Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1    I,     2.  5        |         off-shoring. General trends include changing work patterns (
  2    I,     2.  5        |       developed countries. Services include wholesale and retail trade;
  3    I,     2.  5        |             States.~Migrant workers include two major categories: the
  4    I,     2.  9        |         aquatic ecosystems. Changes include movement of freshwater species
  5    I,     2. 10.  1    |            to understand how it can include public health aspects in
  6    I,     2. 10.  1    |          animal genomics. These may include functional and comparative
  7    I,     2. 10.  2    |   applications in the medical field include molecular diagnostic, imaging,
  8    I,     2. 10.  2    |           biomedical and other uses include (Nel et al, 2006); (Medina
  9    I,     2. 10.  3    |        innovation. Indirect effects include the impact of technological
 10    I,     2. 10.  3    |           under the i2010 programme include:~ ~A review of e-Business
 11    I,     2. 10.  3    |            New health-related tools include:~ ~Electronic health cards.
 12    I,     3.  1        |         changing fertility patterns include female labour force participation
 13    I,     3.  1.  0(3) |     non-marital birth rates may not include children born to married
 14   II,     4.  2        |        death for both periods. They include countries in North, Western,
 15   II,     5.  1.  1    |             mortality and morbidity include cardiovascular diseases;
 16   II,     5.  1.  1    |             lethal chronic diseases include dermatological diseases,
 17   II,     5.  1.  1    |          for breast cancer in women include the events of reproductive
 18   II,     5.  2.  3(1) |             Baltic Europe countries include: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania.~
 19   II,     5.  2.  3(2) |                  Northern countries include: Denmark, Ireland, Finland,
 20   II,     5.  2.  3(3) |            Eastern Europe countries include: Czech Republic, Poland,
 21   II,     5.  2.  3(4) |            Eastern Europe countries include: Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania.~
 22   II,     5.  2.  3(5) |            Central Europe countries include: Belgium, Germany, Luxembourg,
 23   II,     5.  2.  3(6) |           Southern Europe countries include: Greece, Spain, Italy, Malta,
 24   II,     5.  2.  3(7) |             Baltic Europe countries include: Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia~
 25   II,     5.  2.  3    |         strokes.~Attack rate (which include fatal and non-fatal, in-
 26   II,     5.  2.  4    |         factors associated with CVD include diabetes mellitus, excessive
 27   II,     5.  2.  5    |             that it was expanded to include other lifestyle-related
 28   II,     5.  2.  5    |            approaches are likely to include disease management programmes,
 29   II,     5.  2.  6    |            levels. Proposed actions include improving nutrition and
 30   II,     5.  3.  4    |          for breast cancer in women include the events of reproductive
 31   II,     5.  4.  1    |          progression of the disease include an excessive excretion of
 32   II,     5.  4.  2    |           overoptimistic and do not include those hard-to-reach, that
 33   II,     5.  4.  2    |           Examination Surveys (HES) include in addition also validated
 34   II,     5.  4.  2    |        field is that surveys should include national population-based
 35   II,     5.  4.  2    |             in diabetes, parameters include blood glucose management,
 36   II,     5.  4.  3    |             in diabetes, parameters include blood glucose management,
 37   II,     5.  4.  6    |     required public health measures include promotion of physical exercise
 38   II,     5.  4.  6    |        diabetes obesity should also include one or more of the above
 39   II,     5.  4.  7    |           of the EU Strategy should include all aspects listed in table
 40   II,     5.  4.  7    |          the BIRO template and will include the following range of measures:~·
 41   II,     5.  5.  1    |          disorders are indirect and include loss of productivity due
 42   II,     5.  5.  1    |             register data. Problems include comparability and validity
 43   II,     5.  5.  1    |           OECD Member States. These include data on causes of mortality
 44   II,     5.  5.  1    |        Disorders. The ESEMeD output include data on mood and anxiety
 45   II,     5.  5.  1    |           Eurobarometer data do not include institutionalised patients
 46   II,     5.  5.  1    |          health surveys should also include measures of psychological
 47   II,     5.  5.  2    |         Primary preventive measures include reducing exposure to factors
 48   II,     5.  5.  2    |           effect, might for example include improved information about
 49   II,     5.  5.  3    |     Spectrum Disorders (ASDs).~ASDs include the classical Autism described
 50   II,     5.  5.  3    |        behaviours. These behaviours include: delay in speech/language,
 51   II,     5.  5.  3    |           characteristic behaviours include: loss of speech, repetitive
 52   II,     5.  5.  3    |        factors. Unprovoked seizures include events occurring in the
 53   II,     5.  5.  3    |            affect employment. These include fear and limitations on
 54   II,     5.  5.  3    |        elements of these programmes include neuropsychological assessment,
 55   II,     5.  5.  3    |        areas. These networks should include epilepsy centres and centres
 56   II,     5.  5.  3    |           Goals for treating MS may include reducing the number of attacks,
 57   II,     5.  5.  3    |            should be interpreted to include flexible working, rest periods,
 58   II,     5.  5.  3    |          the typical symptoms of PD include multiple system atrophy (
 59   II,     5.  5.  3    |           methodological variations include heterogeneity in the definition
 60   II,     5.  6.  1    |             problems and conditions include: (1) joint conditions e.g.
 61   II,     5.  6.  3    |       identified in various cohorts include older age, female gender,
 62   II,     5.  6.  3    |       identified in various cohorts include older age, female gender,
 63   II,     5.  7.  2    |          development that will only include complete patient data in
 64   II,     5.  9. FB    |   expressions of allergic disorders include allergic rhinitis or hay
 65   II,     5.  9. FB    |     Potential biological mechanisms include diet, gastro-oesophageal
 66   II,     5.  9.  4    |            Occupations at high risk include: farming and agricultural
 67   II,     5.  9.  4    |             to indoor air pollution include ambient air pollution, dust,
 68   II,     5.  9.  5    |       direct and indirect costs and include the improvement on the quality
 69   II,     5. 10.  1    |           Adverse reactions to food include immune mediated reactions (
 70   II,     5. 10.  2    |           purposes (Table 1). These include molecular databases focused
 71   II,     5. 10.  3    |            87 different food items, include chocolate (4.8%), followed
 72   II,     5. 11.  1    |        outside world. Its functions include defence against infections
 73   II,     5. 14.  1    |             a variety of ways. They include imbalances between supply
 74   II,     5. 14.  3    |         high risk for dental caries include people living in poverty;
 75   II,     5. 14.  4    |            diseases related to diet include dental caries, developmental
 76   II,     5. 14.  5    |           most effective approaches include fluoride use.~ ~Secondary
 77   II,     5. 15.  3    |       monitoring systems that would include all rare diseases. For that
 78   II,     5. 15.  4    |     interventions. This sector will include rare mendelian phenotypes
 79   II,     5. 15.  5    |          European Collaboration may include the early research and development
 80   II,     6.  3.  2    |            policies~ ~Control tools include surveillance, and other
 81   II,     6.  3.  4    |   identified. Prophylactic measures include regular cleaning and maintenance
 82   II,     6.  3.  6    |           water. Other risk factors include outdoor swimming and direct
 83   II,     6.  3.  6    |          water. Preventive measures include good personal and food hygiene.~ ~
 84   II,     6.  3.  6    |           and for some of the years include both E. coli and VTEC. The
 85   II,     6.  3.  6    |       products. Preventive measures include providing appropriate information
 86   II,     6.  3.  6    |       prevent the disease in humans include controlling and eliminating
 87   II,     6.  3.  6    |    transfusion. Preventive measures include ensuring that the BSE prions
 88   II,     6.  3.  7    |      tularensis. Natural reservoirs include wild rabbits, hares and
 89   II,     6.  3.  7    |           animals. Control measures include the correct disposal of
 90   II,     6.  3.  7    |      Preventive veterinary measures include proper vaccination of cats
 91   II,     6.  4.  5    |           use of such agents. These include: a) increase the importance
 92   II,     7.  4.  6    |          individuals at risk. These include:~ ~· psychiatric factors
 93   II,     8.  1.  1    |          Physically-disabled people include those affected by congenital
 94   II,     8.  2.  1    |           exception for a survey to include a sample of people with
 95   II,     8.  2.  1    |        place before a child is born include genetic conditions (such
 96   II,     8.  2.  1    |           child is older. These may include serious head injury, stroke,
 97   II,     8.  2.  2    |  administration. The indirect costs include lost earnings of visually
 98   II,     8.  2.  3    |  Consequences of hearing impairment include inability to interpret speech
 99   II,     9            |           Risk factors for STIs can include multiple sex partners and
100   II,     9            |       countries and regions did not include questions on sexual health (
101   II,     9            |        similar in women and men and include dyslipidemia, hypertension,
102   II,     9            |          breast cancer in women may include regular use of alcohol (
103   II,     9.  1.  1    |      neonatal death in Europe today include congenital anomalies, very
104   II,     9.  1.  1    |   EURO-PERISTAT. These data systems include EUROSTAT, WHO and OECD,
105   II,     9.  1.  1    |            2500 grams. These babies include those that are preterm,
106   II,     9.  1.  2    |        section. Many registers also include cases diagnosed later in
107   II,     9.  1.  2    |      congenital anomalies in Europe include the following:~ ~a) The
108   II,     9.  1.  2    |            Such data usually do not include terminations of pregnancy
109   II,     9.  2.  1    |        health. Areas of development include physical growth, cognitive
110   II,     9.  2.  1    |             health related problems include unintentional injuries (
111   II,     9.  2.  2    |     periodic reports on topics that include consideration of the effects
112   II,     9.  2.  2    |            Database. Topics covered include social exclusion, architectural
113   II,     9.  2.  3    |       Tumors recognized in children include mainly Hodgkin’s and non-Hodgkin’
114   II,     9.  2.  3    |              Unintentional injuries include road traffic accidents,
115   II,     9.  2.  3    |           WHO. Intentional injuries include child abuse and neglect,
116   II,     9.  2.  4    |           their determinants. These include family circumstances, parental
117   II,     9.  2.  4    |           Risk factors for STIs can include multiple sex partners and
118   II,     9.  2.  4    |       countries and regions did not include questions on sexual health (
119   II,     9.  2.  5    |             and young people. These include childhood immunisation programmes;
120   II,     9.  2.  6    |             of health. These should include the promotion of accessible,
121   II,     9.  3.  1    |         changes of menopause do not include any acute decrease in androgens.
122   II,     9.  3.  1    |       utilised in this chapter also include WHOSIS, GLOBOCAN, EUROSTAT
123   II,     9.  3.  1    |          differences are thought to include greater prevalence of other
124   II,     9.  3.  1    |             venous thrombo-embolism include the presence of haemostatic
125   II,     9.  3.  1    |             function. Other factors include the presence of a sexual
126   II,     9.  3.  1    |             to preserving oral bone include smoking cessation and oral
127   II,     9.  3.  1    |    sufferers can be severe. Effects include depressive symptoms such
128   II,     9.  3.  1    |           The psychological aspects include a broad spectrum of symptoms,
129   II,     9.  3.  1    |        similar in women and men and include dyslipidemia, hypertension,
130   II,     9.  3.  1    |          breast cancer in women may include regular use of alcohol (
131   II,     9.  3.  2    |      attributed to pregnancy, which include thrombo-embolism, amniotic
132   II,     9.  3.  2    |          consensus on conditions to include and a common methodology
133   II,     9.  3.  3    |         Ireland, and Norway did not include any sexual health questions.~·
134   II,     9.  3.  3    |            sexual behaviour surveys include both men and women. Some
135   II,     9.  3.  3    |              all studies since 1994 include East Germany) and present
136   II,     9.  4.  3    |          individual approach should include physical and nutritional
137   II,     9.  4.  3    |           64 age groups (exceptions include men in Ireland, and women
138   II,     9.  4.  5    |         care sector. The challenges include: how to retain staff under
139   II,     9.  4.  5    |           compared to others. These include older women, members of
140   II,     9.  4.  5    |           related to healthy ageing include:~· The EULisbon process’
141   II,     9.  5.  3    |         non-victimised. Wider costs include those to judicial systems,
142   II,     9.  5.  3    |          breast cancer in women may include regular use of alcohol (
143   II,     9.  5.  4    |        pre-2006 policy documents to include gender proofing methodology
144   II,     9.  5.  4    |            this new field. Examples include the EU presidency conference
145   II,     9.  5.  4    |             will be operating would include building a mapping process
146  III,    10.  1        |         individuals and populations include cultural, societal, and
147  III,    10.  1.  1    |      factors of alcohol consumption include early drinking experiences,
148  III,    10.  1.  1    | consequences of alcohol consumption include interpersonal conflicts,
149  III,    10.  2.  1    |             found in the literature include Eurostat, WHO Health for
150  III,    10.  2.  1    |         effects of oral tobacco use include an increased risk of cancer (Boy ).
151  III,    10.  2.  1    |         health effects of snuff use include increase of blood pressure,
152  III,    10.  2.  1    |              Binding legal measures include Directives on:~ ~· the advertising
153  III,    10.  2.  1    |          Non-binding legal measures include:~ ~1) a Council Recommendation
154  III,    10.  2.  1    |      tobacco, supported by the FCTC include:~· price and tax measures;~·
155  III,    10.  2.  1    |            supply of tobacco. These include:~1. illicit trade in tobacco
156  III,    10.  2.  1    |          key findings in the report include:~ ~· Only 5% of the global
157  III,    10.  2.  1    |           snuff use. Other concerns include the gateway effectsnuff
158  III,    10.  2.  1    |            comprehensive and should include at least the six measures
159  III,    10.  2.  1    |            legislation. This should include a total ban on smoking in
160  III,    10.  2.  1    |       smoking in public places that include all work places, health
161  III,    10.  2.  1    |           Risk reduction strategies include a set of measures in a jurisdiction
162  III,    10.  2.  1    |             alcohol policies, which include authoritative decisions
163  III,    10.  2.  1    |           and Baumberg 2006). These include designated drivers and ride
164  III,    10.  2.  1    |        problems related to drug use include acute problems such as poisoning,
165  III,    10.  2.  1    |           most countriesestimates include only injecting drug users (
166  III,    10.  2.  1(14)|       although some countries still include cases due to psychoactive
167  III,    10.  2.  1    |          prevention and prophylaxis include daily tooth brushing with
168  III,    10.  2.  1    | institutionalized sample, which may include children not in school.
169  III,    10.  2.  1    |            during 2003 and 2004 and include fresh breath strips and
170  III,    10.  2.  1    |             risk assessment’ should include a range of protective and
171  III,    10.  2.  1    |       health programs, which mainly include supervised daily tooth brushing
172  III,    10.  2.  1    |    lifestyle can, for example, well include some sessions of activity
173  III,    10.  2.  1    |   determinants of physical activity include demographic factors (such
174  III,    10.  2.  1    |  physical activity. These processes include the Children’s Environment
175  III,    10.  2.  1    |             term, it is intended to include consumption data for children,
176  III,    10.  2.  1    |           for fighting osteoporosis include:~ ~ ~o Calcium. Adequate
177  III,    10.  2.  1    |              nutrition transition’’ include both quantitative and qualitative
178  III,    10.  2.  1    |             adverse dietary changes include shifts in the structure
179  III,    10.  2.  1    |        throughout the year. Choices include the traditional ranges as
180  III,    10.  2.  1    |      population. Such contributions include not only the provision of
181  III,    10.  2.  1    |       issues. FBDG should therefore include these aspects.~ ~The question
182  III,    10.  2.  1    |              It has been amended to include additional substances. The
183  III,    10.  2.  1    |         updating of trend tables to include 2005 data. London, the Stationery
184  III,    10.  2.  5    |             ECHI long list does not include indicators on foetal nutrition
185  III,    10.  2.  5    |         body changes of the elderly include an increase of fat mass
186  III,    10.  2.  5    |            childhood. Interventions include health promotion in maternity
187  III,    10.  3.  1    |             main physical stressors include radon, UV radiation, electromagnetic
188  III,    10.  3.  1    |         tumours. The open questions include adequacy of the experimental
189  III,    10.  3.  2    |            to children. The threats include exposure to natural or human-made
190  III,    10.  3.  2    |         have been decreasing. These include nitrogen pollutants released
191  III,    10.  3.  2    |           related combustion. These include persistent organic pollutants (
192  III,    10.  3.  2    |          rapid alert systems. These include the Rapid Alert Systems
193  III,    10.  3.  2    |             Sub-populations at risk include people with known nickel
194  III,    10.  3.  2    |           health picture – and also include the European human health
195  III,    10.  3.  3    |   Introduction~ ~Biological hazards include viruses, bacteria and fungi
196  III,    10.  3.  3    |           belong to this group, and include the two diseases with the
197  III,    10.  3.  3    |    transfusion. Preventive measures include ensuring that the BSE prions,
198  III,    10.  3.  4    |          forward with a proposal to include aviation in the EU emissions
199  III,    10.  3.  4    |     Northern Europe. Health effects include increased summer heat related
200  III,    10.  3.  4    |            in the figure. Accidents include the following categories:~
201  III,    10.  3.  4    |             are more at risk. These include cardiovascular diseases,
202  III,    10.  3.  4    |            health effects of floods include traumatic injuries, waterborne
203  III,    10.  3.  4    |      intersectoral approach and can include: legislating to relocate
204  III,    10.  4.  1    |          mid-2007. The proposal may include national emission ceilings
205  III,    10.  4.  1    |            occur in hotspots. These include fine and ultrafine particles
206  III,    10.  4.  2    |   scientific risk assessment. These include, for example, the feasibility
207  III,    10.  4.  2    |          its Management Board. They include a commitment to openness
208  III,    10.  4.  2    |          sound scientific opinions, include:~ ~· A co-ordinated and
209  III,    10.  4.  2    |          food chemical contaminants include dioxins and related compounds,
210  III,    10.  4.  2    |        Other uses of polyacrylamide include crude oil production, cosmetic
211  III,    10.  4.  2    |           under Regulation 396/2005 include:~· EFSA to provide risk
212  III,    10.  4.  2    |           April 2008-September 2008 include:~· delivering conclusions
213  III,    10.  4.  2    |           peer review in the future include:~· the promotion of consistency
214  III,    10.  4.  2    |         Priorities in ecotoxicology include:~· Opinion on GD on the
215  III,    10.  4.  2    |      risk-benefit assessment should include benefit identification,
216  III,    10.  4.  2    |            s website. These reports include recommendations to the country’
217  III,    10.  4.  3    |            health. These parameters include naturally occurring biological
218  III,    10.  4.  4    |          rapid alert systems. These include the Rapid Alert Systems
219  III,    10.  4.  5    |              The main local sources include losses of contaminants during
220  III,    10.  4.  5    |           sites. Other contaminants include polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (
221  III,    10.  4.  5    |            sectoral policies. These include, for example, measures on
222  III,    10.  4.  5    |         Priority needs for research include development and application
223  III,    10.  5.  1    |           The environmental effects include asthma and allergic symptoms,
224  III,    10.  5.  1    |            cleaning and this should include floors, textiles, open shelves
225  III,    10.  5.  1    |        areas. Main sources of noise include road, rail and air traffic;
226  III,    10.  5.  3    |           diseases as a rule do not include work-related information
227  III,    10.  5.  3    |           stressing factors at work include fear of loosing the job,
228  III,    10.  5.  3    |         off-shoring. General trends include changing work patterns (
229  III,    10.  5.  3    |        innovation. Indirect effects include the impact of technological
230  III,    10.  5.  3    |       developed countries. Services include wholesale and retail trade;
231  III,    10.  5.  3    |         every year. Migrant workers include two major categories: the
232  III,    10.  5.  3    |       prevention of slips and trips include:~- Ensuring that, as far
233  III,    10.  6.  1    |           of school children. These include school children’s experienced
234  III,    10.  6.  2    |         countries. The determinants include unemployment, unsafe workplaces,
235   IV,    11.  1.  1    |         goals. For the former these include: affordability, equity,
236   IV,    11.  1.  3    |            the health system; these include: access to care, quality
237   IV,    11.  1.  5    |         schemes, whereas the latter include approaches such as peer
238   IV,    11.  1.  5    |    pharmacists has also expanded to include working as clinical pharmacists
239   IV,    11.  1.  5    |          Examples of outcome target include the setting of patient blood
240   IV,    11.  1.  5    |            well. Further challenges include the cost of acquiring information
241   IV,    11.  1.  5    |   incentives on physician behaviour include observations that beyond
242   IV,    11.  1.  6    |      indicators that have been used include survival rates, waiting
243   IV,    11.  1.  6    |        mixed payment schemes, which include elements of two or more
244   IV,    11.  1.  6    |            have been devised. These include performance-based reimbursement
245   IV,    11.  1.  6    |            Italy, Germany and Spain include those hospitals with predefined
246   IV,    11.  2        |        provision of health services include the shifting of care from
247   IV,    11.  2.  1    |               Note that outpatients include all kind of physicians,
248   IV,    11.  3.  2    |          pharmaceutical expenditure include both prescription and over-the-counter
249   IV,    11.  3.  2    |          regulation. Common methods include direct fixed price control,
250   IV,    11.  3.  2    |           costs and consequences to include in the analysis, how to
251   IV,    11.  3.  2    |         mechanisms to contain costs include the Ramsay methodstating
252   IV,    11.  5.  3    |        countries, although other 15 include this recommendation in technical
253   IV,    11.  5.  3    |         surveyed. However, other 17 include this provision in technical
254   IV,    11.  5.  5    |        finance projects that really include most of the European countries,
255   IV,    11.  6.  1    |           expenditure across Europe include increases in labour costs,
256   IV,    11.  6.  2    |            The sources of financing include individuals or households
257   IV,    11.  6.  2    |             contribution mechanisms include central or local taxes and
258   IV,    11.  6.  2    |            of out-of-pocket payment include both cost sharing and direct
259   IV,    11.  6.  2    |    predominantly tax-funded systems include Sweden, Finland, Portugal,
260   IV,    11.  6.  2    |            social insurance funding include Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic,
261   IV,    11.  6.  2    |             contribution mechanisms include private health insurance (
262   IV,    11.  6.  3    |      expanded contribution basis to include total income of employees,
263   IV,    11.  6.  4    |           to ensure value for money include a lack of resources and
264   IV,    12.  2        |           in the EU. The principles include taking a value-driven approach,
265   IV,    12.  2        |        health. The strategic themes include Fostering Good Health in
266   IV,    12.  2        |             that it was expanded to include other lifestyle-related
267   IV,    12.  2        |            approaches are likely to include disease management programmes,
268   IV,    12.  2        |              Binding legal measures include Directives on:~· the advertising
269   IV,    12.  2        |          Non-binding legal measures include:~1) a Council Recommendation
270   IV,    12.  2        |           are supported by the FCTC include:~price and tax measures;~
271   IV,    12.  2        |            supply of tobacco. These include:~1. illicit trade in tobacco
272   IV,    12.  2        |          key findings in the report include:~ ~Only 5% of the global
273   IV,    12.  2        |           Risk reduction strategies include a set of measures in a jurisdiction
274   IV,    12.  2        |             alcohol policies, which include authoritative decisions
275   IV,    12.  2        |           and Baumberg 2006). These include designated drivers and ride
276   IV,    12. 10        |            Action Plan~developments include the following:~ ~Under 18s -
277   IV,    12. 10        |         based. These figures do not include deaths~which are indirectly
278   IV,    12. 10        |     important pieces of legislation include;~Health and Social Care
279   IV,    12. 10        |             primary care objectives include:~- Improving the prevention
280   IV,    12. 10        |      development of acute hospitals include:~· Hospital networks that
281   IV,    12. 10        |       National screening programmes include screening for breast cancer,
282   IV,    13.  4        |        social integration". It will include pathways to integrate people
283   IV,    13.  5        |        sources of finance. Measures include changes in the financing
284   IV,    13.  5        |          level of quality, measures include uniform standards and quality
285   IV,    13.  6.  2    |  appropriate or effective. This may include cases where the parent,
286   IV,    13.  7.  2    |          from closing the gap could include more rapid returns on investments
287   IV,    13.  7.  2    |             dozen indicators. These include new science and engineering (
288   IV,    13.  7.  3    |         agenda. Research activities include health effects of the exposure
289   IV,    13.  7.  4    |         considerable ethical debate include assisted reproduction (e.g.
290   IV,    13.  8        |          these fora. A few examples include the EU Health policy Forum,