Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1    I,     2. 10.  1   |               prevention programme and clinical interventions will be specifically
  2    I,     2. 10.  1   |                emerging knowledge into clinical and technological applications.
  3   II,     5.  2.  1   |              et al, 2005).~Even though clinical onset is mainly acute, CVD
  4   II,     5.  2.  2   |                     2007) was based on clinical findings (symptoms, signs
  5   II,     5.  2.  2   |          findings (symptoms, signs and clinical examination); therefore,
  6   II,     5.  2.  4   |                primary prevention) and clinical trials have demonstrated
  7   II,     5.  2.  6   |           adequate health planning and clinical decision making with correct
  8   II,     5.  2.  7   |   cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice: executive summary.
  9   II,     5.  2.  7   |                 Implications of recent clinical trials for the National
 10   II,     5.  3.  2   |               The CR is often asked by clinical geneticists to confirm the
 11   II,     5.  3.  2   |        education, existing facilities, clinical research, patterns of care,
 12   II,     5.  3.  3   |            reflect the distribution of clinical stages and cannot be used
 13   II,     5.  3.  6   |          application of evidence-based clinical guidelines, and recruitment
 14   II,     5.  3.  6   |         guidelines, and recruitment to clinical trials probably account
 15   II,     5.  3.  7   |                stop the development of clinical cancer and in the second
 16   II,     5.  3.  7   |           improve cancer outcomes with clinical services is an extremely
 17   II,     5.  3.  7   |            guidance for transnational, clinical and epidemiological research;~·
 18   II,     5.  4.  2   |             role in providing accurate clinical information.~On a technical
 19   II,     5.  4.  2   |             systems linking individual clinical items to other databases
 20   II,     5.  4.  2   |            baseline, and at each visit clinical measurements, procedures,
 21   II,     5.  4.  2   |          databases that do not involve clinical measurements (e.g. hospital
 22   II,     5.  4.  2   |           However, there is usually no clinical information being collected,
 23   II,     5.  4.  2   |       information system through which clinical practice and statistical
 24   II,     5.  4.  2   |               Definitions:~In terms of clinical management in diabetes,
 25   II,     5.  4.  2   |            also tested every year. The clinical management indicator is
 26   II,     5.  4.  2   |                an important element of clinical management. It is measured
 27   II,     5.  4.  2   |               is 95% for Germany. This clinical parameter seems to have
 28   II,     5.  4.  3   |               Indicators~ ~In terms of clinical management in diabetes,
 29   II,     5.  4.  4   |              not measured routinely in clinical practice, thus we cannot
 30   II,     5.  4.  4   |              to make regular visits at clinical centres. Cross-country variations
 31   II,     5.  4.  4   |          develop diabetes in one year. Clinical management can be followed
 32   II,     5.  4.  4   |               for a range of important clinical measurements. An average
 33   II,     5.  4.  6   |                diabetes across Europe. Clinical guidelines are established
 34   II,     5.  4.  6   |         diabetes research in basic and clinical science and ensuring the
 35   II,     5.  4.  7   |        evidence on the application and clinical effectiveness of best practice
 36   II,     5.  4.  7   |       characteristics (age, gender);~· clinical characteristics (diabetes
 37   II,     5.  4.  7   |               e.g. obesity, lifestyle, clinical measurements, diabetes complications);~·
 38   II,     5.  4.  7   |           investment straight into the clinical setting, where the diabetic
 39   II,     5.  4.  8   |                Nutrition & Metabolism, Clinical and Experimental 13(4),
 40   II,     5.  4.  8   |     information, Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, Volume 74, Pages
 41   II,     5.  5.  3   |                 Results of regional or clinical studies are partly very
 42   II,     5.  5.  3   |         Effects of Anorexia Nervosa on Clinical, Hematologic, Biochemical,
 43   II,     5.  5.  3   |                in early adulthood. The clinical picture includes a range
 44   II,     5.  5.  3   |                due to the multitude of clinical disease course types, one
 45   II,     5.  5.  3   |                of reasons, the routine clinical care of schizophrenia is
 46   II,     5.  5.  3   |              representative of routine clinical samples (strict exclusion
 47   II,     5.  5.  3   |          limited to some weeks). Thus, clinical trials provide tendencies
 48   II,     5.  5.  3   |               to invest into basic and clinical research on schizophrenia
 49   II,     5.  5.  3   |               assessing the quality of clinical practice guidelines: the
 50   II,     5.  5.  3   |               advances and challenges. Clinical Neuroscience Research 3(
 51   II,     5.  5.  3   |           disorder: an open randomised clinical trial. The Lancet 371: 1085-
 52   II,     5.  5.  3   |        described Infantile Autism as a clinical condition characterised
 53   II,     5.  5.  3   |           changes since Kanner’s first clinical description with the intention
 54   II,     5.  5.  3   |          described by Kanner and other clinical conditions like Asperger’
 55   II,     5.  5.  3   |                have been identified in clinical studies by using different
 56   II,     5.  5.  3   |    developmental disorders. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 2005, 66 (suppl.
 57   II,     5.  5.  3   |                  Epilepsy is a chronic clinical disorder affecting both
 58   II,     5.  5.  3   |               by definition, a chronic clinical condition, about two-thirds
 59   II,     5.  5.  3   |                encompasses a number of clinical conditions characterized
 60   II,     5.  5.  3   |            occurrence of more than one clinical condition in the same person.
 61   II,     5.  5.  3   |               in decreasing order, the clinical conditions with PR greater
 62   II,     5.  5.  3   |             been performed in selected clinical samples and differing definitions
 63   II,     5.  5.  3   |   evidence-based medicine measures for clinical practice (NICE, www k; SIGN, www ).
 64   II,     5.  5.  3   |       dissemination and storage of the clinical, laboratory and imaging
 65   II,     5.  5.  3   |                L (1996): Incidence and clinical characterization of unprovoked
 66   II,     5.  5.  3   |            NICE~National Institute for Clinical Excellence~PMR~Proportionate
 67   II,     5.  5.  3   |           respect to its pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, prognosis
 68   II,     5.  5.  3   |                0 to 9.5).~Based on the clinical course, MS is typified as
 69   II,     5.  5.  3   |            Bergen, aimed at collecting clinical and demographic information
 70   II,     5.  5.  3   |                past three decades. The clinical phenotypes also appeared
 71   II,     5.  5.  3   |              time based on historical, clinical and paraclinical evidence.
 72   II,     5.  5.  3   |       McDonnell and Hawkins, 1998b).~ ~Clinical course~ ~The clinical course
 73   II,     5.  5.  3   |                  Clinical course~ ~The clinical course of MS shows heterogeneity
 74   II,     5.  5.  3   |         following categorisation of MS clinical course has been reported (
 75   II,     5.  5.  3   |                Rieckmann, 2006)~Recent clinical studies in MS provide new
 76   II,     5.  5.  3   |                available evidence from clinical studies and on expert opinions
 77   II,     5.  5.  3   |                 National Institute for Clinical Excellence Guideline on
 78   II,     5.  5.  3   |             The National Institute for Clinical Excellence Guideline on
 79   II,     5.  5.  3   |             sclerosis, distribution of clinical forms of the disease and
 80   II,     5.  5.  3   |                year prospective study. Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
 81   II,     5.  5.  3   |               Adeleine P (2003): Early clinical predictors and progression
 82   II,     5.  5.  3   |                SC (1996): Defining the clinical course of multiple sclerosis:
 83   II,     5.  5.  3   |                  Advisory Committee on Clinical Trials on New Agents in
 84   II,     5.  5.  3   |                GV, Hawkins SA (1998b): Clinical study of primary progressive
 85   II,     5.  5.  3   |                registry—a resource for clinical practice and research. Acta
 86   II,     5.  5.  3   |            worldwide prevalence of MS. Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
 87   II,     5.  5.  3   |                1976): Criteria for the clinical diagnosis of multiple sclerosis.
 88   II,     5.  5.  3   |               Nyström L, et al (2004): Clinical characteristics of multiple
 89   II,     5.  5.  3   |       different levels of training and clinical experience: several studies
 90   II,     5.  5.  3   |           infrastructure of a European clinical research network. Its main
 91   II,     5.  5.  3   |              entry; establishment of a clinical research structure that
 92   II,     5.  5.  3   |   evidence-based medicine measures for clinical practice. Although there
 93   II,     5.  5.  3   |              of tracer methodology and clinical ascertainment of cases.
 94   II,     5.  5.  3   |                 A European Network for Clinical Research of Parkinson’s
 95   II,     5.  5.  3   |                 1992): The accuracy of clinical diagnosis of idiopathic
 96   II,     5.  6.  3   |                1993), which utilised a clinical validation of rheumatic
 97   II,     5.  6.  3   |                or without the onset of clinical symptoms. Data is not available
 98   II,     5.  6.  6   |            Committee for International Clinical Studies Including Therapeutics (
 99   II,     5.  6.  6   |             population using idfferent clinical criteria: The Chingford
100   II,     5.  7.  1   |          countries. CKD is a dangerous clinical condition for two reasons:
101   II,     5.  7.  1   |             factor for death and other clinical complications in other chronic
102   II,     5.  7.  1   |            policies aimed at improving clinical outcomes. Proteinuria and
103   II,     5.  7.  5   |                system for benchmarking clinical performance data is currently
104   II,     5.  7.  5   |           transfer from hospital based clinical renal IT systems. The NHS
105   II,     5.  7.  5   |        assistance in the collection of clinical performance indicators in
106   II,     5.  7.  6   |     availability of comparable data on clinical performance indicators in
107   II,     5.  7.  6   |         through the standardization of clinical performance indicators,
108   II,     5.  7.  6   |               to automatically extract clinical data from electronic medical
109   II,     5.  7.  7   |            Jager KJ, Zoccali C (2007): Clinical databases and the QUEST
110   II,     5.  7.  7   |                High Blood Pressure OQI clinical practice guidelines and
111   II,     5.  7.  7   |                practice guidelines and clinical practice recommendations
112   II,     5.  7.  7   |              Kidney Foundation. K/DOQI clinical practice guidelines for
113   II,     5.  7.  7   |              Kidney Foundation. K/DOQI clinical practice guidelines for
114   II,     5.  7.  7   |              Kidney Foundation. K/DOQI clinical practice guidelines for
115   II,     5.  7.  7   |              Kidney Foundation. K/DOQI clinical practice guidelines on hypertension
116   II,     5.  7.  7   |               Blood Pressure Research, Clinical Cardiology, and Epidemiology
117   II,     5.  8.  3   |              women) to 18.3% with the “clinicalcriterion (GOLD Stage I+).~ ~
118   II,     5.  8.  3   |                et al (2004) found that clinical significant symptoms of
119   II,     5.  8.  5   |                 imaging techniques and clinical history should be used to
120   II,     5.  8.  6   |              are in the late phases of clinical trials. New evidence is
121   II,     5.  9. FB   |       carefully followed. Usually, the clinical symptoms of atopy appear
122   II,     5.  9. FB   |                deeper knowledge of the clinical course of allergies is also
123   II,     5.  9. FB   |             and adequate multi-centric clinical studies are required. In
124   II,     5.  9.  2   |               national allergology and clinical immunology societies. Through
125   II,     5.  9.  4   |               In conclusion, atopy and clinical asthma among 13- to 14-yr-old
126   II,     5.  9.  4   |                found between atopy and clinical asthma suggests that atopy
127   II,     5.  9.  5   |       describing the implementation of clinical performance improvement (
128   II,     5.  9.  5   |                develop and implement a clinical and financial strategic
129   II,     5.  9.  5   |               improvement; adopt local clinical and operational performance
130   II,     5.  9.  5   |               diagnosis, treatment and clinical monitoring in severe cases.
131   II,     5.  9.  5   |               is no recommendation for clinical guidelines. Many patients
132   II,     5.  9.  6   |            asthma, focused not only on clinical data but also on the impact
133   II,     5.  9.  6   |             with a specific disease or clinical condition.~ ~The importance
134   II,     5.  9.  7   |              and asthma ad hoc survey: clinical and psychological perspectives,
135   II,     5.  9.  7   |            psychological perspectives, Clinical and Experimental Allergy,
136   II,     5.  9.  7   |                     1999): Integrating clinical performance improvement
137   II,     5. 10.  1   |               type and severity of the clinical manifestations largely depend
138   II,     5. 10.  2   |     informational databases focused on clinical, biochemical and epidemiological
139   II,     5. 10.  2   |          database with biochemical and clinical information on 77 allergens
140   II,     5. 10.  2   |         information (cross-reactivity, clinical manifestations, diagnosis),
141   II,     5. 10.  4   |           often under-diagnosed in the clinical setting due to the low awareness
142   II,     5. 10.  4   |                diagnosis, treatment of clinical manifestations, death and
143   II,     5. 10.  6   |     European-based epidemiological and clinical studies using common and
144   II,     5. 10.  7   |          Wieser H (2001): Analysis and clinical effects of gluten in coeliac
145   II,     5. 11.  2   |         updating systematic reviews of clinical trials relating to skin
146   II,     5. 11.  3   |               parents and carers (NICE clinical guideline).~Surveys of specific
147   II,     5. 11.  3   |              ACD elicitation. However, clinical data indicate that the vast
148   II,     5. 11.  3   |        continues to be responsible for clinical disease among youngsters (
149   II,     5. 11.  3   |              several other distinctive clinical variants of psoriasis are
150   II,     5. 11.  6   |               more guided by important clinical questions.~In conclusion,
151   II,     5. 11.  7   |              Svensson Å, et al (2001): Clinical features of atopic dermatitis
152   II,     5. 11.  7   |               Institute for health and clinical excellence (NICE) (2007):
153   II,     5. 11.  7   |              excellence (NICE) (2007): clinical guideline 57Atopic eczema
154   II,     5. 12.  6   |             time. Active monitoring of clinical practice in this field and,
155   II,     5. 14.  2   |           Dentists and Other Oral Care Clinical Providers~The number and
156   II,     5. 14.  2   |             oral health therapists and clinical dental technicians.~Numerator:
157   II,     5. 14.  2   |           dentists and other oral care clinical providers per 100,000 population.~
158   II,     5. 15.  1   |            limited and there is little clinical research in the field. More
159   II,     5. 15.  4   |                medicinal product" and "clinical superiority". A general
160   II,     6.  3.  4   |             Ireland). The intensity of clinical influenza activity in 10
161   II,     6.  3.  7   |        infections may be asymptomatic. Clinical illness results in haemorrhagic
162   II,     6.  3.  7   |          disease due to its unspecific clinical features.~ ~ ~Leptospirosis~ ~
163   II,     6.  3.  7   |           zoonotic disease with a wide clinical spectrum, caused by Leptospira
164   II,     6.  3.  7   |        severity of the disease and its clinical characteristics, it is unlikely
165   II,     8.  2.  1   |      monitoring at both population and clinical levels (van Schrojenstein
166   II,     8.  2.  1   |            health outcomes following a clinical health screening intervention
167   II,     9           |              and diabetes, appropriate clinical care can reduce the risk,
168   II,     9           |         randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trials have shown that beta-blockers,
169   II,     9.  1.  1   |            with CP, some have a severe clinical presentation and are unable
170   II,     9.  1.  1   |             Other children have a mild clinical CP type, i.e. they walk
171   II,     9.  1.  2   |              and diabetes, appropriate clinical care can reduce the risk,
172   II,     9.  1.  2   |                on how one delimits the clinical or disease entities. Most
173   II,     9.  1.  2   |               and the CNR Institute of Clinical Physiology, Pisa, Italy.
174   II,     9.  2.  3   |              the National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE) guidance
175   II,     9.  2.  3   |              gives prevalence rates of clinical asthma2 in 13- to 14-year-old
176   II,     9.  2.  3(2)|             used as the prevalence of "clinical asthma." A number of arguments
177   II,     9.  2.  3(2)|         reported prevalence rates for "clinical asthma" represent a conservative
178   II,     9.  2.  8   |             NICE~National Institute of Clinical Excellence~RPGs~Regional
179   II,     9.  3.  1   |            menopausal transition.~ ~In clinical trials, mastalgia has been
180   II,     9.  3.  1   |             menopause.~ ~Experimental, clinical and epidemiological data
181   II,     9.  3.  1(3)|          endocrinologic, biologic, and clinical features of approaching
182   II,     9.  3.  1   |             female counterparts. Men's clinical condition at that age has
183   II,     9.  3.  1   |            gradually and often without clinical and biochemical signs of
184   II,     9.  3.  1   |          consensus on the hormonal and clinical criteria that should be
185   II,     9.  3.  1   |             American Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guidelines (2006)
186   II,     9.  3.  1   |         randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trials have shown that beta-blockers,
187   II,     9.  3.  1   |               International journal of clinical practice, 62(6):973-6~ ~
188   II,     9.  3.  1   |            review of sociocultural and clinical literature with particular
189   II,     9.  3.  1   |             for Osteoporosis in Men: A Clinical Practice Guideline from
190   II,     9.  4.  1   |              reflected in policies and clinical practice. Public healthcare
191   II,     9.  4.  3   |               older patients. Specific clinical trials are needed for elderly
192   II,     9.  4.  5   |           inclusion of older people in clinical trials would also be of
193   II,     9.  4.  7   |                07.07~ ~Kwan, J (2001), Clinical epidemiology of stroke.
194   II,     9.  5.  1   |             receive. Most research and clinical trials are made on men,
195  III,    10.  1.  3   |      physical activity on food intake. Clinical Nutrition 24:885-895.~Meusel
196  III,    10.  1.  3   |              and suicidal behaviour. A clinical overview. Acta Psychiatr
197  III,    10.  2.  1   |            tobacco use and dependence: Clinical Practice Guideline. Rockville,
198  III,    10.  2.  1   |            heavy drinkers, Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research,
199  III,    10.  2.  1   |             methodological analysis of clinical trials of treatments for
200  III,    10.  2.  1   |           Heroin Addiction and Related Clinical Problems 4: 512.~ ~Darke
201  III,    10.  2.  1   |             negatively as expressed by clinical measures, but also have
202  III,    10.  2.  1   |       difficult (White et al, 2006).~ ~Clinical and public health research
203  III,    10.  2.  1   |          intake in European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 58, 1000-1010~
204  III,    10.  2.  1   |              1983. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 60:1174-1179.~ ~
205  III,    10.  2.  1   |       definitions. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 61:743-751.~ ~
206  III,    10.  2.  1   |            Cyprus. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 59:1259-1265.~ ~
207  III,    10.  2.  4   |              prevention programmes and clinical interventions will be specifically
208  III,    10.  2.  4   |            translational research into clinical and technological applications.
209  III,    10.  2.  4   |                discussed mainly in the clinical setting. The main burden
210  III,    10.  2.  4   |                of molecular changes to clinical endpoints. Am J Pathol,
211  III,    10.  2.  5   |           chemicals are known to cause clinical neurotoxic effects in adults.
212  III,    10.  3.  2   |           chemicals are known to cause clinical neurotoxic effects in adults.
213  III,    10.  3.  3   |    encephalopathy (prion disease). The clinical picture is characterised
214   IV,    11.Acr       |                Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence~OEOs~Organ Exchange
215   IV,    11.  1.  3   |               with the introduction of clinical guidelines and linking payments
216   IV,    11.  1.  5   |            self-assessed and objective/clinical outcomes.~ ~Moreover, distinctions
217   IV,    11.  1.  5   |          quality assessment models and clinical quality assessment schemes (
218   IV,    11.  1.  5   |                peer review/visitation, clinical audit, quality circles and
219   IV,    11.  1.  5   |      indicators are necessary to guide clinical quality assessment although,
220   IV,    11.  1.  5   |                 Registers are based on clinical specialties - e.g. cataracts
221   IV,    11.  1.  5   |      appropriateness of care relate to clinical quality assessment schemes
222   IV,    11.  1.  5   |             assessment schemes such as clinical practice guidelines, quality
223   IV,    11.  1.  5   |              systems, patient surveys, clinical governance and audit processes.~ ~
224   IV,    11.  1.  5   |      governance and audit processes.~ ~Clinical practice guidelines are
225   IV,    11.  1.  5   |                   The effectiveness of clinical guidelines on the quality
226   IV,    11.  1.  5   |                 Cheah, 1998). Also, if clinical guidelines are not legislated,
227   IV,    11.  1.  5   |                Medical information and clinical pharmacy services are needed
228   IV,    11.  1.  5   |         expanded to include working as clinical pharmacists at ward level,
229   IV,    11.  1.  5   |                  The four domains are: clinical standards (covering major
230   IV,    11.  1.  5   |                s use of evidence-based clinical guidelines, administrative
231   IV,    11.  1.  5   |         guidelines, administrative and clinical best practices, information
232   IV,    11.  1.  5   |                Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE), are increasingly
233   IV,    11.  1.  5   |         Organization to develop global clinical norms and standards. Nevertheless,
234   IV,    11.  1.  6   |           preventive services, improve clinical outcomes and enhance patient
235   IV,    11.  1.  6   |        equivalent costs and equivalent clinical diagnoses, severity and
236   IV,    11.  1.  6   |              commonly a combination of clinical, demographic and resource
237   IV,    11.  2.  2   |                Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence. The methodology
238   IV,    11.  3.  2   |        therapeutic value of a drug and clinical gains. While the price control
239   IV,    11.  4       |             Complex organisational and clinical interventions e.g. acute
240   IV,    11.  4       |               aspectsInterventional clinical research, mainly randomised
241   IV,    11.  4       |         randomised controlled trialsClinical epidemiology and statistics~·
242   IV,    11.  4       |              Published research, be it clinical, epidemiological, psychological,
243   IV,    11.  4       |               Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) (Walley,
244   IV,    11.  6.  2   |            cost sharing exemptions~ ~ ~Clinical condition~Level of income~
245   IV,    11.  6.  4   |            budgetary planning or guide clinical practice (Hutton et al,
246   IV,    11.  6.  4   |               cases and differences in clinical practice among populations,
247   IV,    11.  6.  4   |             selected diseases, whereas clinical records and registers are
248   IV,    11.  6.  4   |    consideration because of their high clinical and public health importance
249   IV,    11.  6.  5   |           assessment of the quality of clinical practice guidelines in oncology
250   IV,    11.  6.  5   |       Proceedings of the 1994 Canadian Clinical Practice Guidelines Network
251   IV,    11.  6.  5   |              TS (1998): "The impact of clinical guidelines and clinical
252   IV,    11.  6.  5   |                clinical guidelines and clinical pathways on medical practice:
253   IV,    11.  6.  5   | Chaix-Couturier C et al. (2000): "From clinical recommendations to mandatory
254   IV,    11.  6.  5   |               FB, Garfield JM (2000): "Clinical judgment and clinical practice
255   IV,    11.  6.  5   |                  Clinical judgment and clinical practice guidelines." International
256   IV,    11.  6.  5   |               L (2000): "The Effect of Clinical Practice Guidelines on Variations
257   IV,    11.  6.  5   |              al. (2000): "Implementing clinical guidelines in the treatment
258   IV,    11.  6.  5   |              quality improvement using clinical indicators: the Danish National
259   IV,    11.  6.  5   |              Lancaster DR (2000): "The clinical guideline process within
260   IV,    12.  1       |              Directives~Promoting Good Clinical Practice. Setting Standards
261   IV,    12.  1       |        Practice. Setting Standards for clinical trials, marketing, & advertising
262   IV,    12.  1       |        regulatory decisions about good clinical practice and good manufacturing
263   IV,    12.  2       |           improve cancer outcomes with clinical services. It involves a
264   IV,    12.  3       |         interoperability of electronic clinical files and the “ Smart Open
265   IV,    12. 10       |               PERH – implementation of clinical waste plan~Selected chemical
266   IV,    12. 10       |           detailed guidelines for good clinical practice as regards investigational
267   IV,    13.Acr       |                Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence. The methodology
268   IV,    13.  6.  2   |               the ethical challenge of clinical trials where children are