indicators identified for this document
198  III,    10.  2.  1|             gingival~ ~A number of other indicators, as recommended in the EGOHID
199  III,    10.  2.  1|              European Global Oral Health Indicators Development Project. 2003
200  III,    10.  2.  1|                 A selection of essential indicators in Europe recommended by
201  III,    10.  2.  1|              European Global Oral Health Indicators Development Project. 2005
202  III,    10.  2.  1|                 and measurable goals and indicators. Surveillance of levels
203  III,    10.  2.  1|            components which are relevant indicators of health.~ ~An important
204  III,    10.  2.  1|                 data on overall progress indicators – within the context of
205  III,    10.  2.  1|                European Community Health Indicatorsrelated to diet and physical activity
206  III,    10.  2.  1|       Communities (2005a): Health status indicators from the national health
207  III,    10.  2.  1|       Communities (2005b): Health status indicators from the national health
208  III,    10.  2.  1|       Communities (2005c): Health status indicators from the national health
209  III,    10.  2.  1|       Communities (2005d): Health status indicators from the national health
210  III,    10.  2.  1|              Swedish children and health indicatorsoverweight, plasma homocysteine
211  III,    10.  2.  4|                 new approaches of health indicators based on genotyping as well
212  III,    10.  2.  4|                  later in the Chapter no indicators for the implementation of
213  III,    10.  2.  4|              exist so far. Nevertheless, indicators and statistical material
214  III,    10.  2.  4|                  time. The future use of indicators and health statistics will
215  III,    10.  2.  4|                  in health care systems. Indicators and statistics can only
216  III,    10.  2.  4|                  well established health indicators for health reporting and
217  III,    10.  2.  4|           traditional concepts of health indicators still apply. All health
218  III,    10.  2.  4|                  still apply. All health indicators, which have been developed
219  III,    10.  2.  4|                 new approaches of health indicators. The implementation of long
220  III,    10.  2.  4|                  develop such new health indicators. In addition to these large-scale
221  III,    10.  2.  4|                  development of such new indicators. ~ ~Thus, the main challenges
222  III,    10.  2.  4|                 new approaches of health indicators based on genotyping as well
223  III,    10.  2.  4|                   2006). In the field of indicators, health statistics and surveillance,
224  III,    10.  2.  5|               long list does not include indicators on foetal nutrition or early
225  III,    10.  3.  1|                  assessments methods and indicators it has been difficult to
226  III,    10.  3.  1|                  the basis of harmonised indicators (Lden and Lnight, where
227  III,    10.  3.  1|                specified thresholds. The indicators to be used in noise mapping
228  III,    10.  3.  2|                  source: htt /.~Chemical indicators are under development by
229  III,    10.  3.  2|                wild animals can serve as indicators of potential health effects
230  III,    10.  3.  2|                Appropriate Environmental Indicators Related to Chemicals http d;
231  III,    10.  4.  1|              information system based on indicators, proposed a list of air
232  III,    10.  4.  1|                  a list of air pollution indicators. Not fully developed yet,
233  III,    10.  4.  1|               only partly based on these indicators and mainly on scientific
234  III,    10.  4.  3|            assessment (draft). EEA - IMS Indicators - Bathing water quality (
235  III,    10.  4.  3|                  Statistics. Core health indicators. htt s2~WHO – Health Statistics;
236  III,    10.  4.  5|                by the presence of faecal indicators and pathogens, poses limited
237  III,    10.  4.  5|             standards of microbiological indicators for faecal contamination,
238  III,    10.  4.  5|            assessment (draft). EEA - IMS Indicators - Bathing water quality (
239  III,    10.  5.  1|         information.~htt ~ ~Urban health indicators~ ~Based on the awareness
240  III,    10.  5.  1|                 a system of urban health indicators.~ ht ~ ~UN-HABITAT~ ~The
241  III,    10.  5.  1|                European Community Health Indicators~ECHIM~European Community
242  III,    10.  5.  1|                European Community Health Indicators Monitoring~EEA~European
243  III,    10.  5.  2|            indicate that for most health indicators (birth weight, bronchitis,
244  III,    10.  5.  2|            Another survey on health care indicators in England identified rural
245  III,    10.  5.  2|                  of the available health indicators that would distinguish between
246  III,    10.  5.  2|        population health and health care indicators in England. BMC Health Services
247  III,    10.  5.  3|                and reliable data set and indicators on occupational diseases
248  III,    10.  5.  3|             Kreis J, Boedeker W (2004a): Indicators for work-related health
249  III,    10.  6.  2|               when necessary and develop indicators to establish how well the
250   IV,    11.  1.  1|                  system influences these indicators to various degrees, an examination
251   IV,    11.  1.  3|                  broad population health indicators.~ ~Nevertheless, the concept
252   IV,    11.  1.  3|           country’s health system, these indicators are incredibly difficult
253   IV,    11.  1.  3|                 heavily on health status indicators to measure performance (
254   IV,    11.  1.  3|             those based on disaggregated indicators such as infant mortality,
255   IV,    11.  1.  3|          intended use of the performance indicators, more research is needed
256   IV,    11.  1.  5|             medical specialty.~ ~Quality indicators are necessary to guide clinical
257   IV,    11.  1.  5|                in developing appropriate indicators, few countries make use
258   IV,    11.  1.  5|              further, developing quality indicators and reporting them to the
259   IV,    11.  1.  5|                set of healthcare quality indicators that can be reliably reported
260   IV,    11.  1.  5|      international expert group provided indicators for five priority areas,
261   IV,    11.  1.  5|                 primary care/prevention. Indicators included in the initial
262   IV,    11.  1.  5|                  et al, 2006). Among the indicators there were breast cancer
263   IV,    11.  1.  5|             practice guidelines, quality indicators and information systems,
264   IV,    11.  1.  5|              financially for meeting 146 indicators drawn from four domains (
265   IV,    11.  1.  5|      documentation requirements. Quality indicators related to process seek
266   IV,    11.  1.  5|               contract). Process-related indicators may also refer to a specified
267   IV,    11.  1.  5|                comparing such subjective indicators of quality; indeed many
268   IV,    11.  1.  6|               Health, 2005). The quality indicators that have been used include
269   IV,    11.  1.  6|                infarction. These quality indicators are combined with more objective
270   IV,    11.  1.  6|             combined with more objective indicators of output such as activity
271   IV,    11.  5.  6|                higher measurable quality indicators than other replacement therapies.
272   IV,    11.  6.  4|                it is necessary to define indicators, i.e. measures that can
273   IV,    11.  6.  4|              period of time. Most health indicators are quantitative in nature
274   IV,    11.  6.  4|                   In some cases, outcome indicators could be expressed as measurements
275   IV,    11.  6.  4|              Health Outcome Research and Indicators Collection (EUPHORIC) is
276   IV,    11.  6.  4|                  a common set of outcome indicators in a few clinically relevant
277   IV,    11.  6.  4|            materials regarding validated indicators, nine disease areas (orthopaedics,
278   IV,    11.  6.  4|                 and a list of 54 outcome indicators adopted in European and
279   IV,    11.  6.  4|             compute the selected outcome indicators, the type of data source
280   IV,    11.  6.  4|          describe how to develop outcome indicators for arthroplasty, based
281   IV,    11.  6.  5|               2006): Health Care Quality Indicators Project: Initial Indicators
282   IV,    11.  6.  5|              Indicators Project: Initial Indicators Report. Paris, OECD.~ ~Kelly
283   IV,    11.  6.  5|               improvement using clinical indicators: the Danish National Indicator
284   IV,    12.  1    |              European-wide common agreed indicators.~Communicable diseases~The
285   IV,    12.  2    |              identify priorities, define indicators, produce guidelines and
286   IV,    12.  3    |             common objectives and common indicators and have undertaken to report
287   IV,    12.  5    |            information, with appropriate indicators; ensure appropriate coordination
288   IV,    12.  5    |              Union based on all data and indicators and including a qualitative
289   IV,    12.  5    |               take forward activities on indicators, data and diffusion in a
290   IV,    12.  5    |                of priority areas (health indicators, health and environment,
291   IV,    12.  5    |                  list of European health indicators, including the “Healthy
292   IV,    12.  5    |              European-wide common agreed indicators with regard to their definition,
293   IV,    12.  5    |                European Community Health Indicators~ ~Several EU co-funded projects
294   IV,    12.  5    |                European Community Health Indicators (ECHI) was defined, which
295   IV,    12.  5    |              measures to implement these indicators in the EU-member states.~
296   IV,    12.  5    |             classify the large number of indicators that have been developed
297   IV,    12.  5    |                European Community Health Indicators (ECHI-Hierarchy) is as follows:~ ~
298   IV,    12.  5    |       comprehensive overview of the ECHI indicators and other health indicators
299   IV,    12.  5    |              indicators and other health indicators presented by the different
300   IV,    12.  5    |       International Compendium of Health Indicators (ICHI, www ). The ongoing
301   IV,    12.  5    |           rational and EU-wide system of indicators, the production and utilisation
302   IV,    12.  5    |                  Specifically Structural Indicators should cover all the EU
303   IV,    12.  5    |        information needs, development of indicators, collection of data and
304   IV,    12.  5    |                European Community Health Indicators (ECHI). Current activities
305   IV,    12.  5    |                  implementation of these indicators in the EU member states.
306   IV,    12.  5    |                 the Working Party Health Indicators) and the European Health
307   IV,    12.  5    |            continue the work on specific indicators in order to complete the
308   IV,    12.  5    |                European Community Health Indicators list that will serve Part
309   IV,    12.  5    |                Working Parties on health indicators and data collection. Reports
310   IV,    12.  8    |                terms of the basic health indicators, such as life expectancy
311   IV,    12. 10    |                is a quantitative one. So indicators have been drawn up to follow
312   IV,    12. 10    |                 of general and synthetic indicators.~ ~The High Council of Public
313   IV,    12. 10    |                   Environment and Health Indicators;~- POPs in Human Milk;~-
314   IV,    12. 10    |                the following: monitoring indicators, link to objective domain
315   IV,    12. 10    |             determinants with monitoring indicators have a high priority.~ ~
316   IV,    12. 10    |              behaviours~ ~Determinants~ ~Indicators~Domain of objective and
317   IV,    12. 10    |                settings~ ~Determinants~ ~Indicators~Domain of objective and
318   IV,    12. 10    |              determinants~ ~Determinants~Indicators~Domain of objective and
319   IV,    12. 10    |              determinants~ ~Determinants~Indicators~Domain of objective and
320   IV,    12. 10    |              determinants~ ~Determinants~Indicators~Domain of objective and
321   IV,    13.  1    |        Differences in selected mortality indicators among EU Member States~ ~
322   IV,    13.  2.  2|            European and local scale. EBD indicators show big differences between
323   IV,    13.  3    |               higher risk.~ ~A number of indicators highlighted in this Report
324   IV,    13.  3    |                  all the above-mentioned indicators when health data concerning
325   IV,    13.  7.  2|                 analysis of 25 different indicators ranging from the percentage
326   IV,    13.  7.  2|                 the US in almost a dozen indicators. These include new science
327   IV,    13.  7.  2|                  of the five families of indicators can drag down the whole
328   IV,    13.  9    |            editors) (2002): Child Health Indicators of Life and Development (
329   IV,    13.  9    |          Mechtler R (2003): Child Health Indicators for Europe – A Priority