Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1    I,     2.  2        |               growing share of people older than 65. Data show that,
  2    I,     2.  5        |              shows that the number of older workers (aged 55 to 65)
  3    I,     2.  5        |           continue from 2010 to 2030 (older workers + 15.5%, young adults -
  4    I,     2.  5        |             to increase the number of older people in work to 50% (the
  5    I,     2.  5        |               and in 2002 only 30% of older people were in work in the
  6    I,     2.  5        |             of work-health issues for older workers. In low-skilled
  7    I,     2.  5        |              markets are opened up to older workers.~ ~A second trend
  8    I,     2.  5        |       particularly stressful for some older workers. Nevertheless, ‘
  9    I,     2.  5        |          stress are not restricted to older employees or those with
 10    I,     3.  3        |            births over deaths), while older populations normally have
 11    I,     3.  3        |              and increasing shares of older people over the past and
 12    I,     3.  3        |            substantially and those of older persons will increase. While
 13    I,     3.  3        |            the ratio of the number of older, in general economically
 14    I,     3.  3        |              shares of the so-calledOlder workers’ (55-64) has increased
 15   II,     4.  1        |               the employment rate for older workers should reach 50%
 16   II,     4.  1        |     increasing the employment rate of older workers and in attracting
 17   II,     4.  1        |            the employment rate of the older workers. Above the age of
 18   II,     4.  1        |           which will adversely affect older women more than older men) (
 19   II,     4.  1        |          affect older women more than older men) (Robine and Michel,
 20   II,     4.  1        |               the employment rate for older workers cannot be expected
 21   II,     4.  1        |            the employment rate of the older workers. In 2005 the gaps
 22   II,     4.  1        |         labour force participation of older workers cannot be expected
 23   II,     4.  2        |          levels of mortality rates at older ages for women are considerably
 24   II,     5.  1.  1    |             itself in middle life and older age, after many years of
 25   II,     5.  2.  2    |             itself in middle life and older age, after many years of
 26   II,     5.  3.  1    |         cancer is mainly a disease of older age. The LE of European
 27   II,     5.  3.  6    |            men and women, younger and older patients, and rectal and
 28   II,     5.  4.  3    |            clear age band effect: the older the population, the higher
 29   II,     5.  4.  3    |             age on the indicator: the older the individual, the higher
 30   II,     5.  5.Int    |             mental issues relevant to older people, such as depression
 31   II,     5.  5.Int    |        psychosocial interventions for older people.~ ~Some countries
 32   II,     5.  5.Int    |            variation of depression in older people, risk factors, detection
 33   II,     5.  5.Int    |             10-15% of people over 65. Older people with depression are
 34   II,     5.  5.Int    |          higher risk of depression in older women and in people of lower
 35   II,     5.  5.Int(15)|               2004): Depression among older people in Europe: the EURODEP
 36   II,     5.  5.Int    |        limited to the under-25s, with older women excluded because bulimia
 37   II,     5.  5.Int    |       Dementia does not solely affect older people, but rates increase
 38   II,     5.  5.Int    |            and 0.6 million aged 65 or older (prevalence seven per 1000).
 39   II,     5.  5.  1    |            presented lower risks than older adults. In four countries (
 40   II,     5.  5.  1    |           workplace, mental health of older people, prevention of depression
 41   II,     5.  5.  1    |              those at working age and older people.~o Implementation
 42   II,     5.  5.  2    |            dementia is more common in older people, delaying the onset
 43   II,     5.  5.  3    |      incidence rate for women and men older than 25 remains low (Hoek
 44   II,     5.  5.  3    |               of adults at age 15 and older covering schizophrenia are
 45   II,     5.  5.  3    |          moderate level. As they grow older, their unique physical facial
 46   II,     5.  5.  3    |           epilepsy in the younger and older age groups are based on
 47   II,     5.  5.  3    |           diseases if they are in the older tier, misclassification,
 48   II,     5.  5.  3    |              2005).~PD mainly affects older people with an increasing
 49   II,     5.  5.  3    |              increasing prevalence in older age groups (>85y; 2205/100.
 50   II,     5.  5.  3    |               respectively. When only older age groups (>60 years) were
 51   II,     5.  5.  3    |           Most plans and projects for older people focus on other more
 52   II,     5.  6.  1    |              have a greater impact in older age, in particular osteoporosis
 53   II,     5.  6.  3    |            become more prevalent with older age (Figure 5.6.2). A decline
 54   II,     5.  6.  3    |            population 60 years old or older have symptomatic problems
 55   II,     5.  6.  3    |               various cohorts include older age, female gender, longer
 56   II,     5.  6.  3    |               various cohorts include older age, female gender, longer
 57   II,     5.  6.  3    |               down a full-time job in older studies (Brooks, 1997) but
 58   II,     5.  6.  3    |             women 85 years of age and older, with rates in men of 4
 59   II,     5.  6.  4    |              have a greater impact in older age. The ageing of the population
 60   II,     5.  8.  6    |         devices capable of supporting older people at home have been
 61   II,     5.  8.  6    |             telecare aimed at helping older people to remain independent
 62   II,     5.  9.  3    |            the age group 15 years and older, while adolescents 13 to
 63   II,     5.  9.  3    |               were less common in the older age-group at high prevalence.
 64   II,     5.  9.  4    |          distribution changes between older and younger children occurred,
 65   II,     5. 14.  3    |            throughout their lifespan. Older adults might have similar
 66   II,     5. 14.  3    |            third of adults aged 50 or older reported problems with eating,
 67   II,     5. 14.  3    |            particularly true with the older population groups. It can
 68   II,     5. 14.  3    |              periodontal problems. In older adults moderate periodontitis
 69   II,     5. 14.  5    |               particularly high among older people affecting their quality
 70   II,     5. 14.  5    |             promote oral health among older people, aiming at improving
 71   II,     5. 14.  7    |       institutionalized and homebound older adults. Some efforts have
 72   II,     5. 14.  7    |       delivery system to the needs of older adults, but more consistent
 73   II,     5. 14.  7    |            individual particularly an older one, can be enhanced through
 74   II,     5. 14.  8    |          Improving the oral health of older people: the approach of
 75   II,     6.  3.  2    |               is still represented by older narrow-spectrum antibiotics,
 76   II,     6.  3.  3    |            countries, the epidemic is older and mature, with the highest
 77   II,     6.  3.  5    |            young children. Unlike the older ‘polysaccharide’ vaccines,
 78   II,     6.  3.  6    |            decreasing steadily in the older age groups. Some countries,
 79   II,     7.  4.  1    |               bicycle helmets amongst older children.~ ~The “European
 80   II,     7.  4.  2    |             105 000 people aged 65 or older die due to an injury in
 81   II,     7.  7        |               factors for falls among older people and what are the
 82   II,     8.  1.  3    |             16-24 years compared with older age groups. Among people
 83   II,     8.  2.  1    |               happen until a child is older. These may include serious
 84   II,     8.  2.  1    |          especially those aged 35 and older, and for women with family
 85   II,     8.  2.  1    |             this group – for example, older adults with Down syndrome
 86   II,     8.  2.  1    |       inclusion, more middle-aged and older people with intellectual
 87   II,     9            |          Maher and Macfarlane, 2004). Older mothers and nulliparas both
 88   II,     9            |               care unit admissions in older women (Clearly-Goldman et
 89   II,     9            |             20 years and 35 years and older. The relationship between
 90   II,     9            |            respect to childbearing at older ages. There is a trend towards
 91   II,     9            |        associated with deprivation.~ ~Older maternal age is a risk factor
 92   II,     9            |              syndrome. Trends towards older age at childbearing are
 93   II,     9            |               such as wanting to look older, needing to relax, feeling
 94   II,     9            |           atherogenic risk profile of older women is appreciably more
 95   II,     9            |                A healthy lifestyle at older ages is related to a delay
 96   II,     9            |             alcohol consumption among older people (European Healthy
 97   II,     9            |             for the small minority of older people who suffer from loss
 98   II,     9            |             span and poorer health in older age. Less well-off people
 99   II,     9            |           meat and olive oil, whereas older people in northern countries
100   II,     9            |           considerable proportions of older men and women could be at
101   II,     9            |              should be promoted among older people, with an emphasis
102   II,     9            |               to physical activity of older people. In a recent pan-European
103   II,     9            |               where more than 85 % of older subjects spent at least
104   II,     9            |               physical activity among older people needs to be increased
105   II,     9            | pedestrian-related injuries. Although older drivers drive less than
106   II,     9.  1.  1    |        nulliparous women 35 years and older. Obstet Gynecol 1995;85(
107   II,     9.  1.  2    |       proportion of cases, among both older and younger mothers. This
108   II,     9.  1.  2    |          Maher and Macfarlane, 2004). Older mothers and nulliparas both
109   II,     9.  1.  2    |               care unit admissions in older women (Clearly-Goldman et
110   II,     9.  1.  2    |             20 years and 35 years and older. The relationship between
111   II,     9.  1.  2    |               of mothers 35 years and older in EU15 and Norway~ ~Figure
112   II,     9.  1.  2    |               of mothers 35 years and older in new members States~ ~
113   II,     9.  1.  2    |            respect to childbearing at older ages. There is a trend towards
114   II,     9.  1.  2    |        associated with deprivation.~ ~Older maternal age is a risk factor
115   II,     9.  1.  2    |              syndrome. Trends towards older age at childbearing are
116   II,     9.  1.  2    |                  f) The phenomenon of older maternal age at childbirth
117   II,     9.  2.  3    |           enticed into sex by someone older, more powerful, or wealthier (
118   II,     9.  2.  3    |               friend when anxious, in older school children, but leaves
119   II,     9.  2.  3    |             be difficult is access by older children to mental health
120   II,     9.  2.  4    |               such as wanting to look older, needing to relax, feeling
121   II,     9.  3.  1    |            than other age groups, but older workers (55-64 yrs) have
122   II,     9.  3.  1    |            variation of depression in older people, risk factors, detection,
123   II,     9.  3.  1    |            and 0.6 million aged 65 or older (prevalence about 7 per
124   II,     9.  3.  1    |              attackespecially when older – is more likely to die
125   II,     9.  3.  1    |               and improve survival in older patients (European Heart
126   II,     9.  3.  1    |               the EU, particularly at older ages. While mortality under
127   II,     9.  3.  1    |           enticed into sex by someone older, stronger or richer. Increased
128   II,     9.  3.  1    |            even though there are more older women than men falling,
129   II,     9.  3.  1    |               be seen as a problem of older women, it is often misdiagnosed
130   II,     9.  3.  1    |          confusing when they occur in older women, and physicians must
131   II,     9.  3.  1    |             of a greater incidence in older men than previously thought (
132   II,     9.  3.  1    |              visual acuity loss among older people, that affects women
133   II,     9.  3.  1    |               rates increasing within older populations. Braun et al., (
134   II,     9.  3.  1    |     production and an increase in the older population, data show that
135   II,     9.  3.  1    |          significant incidence of the older population creates social
136   II,     9.  3.  1    |             be used to identify those older men who are candidates for
137   II,     9.  3.  1    |          affects more women than men, older age and female gender would
138   II,     9.  3.  1    |           atherogenic risk profile of older women is appreciably more
139   II,     9.  3.  2    |        nulliparous women 35 years and older. Obstet Gynecol 1995;85(
140   II,     9.  3.  3    |            declined somewhat from the older generation to the younger
141   II,     9.  3.  3    |            declined somewhat from the older generation to the younger
142   II,     9.  3.  3    |              2006). For what concerns older and younger female generations,
143   II,     9.  3.  3    |               who is 10 or more years older);~· sexual orientation;~·
144   II,     9.  4.  1    |           21st century. The number of older people in Europe is increasing.
145   II,     9.  4.  1    |              environment context. The older population is a diverse
146   II,     9.  4.  1    |         perceptions to change so that older people are seen as a resource
147   II,     9.  4.  1    |          theme of integrated care for older people is central to the
148   II,     9.  4.  1    |               healthcare and care for older people highlighted by the
149   II,     9.  4.  1    |            public health policies for older people and the need for
150   II,     9.  4.  1    |               health needs within the older population must be reflected
151   II,     9.  4.  2    |              health statistics on the older population, stratified by
152   II,     9.  4.  2    |               on lifestyle issues and older people (e.g. smoking, sexual
153   II,     9.  4.  2    |      conditions and problems faced by older women. The findings of the
154   II,     9.  4.  2    |               showed that research on older women as an independent
155   II,     9.  4.  2    |       comparable data on morbidity of older people in Europe for ischemic
156   II,     9.  4.  2    |              CHD is increasing in the older age groups, it is difficult
157   II,     9.  4.  3    |            more women than men at the older ages, especially aged 85
158   II,     9.  4.  3    |        disablement are predominant in older people. In spite of the
159   II,     9.  4.  3    |             of their significance for older women’s health. Indeed,
160   II,     9.  4.  3    |       institutionalisation. Injury to older people can be prevented
161   II,     9.  4.  3    | pedestrian-related injuries. Although older drivers drive less than
162   II,     9.  4.  3    |               burden of ill health in older people can be improved by
163   II,     9.  4.  3    |             mental issues relevant to older people, such as depression
164   II,     9.  4.  3    |             10-15% of people over 65. Older people with depression are
165   II,     9.  4.  3    |          higher risk of depression in older women and in people of lower
166   II,     9.  4.  3    |               42% of all deaths among older people (65-84 years of age)
167   II,     9.  4.  3    |               75. It was thought that older people with stroke had a
168   II,     9.  4.  3    |              study of stroke care for older patients in thirteen hospitals
169   II,     9.  4.  3    |             care varies considerably. Older people are more likely to
170   II,     9.  4.  3    |        Long-term complications affect older people making it difficult
171   II,     9.  4.  3    |       tolerance, is notably higher in older women than in older men (
172   II,     9.  4.  3    |         higher in older women than in older men (i.e. individuals >70
173   II,     9.  4.  3    |            diabetes prevalence in the older population in Western European
174   II,     9.  4.  3    |               patients are aged 75 or older. Data from cancer registries
175   II,     9.  4.  3    |            opinion, the prognosis for older people is poor. Possible
176   II,     9.  4.  3    |              given to younger people. Older people may not tolerate
177   II,     9.  4.  3    |          specific trials conducted on older patients. Specific clinical
178   II,     9.  4.  3    |            conducted specifically for older women have produced surprising
179   II,     9.  4.  3    |            must be made accessible to older people, giving special attention
180   II,     9.  4.  3    |            higher prevalence of TB in older individuals. This is true
181   II,     9.  4.  3    |         patients, 60 years of age and older, receiving genito-urinary
182   II,     9.  4.  3    |            United Kingdom showed that older people who are sexually
183   II,     9.  4.  3    |       Dementia does not solely affect older people, although rates increase
184   II,     9.  4.  3    |           incontinence affects 10% of older Europeans. It is possible
185   II,     9.  4.  3    |            disability is declining in older people at a rate of 1.5%
186   II,     9.  4.  4    |                A healthy lifestyle at older ages is related to a delay
187   II,     9.  4.  4    |             alcohol consumption among older people (European Healthy
188   II,     9.  4.  4    |             for the small minority of older people who suffer from loss
189   II,     9.  4.  4    |             span and poorer health in older age. Less well-off people
190   II,     9.  4.  4    |           meat and olive oil, whereas older people in northern countries
191   II,     9.  4.  4    |           considerable proportions of older men and women could be at
192   II,     9.  4.  4    |              should be promoted among older people, with an emphasis
193   II,     9.  4.  4    |               to physical activity of older people. In a recent pan-European
194   II,     9.  4.  4    |               where more than 85 % of older subjects spent at least
195   II,     9.  4.  4    |               physical activity among older people needs to be increased
196   II,     9.  4.  4    | pedestrian-related injuries. Although older drivers drive less than
197   II,     9.  4.  5    |         changes in family structures, older people cannot rely as much
198   II,     9.  4.  5    |           common living situations of older people in the EU are: (i)
199   II,     9.  4.  5    |              or rehabilitation needs. Older people are also most likely
200   II,     9.  4.  5    |               and therapeutic care of older people.~ ~Stroke Care. Five
201   II,     9.  4.  5    |        therapies and the inclusion of older people in clinical trials
202   II,     9.  4.  5    |       increasing the participation of older workers and the quality
203   II,     9.  4.  5    |        encourage the participation of older people in the community
204   II,     9.  4.  5    |               interventions targeting older people to prevent loneliness
205   II,     9.  4.  5    |   opportunities for voluntary work by older volunteers could also help
206   II,     9.  4.  5    |              social isolation amongst older people (European Healthy
207   II,     9.  4.  5    |              2007).About one-fifth of older people in developed countries
208   II,     9.  4.  5    |            favour of care that allows older people to remain in the
209   II,     9.  4.  5    |             eight years. As a result, older elderly people in most parts
210   II,     9.  4.  5    |               s self worth and enable older people to make a greater
211   II,     9.  4.  5    |                including the elderly. Older people are both the receivers
212   II,     9.  4.  5    |              their own children, many older people care for other family
213   II,     9.  4.  5    |               women marry men who are older than themselves. In fact,
214   II,     9.  4.  5    |            While the vast majority of older women in developed countries
215   II,     9.  4.  5    |         Certainforgottengroups of older people are at a greater
216   II,     9.  4.  5    |              to others. These include older women, members of ethnic
217   II,     9.  4.  5    |     minorities, socially isolated and older disabled people. As in other
218   II,     9.  4.  5    |              risk of ill health. Poor older people have a 30-65% higher
219   II,     9.  4.  5    |            most chronic conditions in older men; however, women present
220   II,     9.  4.  5    |               are taken into account. Older women are also more likely
221   II,     9.  4.  5    |             likely to live alone than older men. In research, older
222   II,     9.  4.  5    |               older men. In research, older women are often neglected
223   II,     9.  4.  5    |               on a passive role. Many older women are carers and may
224   II,     9.  4.  5    |            ensuring that the needs of older women are addressed in policies
225   II,     9.  4.  5    |              the average education of older people is less than that
226   II,     9.  4.  5    |              can improve the lives of older people, as part of its ‘
227   II,     9.  4.  5    |               will increasingly allow older people to stay active and
228   II,     9.  4.  5    |          present, some 10 per cent of older people use the internet,
229   II,     9.  4.  6    |               an increasing number of older people living with some
230   II,     9.  4.  6    |         consequences not only for the older person affected but also
231   II,     9.  4.  6    |           independence and choice for older people and those with chronic
232   II,     9.  4.  6    |             and programmes that allow older people to remain independently
233   II,     9.  4.  6    |            action plan:~ ~· Treat the older population as a diverse
234   II,     9.  4.  6    |       changing population shift (more older people, less young to middle-age,
235   II,     9.  4.  7    |              et al, (2004): Abstract: Older stroke patients in Europe:
236   II,     9.  4.  7    |          Health and~ ~Social Care for Older People: A European Review.
237   II,     9.  4.  7    |              psychiatric services for older adults. Age and Ageing.
238   II,     9.  4.  7    |              injuries in children and older people be prevented? htt 4 [
239   II,     9.  4.  8    |           concerning the situation of older women in Europe~NGO~Non-governmental
240   II,     9.  4.  8    |            Health and Social Care for Older Persons~SENECA~Survey Europe
241   II,     9.  5.  1    |          males (WHO HFA-DB, 2006). In older ages, women have clear survival
242   II,     9.  5.  3    |              as they are perceived as older and more mature than other
243   II,     9.  5.  3    |               begin to socialise with older peers. Consequently, they
244   II,     9.  5.  3    |        dependence. In most countries, older people have a lower average
245   II,     9.  5.  3    |              of women 75 years old or older who are living alone compared
246   II,     9.  5.  3    |       represent the main source of an older person’s income. An adequate
247   II,     9.  5.  3    |             standard of living for an older person can be measured by
248   II,     9.  5.  3    |               the life quality of all older people may be affected by
249   II,     9.  5.  3    |             of work to care for sick, older and disabled partners, relatives
250   II,     9.  5.  3    |               such as wanting to look older, needing to relax, feeling
251   II,     9.  5.  3    |        ultimately to poorer health in older age. Poverty can increase
252   II,     9.  5.  3    |              average age at marriage, older men in need of care are
253   II,     9.  5.  3    |               of support and care for older women all over Europe (EIWH,
254   II,     9.  5.  3    |           institutional care included older age, being unmarried, poorer
255   II,     9.  5.  3    |             of about 10 days of stay. Older women are about twice as
256   II,     9.  5.  4    |           prevention of suicide among older men. The Finnish government
257   II,     9.  5.  6    |     Cross-National View of Low Income Older Women. Income Study Working
258   II,     9.  5.  6    |           concerning the situation of older women in Europe. Final European
259  III,    10.  2.  1    |             generally smoke more than older ones. The Global Youth Tobacco
260  III,    10.  2.  1    |        younger men and women than for older generations. These steeper
261  III,    10.  2.  1    |               and about half (52%) of older children, aged 15. Between
262  III,    10.  2.  1    |            Adequate calcium intake in older adults can retard bone loss
263  III,    10.  2.  1    |             those 65 years of age and older. For at-risk populations,
264  III,    10.  3.  4    |                of annual mortality in older age groups in Europe , although
265  III,    10.  3.  4    |      residence.~ ~For example, people older than 70 years of age were
266  III,    10.  5.  2    |              population is some years older than the urban population (
267  III,    10.  5.  2    |            and most recognized in the older population.~ ~Figure 10.
268  III,    10.  5.  3    |                The employment rate of older people (55 to 64 years old)
269  III,    10.  5.  3    |       particularly stressful for some older workers. Nevertheless, ‘
270  III,    10.  5.  3    |          stress are not restricted to older employees or those with
271  III,    10.  5.  3    |              shows that the number of older workers (aged 55 to 65)
272  III,    10.  5.  3    |           continue from 2010 to 2030 (older workers + 15.5%, young adults -
273  III,    10.  5.  3    |              young workers, migrants, older workers and those with insecure
274  III,    10.  6.  2    |           clean from rubbish, helping older people from Elderly Institutions,
275   IV,    11.  1.  5    |             the least worried. Women, older age and lower education
276   IV,    11.  5.  1    |            the limits of criteria for older or other donors should also
277   IV,    11.  6.  2    |            2006).~ ~Among some of the older member states there have
278   IV,    12.  5        |           which will adversely affect older women more than older men).
279   IV,    12.  5        |          affect older women more than older men). However if real, they
280   IV,    12. 10        |               young people as well as older people.~Food choices~and
281   IV,    12. 10        |               with (i) children, (ii) older people and (iii) disability
282   IV,    12. 10        |         residential care of children, older people and people with disabilities. ~
283   IV,    12. 10        |        Disability and Mental HealthOlder People~ ~Children and Families ~htt 20~
284   IV,    12. 10        |        established in January 2008.~ ~Older People~The proportion of
285   IV,    12. 10        |              People~The proportion of older people in the population
286   IV,    12. 10        |       affordable residential care for older people who can no longer
287   IV,    12. 10        |              of a separate Office for Older People within the Department.~ ~
288   IV,    12. 10        |            population~ ~Proportion of older underweight, overweight
289   IV,    12. 10        |     underweight, overweight and obese older people in the population~
290   IV,    12. 10        |          children, people 65 years or older, persons on sickness benefit/
291   IV,    12. 10        |            population~ ~Proportion of older underweight, overweight
292   IV,    12. 10        |     underweight, overweight and obese older people in the population~
293   IV,    13.  2.  2    |         countries chronic diseases at older ages (cardiopulmonary diseases
294   IV,    13.  5        |        diseases are a heavy burden on older adults due to associated