Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1    I,     3.  1        |              other Member States like France and Sweden. Generally speaking,
  2    I,     3.  1        |               2005 Ireland (1.88) and France (1.92) reported the highest
  3    I,     3.  1        |               in all countries except France (2.23), Ireland (2.67),
  4    I,     3.  1        |               cohort 1935 in Belgium, France and the United Kingdom,
  5    I,     3.  1        |          about 10%) and even lower in France (8%). More recent cohorts
  6    I,     3.  1        |            Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Latvia, Slovenia, Sweden,
  7    I,     3.  2        |           were even larger in Cyprus, France, Greece, Ireland, Luxembourg,
  8    I,     3.  2        |            growth between 10 and 15%, France, the Netherlands and the
  9    I,     3.  2        |               Union. Only in Finland, France and the Netherlands the
 10    I,     3.  2        |           high net immigration, while France, Ireland, Luxembourg and
 11    I,     3.  2        |             the population), but also France (11%), the UK (7%), Poland (
 12    I,     3.  3        |          Luxembourg, Sweden, Belgium, France, United Kingdom).~ ~Young
 13    I,     3.  3        |          Denmark, the United Kingdom, France and Austria had only minor
 14    I,     3.  3        |               Luxembourg, Belgium and France have the smallest. Currently,
 15    I,     3.  3        |           Luxembourg, Sweden, the UK, France and Belgium have the smallest.
 16    I,     3.  3        |              Slovenia. Sweden, Italy, France, the UK and Germany are
 17   II,     4.  1        |        EUROSTAT database,2 except for France and Italy where death counts
 18   II,     4.  1        |            database, again except for France and Italy in 2005 (see above).~ ~
 19   II,     5.  2.  2    |             countries (Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Malta, Portugal).
 20   II,     5.  2.  3    |               7 deaths per 100.000 in France to 327.0 deaths per 100.
 21   II,     5.  2.  3    |              72 deaths per 100.000 in France and 555 in Latvia; in women
 22   II,     5.  2.  3    |               women 16 per 100.000 in France and 167 in Latvia).~ ~Table
 23   II,     5.  2.  3(6) |          Greece, Spain, Italy, Malta, France, Portugal.~
 24   II,     5.  2.  3    |              60 deaths per 100.000 in France to 399 deaths per 100.000
 25   II,     5.  2.  3    |              36 deaths per 100.000 in France to 297 deaths in Bulgaria,
 26   II,     5.  3.  2    |               2005, involves Denmark, France, Hungary, Ireland, Spain (
 27   II,     5.  3.  3    |             Europe: Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, the
 28   II,     5.  3.  6    |         Iceland and Norway), Austria, France, Germany, the Netherlands,
 29   II,     5.  3.  6    |           Western European countries (France, Germany, Italy, Switzerland,
 30   II,     5.  3.  6    |           Europe. In Finland, Sweden, France, Italy and Switzerland survival
 31   II,     5.  3.  6    |         country to another . Austria, France, Germany and Iceland had
 32   II,     5.  3.  7    |               No~SPAIN~Yes (regional)~FRANCE~Yes~ITALY~Yes (regional)~
 33   II,     5.  4.  1    |              8 EU countries: Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands,
 34   II,     5.  4.  3    |             100,000, corresponding to France. According to the IDF, in
 35   II,     5.  4.  3    |      corresponding to Netherlands and France. Apart from children that
 36   II,     5.  4.  3    |             EUCID varies between 17% (France) and 46% (Sweden) across
 37   II,     5.  4.  3    |              a median value of 21 for France. Important variations between
 38   II,     5.  4.  3    |        examination ranging from 45.1 (France) to 83.4% (UK).~Proliferative
 39   II,     5.  5.  1    |             212 million from Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands,
 40   II,     5.  5.  1    |            reference country Germany: France, Belgium, Luxemburg, Austria,
 41   II,     5.  5.  1    |   particularly the case for Portugal, France and Italy and less so for
 42   II,     5.  5.  2    |               the study were Germany, France, Italy, the Netherlands,
 43   II,     5.  5.  2    |      Switzerland, the Netherlands and France have signed but not ratified
 44   II,     5.  5.  2    |             but also more recently in France where President Sarkozy
 45   II,     5.  5.  3    |              Czech Republic, Estonia, France, Germany, Greenland, Lithuania,
 46   II,     5.  5.  3    |            Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy,
 47   II,     5.  5.  3    |            group 0-14).~Finland~ ~X~ ~France~ ~X~ ~Germany~ ~X~There
 48   II,     5.  5.  3    |             States: Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary,
 49   II,     5.  5.  3    |              data from countries like France and Germany are classified
 50   II,     5.  5.  3    |               on in Hungary, while in France the first peak is at 40
 51   II,     5.  5.  3    |                26% in Germany, 23% in France, 16% in Czech Republic,
 52   II,     5.  5.  3    |            countries such as Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands,
 53   II,     5.  5.  3    |             The Netherlands, England, France and Denmark. Risk factors
 54   II,     5.  5.  3    |               per year). In Bordeaux, France, the incidence of the most
 55   II,     5.  5.  3    |          Preston and Clarke, 1966 (*)~France~GP/MF~Incident cohort~149~
 56   II,     5.  5.  3    |                dose)~ II - Prohibited~France I 12 months Seizures only
 57   II,     5.  5.  3    |               estimated prevalence in France is 65 per 100 000 (Vukusic
 58   II,     5.  5.  3    |        gradient of MS distribution in France was shown with both morbidity
 59   II,     5.  5.  3    |          multiple sclerosis in Dijon, France : a population-based ascertainment.
 60   II,     5.  6.  3    |        Jonsson and Husberg, 2000). In France estimates of the costs of
 61   II,     5.  6.  3    |          Finland is reported as 0.6%, France 0.32% and Italy 0.13%. In
 62   II,     5.  6.  6    |            Costs of Osteoarthritis in France]. Rev Rhum Ed Fr 60(6 Pt
 63   II,     5.  7.  2    |         covering their whole country (France, Germany, Italy, Spain and
 64   II,     5.  7.  2    |              six EU-15 Member States (France, Germany, Italy, Portugal,
 65   II,     5.  7.  5    |             in progress.~· In 2001 in France, the so-called "Graft plan"
 66   II,     5.  8.  3    |             SCOPE study, performed in France, the average total medical
 67   II,     5.  8.  3    |             cost for COPD patients in France was estimated at 3.5 billion
 68   II,     5.  8.  4    |             out in the United States, France, Poland, Italy, Norway,
 69   II,     5.  8.  7    |      obstructive pulmonary disease in France. Value Health 2004; 7: 168-
 70   II,     5.  8.  7    |      obstructive pulmonary disease in France, 1979-2002: a multiple cause
 71   II,     5.  9.  3    |               AIRE countries (Sweden, France, Italy, Spain, United Kingdom,
 72   II,     5.  9.  4    |          European Countries (Belgium, France, Iceland, Ireland, Italy,
 73   II,     5.  9.  4    |            High~–~–~Low~–~–~Low~Low~–~France~ Bordeaux~High~–~–~Low~–~–~
 74   II,     5. 11.  3    |           with rates as high as 6% in France and Germany (Fouere et al,
 75   II,     5. 11.  7    |              Cancer-Base No. 5. Lyon, France: IARC Press, 2001.~ ~Fouere
 76   II,     5. 12.  1    |             were observed in Austria, France, Italy and Portugal, whereas
 77   II,     5. 12.  3    |               100,000), Italy (35.0), France (30.9), as well as in Austria (
 78   II,     5. 12.  3    |                and in the early 2000s France, Italy and Spain had rates
 79   II,     5. 12.  4    |              been described in Paris, France, during World War II, when
 80   II,     5. 13        |           Germany, 2001) and US$ 202 (France, 1992).~ ~In spite of the
 81   II,     5. 14.  2    |             questionnaire schemes. In France, Germany, Spain, a series
 82   II,     5. 14.  3    |               experience at 1.1 DMFT, France at 1.1, whilethe corresponding
 83   II,     5. 14.  3    |            and patient management. In France, 40% of 12-year olds have
 84   II,     5. 14.  3    |              12.8% in Italy, 16.3% in France, 58% in United Kingdom,
 85   II,     5. 14.  3    |              health status. Adults in France also reported high needs
 86   II,     5. 14.  3    |              an uncommon condition in France (2003). Most localized forms
 87   II,     5. 14.  3    |              health: 0.8% of the GDP. France falls in the middle with
 88   II,     5. 15.  3    |             the death certificates in France between 1990 and 1997 revealed
 89   II,     5. 15.  3    |               during the year 1999 in France. These are the only data
 90   II,     5. 15.  3    |            expenses in a country like France. Three times more OD are
 91   II,     6.  3.  2    |               countries (Slovenia and France) have succeeded at significantly
 92   II,     6.  3.  3    |          become recently available in France. Where data are available,
 93   II,     6.  3.  4    |           four to 75. Five countries (France, Germany, Poland, Spain
 94   II,     6.  3.  5    |             in the number of cases in France and in Italy, but the incidence
 95   II,     6.  3.  5    |           have still been observed in France, Germany and Italy. The
 96   II,     6.  3.  5    |            and 2004, Estonia in 1998, France in 199596, Italy in 1995–
 97   II,     6.  3.  6    |       reported by Germany (56 cases), France (37 cases) and Denmark (
 98   II,     6.  3.  6    |            despite peaks in Slovakia, France and Italy in 1998, in Poland
 99   II,     6.  3.  6    |      countries. Six cases reported in France, two in Ireland and one
100   II,     6.  3.  7    |       incidences were also noticed in France, Germany, Belgium, Austria,
101   II,     6.  3.  7    |             21 countries. Germany and France reported the highest incidence
102   II,     6.  3.  7    |            687) was reported in 2004. France continues to report a high
103   II,     6.  3.  7    |              per 100 000) followed by France (0.77 per 100 000) reporting
104   II,     6.  3.  7    |             Czech Republic (1997) and France (2003) affecting five and
105   II,     6.  3.  7    |       travellershealth.~Since 1995, France has accounted for a large
106   II,     6.  3.  7    |             reported by 26 countries (France not reporting). The favourable
107   II,     7.  2.  6    |             Austria, Cyprus, Denmark, France, Germany (regional), Italy,
108   II,     9.  1.  1    |              or 1.7 (Portugal, Spain, France and Norway) to 2.3 (United
109   II,     9.  1.  1    |              a confidential survey in France. Medical Experts Committee.
110   II,     9.  1.  2    |           Ireland and Malta) to 11.4 (France) per 1 000 births. Differing
111   II,     9.  1.  2    |             Croatia, England & Wales, France, Germany). Others have an
112   II,     9.  1.  2    |              gestation is recorded in France (5.6 and 5.8 per 1 000 births
113   II,     9.  1.  2    |            example, the registries in France and Switzerland, where the
114   II,     9.  1.  2    |          rates, from 0.1 per 1 000 in France and Spain to 1.0 per 1 000
115   II,     9.  3.  1    |         observed in reported rates in France and Greece (European Commission,
116   II,     9.  3.  1    |               increasing (Germany and France). Some sources, which link
117   II,     9.  3.  2    |              deaths as for example in France (Philibert et al, 2006)
118   II,     9.  3.  2    |               Member States (Germany, France and United Kingdom). For
119   II,     9.  3.  2    |              a confidential survey in France. Medical Experts Committee.
120   II,     9.  3.  2    |               mortalité maternelle en France, de 1996 à 2002 : fréquence,
121   II,     9.  3.  3    |               Johnson A et al, 2001), France (Beltzer N et al, 2005)
122   II,     9.  3.  3    |          surveys in England, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy,
123   II,     9.  3.  3    |         Denmark (Kangas et al, 2004), France (Gremy and Beltzer, 2004),
124   II,     9.  3.  3    |             difference was smaller in France, Norway and among Dutch
125   II,     9.  3.  3    |             the 1990s close to 25% in France and Greece, around 15% in
126   II,     9.  3.  3    |            Johnson A, 2001) and 5% in France (Bajos et al, 1995). In
127   II,     9.  3.  3    |          countries (Austria, Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain,
128   II,     9.  3.  3    |               Comparative analysis in France and Britain. AIDS 9:735-
129   II,     9.  3.  3    |            Face au VIH/sida en Ile de France – Evolutions 1992, 1994,
130   II,     9.  3.  3    |            Régional de Santé dIle de France.~Bochow M, Chiarotti F,
131   II,     9.  3.  3    |            heterosexual population in France between 1992 and 2001: Return
132   II,     9.  4.  3    |             over the age of 65, while France is the country with the
133   II,     9.  4.  3    |          lowest rates are observed in France (402 men and 169 women)
134   II,     9.  4.  3    |               increasing (Germany and France). The data also suggests
135   II,     9.  5.  3    |            law is rarely applied). In France, marital rape is recognised
136  III,    10.  2.  1    |               the low levels found in France, Italy, Lithuania, Poland
137  III,    10.  2.  1    |            boys and 5%-7% of girls in France and Hungary. Across the
138  III,    10.  2.  1    |    inequalities in men aged 45-59 are France and Finland, but while the
139  III,    10.  2.  1    |          marketing in some countries. France’s Loi Evin is one such model
140  III,    10.  2.  1    |  International, 2007). Meranwhile, in France, a product specific for
141  III,    10.  2.  1    |        Catalogue. Final Report. Lyon, France 2005. Available at: [http://
142  III,    10.  2.  1    |            Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary,
143  III,    10.  2.  1    |             to less than a quarter in France and Sweden. Men were more
144  III,    10.  2.  1    |              girls and 25% of boys in France to 51% of girls and 61%
145  III,    10.  2.  1    |           Germany, 2001) and US$ 202 (France, 1992).~ ~In spite of the
146  III,    10.  2.  1(21)| Czech Republic (Kobzová et al, 2004), France (Rolland-Cachera et al,
147  III,    10.  2.  1    |            information at: www.ktl.fi~France~Individuelle et Nationale
148  III,    10.  2.  1    |             in 10 European countries (France, Italy, Spain, Greece, The
149  III,    10.  2.  1(24)|               Helakorpi et al, 2007), France (lInstitut Roche de lObésité,
150  III,    10.  2.  1    |             2004; Novakova, 2006) and France (79 years old, 18.1%) (
151  III,    10.  2.  1    |                  Gallus et al, 2006), France (36.3%) (lInstitut Roche
152  III,    10.  2.  1    |             obésité et le surpoids en France (communiqué de presse): [
153  III,    10.  2.  1    |             obesity and overweight in France (press communication):].
154  III,    10.  2.  4    |               1991 and countries like France and Estonia have followed
155  III,    10.  3.  3    |               countries (Slovenia and France) have succeeded at significantly
156  III,    10.  3.  4    |         caused also economic damages. France and Italy claimed 4 400
157  III,    10.  3.  4    |             of particular concern. In France, deaths among people aged
158  III,    10.  3.  4    |             particularly affected. In France, female mortality was 15–
159  III,    10.  3.  4    |               and retirement homes in France reported a larger than expected
160  III,    10.  3.  4    |               and excess mortality in France ranging from +4% in Lille
161  III,    10.  4.  2    |       sécurité sanitaire des aliments~France~Bundesinstitut für Risikobewertung
162  III,    10.  5.  1    |              August 2003 Heat Wave in France: Risk Factors for Death
163  III,    10.  5.  2    |               versus 29%; but also in France: 21% versus 30%). There
164  III,    10.  5.  2    |            Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy,
165  III,    10.  5.  3    |             has strongly declined. In France 48% compensation is caused
166  III,    10.  5.  3    |               such as Ireland, Spain, France Luxembourg and Slovenia
167  III,    10.  5.  3    |              work safety. In Austria, France, Germany, United Kingdom,
168  III,    10.  5.  3    |               as Germany, Belgium and France, have therefore adopted
169  III,    10.  6.  1    |               Member States (Finland, France, Germany, Greece) and Norway.
170  III,    10.  6.  1    |                Great Britain) to 84% (France). In 8 of the countries/
171  III,    10.  6.  1    |            countries such as Belgium, France and Italy reported high
172  III,    10.  6.  1    |         support: 36% in Italy, 30% in France and 28% in Belgium.~ ~Figure
173  III,    10.  6.  1    |              11 and 15 years and from France in the 15 year old group.
174  III,    10.  6.  3    |          Finland, Estonia, Poland and France show remarkable decreases
175   IV,    11.  1.  3    |          social health insurance e.g. France, Austria, Greece, Slovenia;~
176   IV,    11.  1.  4    |         without as: Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg and
177   IV,    11.  1.  5    |               20-69 screened) seen in France, Iceland, Ireland, Norway,
178   IV,    11.  1.  5    |              Czech Republic, Finland, France, Spain, the Netherlands
179   IV,    11.  1.  5    |         improving quality of care. In France, there has been poor compliance
180   IV,    11.  1.  6    |            contract).~Salary.~Salary.~France~Fee-for-service.~Fee-for-service.~
181   IV,    11.  1.  6    |            Belgium, Denmark, England, France, Finland, Germany, Hungary,
182   IV,    11.  1.  6    |          countries (Denmark, England, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy,
183   IV,    11.  1.  6    |      consumption data. In England and France prices are established directly
184   IV,    11.  1.  6    |   administrative costs in Austria and France could be due to the lack
185   IV,    11.  1.  6    |       Luxembourg, the Netherlands and France are about 10% of total costs,
186   IV,    11.  2.  1    |              lower rates in Portugal, France, Scotland and Germany (Castoro
187   IV,    11.  2.  1    |          admission, while in Belgium, France, Iceland, Ireland, Italy
188   IV,    11.  3.  1    |         Austria, Belgium, Finland and France, with the lowest levels
189   IV,    11.  3.  1    |        medical students graduating in France, Germany, Italy, Japan,
190   IV,    11.  3.  1    |               rapidly in Switzerland, France and some of the Nordic countries.~ ~
191   IV,    11.  3.  1    |         workforce in nine countries - France, Germany, Lithuania, Malta,
192   IV,    11.  3.  2    |            Belgium, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland,
193   IV,    11.  3.  2    |             or rising in influence in France, Greece, Poland, Spain,
194   IV,    11.  3.  2    |              Slovakia. In Germany and France cost-effectiveness analysis
195   IV,    11.  3.  2    |              important for pricing in France).~ ~Other possible pricing
196   IV,    11.  3.  2    |           generic equivalent (e.g. in France, the Netherlands, Norway,
197   IV,    11.  3.  2    |          generic name, as in Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy,
198   IV,    11.  3.  2    |                e.g. Denmark, Finland, France, Norway, Spain, with the
199   IV,    11.  3.  2    |             prescribing guidelines in France. Evidence of the impact
200   IV,    11.  5.  1    |                 such as Spain, Italy, France, and Portugal - and countries
201   IV,    11.  6.  1    |         levels of spending reached in France, Switzerland, Iceland and
202   IV,    11.  6.  1    |           European countries, such as France, Germany and Switzerland
203   IV,    11.  6.  2    |           1990s, and also in Finland, France, Germany and Portugal (OECD
204   IV,    11.  6.  2    |         social health insurance (e.g. France, Germany, the Netherlands)
205   IV,    11.  6.  2    |       earmarked for healthcare, as in France. General taxation draws
206   IV,    11.  6.  2    |              central tax. For example France and Germany increased their
207   IV,    11.  6.  2    |          countries: Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, the
208   IV,    11.  6.  2    |              the financing reforms in France in the 1990s (see above).
209   IV,    11.  6.  2    |           Belgium, Bulgaria, Estonia, France, Latvia, the Netherlands,
210   IV,    11.  6.  2    |             and Mossialos 2008).~ ~In France, “general social contributions” (
211   IV,    11.  6.  2    |           though in all countries but France and Slovenia, the majority
212   IV,    11.  6.  2    |            Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy,
213   IV,    11.  6.  2    |              in the Netherlands), and France (57%) and Slovenia (60%),
214   IV,    11.  6.  2    |           their employees in Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy,
215   IV,    11.  6.  2    |            Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Ireland (higher income
216   IV,    11.  6.  2    |               about €5-10 in Austria, France, Germany and Luxembourg,
217   IV,    11.  6.  2    |      utilization, e.g. in Germany and France where co-payments are lower
218   IV,    11.  6.  2    |         Certain chronic conditions:~- France~- Germany~- Ireland~- Italy~-
219   IV,    11.  6.  2    |          Austria~- Belgium~- Cyprus~- France~- Germany~- Greece~- Hungary~-
220   IV,    11.  6.  2    |         Belgium~- Estonia~- Finland~- France~- Germany~- Italy~- Latvia~-
221   IV,    11.  6.  3    |      regressive system. Income tax in France, Germany, the Netherlands,
222   IV,    11.  6.  3    |             al, 1999). Conversely, in France, with the recent extension
223   IV,    11.  6.  3    |             found to be regressive in France, Ireland and Spain, contributions
224   IV,    11.  6.  4    |       remoteness (and local tax base)~France~Union de Recouvrement des
225   IV,    11.  6.  4    |           residence: Belgium in 1998, France in 2000 and the Netherlands
226   IV,    11.  6.  4    |             there is no regulation in France, Germany and Switzerland (
227   IV,    11.  6.  4    |   decision-making, while others (e.g. France) employ the assessments
228   IV,    12.  1        |              the popular referenda in France and the Netherlands put
229   IV,    12.  2        |          marketing in some countries. France’s Loi Evin is one such model
230   IV,    12.  4        |        European Space Agency (Paris - France) – Established in 1975~http nt~
231   IV,    12.  8        |              date.~ ~ ~Belgium (1957)~France (1957)~Austria (1995)~Bulgaria (
232   IV,    12. 10        |              Control (www ~ ~COUNTRY: FRANCE~ ~ ~A) Prevention and control
233   IV,    12. 10        |               STRATEGIES AND REPORTS (FRANCE)~ ~The public health law
234   IV,    12. 10        |             public health politics in France. It stipulates that each
235   IV,    13.Acr        |         health e.g. Austria, Finland, France, the Netherlands, Slovakia
236   IV,    13.  7.  2    |               are followed by the UK, France, Netherlands, Belgium, Austria
237  Key,   Ap5.  0.  0    |            fracture~fractures~fragile~France~fumes~fumonisins~fundus~