*Part, Chapter, Paragraph*

1 -, 1 | success or failure.~ ~So far, **two** related Reports have been
2 -, 1 | than those addressed in the **two** above-mentioned Reports.
3 I, 2. 1 | specific country over one or **two** centuries have shown that
4 I, 2. 5 | Migrant workers include **two** major categories: the highly
5 I, 2. 6 | well as Iceland, around **two** thirds or more of graduating
6 I, 2. 9 | those in the Alps have lost **two** thirds of their volume since
7 I, 2. 10. 1 | interdependency between the **two** directions, e.g. as Public
8 I, 2. 10. 2 | larger particles. There are **two** main reasons for this. First,
9 I, 2. 10. 4 | authentication. In the worst case, **two** packs of drugs with the
** 10** I, 3. 1 | children per woman was about **two** to three in the 1960s. At
11 I, 3. 3 | Member States (NMS12) shows **two** bulges: those born just
12 I, 3. 3 | before 2050.~ ~Over the past **two** decades, old-age dependency —
13 I, 3. 3 | that in 2050 there will be **two** persons of 15-64 years per
14 I, 3. 3 | Therefore, there will only be **two** people of working age for
15 II, 4. 1 | converged to a level of around **two** years from the highest EU27
16 II, 4. 1 | direct comparison with these **two** countries, LE does. Thus
17 II, 4. 1 | People 2010, in which the **two** overarching national health
18 II, 5. 1. 1 | age and smoking were the **two** major risk factors, in a
19 II, 5. 1. 1 | attributable to changes in the **two** major recognized causes
** 20** II, 5. 1. 2 | to globally encompass the **two** basic dimensions for helping
21 II, 5. 1. 2 | dimensions represent the **two** sides of patient-centeredness.
22 II, 5. 1. 2 | does not depend only on **two** or three factors but rather
23 II, 5. 2. 3 | surgery, the data refer to **two** separate cases of AMI or
24 II, 5. 2. 3 | prevalence of smokers. The first **two** could be ascribed to improvements
25 II, 5. 2. 3 | mortality rates revealed that **two** thirds of the decreasing
26 II, 5. 2. 6 | patient. The association of **two** or more drugs is often necessary
27 II, 5. 3. 2 | for registration are the **two** main reasons for insufficient
28 II, 5. 3. 5 | becoming cervical cancer. If **two** countries have similar HPV
29 II, 5. 3. 6 | Women~ ~Countries fell into **two** stomach cancer survival
** 30** II, 5. 3. 7 | respect to pricing, there are **two** questions that need to be
31 II, 5. 3. 8 | included all aspects in a **two** dimension single strategy
32 II, 5. 3. 8 | European recommendations)~The **two** major short-term problems
33 II, 5. 4. 1 | Report WHO/IDF 2006). **Two** major subgroups of diabetes
34 II, 5. 4. 7 | In the field of diabetes, **two** stream of projects are particularly
35 II, 5. 5. 1 | the risk for depression **two** to threefold (Fryers, 2007,
36 II, 5. 5. 1 | 5.5.1. Mental Disorders. **Two** Eurobarometer surveys have
37 II, 5. 5. 1 | Eurobarometers are the only **two** multi site surveys using
38 II, 5. 5. 2 | presented here is taken from **two** major studies into the prevalence
39 II, 5. 5. 2 | European Parliament dedicated **two** resolutions25 to Alzheimer’
** 40** II, 5. 5. 2 | Parliament expressed in these **two** resolutions has largely
41 II, 5. 5. 3 | residence of the patient. **Two** age categories are observed
42 II, 5. 5. 3 | higher – i.e. more than **two** fifths. According to the
43 II, 5. 5. 3 | health policies. More than **two** fifths of them do not have
44 II, 5. 5. 3 | educational program by the age of **two** or three. Earlier identification
45 II, 5. 5. 3 | epilepsy is the occurrence of **two** or more unprovoked seizures (
46 II, 5. 5. 3 | was intended as failure on **two** or more antiepileptic drugs
47 II, 5. 5. 3 | common risk factors in the **two** sexes and the concealment
48 II, 5. 5. 3 | which is made when at least **two** unprovoked seizures have
49 II, 5. 5. 3 | genetic composition of the **two** populations. In Ireland,
** 50** II, 5. 5. 3 | conducted in Italy in the past **two** decades and some regions
51 II, 5. 5. 3 | incidence rates lacks for nearly **two** thirds of all European countries.
52 II, 5. 5. 3 | epidemiological research over the past **two** decades were the Poser Committee
53 II, 5. 5. 3 | al, 1983), consisting of **two** large categories for definite
54 II, 5. 6. 4 | sickness absence longer than **two** weeks in Norway (Brage,
55 II, 5. 6. 6 | in Britain: comparison of **two** prevalence surveys at an
56 II, 5. 7. 1 | dangerous clinical condition for **two** reasons: first because renal
57 II, 5. 7. 3 | kidney disease per stage in **two** EU Countries~ ~Prevalence
58 II, 5. 7. 5 | Kidney Day, in the last **two** years.~· In Poland in 2007
59 II, 5. 7. 5 | public health objectives; **two** of which concerned chronic
** 60** II, 5. 8. 2 | asthma are considered as **two** different entities (Fabbri
61 II, 5. 8. 3 | 1711 middle-aged men of **two** rural Finnish cohorts, which
62 II, 5. 8. 3 | Figure 5.8.1).~ ~ ~ ~In **two** model studies carried out
63 II, 5. 8. 4 | 1711 middle-aged men of **two** rural Finnish cohorts, which
64 II, 5. 8. 4 | age and smoking were the **two** major determinants, in a
65 II, 5. 9. FB | that,~by 2015, one out of **two** Europeans will suffer from
66 II, 5. 9. FB | particularly in the latest **two** decades could be accounted
67 II, 5. 9. FB | differences between the **two** groups were found regarding
68 II, 5. 9. 1 | be used to approach these **two** conditions.~ ~Different
69 II, 5. 9. 2 | of 2005.~ ~In early 1990s **two** large studies were set up
** 70** II, 5. 9. 2 | Between 2002 and 2003, **two** age-groups of schoolchildren
71 II, 5. 9. 2 | 1993 and was carried out in **two** stages including more than
72 II, 5. 9. 2 | In contrast with these **two** studies, the AIRE ) (Blanc
73 II, 5. 9. 2 | adults, 13 among children and **two** among both of them.~ ~ ~
74 II, 5. 9. 3 | history, asthma presents **two** different forms: early-
75 II, 5. 9. 3 | 6–7 years of age-group, **two** of the 64 centres recorded
76 II, 5. 9. 5 | interaction between the **two**. There is a paucity of literature
77 II, 5. 9. 5 | management process.~ ~In general, **two** levels of health care are
78 II, 5. 9. 6 | interest during the last **two** decades. Many questionnaires
79 II, 5. 11. 3 | may occur as frequently as **two** or three times per month)
** 80** II, 5. 11. 3 | distinction between the **two** requires further investigation
81 II, 5. 11. 7 | of atopic dermatitis at **two** years of age: A prospective,
82 II, 5. 12. 1 | mortality over the last **two** decades has also been reported
83 II, 5. 12. 3 | 5.5). In the subsequent **two** decades, substantial declines
84 II, 5. 12. 3 | changed as compared to only **two** decades earlier. The downward
85 II, 5. 12. 4 | largely due to changes in the **two** major recognized causes
86 II, 5. 12. 4 | Scotland) over the last **two** decades – which remain in
87 II, 5. 15. 2 | regards the list of RD, **two** main databases are listing
88 II, 5. 15. 3 | providing a high likelihood for **two** people to carry the same
89 II, 5. 15. 4 | Programme 2003-2008. The **two** main lines of action are
** 90** II, 5. 15. 6 | Adopting orphan drugs -- **two** dozen years of treating
91 II, 6. 3. 1 | are also observed for the **two** diseases with the highest
92 II, 6. 3. 1 | around 7.2 billion € when the **two** major areas of HIV/AIDS
93 II, 6. 3. 2 | proportion is, intertwining the **two** problems of antimicrobial
94 II, 6. 3. 2 | figures (figure 6.1). However, **two** countries (Slovenia and
95 II, 6. 3. 2 | strains resistant to the **two** most effective agents against
96 II, 6. 3. 2 | patients staying more than **two** days in an intensive care
97 II, 6. 3. 4 | is believed that another **two** to three years of intense
98 II, 6. 3. 5 | pertussis programme.~ ~There are **two** invasive bacterial infections
99 II, 6. 3. 5 | stable at between one and **two** cases per 100 000 per year.
**100** II, 6. 3. 5 | available for one of the **two** types commonly seen in Europe,
101 II, 6. 3. 5 | 100 000 per year in 2002 (**two** cases). In 2005, altogether
102 II, 6. 3. 5 | years is declining, with **two** peaks seen in 1997 and 2001.
103 II, 6. 3. 5 | outbreak of 71 cases with **two** deaths in an unvaccinated
104 II, 6. 3. 6 | detection. However, for **two** important infections, salmonellosis (
105 II, 6. 3. 6 | highest incidence rates. The **two** most affected age groups
106 II, 6. 3. 6 | cases reported in France, **two** in Ireland and one each
107 II, 6. 3. 7 | diseases that fall into **two** broad categories:~· Diseases
108 II, 6. 3. 7 | in the past five years: **two** cases in the UK from Sierra
109 II, 6. 3. 7 | also from Sierra Leone, and **two** cases in Germany in 2000
**110** II, 6. 3. 7 | 1998, 2001 and 2005, and **two** cases from Ireland in 1998
111 II, 6. 4. 3 | Commission organised in 2005 **two** scenario exercises (pandemics
112 II, 7. 3. 1 | injuries by far;~· EU-wide **two** thirds of all injuries are
113 II, 7. 3. 2 | international comparability. Every **two** minutes someone dies of
114 II, 7. 3. 2 | are responsible for about **two** thirds of injury deaths (
115 II, 7. 3. 4 | clear as it is for the other **two** sectors as it is still distributed
116 II, 7. 3. 4 | accidents for 33%, and almost **two** thirds of fatalities are
117 II, 7. 3. 4 | place fatalities occur in **two** branches: the construction (
118 II, 7. 3. 4 | manufacturing branch (20%). These **two** “leading” branches are followed
119 II, 7. 4 | various arrangements. These **two** lists also contain several
**120** II, 7. 4. 2 | increase by a factor of **two** between 2005 and 2050, a
121 II, 8. 1. 2 | reported.~ ~The results of the **two** surveys were analysed in
122 II, 8. 1. 2 | results of the analysis of the **two** sets of data (EU-SILC and
123 II, 8. 1. 5 | centres its attention on **two** strands of action. One strand
124 II, 8. 2. 1 | surveys were conducted over **two** decades (1986-2005), with
125 II, 8. 2. 1 | information. They are available in **two** Interim Reports for 2006
126 II, 8. 2. 1 | DoH, 2001).~ ~A study of **two** cohorts of children (altogether
127 II, 8. 2. 1 | at medical faculties in **two** universities in the Netherlands,
128 II, 8. 2. 2 | results obstained with these **two** surveys have been analysed
129 II, 8. 2. 2 | low vision is replaced by **two** categories: moderate visual
**130** II, 8. 2. 2 | Resnikoff et al, 2008) with **two** population-based surveys
131 II, 8. 2. 2 | Resnikoff et al, 2008) with **two** population-based surveys
132 II, 8. 2. 3 | results obtained with these **two** surveys have been analysed
133 II, 9 | above). Data on the first **two** are available in most countries
134 II, 9 | observed that less than **two** fifths of young people eat
135 II, 9 | for all combinations of **two** unhealthy lifestyle behaviors (
136 II, 9. 1. 2 | anomalies. These are now of **two** main types – variation in
137 II, 9. 1. 2 | to ICBDSR also, as well **two** EU non-EUROCAT registers
138 II, 9. 1. 2 | and accounts for nearly **two** thirds of cases. Geographic
139 II, 9. 1. 2 | the period 2000-2004, and **two** areas report a higher prevalence –
**140** II, 9. 1. 2 | screening and diagnosis~ ~The **two** main types of prenatal screening
141 II, 9. 2. 2 | recommended, of which only **two** relate to mortality. However,
142 II, 9. 2. 3 | including an increase in type **two** diabetes(see also Chapter
143 II, 9. 2. 3 | countries over the last **two** decades. Due to under–reporting,
144 II, 9. 2. 4 | above). Data on the first **two** are available in most countries
145 II, 9. 2. 4 | observed that less than **two** fifths of young people eat
146 II, 9. 2. 5 | complementary feeding, up to **two** years and beyond. Unfortunately,
147 II, 9. 3. 1 | presented. There have been just **two** reports that have explicitly
148 II, 9. 3. 1 | frequent in middle age: **two** in ten women and four in
149 II, 9. 3. 1 | European Commission, 2003). The **two** main transmission modes
**150** II, 9. 3. 1 | other European regions. **Two** group of postmenopausal
151 II, 9. 3. 2 | mortality ratio, as well as **two** recommended indicators,
152 II, 9. 3. 2 | deaths must be considered on **two** levels: ascertainment (completeness
153 II, 9. 3. 3 | from the 1960s by at least **two** years in all Western European
154 II, 9. 3. 3 | gender perspective, there are **two** distinct profiles. The average
155 II, 9. 3. 3 | in Western Europe, after **two** decades of HIV, the perceived
156 II, 9. 3. 3 | best predictors of having **two** or more partners in Ireland
157 II, 9. 4. 4 | for all combinations of **two** unhealthy lifestyle behaviors (
158 II, 9. 5. 3 | poor. There have been only **two** multinational surveys, both
159 III, 10. 1. 1 | important to understand these **two** concepts and their implications.~ ~
**160** III, 10. 1. 1 | causal pathway between the **two**. Confounding is a threat
161 III, 10. 1. 1 | studies investigate the **two** risk factors simultaneously (
162 III, 10. 1. 3 | Kirch W (2005): A tale of **two** Germanies: East Germany’
163 III, 10. 2. 1 | indicative of smoking trends **two** to three decades ago. The
164 III, 10. 2. 1 | estimates put the costs for only **two** smoking related diseases (
165 III, 10. 2. 1 | whereas in Ireland the **two** sexes show similar rates.~ ~
166 III, 10. 2. 1 | the smoking prevalence of **two** to three decades ago. That
167 III, 10. 2. 1 | smoking attributable mortality **two** to three decades later (
168 III, 10. 2. 1 | smoking-attributable costs for the **two** leading categories of smoking
169 III, 10. 2. 1 | costs of smoking account for **two** thirds of this amount. This
**170** III, 10. 2. 1 | considering the fact that only **two** major diseases have been
171 III, 10. 2. 1 | included, and even for these **two** not all costs have been
172 III, 10. 2. 1 | from different categories. **Two** of the most promising are
173 III, 10. 2. 1 | the application of these **two** articles, a range of more
174 III, 10. 2. 1 | score has risen over the **two** years from 47 to 52 out
175 III, 10. 2. 1 | points or more over the **two** years.~A significant improvement
176 III, 10. 2. 1 | Pictorial health warnings on the **two** main sides of tobacco product
177 III, 10. 2. 1 | legislation are seen as **two** areas that could bring further
178 III, 10. 2. 1 | during previous year~ ~Of the **two** thirds of EU25 citizens
179 III, 10. 2. 1 | non-drinkers at 20 grams (**two** drinks) of alcohol per day,
**180** III, 10. 2. 1 | However, for example, the **two** countries with the largest
181 III, 10. 2. 1(10)| IDUs in Europe consists of **two** complementary systems, HIV
182 III, 10. 2. 1 | 2012 and is complemented by **two** four-year action plans (
183 III, 10. 2. 1 | increased over the past **two** decades. This process has
184 III, 10. 2. 1 | problems during the last **two** decades, Europe now appears
185 III, 10. 2. 1 | inflammation compared to almost **two** thirds (63% and 65%) of
186 III, 10. 2. 1 | 2003), between half and **two** thirds of all children reported
187 III, 10. 2. 1 | substantially over the last **two** decades. Although general
188 III, 10. 2. 1 | effectively. The fact that almost **two** thirds of 12-year-olds have
189 III, 10. 2. 1 | physical activity can be carried out in **two** different ways: by self-report
**190** III, 10. 2. 1 | al, 2000). The following **two** international physical activity
191 III, 10. 2. 1 | estimate walking behaviour. **Two** versions (short and long)
192 III, 10. 2. 1 | one single question across **two** time points should be viewed
193 III, 10. 2. 1 | et al, 2006) showed that **two** thirds of the adult population
194 III, 10. 2. 1 | a single question across **two** time points and it focuses
195 III, 10. 2. 1 | Turkey, in November 2006, **two** “twin” booklets were launched:
196 III, 10. 2. 1 | sub-national sample in another **two** (Belgium and Austria) (Yngve,
197 III, 10. 2. 1 | surveys vary between every **two**(Finland) to seven years(
198 III, 10. 2. 1 | was the suggestion of a **two** non-consecutive 24-h recalls (
199 III, 10. 2. 1 | DALYs lost, while more than **two** thirds of the population
**200** III, 10. 2. 1 | i. e.: eat plenty of).~**Two** approaches for dealing with
201 III, 10. 2. 4 | dramatically changed in the last **two** decades from genetic disease
202 III, 10. 2. 4 | public debate for almost **two** decades. International organisations
203 III, 10. 2. 4 | network takes into account the **two** main policy frames in the
204 III, 10. 3. 2 | jewellery, etc. Through these **two** indices the system records
205 III, 10. 3. 2 | to protect children. The **two** main impediments to prevention
206 III, 10. 3. 3 | this group, and include the **two** diseases with the highest
207 III, 10. 3. 3 | Figure 10.3.3.1). However, **two** countries (Slovenia and
208 III, 10. 3. 3 | cough that may last up to **two** months or even longer. Diphtheria
209 III, 10. 3. 3 | Clostridium tetani bacterium. **Two** important food-born or water-borne
**210** III, 10. 3. 4 | Preliminary results for **two** river catchments draw consistent
211 III, 10. 4. 1 | decline during the next **two** decades as a result of progressive
212 III, 10. 4. 1 | health is caused primarily by **two** types of air pollutants,
213 III, 10. 4. 1 | Recognising the problem has **two** important benefits; first,
214 III, 10. 4. 2 | can be broken down into **two** major areas of activity (
215 III, 10. 4. 2 | European Union.~There are **two** categories of notifications: (
216 III, 10. 4. 2 | limits for notification. **Two** types of outbreak are considered: ~ ~•
217 III, 10. 4. 2 | frame of RASFF there are **two** categories of notifications : (
218 III, 10. 4. 2 | The incidence of the **two** food-borne parasitic zoonoses,
219 III, 10. 4. 2 | compounds during the past **two** decades. This is a clear
**220** III, 10. 4. 2 | for over 200 compounds in **two** runs with a reporting limit
221 III, 10. 4. 2 | data have been utilized.~ ~**Two** opinions have been published
222 III, 10. 4. 3 | 7% of cases of illness), **two** by chemical contamination (
223 III, 10. 4. 3 | 1980 and 2003. On average, **two** thirds of the population
224 III, 10. 4. 4 | consumer products. These **two** indices are used for recording
225 III, 10. 4. 5 | Bathing Water Directive **two** mandatory standards of microbiological
226 III, 10. 5. 1 | settlement can be looked at from **two** perspectives: the inside
227 III, 10. 5. 1 | operates basically through **two** mechanisms.~First, the combustion
228 III, 10. 5. 1 | building conditions~ ~There are **two** factors relevant to home
229 III, 10. 5. 1 | health must be split into **two** effect dimensions: the physical
**230** III, 10. 5. 2 | has considered not only **two** types of settlement categories (
231 III, 10. 5. 2 | above, which only considered **two** categories of urban versus
232 III, 10. 5. 2 | rural areas, they account for **two** thirds of deaths attributed
233 III, 10. 5. 3 | chapter therefore takes **two** perspectives. First, information
234 III, 10. 5. 3 | the Member States. Mainly **two** types of reporting procedures
235 III, 10. 5. 3 | with incidence rates still **two** times above the average
236 III, 10. 5. 3 | in at least one of the **two** categories). Working in
237 III, 10. 5. 3 | Migrant workers include **two** major categories: the highly
238 III, 10. 5. 3 | Member States, where the **two** mentioned conditions represent
239 III, 10. 6. 2 | and works on the basis of **two** principles: incentive and
**240** IV, 11. 1. 3 | Performance data serve broadly **two** purposes: identify the works
241 IV, 11. 1. 4 | Goddard and Smith 2001). These **two** concepts of equity are arguably
242 IV, 11. 1. 5 | In quality assessment, **two** types of outcomes are generally
243 IV, 11. 1. 5 | contract set that within **two** years the rate of nosocomial
244 IV, 11. 1. 6 | which include elements of **two** or more methods to moderate
245 IV, 11. 1. 6 | Poland and Spain) reveals **two** general strategies: adopting
246 IV, 11. 3. 1 | conditional on undertaking **two** years of practice in rural areas.
247 IV, 11. 4 | HTA comes primarily from **two** sources:~ ~· Published research,
248 IV, 11. 5. 1 | rates fall below 10 pmp.~ ~**Two** different models are present
249 IV, 11. 5. 1 | In the light of these **two** different models, the EU
**250** IV, 11. 5. 1 | geography can be split into **two** areas: countries with NTOs
251 IV, 11. 5. 5 | research at European level. The **two** researchers are respectively
252 IV, 11. 5. 6 | General has been working on **two** projects to develop a European
253 IV, 11. 6. 2 | mechanisms falling into **two** categories: public and private.
254 IV, 11. 6. 2 | closely by disaggregating the **two** predominant sources: out-of-pocket
255 IV, 11. 6. 2 | undesirable effects on equity in **two** ways: by shifting the financial
256 IV, 11. 6. 4 | some overlap between these **two** aims, the former is associated
257 IV, 11. 6. 4 | responded by making use of **two** types of regulations that
258 IV, 12. 1 | successes. Over the past **two** decades, the single market
259 IV, 12. 1 | are discussed during the **two** yearly meetings of the EPSCO
**260** IV, 12. 1 | EPSCO Council and during the **two** additional informal meetings
261 IV, 12. 2 | from different categories. **Two** of the most promising are
262 IV, 12. 2 | the application of these **two** articles, a range of more
263 IV, 12. 4 | the reflection process in **two** communications, making proposals
264 IV, 12. 5 | was awarded a grade B. The **two** main issues were shortcomings
265 IV, 12. 6 | which focuses on one or **two** main topics for discussion
266 IV, 12. 10 | part of this initiative **two** large national campaigns
267 IV, 12. 10 | Frontiers, etc. The last **two** years 3,158 schoolchildren
268 IV, 13. 2. 2 | even higher – more than **two** fifths. With regard to single
269 IV, 13. 2. 2 | DALYs lost, while more than **two** thirds of the population
**270** IV, 13. 2. 3 | per day for men and up to **two** for women) prevents cardiovascular
271 IV, 13. 5 | the reflection process in **two** communications, making proposals
272 IV, 13. 7. 2 | the LMI Communication).~ ~**Two** clear themes emerge from
273 IV, 13. 7. 3 | especially be important in **two** ways. In the first place,
274 IV, 13. 8 | usually considered to fulfil **two** main types of functions (