Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1    I,     3.  2        |         the number of births minus deaths) was the major source of
  2    I,     3.  2        |         the number of births minus deaths) was the major source of
  3    I,     3.  2        |            i.e. a higher number of deaths than births) and several
  4    I,     3.  3        |  significant excess of births over deaths), while older populations
  5    I,     3.  3        |        natural increase (excess of deaths over births). The absolute
  6    I,     3.  3        |      absolute number of births and deaths in a population result from
  7    I,     3.  3        |     absolute numbers of births and deaths have effects on the shape
  8   II,     4.  3        |             Hoyert, et al. (2007): Deaths: Preliminary Data for 2005,
  9   II,     5.  2.  1    |    accounts for almost half of all deaths causing over 4,30 million
 10   II,     5.  2.  1    |          causing over 4,30 million deaths each year in Europe and
 11   II,     5.  2.  1    |          and more than 2.0 million deaths each year within the European
 12   II,     5.  2.  1    |        accounting for over 741,000 deaths every year (one in six men
 13   II,     5.  2.  1    |          EU accounting for 508,000 deaths each year: around one in
 14   II,     5.  2.  2    |     aggregated groups of causes of deaths and not for single codes.
 15   II,     5.  2.  3    |         accounting for over 50% of deaths in people aged 80 and over;
 16   II,     5.  2.  3    |           for 42% of all causes of deaths in EU (Figure 5.1.1). Around
 17   II,     5.  2.  3    |           1.1). Around half of the deaths are from IHD, accounting
 18   II,     5.  2.  3    |        accounting for over 741.000 deaths every year: one in six men
 19   II,     5.  2.  3    |         women, accounting for more deaths than breast cancer.~As explained
 20   II,     5.  2.  3    |           the rates vary from 42.7 deaths per 100.000 in France to
 21   II,     5.  2.  3    |         100.000 in France to 327.0 deaths per 100.000 in Latvia, being
 22   II,     5.  2.  3    |            times higher (in men 72 deaths per 100.000 in France and
 23   II,     5.  2.  3    |        accounting for over 508.000 deaths each year. Around one in
 24   II,     5.  2.  3    |      mortality rate varies from 60 deaths per 100.000 in France to
 25   II,     5.  2.  3    |           100.000 in France to 399 deaths per 100.000 in Romania,
 26   II,     5.  2.  3    |            women it varies from 36 deaths per 100.000 in France to
 27   II,     5.  2.  3    |           100.000 in France to 297 deaths in Bulgaria, being there
 28   II,     5.  2.  6    |       studies with 55,000 vascular deaths. Lancet 370: 1829-1839.~
 29   II,     5.  2.  7    |        1998): Changes in premature deaths in Finland: successful long-term
 30   II,     5.  3.  1    |           rates show the number of deaths where cancer is the underlying
 31   II,     5.  3.  1    |         expressed as the number of deaths for cancer per 100,000 population
 32   II,     5.  3.  1    |       Estimated incident cases and deaths by selected cancer sites
 33   II,     5.  3.  3    |            data available comprise deaths registered in national vital
 34   II,     5.  3.  5    |            new cases and 1,700,000 deaths were estimated for all cancers
 35   II,     5.  3.  5    |            in Hungary for men (364 deaths per 100,000) and in Denmark
 36   II,     5.  3.  5    |          in Denmark for women (196 deaths per 100,000). The highest
 37   II,     5.  3.  5    |        Eastern Europe for men (287 deaths per 100,000, Figure 5.3.
 38   II,     5.  3.  5    |     Northern Europe for women (155 deaths per 100,000, Figure 5.3.
 39   II,     5.  3.  5    |          000 new cases and 118,000 deaths estimated for stomach cancer (
 40   II,     5.  3.  5    |           in Lithuania for men (29 deaths per 100,000) and in Estonia
 41   II,     5.  3.  5    |           in Estonia for women (12 deaths per 100,000). Incidence
 42   II,     5.  3.  5    |          000 new cases and 207,000 deaths were estimated for colorectal
 43   II,     5.  3.  5    |       Europe both for men (over 40 deaths per 100,000) and for women (
 44   II,     5.  3.  5    |             and for women (over 24 deaths per 100,000).~Colorectal
 45   II,     5.  3.  5    |        cases and 335,000 estimated deaths (Ferlay et al, 2007). Worldwide,
 46   II,     5.  3.  5    |         men (119 new cases and 110 deaths per 100,000) against Sweden
 47   II,     5.  3.  5    |         rates (29 new cases and 29 deaths per 100,000). Sweden had
 48   II,     5.  3.  5    |          2006 (92 new cases and 85 deaths per 100,000). While Northern
 49   II,     5.  3.  5    |         women (31 new cases and 27 deaths per 100,000 in 2006).~Most
 50   II,     5.  3.  5    |          000 new cases and 132,000 deaths in 2006 for the entire Europe (
 51   II,     5.  3.  5    |       mortality rates varied by 17 deaths (in Iceland) to 34 deaths
 52   II,     5.  3.  5    |          deaths (in Iceland) to 34 deaths per 100,000 (in Denmark).
 53   II,     5.  3.  5    |           000 new cases and 30,000 deaths in 2002 for the entire Europe (
 54   II,     5.  3.  5    |           000 new cases and 87,000 deaths were estimated for prostate
 55   II,     5.  4.  3    |            a total of over 300,000 deaths are attributable to diabetes
 56   II,     5.  5.  1    |          accidents of about 50 000 deaths (Eurostat). The EU Member
 57   II,     5.  5.  1    |            collected statistics on deaths related to mental health
 58   II,     5.  5.  1    |           Table 5.5.1.8. Number of deaths (N) and average yearly age
 59   II,     5.  5.  1    |        included also statistics on deaths from suicide and results
 60   II,     5.  5.  3    |        unnatural causes (premature deaths). About 10 percent of affected
 61   II,     5.  5.  3    |           to natural and unnatural deaths, and no definition is given
 62   II,     5.  5.  3    |         not allow for relating the deaths to underlying conditions
 63   II,     5.  5.  3    |         for the absolute number of deaths in selected countries with
 64   II,     5.  5.  3    |          reporting primary data on deaths, the standardized mortality
 65   II,     5.  5.  3    |           to natural and unnatural deaths. Death rates caused by schizophrenia
 66   II,     5.  5.  3    |        differences in the cause of deaths assignment.~Lifetime suicide
 67   II,     5.  5.  3    |           a more distinct cause of deaths assignment.~In addition,
 68   II,     5.  5.  3    |      accounts for 60% of premature deaths not related to suicide.
 69   II,     5.  5.  3    |          as far as we are aware no deaths have been directly attributed
 70   II,     5.  5.  3    |              Country~Source~Design~Deaths~SMR~Reference~ ~ ~ ~ ~Observed~
 71   II,     5.  5.  3    |           well-known, drug-related deaths cannot be estimated, as
 72   II,     5.  5.  3    |         rate of occurrence of such deaths per treatment-years are
 73   II,     5.  5.  3    |       conditions. Accident-related deaths range between 1 and 6% of
 74   II,     5.  5.  3    |            between 1 and 6% of all deaths, with SMR ranging between
 75   II,     5.  5.  3    |         with chronic epilepsy most deaths appear to be seizure-related (
 76   II,     5.  5.  3    |         accounts for 24-67% of all deaths (Pedley and Hauser, 2002).
 77   II,     5.  5.  3    |          4574 years) neurological deaths in the major Western world
 78   II,     5.  8.  1    |       accounting for 3.8% of total deaths and is also estimated to
 79   II,     5.  8.  3    |           a French study exploring deaths from COPD and the multiple
 80   II,     5.  8.  6    |    comorbidities, natural history, deaths and costs are necessary
 81   II,     5.  8.  7    |     Eilstein D, Delmas M-C (2006): Deaths from chronic obstructive
 82   II,     5.  9.  3    |      mortality is low, most asthma deaths result from acute exacerbations
 83   II,     5.  9.  3    |          outpatient health care.~ ~Deaths due to asthma are estimated
 84   II,     5.  9.  5    |          monitoring asthma related deaths as an indicator of the quality
 85   II,     5.  9.  5    |         audit procedures for these deaths as part of the total quality
 86   II,     5. 11.  3    |    diagnosed world-wide and 37 000 deaths caused by melanoma. In Europe,
 87   II,     5. 11.  3    |        melanoma diagnosed and 9000 deaths caused by melanoma. The
 88   II,     5. 11.  3    |           104 000 cases and 25 000 deaths) and low- and medium-resource
 89   II,     5. 11.  3    |            28 500 cases and 12 000 deaths) (Ferlay et al, 2001). The
 90   II,     5. 12.  2    |           the coding procedures of deaths from cirrhosis during this
 91   II,     5. 12.  2    |        classification of cirrhosis deaths was recoded, for all calendar
 92   II,     5. 12.  2    |          matrices of the certified deaths and resident populations,
 93   II,     5. 12.  3    |           to the classification as deaths from cirrhosis of deaths
 94   II,     5. 12.  3    |           deaths from cirrhosis of deaths from acute liver intoxication
 95   II,     5. 15.  3    |        contribute to 1.4% of total deaths, and in particular to 8.
 96   II,     5. 15.  3    |           in particular to 8.3% of deaths before the age of 1 year,
 97   II,     5. 15.  3    |          age of 1 year, to 9.6% of deaths between the age of 1 and
 98   II,     5. 15.  3    |            1 and 5 and to 12.5% of deaths between 5 and 15 years of
 99   II,     6.  3.  2    |           and approximately 50 000 deaths occur every year as the
100   II,     6.  3.  4    |          in 26 countries, with 774 deaths. In addition to the direct
101   II,     6.  3.  5    |           causing several thousand deaths each year, especially in
102   II,     6.  3.  5    |      outbreak of 71 cases with two deaths in an unvaccinated community
103   II,     6.  3.  6    |       reassuring, as the number of deaths from vCJD in the UK has
104   II,     6.  4.  3    |            and causing millions of deaths in Europe and elsewhere.
105   II,     7.  2.  7    |        road accidents resulting in deaths or injuries, with a friendly
106   II,     7.  3.  2    |      Injury death rates and injury deaths per country, EU27~ ~Distinguished
107   II,     7.  3.  2    |         about two thirds of injury deaths (68%) and intentional injuries
108   II,     7.  3.  2    |          high for males (72 injury deaths per 100 000 males) than
109   II,     7.  3.  2    |           3).~ ~Figure 7.3. Injury deaths per 100 000 by sex and age
110   II,     7.  3.  2    |        save more lives from injury deaths and to accelerate the overall
111   II,     7.  3.  5    |              Figure 7.16. Hospital deaths and discharges due to suicide
112   II,     7.  3.  5    |         related mortality includes deaths due to homicide, sexual
113   II,     7.  3.  5    |          In all parts of the world deaths represent the ‘‘tip of the
114   II,     7.  4        |            The burden of premature deaths is particularly high in
115   II,     7.  4.  1    |           Injury death in % of all deaths per age group, EU27~ ~Deaths
116   II,     7.  4.  1    |       deaths per age group, EU27~ ~Deaths of children and teenagers
117   II,     7.  4.  1    |         top three causes of injury deaths in children (Figure 7.19.
118   II,     7.  4.  1    |          65% of all young people’s deaths (Table 7.2. Leading cause
119   II,     7.  4.  1    |           common causes for injury deaths (Figure 7.19.B).~ ~Figure
120   II,     7.  4.  2    |           the major cause of these deaths (Figure 7.19.C). Injuries,
121   II,     9            |   proportion of the cardiovascular deaths in Eastern European countries
122   II,     9.  1        |        Cans et al, 2003). Maternal deaths occur less frequently -
123   II,     9.  1.  1    |       period, the causes of infant deaths and on the percentage of
124   II,     9.  1.  1    |      mortality~The number of fetal deaths at or after 22 completed
125   II,     9.  1.  1    |         that registration of fetal deaths begin at 22 weeks or 500
126   II,     9.  1.  1    |       Spain and Sweden, only fetal deaths after 28 or more completed
127   II,     9.  1.  1    |            mortality~The number of deaths in the neonatal period (
128   II,     9.  1.  1    |          death into early neonatal deaths (at 0-6 days after live
129   II,     9.  1.  1    |           birth) and late neonatal deaths (at 7-27 days after live
130   II,     9.  1.  1    |       possible that early neonatal deaths may be recorded as fetal
131   II,     9.  1.  1    |           may be recorded as fetal deaths. Some data recording systems
132   II,     9.  1.  1    |            mortality~The number of deaths (day 0-364) after live birth
133   II,     9.  1.  1    |             Table 9.1.1.2. Births, deaths and rates of foetal, neonatal
134   II,     9.  1.  1    |            registers of births and deaths, are published regularly
135   II,     9.  1.  1    |          Causes of perinatal death/deaths due to congenital anomalies~
136   II,     9.  1.  1    |        better at registering these deaths today, which may mask a
137   II,     9.  1.  1    |            on the causes of infant deaths are available in international
138   II,     9.  1.  1    |       specific causes of perinatal deaths. Nonetheless, these data
139   II,     9.  1.  1    |         large proportion of infant deathsi.e. nearly three-quarters -
140   II,     9.  1.  1    |       below). The remaining 25% of deaths are due, in part, to infectious
141   II,     9.  1.  1    |            diseases and accidental deaths which are largely preventable.
142   II,     9.  1.  1    |            a greater proportion of deaths in the first year of life.~ ~
143   II,     9.  1.  1(1) |            year data (2005) and 25 deaths only.~
144   II,     9.  1.  1    |             While greatly reduced, deaths and illness associated with
145   II,     9.  1.  1    |             the number of neonatal deaths every year would be halved.
146   II,     9.  1.  1    |          Breart G (1995): Maternal deaths and substandard care: the
147   II,     9.  1.  1    |         Forde OH (2000): Perinatal deaths in a Norwegian county 1986-
148   II,     9.  1.  1    |       unexplained antepartum fetal deaths. Obstet Gynecol 2000;95(
149   II,     9.  1.  1    |         versus indigenous maternal deaths in The Netherlands. Bjog
150   II,     9.  1.  2    |  livebirths, stillbirths and fetal deaths from 20 weeks gestation,
151   II,     9.  1.  2    |           43 per 1 000 births, and deaths in the first week 0.55 per
152   II,     9.  1.  2    |          disease (23% of perinatal deaths with anomaly), nervous system
153   II,     9.  1.  2    |        anomalies (19% of perinatal deaths with anomaly), and chromosomal
154   II,     9.  1.  2    |        stillbirths than first week deaths, while congenital heart
155   II,     9.  1.  2    |     contributes more to first week deaths than stillbirths. Nervous
156   II,     9.  1.  2    |           stillbirths and neonatal deaths, thus, this figure is probably
157   II,     9.  1.  2    |           stillbirths and neonatal deaths with congenital anomaly (
158   II,     9.  1.  2    |           of stillbirths, neonatal deaths and TOPFA.~ ~Despite the
159   II,     9.  2.  3    |      Infants and child (14 years) deaths have decreased in most European
160   II,     9.  2.  3    |            in Europe. One in three deaths from traffic accidents involves
161   II,     9.  2.  3    |         represent about 10% of all deaths and 15% of all injuries
162   II,     9.  3.  1    |         the majority of the excess deaths in men to account for this
163   II,     9.  3.  1    |          but significant number of deaths when it is considered against
164   II,     9.  3.  1    |    mortality by selected causes of deaths in EU, 2005~ ~Accidents
165   II,     9.  3.  1    |         smoking, causes 35% of all deaths before the age of 65. There
166   II,     9.  3.  1    |            causing about 2 million deaths a year in the EU. These
167   II,     9.  3.  1    |       responsible of about half of deaths, and stroke, responsible
168   II,     9.  3.  1    | responsible for about one third of deaths from circulatory diseases.~ ~
169   II,     9.  3.  1    |        White and Holmes found that deaths as a result of cardiovascular
170   II,     9.  3.  1    |            Sweden had less than 21 deaths whereas Latvia had 169.9
171   II,     9.  3.  1    |           whereas Latvia had 169.9 deaths in the 35-44 age group.
172   II,     9.  3.  1    |         death in men aged 15-34 as deaths due to pulmonary embolism,
173   II,     9.  3.  1    |        Most cardiovascular related deaths in the young are as a result
174   II,     9.  3.  1    |        which comprises half of the deaths from circulatory diseases)
175   II,     9.  3.  1    |           and stroke (one third of deaths from circulatory disease).
176   II,     9.  3.  1    |         causes approximately 7 000 deaths per year in men and women
177   II,     9.  3.  1    |          obesity cause one million deaths a year in the WHO European
178   II,     9.  3.  1    |   accounting for more than 300 000 deaths each year, while cancer
179   II,     9.  3.  1    |   proportion of the cardiovascular deaths in Eastern European countries
180   II,     9.  3.  2    |  performance because many maternal deaths are associated with sub-standard
181   II,     9.  3.  2    |   recommended indicators, maternal deaths by cause and the prevalence
182   II,     9.  3.  2    |     Committees that audit maternal deaths regularly report that 40-
183   II,     9.  3.  2    |          the outcome of pregnancy) deaths are excluded. The maternal
184   II,     9.  3.  2    |          the numerator is maternal deaths and the denominator is live
185   II,     9.  3.  2    |          Data quality for maternal deaths must be considered on two
186   II,     9.  3.  2    |            record linkage (births, deaths, induced abortions, antenatal
187   II,     9.  3.  2    |        counted. Audits of maternal deaths exist in many countries
188   II,     9.  3.  2    |   Confidential Enquiry on Maternal Deaths in the UK, which began more
189   II,     9.  3.  2    |  undertaking systematic reviews of deaths as for example in France (
190   II,     9.  3.  2    |    declined from about 20 maternal deaths per 100 000 live births
191   II,     9.  3.  2    |            in the early 1980s to 7 deaths per 100 000. The most significant
192   II,     9.  3.  2    |      finding and counting maternal deaths. A priority for the surveillance
193   II,     9.  3.  2    |          ascertainment of maternal deaths. It is also essential to
194   II,     9.  3.  2    |     Instituting audits of maternal deaths are a well proven method
195   II,     9.  3.  2    |          Breart G (1995): Maternal deaths and substandard care: the
196   II,     9.  3.  2    |         Forde OH (2000): Perinatal deaths in a Norwegian county 1986-
197   II,     9.  3.  2    |       unexplained antepartum fetal deaths. Obstet Gynecol 2000;95(
198   II,     9.  3.  2    |            enquiries into maternal deaths in the United Kingdom.~ ~
199   II,     9.  3.  2    | Confidential enquiry into maternal deaths in The Netherlands 1983-
200   II,     9.  3.  2    |         versus indigenous maternal deaths in The Netherlands. Bjog
201   II,     9.  4.  3    |    responsible of about 42% of all deaths among older people (65-84
202   II,     9.  4.  3    |            of age) and over 50% of deaths of persons aged 85 and over.
203   II,     9.  4.  3    |         causes a large part of all deaths after the age of 65. Prostate
204   II,     9.  5.  3    |        Figure 9.5.1. Percentage of deaths in the 15-44 age group compared
205   II,     9.  5.  3    |            group compared to total deaths for men and women for selected
206  III,    10.  1        |            an estimated 23% of all deaths (premature mortality) was
207  III,    10.  2.  1    |           in Europe. Many of these deaths occur prematurely, the victims
208  III,    10.  2.  1    |        account for the majority of deaths attributed to smoking. Moreover,
209  III,    10.  2.  1    |           1.1.4. Percentage of all deaths attributable to smoking
210  III,    10.  2.  1    |           2000~ ~The proportion of deaths attributed to smoking is
211  III,    10.  2.  1    |          2000.~ ~Table 10.2.1.1.3. Deaths from selected causes (%),
212  III,    10.  2.  1    |             In the EU, these early deaths account for one third of
213  III,    10.  2.  1    |            of smoking attributable deaths among women is still rising,
214  III,    10.  2.  1    |        accounting for about 40% of deaths in both sexes (see Chapter
215  III,    10.  2.  1    |          responsible for one in 20 deaths in the EU. These cancers
216  III,    10.  2.  1    |            the cause of 62% of all deaths from COPD in the EU-25 (Pet ~ ~
217  III,    10.  2.  1    |     smoking attributable premature deaths, productivity losses, foregone
218  III,    10.  2.  1    |           of millions of premature deaths by the middle of this century.
219  III,    10.  2.  1    |     million annual tobacco-related deaths projected by 2030 are expected
220  III,    10.  2.  1    |        Tobacco causes one in seven deaths in the EU, killing over
221  III,    10.  2.  1    |   Worldwide, it causes 5,4 million deaths annually.~ ~The tobacco
222  III,    10.  2.  1    |             80% of tobacco-related deaths will occur in the developing
223  III,    10.  2.  1    |           of all murders)~- 17,000 deaths from road traffic accidents (
224  III,    10.  2.  1    |      fatalities), including 10,000 deaths of people other than the
225  III,    10.  2.  1    |   drink-driver~- 27,000 accidental deaths~- 10,000 suicides (1 in
226  III,    10.  2.  1    |           alcohol causes:~- 45,000 deaths from liver cirrhosis~- 50,
227  III,    10.  2.  1    |          cirrhosis~- 50,000 cancer deaths, of which 11,000 are female
228  III,    10.  2.  1    |           are female breast cancer deaths~- 17,000 deaths due to neuropsychiatric
229  III,    10.  2.  1    |      breast cancer deaths~- 17,000 deaths due to neuropsychiatric
230  III,    10.  2.  1    |            represents 1 in every 4 deaths of young men, rising to
231  III,    10.  2.  1    |        young women, with the 2,000 deaths corresponding to 11% of
232  III,    10.  2.  1    |           10.2.1.2.4. The share of deaths attributable to alcohol
233  III,    10.  2.  1    |          of approximately 90 extra deaths per 100,000 people for men
234  III,    10.  2.  1    |       related primarily to violent deaths (Kunst et al, 1998). Research
235  III,    10.  2.  1    |           leading to reductions in deaths from liver cirrhosis, mortality
236  III,    10.  2.  1    |      drinkers resulted in half the deaths that occurred in the control
237  III,    10.  2.  1    |      Prevention of alcohol-related deaths in middle-aged heavy drinkers,
238  III,    10.  2.  1    |            000 direct drug-related deaths were reported and it is
239  III,    10.  2.  1    |        diseases; (iv) drug-related deaths and mortality among drug
240  III,    10.  2.  1    |      police seizures, drug-related deaths and other sources indicate
241  III,    10.  2.  1    |           increase in drug-related deaths and has been the driving
242  III,    10.  2.  1(12)|                       Drug-related deaths data come from registers
243  III,    10.  2.  1    |         suicides13.~ ~Drug-related deaths, as defined by the EMCDDA,
244  III,    10.  2.  1    |            by the EMCDDA, refer to deaths caused directly by the consumption
245  III,    10.  2.  1    |            the substance(s). These deaths are known as overdoses,
246  III,    10.  2.  1    |         poisonings or drug-induced deaths14.Between 1990 and 2004,
247  III,    10.  2.  1    |           from 6 500 to over 9 000 deaths were reported each year,
248  III,    10.  2.  1    |            up to more than 122 000 deaths during this period. These
249  III,    10.  2.  1(14)|          medicines or non-overdose deaths, generally as limited proportion (
250  III,    10.  2.  1(14)|  methodological noteDrug-related deaths summary: definitions and
251  III,    10.  2.  1    |          the trend in drug-related deaths in the EU15.~ ~Figure 10.
252  III,    10.  2.  1    |        trend in acute drug-related deaths in the EU15 and Norway~ ~
253  III,    10.  2.  1    |     generally considered 'polydrug deaths'. Opioids (mainly heroin
254  III,    10.  2.  1    |        cases of acute drug-related deaths reported in the EU, accounting
255  III,    10.  2.  1    |          possibly played a role in deaths are alcohol, benzodiazepines,
256  III,    10.  2.  1    |           some countries, cocaine. Deaths mentioning ecstasy are infrequent,
257  III,    10.  2.  1    |           young people.~ ~Overdose deaths due to cocaine are difficult
258  III,    10.  2.  1    |            found that most cocaine deaths are often the result of
259  III,    10.  2.  1    |           the EU, over 400 cocaine deaths were identified during the
260  III,    10.  2.  1    |            burden and up to 10% of deaths in the European Region (
261  III,    10.  2.  1    |          was associated to 600 000 deaths per year (6% of total deaths)
262  III,    10.  2.  1    |       deaths per year (6% of total deaths) and 5.3 million disability-adjusted
263  III,    10.  2.  1    |            for more than 1 million deaths and 12 million life-years
264  III,    10.  3.  1    |   concludes that 9% of lung cancer deaths/year in Europe can be ascribed
265  III,    10.  3.  1    |        which of a total of 330 000 deaths from lung cancer/year (Bray
266  III,    10.  3.  1    |         makes approximately 30 000 deaths in Europe/year. Radon is
267  III,    10.  3.  4    |       wildfires cause thousands of deaths and billions of euro of
268  III,    10.  3.  4    |         323 events, causing 76.250 deaths in the 25 European Union
269  III,    10.  3.  4    |           likely~Increased risk of deaths, injuries, infectious, respiratory
270  III,    10.  3.  4    |           Likely~Increased risk of deaths and injuries from drowning
271  III,    10.  3.  4    |           increase in heat related deaths by the end of the century
272  III,    10.  3.  4    |          reduction in cold related deaths. Damages due to sea-level
273  III,    10.  3.  4    |          accounted for most of the deaths, whereas floods, although
274  III,    10.  3.  4    |            caused relatively fewer deaths. The following sections
275  III,    10.  3.  4    |           event having caused most deaths, on flooding and storms
276  III,    10.  3.  4    |          people.~ ~Table 10.3.4.2. Deaths and damage from extreme
277  III,    10.  3.  4    |            more than 70 000 excess deaths. For populations in the
278  III,    10.  3.  4    |          point. During heat-waves, deaths increase from a range of
279  III,    10.  3.  4    |     particular concern. In France, deaths among people aged 75 or
280  III,    10.  3.  4    |            amounting to 92% of all deaths. Females were particularly
281  III,    10.  3.  4    |     disorders in 2030% of people. Deaths have been further attributed
282  III,    10.  3.  4    |            with numbers of related deaths in the European Region,
283  III,    10.  3.  4    |         The mass media reported on deaths by drowning as a result
284  III,    10.  3.  4    |         surveillance for heat wave deaths was inadequate, and the
285  III,    10.  3.  4    |        climate system , the excess deaths of the 2003 heat-wave in
286  III,    10.  4.  1    |          of thousands of premature deaths in Europe every year. Air
287  III,    10.  4.  1    |            responsible for 100 000 deaths and 750 000 life years lost
288  III,    10.  4.  1    |            as bringing forward the deaths of more than 20 000 people (
289  III,    10.  4.  2    |       Episode in 1987 in Canada:~3 deaths, 105 intoxications~ ~Monitoring;
290  III,    10.  4.  3    |          2004).~ ~Figure 10.4.3.1. Deaths among children under 5 years
291  III,    10.  5.  1    |     respiratory and cardiovascular deaths, as the example of the ban
292  III,    10.  5.  1    |            one year after the ban, deaths from respiratory causes
293  III,    10.  5.  1    |      causes decreased by 15.5% and deaths from cardiovascular causes
294  III,    10.  5.  2    |           for rural settings (16.4 deaths per 1.000 populations versus
295  III,    10.  5.  2    |          account for two thirds of deaths attributed to this sort
296  III,    10.  5.  2    |          service accessibility and deaths fromasthma in 401 local
297  III,    10.  5.  2    |        Lithuania (2007): Causes of deaths 2006. Vilnius, 2007.~ ~UN-HABITAT (
298  III,    10.  5.  3    |       billion. Thus, premature CVD deaths were responsible for nearly
299  III,    10.  5.  3    |           2.0 million work-related deaths per year, yet only 10-15%
300   IV,    11.  1.  5    |          44,000-98,000 unnecessary deaths and over one million injuries
301   IV,    11.  1.  5    |           about 18,000 unnecessary deaths per year in addition to
302   IV,    11.  1.  5    |      medical complications or even deaths. In addition, errors lead
303   IV,    11.  2.  1    |        overall levels of premature deaths, and premature deaths from
304   IV,    11.  2.  1    |    premature deaths, and premature deaths from asthma, heart disease,
305   IV,    12.  2        |           of millions of premature deaths by the middle of this century.
306   IV,    12.  2        |     million annual tobacco-related deaths projected by 2030 are expected
307   IV,    12.  2        |           leading to reductions in deaths from liver cirrhosis, fatality
308   IV,    12.  2        |      drinkers resulted in half the deaths that occurred in the control
309   IV,    12. 10        |              National Drug-Related Deaths Index (NDRDI)~Statistics
310   IV,    12. 10        |       measures direct drug-related deaths~based. These figures do
311   IV,    12. 10        |       These figures do not include deaths~which are indirectly related
312   IV,    12. 10        |            a National Drug-Related Deaths Index. ~The NDRDI was established
313   IV,    13.  2.  2    |             51 countries), 2-6% of deaths from all causes were attributed
314   IV,    13.  2.  2    |            accounted for 5% of all deaths and 3% of DALYs.~· Musculoskeletal
315   IV,    13.  2.  2    |            for more than 1 million deaths and 12 million life-years
316   IV,    13.  2.  3    |            51 countries), 2-6 % of deaths from all causes were due
317   IV,    13.  2.  3    |            accounted for 5% of all deaths and 3 % of DALYs (disability
318  Key,   Ap5.  0.  0    |            dampness~deafness~death~deaths~decay~decayed~decays~declaration~