Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1    I,     2.  6        |           enrolled in ISCED in 5 level programmes in EU Member States. Women
  2    I,     2.  6        |           ISCED 6 or advanced research programmes in most European countries.
  3    I,     2.  6        |              enrolled in ISCED level 6 programmes compared to men increased
  4    I,     2.  6        |             women enrolling in ISCED 6 programmes (i.e. those graduating are
  5    I,     2.  6        |                stage of tertiary level programmes. While women make up a large
  6    I,     2.  6        |         teacher training and education programmes at ISCED level 5, outnumbering
  7    I,     2. 10.  1    |           groups individual prevention programmes based on the individual
  8    I,     2. 10.  3    |                e-Ten and e-Contentplus programmes and will support the aims
  9    I,     2. 10.  3    |           under the Research Framework Programmes. Many of the projects supported
 10    I,     2. 10.  3    |              the EU Research Framework programmes are of direct interest to
 11   II,     5.  1.  3    |        Education. Continuing education programmes for healthcare providers
 12   II,     5.  2.  5    |             include disease management programmes, population-based registers
 13   II,     5.  2.  5    |                registers and screening programmes. These approaches will foster
 14   II,     5.  3.  2    |                evaluation of screening programmes: a number of EU cancer registries
 15   II,     5.  3.  2    |                evaluation of screening programmes. Others could do so by providing
 16   II,     5.  3.  2    |                attendance to screening programmes;~- impact indicators: down-staging
 17   II,     5.  3.  2    |         screening and cancer treatment programmes:~· the EU should recommend
 18   II,     5.  3.  5    |                influenced by screening programmes. In this case, screening
 19   II,     5.  3.  5    |              introduction of screening programmes in various countries. Countries
 20   II,     5.  3.  6    |           effective cervical screening programmes tends to reflect the more
 21   II,     5.  3.  6    |           organised cervical screening programmes. This suggests differences
 22   II,     5.  3.  6    |               prevention and screening programmes, access to diagnostic and
 23   II,     5.  3.  7    |               effective cancer control programmes is finalized to identify
 24   II,     5.  3.  7    |             level. Organised screening programmes are likely to be more effective,
 25   II,     5.  3.  7    |            discouraged. Mass screening programmes can be more thoroughly evaluated
 26   II,     5.  3.  7    |             evaluated than spontaneous programmes and, if ineffective, they
 27   II,     5.  3.  7    |          effective organised screening programmes could drastically reduce
 28   II,     5.  3.  7    |  implementation of organised screening programmes (European Council, 2003).
 29   II,     5.  3.  7    |               delivering public health programmes designed both to reduce
 30   II,     5.  3.  7    |           comprehensive cancer control programmes and population-based cancer
 31   II,     5.  3.  8    |             organized cancer screening programmes and investing in modern
 32   II,     5.  3.  9    |              strengthen cancer control programmes in Europe. htt f (document
 33   II,     5.  4.  6    |                prevention policies and programmes for the whole population
 34   II,     5.  4.  6    |           national diabetes prevention programmes and measures;~· Taking the
 35   II,     5.  5.Int(20)|                Community Public health Programmes 1997-2004. htt m. A list
 36   II,     5.  5.Int    |     EnterMentalHealth,) have developed programmes which aim at:~ ~· Protection
 37   II,     5.  5.Int    |            development of policies and programmes; development of best practice;
 38   II,     5.  5.  1    |         projects from EU Public Health Programmes concerning mental/mood disorders
 39   II,     5.  5.  1    |            Thus, several mental health programmes have been co-funded from
 40   II,     5.  5.  1    |              from the EU Public Health Programmes. Several have been valuable
 41   II,     5.  5.  1    |               Commission Public Health ProgrammesContribution to mental
 42   II,     5.  5.  1    |           mental health policy~General programmes targeted to strengthen mental
 43   II,     5.  5.  1    |               addressed through~ these programmes.~o Mental health promotion
 44   II,     5.  5.  1    |                Community Public Health Programmes 1997-2004). Luxembourg:
 45   II,     5.  5.  3    |               magazines and television programmes frequently promote too small
 46   II,     5.  5.  3    |               formulating policies and programmes. The WHO Regional Office
 47   II,     5.  5.  3    |             designing and implementing programmes and policies;~· develop
 48   II,     5.  5.  3    |                most cases, actions and programmes concern mental health and
 49   II,     5.  5.  3    |              as well as implementiable programmes shall take into account
 50   II,     5.  5.  3    |            review the effectiveness of programmes and activities, in order
 51   II,     5.  5.  3    |                order to guarantee that programmes and activities follow specified
 52   II,     5.  5.  3    |           example, nutrition education programmes as much as school-based
 53   II,     5.  5.  3    |        coordinate education prevention programmes.~Parents themselves play
 54   II,     5.  5.  3    |             all be addressed in future programmes to reduce the mortality
 55   II,     5.  5.  3    |          number of prodromal treatment programmes have been initiated around
 56   II,     5.  5.  3    |          around the world, three early programmes have generated most of the
 57   II,     5.  5.  3    |       Recognition and Prevention (RAP) programmes in the USA. In some European
 58   II,     5.  5.  3    |     Recognition Centres and respective programmes, the European Prediction
 59   II,     5.  5.  3    |         structures of care, prevention programmes will only be successfully
 60   II,     5.  5.  3    |              do not have mental health programmes. One fifth does not have
 61   II,     5.  5.  3    |         National mental health acts or programmes~Before and after the publication
 62   II,     5.  5.  3    |   implementation of disease management programmes would cover three main objectives:
 63   II,     5.  5.  3    |             national and international programmes against stigma. Great Britain
 64   II,     5.  5.  3    |               in establishing national programmes to fight stigma. In Germany,
 65   II,     5.  5.  3    |           develop and create awareness programmes to fight the stigma of mental
 66   II,     5.  5.  3    |              of mental disorders. Such programmes are, however, in general
 67   II,     5.  5.  3    |   schizophrenia.~To date there are few programmes focusing exclusively on
 68   II,     5.  5.  3    |             which effective prevention programmes can be designed. One of
 69   II,     5.  5.  3    |       Klosterkötter, 2007). Respective programmese.g. Romania has initiated
 70   II,     5.  5.  3    |             the evidence base for such programmes is necessary. In Germany
 71   II,     5.  5.  3    |               that employment training programmes for people with epilepsy
 72   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  The elements of these programmes include neuropsychological
 73   II,     5.  5.  3    |           placement and post-placement programmes.~Lay associations, which
 74   II,     5.  5.  3    |             coordinated rehabilitation programmes (Miller et al, 2006). Also,
 75   II,     5.  5.  3    |      information and awareness-raising programmes for employers, co-workers
 76   II,     5.  9. FB    |         establish efficient prevention programmes on the general population.
 77   II,     5.  9.  5    |          education and self-management programmes. Major efforts are needed
 78   II,     5. 11.  1    |               low priority in research programmes. However, the public and
 79   II,     5. 14.  3    |                public oral health care programmes for children. For 12-year-olds
 80   II,     5. 14.  3    |               where school oral health programmes were established and maintained
 81   II,     5. 14.  3    |           place and most public health programmes have been brought to a halt.
 82   II,     5. 14.  5    |          implementing community health programmes. Even if the most common
 83   II,     5. 14.  5    |          community, evaluate community programmes and actions, as well as
 84   II,     5. 14.  5    |    surveillance and evaluation of care programmes. The oral health sector
 85   II,     5. 14.  6    | cost-effectiveness ratio of the health programmes implemented within the framework
 86   II,     5. 14.  6    |          health. However, surveillance programmes are somewhat lacking in
 87   II,     5. 15.  4    |             cooperation between the EU programmes; encourage EU MS in developing
 88   II,     6.  3.  2    |            reinforce infection control programmes with surveillance.~ ~
 89   II,     6.  3.  3    |                 e.g. through screening programmes where cost-effective, in
 90   II,     6.  3.  3    |                campaigns and screening programmes could be exchanged between
 91   II,     6.  3.  3    |             their national vaccination programmes. Even before this could
 92   II,     6.  3.  5    |               are indications that the programmes have not achieved the intended
 93   II,     6.  3.  5    |        effective childhood vaccination programmes. Yet, despite all the efforts,
 94   II,     6.  3.  5    |                included in vaccination programmes, and if yes, how to monitor
 95   II,     6.  3.  5    |            have introduced vaccination programmes against serogroup C disease,
 96   II,     6.  3.  5    |               by sex (some vaccination programmes started in women first)
 97   II,     6.  4.  1    |              allocation for preventive programmes and for evaluating preventive
 98   II,     6.  4.  1    |              for evaluating preventive programmes and control measures.~ ~
 99   II,     6.  4.  5    |           promote infection prevention programmes, in particular immunization
100   II,     6.  4.  5    |                particular immunization programmes; e) reinforce the food monitoring
101   II,     7.  1        |             Although injury prevention programmes in the different sectors
102   II,     7.  4.  1    |              implementation of country programmes and activities that should
103   II,     7.  4.  6    |         population, suicide prevention programmes based on behavioural change
104   II,     7.  4.  6    |        school-based suicide prevention programmes based on skill training
105   II,     7.  4.  7    |     collaboration with other Community programmes such as the DAPHNE Programme.
106   II,     7.  5        |               area; laws, policies and programmes for fire prevention, work
107   II,     7.  5        |               national action plans or programmes for injury prevention and
108   II,     7.  5        |               EuroSafe is organized in programmes and task forces (networks)
109   II,     7.  5        |              develop good policies and programmes. The European Association
110   II,     8.  2.  1    |                of pregnancy. Screening programmes may also prevent intellectual
111   II,     8.  2.  1    |         suggests that health promotion programmes that specifically target
112   II,     8.  2.  1    |            example, providing suitable programmes of physical activity and
113   II,     8.  2.  1    |             access to health promotion programmes, to health care and to optimal
114   II,     8.  2.  2    |          integrated into school health programmes; the need should be assessed
115   II,     9            |      population.~ ~Rubella vaccination programmes for babies and/or young
116   II,     9            |              consider the promotion of programmes which encourage smoking
117   II,     9.  1.  1    |              maternal and child health programmes in many countries furthered
118   II,     9.  1.  2    |       population~ ~Rubella vaccination programmes for babies and/or young
119   II,     9.  2.  3    |          insidious. The WHO has active programmes on violence (WHO, 2008),
120   II,     9.  2.  3    |               based suicide prevention programmes are associated to a lower
121   II,     9.  2.  5    |              through a dozen community programmes for actions in favour of
122   II,     9.  2.  5    |         include childhood immunisation programmes; prevention of cigarette
123   II,     9.  2.  5    |            design and carry out health programmes that are in line with the
124   II,     9.  2.  6    |        immunisation has lost priority. Programmes will need to be reviewed
125   II,     9.  3.  1    |            child. Effective prevention programmes need to address HIV/AIDS
126   II,     9.  4.  3    |           people can be prevented with programmes promoting safety, injury
127   II,     9.  4.  3    |             application of specialised programmes (Geriatric Medicine Society,
128   II,     9.  4.  4    |              consider the promotion of programmes which encourage smoking
129   II,     9.  4.  6    |            development of policies and programmes that allow older people
130   II,     9.  5.  2    |             and activities of previous programmes from the public health framework (
131   II,     9.  5.  3    |               participate in cessation programmes but rarely show better results
132   II,     9.  5.  3    |           gender-specific intervention programmes to control adolescent smoking,
133   II,     9.  5.  4    |                technical assistance to programmes that promote women’s empowerment
134   II,     9.  5.  4    |               effective strategies and programmes, and to reinforce the scientific
135   II,     9.  5.  4    |         implementation of policies and programmes that increase access of
136   II,     9.  5.  4    |              by specifically including programmes to tackle male suicide and
137   II,     9.  5.  4    |              development of prevention programmes for high prevalence diseases
138   II,     9.  5.  4    |             System, to examine earlier Programmes for gender awareness. On
139  III,    10.  1.  3    |            physical activity education programmes in children. Clin Exp Pharmacol
140  III,    10.  2.  1    |        activities, financed via action programmes and the Community Tobacco
141  III,    10.  2.  1    |            services in national health programmes, and~· promoting the participation
142  III,    10.  2.  1    |               national tobacco control programmes.~ ~Under the UN Charter,
143  III,    10.  2.  1    |           tobacco control measures and programmes.~On 7 February 2008 the
144  III,    10.  2.  1    |         tobacco use:~· Tobacco control programmes should be comprehensive
145  III,    10.  2.  1    |               available.~ ~Educational programmes and information campaigns~ ~
146  III,    10.  2.  1    |             Community based prevention programmes can be effective in reducing
147  III,    10.  2.  1    |             standardised multi-session programmes which can be documented
148  III,    10.  2.  1    |             countries. While the first programmes started to operate in the
149  III,    10.  2.  1    |              through these specialised programmes has increased greatly during
150  III,    10.  2.  1    |            based oral health promotion programmes in which daily supervised
151  III,    10.  2.  1    |          through integrated prevention programmes to promote good oral hygiene
152  III,    10.  2.  1    |                in community preventive programmes. Professional and individual
153  III,    10.  2.  1    |                systematic fluoridation programmes, to consider the development
154  III,    10.  2.  1    |         implementation of fluoridation programmes, giving priority to equitable
155  III,    10.  2.  1    |            other community actions and programmes.~ ~
156  III,    10.  2.  1    |         disease prevention into action programmes (Petersen, 2003). Social,
157  III,    10.  2.  1    |              context of primary health programmes. These programmes should
158  III,    10.  2.  1    |               health programmes. These programmes should meet the basic health
159  III,    10.  2.  1    |     communities. Fluoride school based programmes are effective especially
160  III,    10.  2.  1    |               public through community programmes and within health care settings.
161  III,    10.  2.  1    |        incorporating tobacco cessation programmes and nutritional counselling
162  III,    10.  2.  1    |           national or community health programmes.~ ~
163  III,    10.  2.  1    |     physical activity.~ ~Public health programmes for physical activity need
164  III,    10.  2.  1    |              employers to provide such programmes (Branca et al, 2007a; Branca
165  III,    10.  2.  1    |              the impact of policies or programmes at national level is lacking.~ ~
166  III,    10.  2.  1    |             public health policies and programmes and should be incorporated
167  III,    10.  2.  1    |                individual projects and programmes given their role as the
168  III,    10.  2.  1    |        communication routes via school programmes, pharmacies (predictor test),
169  III,    10.  2.  1    |           planning centres, work place programmes or supermarkets (leaflets)
170  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 Evaluate the impact of programmes and policies).~ ~Different
171  III,    10.  2.  4    |               sets, disease prevention programmes and clinical interventions
172  III,    10.  2.  5    |              has led to evidence-based programmes of prevention, such as elimination
173  III,    10.  3.  1    |               index, UVR health school programmes, the regulation of sun bed
174  III,    10.  3.  2    |              has led to evidence-based programmes of prevention, such as elimination
175  III,    10.  4.  1    |          required to develop plans and programmes aimed at attaining the limit
176  III,    10.  4.  1    |               important that abatement programmes do not focus solely on meeting
177  III,    10.  4.  2    |           methods for official control programmes have been harmonised in
178  III,    10.  4.  2    |                to the national control programmes, the participation in a
179  III,    10.  4.  2    |            Community pesticide control programmes.~ ~Zoonoses and zoonotic
180  III,    10.  4.  2    |                control and eradication programmes for animal diseases and
181  III,    10.  4.  2    |                and coordinated control programmes for foodstuffs based on
182  III,    10.  4.  2    |            assistance for establishing programmes for the specific control
183  III,    10.  4.  2    |                intensified. Monitoring programmes recommended by the EU and
184  III,    10.  4.  2    |            States have set up national programmes in addition to the harmonised
185  III,    10.  4.  2    |         Community and national control programmes, the information to be provided
186  III,    10.  4.  5    |        development of waste prevention programmes in the Kiev Strategy.~ ~
187  III,    10.  5.  2    |          cohesion strategies, InterReg programmes, and regional integration
188  III,    10.  5.  2    |               and community initiative programmes such as PHARE or TACIS.
189  III,    10.  5.  3    |               various health promotion programmes (Aldana, 2001; Chapman,
190  III,    10.  5.  3    |          savings - of health promotion programmes may not become fully apparent
191  III,    10.  5.  3    |         training, strategies, research programmes and action plans~- promoting
192  III,    10.  6.  2    |        awareness and capacity building programmes. The objective is to generate
193   IV,    11.  1.  4    |              countries have introduced programmes to improve access with this
194   IV,    11.  1.  5    |          technology, a multiplicity of programmes and guidelines and the difficulty
195   IV,    11.  1.  5    |           Frank, 2006). However, these programmes have the potential to increase
196   IV,    11.  1.  5    |             costs to the system, these programmes should be judged based on
197   IV,    11.  1.  6    |           calledpay-for-performanceprogrammes. These are based on the
198   IV,    11.  2        |        preventive and health promotion programmes, although there is a wide
199   IV,    11.  2        |          extent to which public health programmes are based on evidence, monitored
200   IV,    11.  2.  1    |          decline)~ ~Disease management programmes - originally created in
201   IV,    11.  2.  1    |              guided the development of programmes for specific disease categories,
202   IV,    11.  2.  1    |               in Europe increases, and programmes extend beyond single diseases
203   IV,    11.  2.  2    |        identified for community action programmes based on the burden of the
204   IV,    11.  2.  2    |                on the fact whether the programmes would be valuable and complementary
205   IV,    11.  2.  2    |             multi-annual public health programmes ran from 2003 to 2008, and
206   IV,    11.  2.  2    |               included a wide range of programmes such as vaccination programmes
207   IV,    11.  2.  2    |         programmes such as vaccination programmes and public health campaigns
208   IV,    11.  2.  2    |               data: some public health programmes may not be accounted for,
209   IV,    11.  2.  2    |         particular occupational health programmes, may fall on private enterprises.~ ~
210   IV,    11.  2.  2    |          evaluate the effectiveness of programmes. More research is needed
211   IV,    11.  3.  1    |               to develop accreditation programmes not just within particular
212   IV,    11.  4        |             Population based screening programmes to reduce the risk of cervical
213   IV,    11.  5.  4    |    authorisation of establishments and programmes of organ donation and procurement
214   IV,    11.  5.  5    |            resources with new research programmes in the field, and identify
215   IV,    11.  5.  5    |                 3. innovative training programmes for doctor, surgeons, scientists
216   IV,    11.  5.  5    |      Coordination of National Research Programmes on Organ Donation and Transplantation):~
217   IV,    11.  5.  5    |                field of OT.~- Research programmes for improving Organ Transplantation
218   IV,    11.  5.  6    |         national and regional research programmes on organ transplantation
219   IV,    11.  5.  7    |           among Member States, sharing programmes and best practices to help
220   IV,    11.  6.  4    |           health and social assistance programmes may not be meeting those
221   IV,    11.  6.  4    |       intervention. In many countries, programmes for HTA have been established
222   IV,    11.  6.  4    |               formulation.~ ~While HTA programmes have generally enhanced
223   IV,    12.  1        |             Healthrelated precursor programmes at European Community level.~ ~
224   IV,    12.  1        |             between their policies and programmes.~ ~ ~ ~Public health is
225   IV,    12.  1        |          themselves their policies and programmes in the areas referred to
226   IV,    12.  2        |             include disease management programmes, population-based registers
227   IV,    12.  2        |                registers and screening programmes. These approaches will foster
228   IV,    12.  2        |  implementation of organised screening programmes (European Council, 2003).
229   IV,    12.  2        |              and deliver public health programmes that are designed both to
230   IV,    12.  2        |               regulations and activity programmes) in terms of primary and
231   IV,    12.  2        |        activities, financed via action programmes and the Community Tobacco
232   IV,    12.  2        |            services in national health programmes, and~promoting the participation
233   IV,    12.  2        |               national tobacco control programmes.~ ~Under the UN Charter,
234   IV,    12.  2        |           tobacco control measures and programmes.~On 7 February 2008 WHO
235   IV,    12.  2        |               available.~ ~Educational programmes and information campaigns~ ~
236   IV,    12.  2        |             Community based prevention programmes can be effective in reducing
237   IV,    12.  4        |               ACP country and regional~programmes, and thematic programmes
238   IV,    12.  4        |               programmes, and thematic programmes for all regions~EAC~Education
239   IV,    12.  4        |             RTD~RTD Research framework programmes FP6, FP7~ ~SANCO~Public
240   IV,    12.  4        |        programme~REGIO~Regional Policy programmes co-financed with the European
241   IV,    12.  4        |       including~RTD~Research Framework Programmes FP6, FP7 ( research on health
242   IV,    12.  4        |            under the EURATOM Framework Programmes (radiation protection)~ ~ ~ ~
243   IV,    12.  5        |             Health policies and action programmes of the European Union as
244   IV,    12.  8        |             country as well as visitor programmes using specific EU external
245   IV,    12.  8        |             using specific EU external programmes (TACIS and TAIEX) and also
246   IV,    12.  8        |                health Community action programmes that ran until the end of
247   IV,    12. 10        |               regulations adopted~Main programmes on citizen empowerment~Smoking
248   IV,    12. 10        |               regulations adopted~Main programmes on citizen empowerment~European
249   IV,    12. 10        |              regulations adopted~MMain programmes on citizen empowerment~Health-related
250   IV,    12. 10        |               regulations adopted~Main programmes on citizen empowerment~Health-related
251   IV,    12. 10        |    determinants~ ~there are no special programmes; psychosocial health determinants
252   IV,    12. 10        |               integrated in prevention programmes esp. for children and young
253   IV,    12. 10        |        framework of disease management programmes, e.g. DMP CVD, structured
254   IV,    12. 10        |               regulations adopted~Main programmes on citizen empowerment~European
255   IV,    12. 10        |               regulations adopted~Main programmes on citizen empowerment~Health-related
256   IV,    12. 10        |               regulations adopted~Main programmes on citizen empowerment~European
257   IV,    12. 10        |                implementing a range of programmes in health promotion, immunisation
258   IV,    12. 10        |               regulations adopted~Main programmes on citizen empowerment~Health-related
259   IV,    12. 10        |              Solidarity organizes many programmes in order to bring on light
260   IV,    12. 10        |               and to promote recycling programmes that will upgrade their
261   IV,    12. 10        |               regulations adopted~Main programmes on citizen empowerment~Smoking
262   IV,    12. 10        |              insurance :~ht ~ Regional programmes for care access:~htt ~ ~
263   IV,    12. 10        |             intermediate~ ~Specialised programmes of French Institute For
264   IV,    12. 10        |               regulations adopted~Main programmes on citizen empowerment~Health-related
265   IV,    12. 10        |               regulations adopted~Main programmes on citizen empowerment~European
266   IV,    12. 10        |               regulations adopted~Main programmes on citizen empowerment~Health-related
267   IV,    12. 10        |               regulations adopted~Main programmes on citizen empowerment~Health-related
268   IV,    12. 10        |              and development of action programmes to stimulate the adoption
269   IV,    12. 10        |               regulations adopted~Main programmes on citizen empowerment~European
270   IV,    12. 10        |               regulations adopted~Main programmes on citizen empowerment~Health-related
271   IV,    12. 10        |                all to smoke.~Screening programmes~As part of the expanded
272   IV,    12. 10        |         methodologies and of screening programmes based on them. The act issues
273   IV,    12. 10        |             criteria for all screening programmes issued as part of the public
274   IV,    12. 10        |          Finland.~ ~National screening programmes include screening for breast
275   IV,    12. 10        |            cancer and foetal screening programmes, including screening for
276   IV,    12. 10        |              scope of foetal screening programmes. The screening programmes
277   IV,    12. 10        |              programmes. The screening programmes will be regularly evaluated
278   IV,    12. 10        |               regulations adopted~Main programmes on citizen empowerment~Smoking
279   IV,    12. 10        |            High~ At local level~ Local programmes~Drugs and substance abuse~
280   IV,    12. 10        |              Cervical Cancer Screening Programmes~Psychosocial health determinants~
281   IV,    12. 10        |               regulations adopted~Main programmes on citizen empowerment~European
282   IV,    13.Acr        |        identified for community action programmes based on the burden of the
283   IV,    13.Acr        |                action, and whether the programmes would be valuable and complementary
284   IV,    13.Acr        |             multi-annual public health programmes runs from 2003-2008, and
285   IV,    13.Acr        |             data as some public health programmes may not be accounted for,
286   IV,    13.Acr        |         particular occupational health programmes, may fall on private enterprises.~ ~
287   IV,    13.  3        |         evaluate cost-effectiveness of programmes represents the main limitation
288   IV,    13.  4        |              impact of National Reform Programmes with Annual Joint Employment
289   IV,    13.  7.  3    |           organised into four specific programmes stimulating, respectively: (
290   IV,    13.  7.  3    |               compared to the previous programmes and focused on three fields: