Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1    I,     2.  5    |               but the number of young adults (25-39) will decrease by
  2    I,     2.  5    |          older workers + 15.5%, young adults -10%).~ ~A possible trend
  3    I,     3.  3    |    substantial.~ ~The shares of Young adults (25-39) have hardly changed
  4    I,     3.  3    |         Turkey, Ireland and Greece.~ ~Adults (40-54) are most prominent
  5   II,     5.  1.  1|             patients.~Food Allergy~In adults, main foods responsible
  6   II,     5.  1.  3|              asthma morbidity in both adults and children. The educational
  7   II,     5.  2.  6|       individual data for one million adults in 61 prospective studies.
  8   II,     5.  3.  6|            the prevalence of European adults with a history of childhood
  9   II,     5.  3.  9|         cancers combined for European adults diagnosed in 199599: results
 10   II,     5.  5.Int|                Between 15% and 20% of adults suffer some form of mental
 11   II,     5.  5.Int|           usually first affects young adults. Three-quarters of them
 12   II,     5.  5.  1|             425 non-institutionalized adults, collected during 2001-3.
 13   II,     5.  5.  1|      presented lower risks than older adults. In four countries (Sweden,
 14   II,     5.  5.  1|               lower risk than younger adults.~ ~Figure 5.5.1.4. Odds
 15   II,     5.  5.  2|           International Protection of Adults which regulates the recognition
 16   II,     5.  5.  2|          protection for incapacitated adults in cross-border situations.
 17   II,     5.  5.  3|       Children, adolescents and early adults are a particularly vulnerable
 18   II,     5.  5.  3|             on service utilization of adults at age 15 and older covering
 19   II,     5.  5.  3|            billion) annually, yet for adults the figure is £25 billion (
 20   II,     5.  5.  3|              eight times as much. For adults with autism the highest
 21   II,     5.  5.  3|       different age groups (children, adults, elderly).~The socio-cultural
 22   II,     5.  5.  3|        Beilmann et al., 1999~Estonia ~Adults ~MR review and examination~
 23   II,     5.  5.  3|              et al., 2003 (*)~Finland~Adults ~MR review and examination~
 24   II,     5.  5.  3|                Children >10 years and adults~Two-phase across sectional ~
 25   II,     5.  5.  3|               et al., 2001 (*)~Sweden~Adults ~Multisource medical register
 26   II,     5.  5.  3|              1970 (*)~The Netherlands~Adults and elderly~Door-to-door
 27   II,     5.  5.  3|         seizures both in children and adults. As shown by Forsgren (2004)
 28   II,     5.  5.  3|            prevalence studies made on adults from industrialized (largely
 29   II,     5.  5.  3|             syndromes in children and adults.~In contrast with incidence,
 30   II,     5.  5.  3|              6 to 5.3 in children and adults (Jallon, 2004) (Table 5.
 31   II,     5.  5.  3|          large cohort of children and adults and matched controls enrolled
 32   II,     5.  5.  3|            psychiatric comorbidity in adults was undertaken in the UK
 33   II,     5.  5.  3|           rate at 10 years was 61% in adults (Lindsen et al, 2001) and
 34   II,     5.  5.  3|             of unprovoked seizures in adults: a prospective population-based
 35   II,     5.  5.  3|              of status epilepticus in adults in Bologna, Italy. Epilepsia
 36   II,     5.  5.  3|          physical disability in young adults (Sadovnick and Ebers, 1993).~ ~
 37   II,     5.  6.  3|              UK, a report on disabled adults from the Office of Population
 38   II,     5.  6.  3|              joint problems. Of those adults with a rheumatic disorder,
 39   II,     5.  6.  6|        prevalence of disability among adults.~ ~Department of Health,
 40   II,     5.  6.  6|        Prevalence of disability among adults.~Oleksik A, Lips P, Dawson
 41   II,     5.  7.  1|               by CKD and ESRD both in adults (Gorodetskaya et al, 2005;
 42   II,     5.  7.  2|             children, adolescents and adults and on the data of the Registry
 43   II,     5.  7.  3|       patients pmarp (Table 5.7.3).~ ~Adults~ ~CKD incidence in adults
 44   II,     5.  7.  3|             Adults~ ~CKD incidence in adults has been studied very little (
 45   II,     5.  7.  3|               children/adolescents or adults.~In the 1992-2005 period
 46   II,     5.  7.  3|               prevalence of CKD among adults are available for 12 countries.
 47   II,     5.  7.  3|           population (Table 5.7.7).~ ~Adults~ ~The prevalence of CKD
 48   II,     5.  7.  4|              Seligman et al, 2007) in adults and obesity in children (
 49   II,     5.  7.  7|       Screening for proteinuria in US adults: a cost-effectiveness analysis.
 50   II,     5.  7.  7|           kidney damage in Australian adults: the AusDiab kidney study.
 51   II,     5.  7.  7|            kidney function in Chinese adults aged 35 to 74 years. Kidney
 52   II,     5.  7.  7|     prevalence, and trends among U.S. adults, 1999 to 2000. J Am Soc
 53   II,     5.  7.  7|             disease among nondiabetic adults. J Am Soc Nephrol 2005 Jul;
 54   II,     5.  7.  7|         glomerular filtration rate in adults without kidney disease.
 55   II,     5.  8.  3|             spirometric definition in adults over 40 years of age. A
 56   II,     5.  8.  3|      emphysema in the past year among adults in seven EU cities (Angers,
 57   II,     5.  8.  3|                data from 18 000 young adults (2044 years) enrolled between
 58   II,     5.  8.  7|             cough and phlegm in young adults. Eur Respir J 2003; 22:
 59   II,     5.  8.  7|            pulmonary disease in young adults according to GOLD stages.
 60   II,     5.  8.  7|       Occupational Exposures in Young Adults Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care
 61   II,     5.  8.  7|            and Lung Function in Young Adults . An International Study
 62   II,     5.  9.Acr|              Study on Asthma in Young Adults~MAS~Multicentric Allergy
 63   II,     5.  9.Acr|        Pollution and Lung Diseases in Adults~ ~ ~ ~
 64   II,     5.  9.  2|             of more than 10,000 young adults begun in 1998.~ ~In contrast
 65   II,     5.  9.  2|         prevalence among children and adults by Medline searches for
 66   II,     5.  9.  2|      considered: 5 of them were among adults, 13 among children and two
 67   II,     5.  9.  3|           high in children and low in adults; nevertheless, such a clean
 68   II,     5.  9.  3|            reported 19% prevalence in adults and 35% in children - while
 69   II,     5.  9.  3|             an estimate of 4.4% among adults was recorded), Bulgaria (
 70   II,     5.  9.  3|               in children and 6.8% in adults), Spain (6.3%), Croatia (
 71   II,     5.  9.  3|             15%, Switzerland 14.2% in adults and 17% in children, Czech
 72   II,     5.  9.  3|              Study on Asthma in Young Adults (ISAYA) (Bugiani et al,
 73   II,     5.  9.  3|               asthma prevalence among adults may have reached a plateau
 74   II,     5.  9.  4|             in children as well as in adults with occupational exposures.
 75   II,     5.  9.  4|               data, (Bousquet, 2003). Adults aged 2044, living in 35
 76   II,     5.  9.  4|        Pollution and Lung Diseases in Adults (SAPALDIA) (Wü ch et al,
 77   II,     5.  9.  4|             examination included 9651 adults, aged 18-60, who all participated
 78   II,     5.  9.  7|      comorbidity in a survey of young adults in Italy. Allergy 2005,
 79   II,     5.  9.  7|              to inhalant allergens in adults. J Allergy Clin Immunol.
 80   II,     5. 10.  1|              estimated around 1-3% in adults and 4-6% in children (EFSA,
 81   II,     5. 10.  2|              in infants, children and adults including, but not restricted
 82   II,     5. 10.  3|             survey conducted on young adults of 12 European countries
 83   II,     5. 10.  3|            other studies conducted on adults. Prevalence of self-reported
 84   II,     5. 10.  3|              of self-reported FHS for adults and children was about 12% (
 85   II,     5. 10.  3|      difference between the number of adults who perceive they are intolerant
 86   II,     5. 10.  3|               in children and 1-3% in adults, the female to male ratio
 87   II,     5. 10.  3|           Løvik and Narmok, 2004). In adults, main foods responsible
 88   II,     5. 10.  7|         respiratory symptoms in young adults. Eur Respir J 1998; 11(1):
 89   II,     5. 11.  3|          Contact sensitisation~German adults (population-based, nested
 90   II,     5. 11.  3|             et al~Hand eczema~Swedish adults (large questionnaire survey)~
 91   II,     5. 11.  3|              Prevalence estimates for adults suggest an overall frequency
 92   II,     5. 11.  3|             of the population, mainly adults. Asteatotic eczema may be
 93   II,     5. 11.  3|       unselected population of Danish adults found that 15.2% were allergic
 94   II,     5. 11.  3|               affecting around 10% of adults in Europe.~Hand eczema represents
 95   II,     5. 13    |              to be applicable only to adults are now being seen among
 96   II,     5. 14.  1|             services for children and adults especially from low-income
 97   II,     5. 14.  2|             children, adolescents and adults (Bourgeois, 2004). In Scandinavia,
 98   II,     5. 14.  2|             of children, adolescents, adults age group and elderly. The
 99   II,     5. 14.  2|           teeth.~Numerator: Number of adults aged more than 35 years
100   II,     5. 14.  2|                Denominator: Number of adults surveyed.~ ~e. Dentists
101   II,     5. 14.  3|       European populations, including adults, appears to have been «
102   II,     5. 14.  3|               need of dental care. In adults, the data underlined the
103   II,     5. 14.  3|          remain and many children and adults still develop caries. The
104   II,     5. 14.  3|                disparities remain and adults still develop caries. Dental
105   II,     5. 14.  3|      throughout their lifespan. Older adults might have similar or higher
106   II,     5. 14.  3|               lifestyle factors. Only adults aged 65-74 present significant
107   II,     5. 14.  3|            become a burden for ageing adults. In Canada, Locker reported
108   II,     5. 14.  3|            reported that one third of adults aged 50 or older reported
109   II,     5. 14.  3|             their oral health status. Adults in France also reported
110   II,     5. 14.  3|             that large proportions of adults wearing denturesranging
111   II,     5. 14.  3|           more) affects 10% to 15% of adults (Figure 5.14.2). According
112   II,     5. 14.  3|          adolescents and 40 to 50% of adults. Surveys also show that
113   II,     5. 14.  3|            the young adult population adults in Western countries have
114   II,     5. 14.  3|        periodontal problems. In older adults moderate periodontitis affects
115   II,     5. 14.  3|              severe.~ ~Figure 5.14.2. Adults aged 35-44 with Severe Periodontal
116   II,     5. 14.  3|               disproportionately upon adults from particular underrepresented
117   II,     5. 14.  3|            affect 10% of all European adults in a few places.~ ~Dental
118   II,     5. 14.  5|             services for children and adults especially from low-income
119   II,     5. 14.  7| institutionalized and homebound older adults. Some efforts have been
120   II,     5. 14.  7|          system to the needs of older adults, but more consistent attention
121   II,     6.  3.  5|           mumps mainly affected young adults. The overall incidence in
122   II,     6.  3.  5|        febrile illness affecting both adults and children. The most serious
123   II,     6.  3.  6|        children 514 years of age and adults 4564 years of age.~ ~
124   II,     7.  1    |       children, adolescents and young adults accidents and injuries are
125   II,     7.  3.  2|       children, adolescents and young adults (those aged between 1 and
126   II,     7.  4    |       children, adolescents and young adults. The burden of premature
127   II,     7.  4.  1|       children, adolescents and young adults between 1 to 24 years of
128   II,     7.  4.  1|       Regarding adolescents and young adults: ,over 62 million young
129   II,     8.  2.  1|            intellectual disability in adults has been found to be 0.36%
130   II,     8.  2.  1|     disabilities.~In a survey of 1542 adults with intellectual disabilities
131   II,     8.  2.  1|            group – for example, older adults with Down syndrome who are
132   II,     8.  2.  1|            obesity and exercise among adults with intellectual disabilities
133   II,     8.  2.  1|              psychiatric disorders in adults with intellectual disability.
134   II,     8.  2.  3|          adult onset hearing loss for adults aged 15 years and over~ ~
135   II,     8.  2.  3|              hearing disability among adults in Great Britain. International
136   II,     8.  2.  3|             of hearing problems among adults in Italy. Scandinavian Audiology
137   II,     9        |         delivery, newborns, children, adults and elderly). The main health
138   II,     9        |             1c. Main risk factors for adults~ ~Major modifiable risk
139   II,     9.  1.  2|              of affected children and adults and their familiescontribution
140   II,     9.  1.  2|              protecting the health of adults and children is not necessarily
141   II,     9.  2.  1|            are totally dependant upon adults for their health and well
142   II,     9.  2.  1|               grow up to be unhealthy adults. This unfortunately offsets
143   II,     9.  2.  2|       Moreover, the focus is still on adults and households, and not
144   II,     9.  2.  2|             category results in young adults who may be married householders
145   II,     9.  2.  2|            Children are not miniature adults, their needs and their service
146   II,     9.  2.  2|           swamped by the interests of adults, and by the major diseases
147   II,     9.  2.  6|             significantly compared to adults. The impact of disability
148   II,     9.  3    |                                  9.3. Adults~ ~
149   II,     9.  3.  1|           that between 15% and 20% of adults suffered some form of mental
150   II,     9.  3.  1|           usually first affects young adults. Three-quarters of them
151   II,     9.  3.  1|         prevalence rate is 7.5% among adults aged 20 or over. In Germany
152   II,     9.  3.  1|             will be 150 million obese adults (about 20% of the population)
153   II,     9.  3.  1|             The main risk factors for adults are summarized in Table
154   II,     9.  3.  1|             1c. Main risk factors for adults~Major modifiable risk factors
155   II,     9.  3.  3|             Sexual health among young adults in Finland: Assessing risk
156   II,     9.  4.  3|               while the proportion of adults aged 1564 is expected to
157   II,     9.  4.  3|            Romania and Estonia, where adults are more often affected
158   II,     9.  4.  7|        psychiatric services for older adults. Age and Ageing. vol. 35,
159   II,     9.  5.  3|          reported a sexual assault as adults6.4% reported rape as
160   II,     9.  5.  3|                 6.4% reported rape as adults~Latviab ( 1998 study )~·
161   II,     9.  5.  3|               7. Percentage of Female Adults Smoking in 1985 and 2002-
162   II,     9.  5.  3|           understood.~ ~Figure 9.5.5. Adults (15+) selectingtrying
163   II,     9.  5.  3|          clear that the proportion of adults who regularly undertake
164   II,     9.  5.  3|             low. In 2002, over 40% of adults in EU-15 countries reported
165  III,    10.  1.  1|   subpopulations (e.g. adolescents vs adults, underserved populations
166  III,    10.  2.  1|              Chronic diseases~Childen~Adults~Larinx~Stroke~Brain tumors*~
167  III,    10.  2.  1|             States. The proportion of adults who smoke in the EU27 ranges
168  III,    10.  2.  1|             chronic disease burden in adults. Lancet, 2006; 367: 749-
169  III,    10.  2.  1|               and is increasing among adults. The harm done by alcohol
170  III,    10.  2.  1|               years~ ~Some 53 million adults (14% of the adult population
171  III,    10.  2.  1|                The proportion of EU15 adults who normally drank five
172  III,    10.  2.  1|                given that 67% of EU15 adults reported alcohol consumption
173  III,    10.  2.  1|             the actual number of EU15 adults who normally drank five
174  III,    10.  2.  1|           among both young people and adults. There is a direct relationship
175  III,    10.  2.  1|               of cocaine use in young adults (15-34 y) have been registered
176  III,    10.  2.  1|           among adolescents and young adults, with usually higher prevalence
177  III,    10.  2.  1|       students~ ~Drug use among young adults (15-34 year old)~ ~Most
178  III,    10.  2.  1|         average, 30% (3-50%) of young adults in Europe report lifetime
179  III,    10.  2.  1|              past year, 2.4% of young adults have used the drug and 1%
180  III,    10.  2.  1|       selected EU Countries for young adults (aged 15 to 34)~ ~Drug use
181  III,    10.  2.  1|            the 1990-ties both for all adults (aged 15-64) and young adults (
182  III,    10.  2.  1|         adults (aged 15-64) and young adults (15-34). Nowadays, we can
183  III,    10.  2.  1|     prevalence of cocaine among young adults, measured by population
184  III,    10.  2.  1|            that around 1% of European adults, or about 3 million people,
185  III,    10.  2.  1|        school-aged children and young adults increased rapidly along
186  III,    10.  2.  1|               overall mortality among adults aged 15-49 could be attributed
187  III,    10.  2.  1|              personal oral hygiene in adults and children because it
188  III,    10.  2.  1|          children and adolescents and adults who are using tobacco at
189  III,    10.  2.  1|               2.5.1) and 40 to 50% of adults (Bourgeois et al, 2004).
190  III,    10.  2.  1|              teenagers and 40-50% for adults. Only 5-6% of gum sites
191  III,    10.  2.  1|           caries in both children and adults (WHO, 1994; OMullane et
192  III,    10.  2.  1|            product specific for young adults between 18 and 25 has been
193  III,    10.  2.  1|           self-esteem in children and adults (Sonstroem, 1984) as well
194  III,    10.  2.  1|        Eurobarometer survey series on adults: The Eurobarometer survey
195  III,    10.  2.  1|               physical activity among adults in Finland (since 1978)
196  III,    10.  2.  1|             10.2.1.6.1. Proportion of adults (aged 15 years of over)
197  III,    10.  2.  1|            inactivity in children and adults in the United States: current
198  III,    10.  2.  1|              to be applicable only to adults are now being seen among
199  III,    10.  2.  1|             children, adolescents and adults, which was prepared for
200  III,    10.  2.  1|              children, adolescents or adults were identified. The data
201  III,    10.  2.  1|             children, adolescents and adults, respectively (“Alfred Rusescu”
202  III,    10.  2.  1|          overweight and obesity among adults were available from 2324
203  III,    10.  2.  1|        absence of measured data.~ ~In adults, overweight and obesity
204  III,    10.  2.  1|           pre-obese is used to define adults with a BMI of 25.0-29.9
205  III,    10.  2.  1|      adolescents aged 10-19 years and adults aged 20 years and above.~ ~
206  III,    10.  2.  1|         national dietary survey among adults~NORKOST~1997~2672~16-79~
207  III,    10.  2.  1|             year-olds~ ~Prevalence in Adults~ ~As illustrated in Figure
208  III,    10.  2.  1|            pre-obese and obese) among adults showed a range of 7-27%
209  III,    10.  2.  1|          overweight and obesity among adults~ ~Trends over time~ ~The
210  III,    10.  2.  1|               calcium intake in older adults can retard bone loss and
211  III,    10.  2.  1|             day should be achieved by adults 51 years of age (Dietary
212  III,    10.  2.  1|        increased physical activity in adults have been fairly modest.
213  III,    10.  2.  1|               the same foibles as for adults notably a high intake of
214  III,    10.  2.  1|            risk. This also applies to adults. While the intake of folate
215  III,    10.  2.  1|            1987 and 2001 among Danish adults. Obesity Research 12:1464–
216  III,    10.  2.  1|         health survey 2003. Volume 2: Adults. Edinburgh, Scottish Executive
217  III,    10.  2.  1|     Overweight and obesity in Italian adults 2004, and an overview of
218  III,    10.  2.  1|             fat distribution in Greek adults. Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
219  III,    10.  2.  1|              Underreporting of BMI in adults and its effect on obesity
220  III,    10.  2.  5|        clinical neurotoxic effects in adults. Despite an absence of systematic
221  III,    10.  2.  5|               have coronary events as adults. N Engl J Med 2005;353:1802-
222  III,    10.  3.  1|             to RF field exposure than adults in view of their continuing
223  III,    10.  3.  1|             ELF on either children or adults. Current information on
224  III,    10.  3.  1|              in adolescents and young adults is an increasing cause of
225  III,    10.  3.  1|       morbidity. Sleep disturbance in adults, results in significantly
226  III,    10.  3.  1|            health effects of UVR than adults. In a significant part of
227  III,    10.  3.  1|           parents, teachers and other adults to protect them against
228  III,    10.  3.  2|             also includes diseases of adults. The European environment
229  III,    10.  3.  2|        clinical neurotoxic effects in adults. Despite an absence of systematic
230  III,    10.  3.  2|           lead levels in children and adults, which clearly indicates
231  III,    10.  3.  3|           rash illness affecting both adults and children. The most serious
232  III,    10.  4.  1|               increased mortality, in adults. The measure of exposure
233  III,    10.  4.  1|              reduced lung function as adults. Estimates show that the
234  III,    10.  4.  1|    exacerbations in both children and adults (11). In addition to particles (
235  III,    10.  4.  1|            time European children and adults spend indoors. Indoor air
236  III,    10.  4.  2|          virus~GE~Jaundice~ ~High, in adults~Hepatitis E virus~ ~Jaundice~ ~
237  III,    10.  5.  3|               but the number of young adults (25-39) will decrease by
238  III,    10.  5.  3|          older workers + 15.5%, young adults -10%).~A second trend is
239   IV,    12. 10    |                preferably 600 g/d for adults and children (>10 years
240   IV,    12. 10    |            and internet-platforms for adults and children/adolescents (
241   IV,    12. 10    |                     Dietary habits of adults are evaluated as part of
242   IV,    12. 10    |              Psychosocial Support for adults and children~ ~Municipal
243   IV,    12. 10    |              Proportion of overweight adults in the population (BMI =
244   IV,    12. 10    |              9)~ ~Proportion of obese adults (BMI>30) in the population~ ~
245   IV,    12. 10    |     Physical activity~ ~Proportion of adults who are physically active
246   IV,    12. 10    |               per day~ ~Proportion of adults with a sedentary leisure
247   IV,    12. 10    |            treated by teachers, other adults and fellow pupils~Domain
248   IV,    12. 10    |              Proportion of overweight adults in the population (BMI =
249   IV,    12. 10    |              9)~ ~Proportion of obese adults (BMI>30) in the population~ ~
250   IV,    12. 10    |         habits~Dietary guidelines for adults, children ~Physical activity~
251   IV,    12. 10    |           population (schoolchildren, adults)~Croatian Food and Nutrition
252   IV,    12. 10    |         survey~Dietary guidelines for adults, children ~Genomics and
253   IV,    13.  5    |               a heavy burden on older adults due to associated long-term
254   IV,    13.  5    |           there are fewer working-age adults to support the elderly.
255   IV,    13.  6.  2|          adult hospital beds – nor do adults occupy children’s hospital
256  Key,   Ap5.  0.  0|           adult~adulthood~adult-onset~adults~adverse~advocacy~aeromonas~