Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1    I,     2.  4    |            to large inequalities in 'healthy life expectancy' (number
  2    I,     2.  5    |          challenge for maintaining a healthy workforce.~ ~
  3    I,     2. 10.  3|        citizens (e.g. information on healthy living and illness prevention,
  4   II,     4.Acr    |             Limitation Indicator~HLY~Healthy Life Years~LE~Life Expectancy (
  5   II,     4.  1    |             4.1. Life expectancy and healthy life years~ ~In 1980, male
  6   II,     4.  1    |             of life (life spent in a healthy status) rather than, as
  7   II,     4.  1    |             2004, under the name of “Healthy Life Years” (HLY), a health
  8   II,     4.  1    |           emphasised that increasing Healthy Life Years is crucial in
  9   II,     4.  1    |        gender: life expectancy (LE), Healthy Life Years (HLY), the expected
 10   II,     4.  1    |            of life expectancy to the Healthy Life Years expressed a percentage (
 11   II,     4.  1    |             Life expectancy (LE) and Healthy Life Years (HLY) at birth,
 12   II,     4.  1    |              gender.~ ~The number of Healthy Life Years (HLY) lived in
 13   II,     4.  1    |             life expectancy (LE) and Healthy Life Years (HLY), at birth,
 14   II,     4.  1    |       expectancy at birth (LE0 ) and healthy life years (HLY0 ) in the
 15   II,     4.  1    |           Expectancy, broken down as Healthy Life Years, Years with Minor
 16   II,     4.  1    |           Expectancy, broken down as Healthy Life Years, Years with Minor
 17   II,     4.  1    |             its introduction in 2004 Healthy Life Years (HLY) have featured
 18   II,     4.  1    |     strategies related to increasing healthy life years are those aimed
 19   II,     4.  1    |          prevention agenda, known as Healthy People 2010, in which the
 20   II,     4.  1    |             the quality and years of healthy life and eliminate health
 21   II,     4.  1    |         progress toward the goals of Healthy People 2010. Sharing of
 22   II,     4.  3    |               and EHEMU Team (2005): Healthy life expectancy in the EU
 23   II,     4.  3    |             M. and C. Jagger (2007): Healthy life expectancy in the UN-European
 24   II,     4.  3    |             European perspectives on healthy aging in women. Journal
 25   II,     4.  3    |           and Human Services (2006): Healthy People 2010 Midcourse Review:
 26   II,     5.  1.  1|            cancer aetiology, such as healthy diet and physical activity.~ ~
 27   II,     5.  1.  1|              be beneficial such as a healthy diet, regular moderate exercise,
 28   II,     5.  1.  1|          protective factors, such as healthy eating, exercise, avoiding
 29   II,     5.  2.  4|           risk is reversible through healthy lifestyle and drug treatment
 30   II,     5.  2.  5|            as stop smoking, adopting healthy diet and making regular
 31   II,     5.  2.  5|      hypolipidemic effect of such an healthy nutrition can be enhanced
 32   II,     5.  2.  6|            encourage people to adopt healthy diet and make physical activity
 33   II,     5.  2.  6|         early life, ensuring a safe, healthy and sustainable food supply,
 34   II,     5.  3.  4|          cancer aetiology, such as a healthy diet and physical activity.~ ~
 35   II,     5.  4.  6|             of physical exercise and healthy lifestyles. See Chapter
 36   II,     5.  4.  6|      Conclusions on the promotion of healthy lifestyles and prevention
 37   II,     5.  4.  6|         health determinants, promote healthy lifestyles, national diabetes
 38   II,     5.  4.  8|          Conclusions on promotion of healthy lifestyles and prevention
 39   II,     5.  5.  2|             can be reduced through a healthy lifestyle~ ~Although not
 40   II,     5.  5.  2|              be beneficial such as a healthy diet, regular moderate exercise,
 41   II,     5.  5.  2|          protective factors, such as healthy eating, exercise, avoiding
 42   II,     5.  5.  2|             of recommendations for a healthy lifestyle to prevent dementia.
 43   II,     5.  5.  2|             products are emphasising healthy lifestyles and some are
 44   II,     5.  5.  2|            2008): Keeping your heart healthy, Available at: htt x (information
 45   II,     5.  5.  3|          third European study titled Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition
 46   II,     5.  5.  3|            but not least a number of healthy foods will be developed
 47   II,     5.  5.  3|           lifestyle and also promote healthy life as well as lifestyle
 48   II,     5.  5.  3|          important role in promoting healthy lifelong eating and in informing
 49   II,     5.  5.  3|              who they are; encourage healthy eating; dont forbid certain
 50   II,     5.  5.  3|         Presidency (2008): Showcases Healthy lifestyle in Europe by nutrition
 51   II,     5.  5.  3|      perspective. The HELENA ProjectHealthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition
 52   II,     5.  5.  3|          School Aged Children~HELENA~Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition
 53   II,     5.  5.  3|            occurring in a previously healthy patient with epilepsy in
 54   II,     5.  5.  3|             compared to 81.5% of the healthy population. Premature retirement
 55   II,     5.  5.  3|           mean of 57.9 years for the healthy population. Although treatment
 56   II,     5.  6.  3|        countries in 2001 measured as healthy life lost as a result of
 57   II,     5.  6.  5|             do with the promotion of healthy lifestyles: healthy diet,
 58   II,     5.  6.  5|     promotion of healthy lifestyles: healthy diet, physical exercise,
 59   II,     5.  7.  6|              plans of the calibre of Healthy People 2010 (http://www.
 60   II,     5.  7.  6|               are enjoyed by all. In Healthy People 2010 specific goals
 61   II,     5.  9. FB|             population that is still healthy although at risk. Unfortunately,
 62   II,     5.  9.  4|          will then be carried out on healthy and more sensitive subjects,
 63   II,     5.  9.  5|         related to the importance of healthy settingshouses, places
 64   II,     5.  9.  5|             the EU on :~1. promoting healthy lifestyles~2. strengthening
 65   II,     5.  9.  6|              different diseases with healthy subjects, while specific
 66   II,     5. 11.  3|         potential in otherwise young healthy populations (van Coevorden
 67   II,     5. 14.  2|              in the four categories: healthy periodontium, gingivitis
 68   II,     5. 14.  7|        cornerstone for maintaining a healthy smile is to replace missing
 69   II,     5. 15.  3|            for the mutation although healthy. Only 25% of their children
 70   II,     7.  4.  7|  relationships and working to create healthy family environments, as
 71   II,     8.  2.  1|            will lead to more active, healthy lifestyles and thus reduce
 72   II,     8.  2.  1|              Longevity and Promoting Healthy Ageing. Geneva: WHO~World
 73   II,     9        |         vitamin B12, but generally a healthy diet is to be promoted for
 74   II,     9        |            study demonstrated that a healthy lifestyle is related to
 75   II,     9        |           increase mortality risk. A healthy lifestyle at older ages
 76   II,     9        |         among older people (European Healthy Ageing, 2007).~ ~Smoking.
 77   II,     9        |             elderly (Volkert, 2005). Healthy food and eating habits should
 78   II,     9        |      vegetables and fruits (European Healthy Ageing, 2007).~ ~Lack of
 79   II,     9        |           days of the week (European Healthy Ageing, 2007).~ ~Risk factors
 80   II,     9.  1.  1|       increasingly understood that a healthy pregnancy and infancy reduce
 81   II,     9.  1.  2|             directing promotion of a healthy environment and protection
 82   II,     9.  1.  2|         vitamin B12, but generally a healthy diet is to be promoted for
 83   II,     9.  1.  2|          Policies aimed at ensuringhealthy pregnancy” can pay attention
 84   II,     9.  2.  1|        lifestyles which are far from healthy, not least with regard to
 85   II,     9.  2.  1|              in the later years.~ ~A healthy childhood is a critical
 86   II,     9.  2.  1|          habits, are key factors for healthy development as many of the
 87   II,     9.  2.  3|           public vision of happy and healthy children, balanced with
 88   II,     9.  2.  6|              Promotion of health and healthy lifestyles and environments
 89   II,     9.  2.  7|           Florence (2006): Promoting Healthy Lives and Combating HIV/AIDS.
 90   II,     9.  2.  7|              Green Paper - Promoting healthy diets and physical activity:
 91   II,     9.  3.  1|             better interventions for healthy menopausal years than ever
 92   II,     9.  3.  1|       Bristol-Myers Squibb (2005); A healthy heart for European women. www g (
 93   II,     9.  3.  2|        babies through the process of healthy pregnancy and birth also
 94   II,     9.  3.  3|         rights of all people to have healthy and satisfying sex lives (
 95   II,     9.  3.  3|           behaviour and attitudes of healthy adolescents in a Danish
 96   II,     9.  4.  2|           reflect the 1990s focus on healthy ageing. It is difficult
 97   II,     9.  4.  2|              Some live to be fit and healthy into their eighties and
 98   II,     9.  4.  3|          people live longer and more healthy years (see above), too many
 99   II,     9.  4.  3|           and safe housing (European Healthy Aging, 2007). Systems of
100   II,     9.  4.  3|             also effective (European Healthy Ageing, 2007).~ ~Depression
101   II,     9.  4.  3|        because they are particularly healthy). Trials conducted specifically
102   II,     9.  4.  3|              be considered (European Healthy Ageing, 2007).~ ~Many of
103   II,     9.  4.  4|            study demonstrated that a healthy lifestyle is related to
104   II,     9.  4.  4|           increase mortality risk. A healthy lifestyle at older ages
105   II,     9.  4.  4|         among older people (European Healthy Ageing, 2007).~ ~Smoking.
106   II,     9.  4.  4|             elderly (Volkert, 2005). Healthy food and eating habits should
107   II,     9.  4.  4|      vegetables and fruits (European Healthy Ageing, 2007).~ ~Lack of
108   II,     9.  4.  4|           days of the week (European Healthy Ageing, 2007).~ ~Risk factors
109   II,     9.  4.  5|              be of benefit (European Healthy Ageing, 2007).~ ~Retirement
110   II,     9.  4.  5|            in the workplace, promote healthy lifestyles and a supportive
111   II,     9.  4.  5|              to retirement (European Healthy Ageing, 2007).~ ~Social
112   II,     9.  4.  5|       amongst older people (European Healthy Ageing, 2007).About one-fifth
113   II,     9.  4.  5|              WHO policies related to healthy ageing include:~· The EU ‘
114   II,     9.  4.  6|             initiatives that support healthy lifestyles and healthy ageing (
115   II,     9.  4.  6|       support healthy lifestyles and healthy ageing (determinants of
116   II,     9.  4.  7|      European Union, htt df~European Healthy Aging Project Recommendations,
117   II,     9.  4.  7| Recommendations, April 2007~European Healthy Ageing (2007): Recommendations [
118   II,     9.  4.  7|        Towards living long and being healthy—the challenge for liaison
119   II,     9.  5.  1|              basic necessities for a healthy life. The overwhelming majority
120   II,     9.  5.  3|              basic necessities for a healthy life. It is notable that
121   II,     9.  5.  6|       Bristol-Myers Squibb (2005): A healthy heart for European women.
122   II,     9.  5.  6|            reducing risks, promoting healthy life. The World Health Organisation,
123  III,    10.  1    |            Nieto, 2005). In general, healthy and unhealthy lifestyle
124  III,    10.  1    |               of the disease burden (healthy life years lost) and an
125  III,    10.  1.  1|      targeting physical activity and healthy diet are more effective
126  III,    10.  1.  1|             peers may reinforce both healthy and unhealthy behaviour (
127  III,    10.  1.  1|       networks to the development of healthy behaviour / behaviour change.
128  III,    10.  1.  3|             on the dietary intake of healthy adolescents. Int J Obes
129  III,    10.  2.  1|            Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life. Geneva. Available
130  III,    10.  2.  1|             play a role in promoting healthy lifestyles by incorporating
131  III,    10.  2.  1|        reduce obesity and maintain a healthy weight (Hill and Wyatt,
132  III,    10.  2.  1|            health behaviour, such as healthy eating and non-smoking,
133  III,    10.  2.  1|         UNECE and WHO, 2002) and the Healthy Cities initiative (http://
134  III,    10.  2.  1|      published Green Paper Promoting healthy diets and physical activity:
135  III,    10.  2.  1|            individual attempts for a healthy lifestyle must be supported
136  III,    10.  2.  1|             influential in promoting healthy lifestyles. Working together
137  III,    10.  2.  1|               Green Paper. Promoting healthy diets and physical activity:
138  III,    10.  2.  1|         benefit. American Journal of Healthy Promotion, 6:338-344.~ ~
139  III,    10.  2.  1|            Reducing risks, promoting healthy life. Geneva, World Health
140  III,    10.  2.  1|           and during leisure time.~ ~Healthy nutrition requires appropriate
141  III,    10.  2.  1|            of early life. Therefore, healthy nutrition is possible only
142  III,    10.  2.  1|             Green paper on Promoting healthy diets and physical activity:
143  III,    10.  2.  1|              resolution on promoting healthy diets and physical activity (
144  III,    10.  2.  1|             interventions to promote healthy eating in preschool settings
145  III,    10.  2.  1|            children in maintaining a healthy body weight is found in
146  III,    10.  2.  1|             consumption as part of a healthy diet is also advocated by
147  III,    10.  2.  1|           food choice and to promote healthy eating. The nutrients of
148  III,    10.  2.  1|          Europe, 2007a):~· Support a healthy start (e.g. promote optimal
149  III,    10.  2.  1|          policies).~· Ensure a safe, healthy and sustainable food supply (
150  III,    10.  2.  1|             provide simple advice on healthy diets. The project results
151  III,    10.  2.  1|               Green Paper. Promoting healthy diets and physical activity:
152  III,    10.  2.  1|           THE GREEN PAPERPromoting healthy diets and physical activity:
153  III,    10.  2.  1|             interventions to promote healthy eating in preschool children
154  III,    10.  2.  1|            Reducing risks, promoting healthy life. Geneva, World Health
155  III,    10.  2.  1|               Nutrition and diet for healthy lifestyles in Europe 22(
156  III,    10.  2.  1|         Commission (2005): Promoting healthy diets and physical activity:
157  III,    10.  2.  1|       Collection.~ ~Gurr, M. (1998). Healthy lifestyles. Nutrition and
158  III,    10.  2.  2|              people who tend to stay healthy is below 5 mmol/l (~ 190
159  III,    10.  3.  1|            the (potential) number of healthy life years lost in a population
160  III,    10.  4.  1|           one year and threatens the healthy development of children.
161  III,    10.  4.  2|           make a distinction between healthy clones and normal animals.
162  III,    10.  4.  2|       significant difference between healthy clones and normal animals
163  III,    10.  4.  2|            2007b): From safe food to healthy diets. EU risk assessment
164  III,    10.  4.  2|               Our Food, Our Health - Healthy diet and safe food in the
165  III,    10.  5.  1|             use is a key feature for healthy housing areas and enriches
166  III,    10.  5.  1|          residents with adequate and healthy living conditions, but human
167  III,    10.  5.  1|        Health city program~ ~The WHO Healthy Cities Network is based
168  III,    10.  5.  1|      understanding of the concept of healthy urban planning and all that
169  III,    10.  5.  1|              from the application of healthy urban planning principles
170  III,    10.  5.  1|              Transport and mobility, Healthy Ageing and accessibility,
171  III,    10.  5.  1|              plans;~3. Mainstreaming healthy urban planning through appropriate
172  III,    10.  5.  1|             2006).~Frumkin H (2003): Healthy places: exploring the evidence.
173  III,    10.  5.  1|          Elements That Contribute to Healthy Building Design. In: Environmental
174  III,    10.  5.  2|            citizens are more or less healthy, indicating that this is
175  III,    10.  5.  3|              fully explained by the ‘healthy worker effect’, i.e. that
176  III,    10.  5.  3|             for the maintenance of a healthy workforce.~ ~
177  III,    10.  5.  3|            act together for creating healthy work and work environments.~ ~
178  III,    10.  5.  3|             recognised that creating healthy environments and enabling
179  III,    10.  5.  3|           and mission of the ENWHP: “healthy employees in healthy organisations”.
180  III,    10.  5.  3|         ENWHP: “healthy employees in healthy organisations”. Currently,
181  III,    10.  5.  3|       information and guidance for a healthy working environment, in
182  III,    10.  5.  3|                 Theorell, T. (1990). Healthy Work: Stress, Productivity,
183  III,    10.  6.  1|        socially inclusive, cohesive, healthy, safe and just society with
184  III,    10.  6.  2|             it is obvious that nice, healthy food and housing require
185  III,    10.  6.  2|            to large inequalities in 'healthy life expectancy' (number
186  III,    10.  6.  2|            Healthier working life~5. Healthy and safe environments and
187  III,    10.  6.  3|  relationships and working to create healthy family environments, as
188   IV,    11.  1.  3|            attainment as measured by healthy (or disability-free) life
189   IV,    12.  1    |          encouraging people to adopt healthy lifestyles and behaviours.~
190   IV,    12.  2    |      hypolipidemic effect of such an healthy nutrition can be enhanced
191   IV,    12.  4    |             regions~EAC~Education on healthy lifestyles; Lifelong learning;
192   IV,    12.  5    |              initiatives to increase healthy life years and promote healthy
193   IV,    12.  5    |       healthy life years and promote healthy ageing; support measures
194   IV,    12.  5    |          supportive environments for healthy lifestyles and preventing
195   IV,    12.  5    |           indicators, including the “Healthy Life Yearsstructural indicator,
196   IV,    12.  5    |              for the adoption of the Healthy Life Years (HLY) as European
197   IV,    12. 10    |              more: htt 8~ 2002-2010: Healthy throughout Life~– the targets
198   IV,    12. 10    |         specified on foodchoices and healthy diet.~1. 2007 was named “
199   IV,    12. 10    |             and obtainable to live a healthy life. The materials, that
200   IV,    12. 10    |          prevention and promotion of healthy lifestyles. This initiative
201   IV,    12. 10    |             will focus on making the healthy choice the easy choice by
202   IV,    12. 10    |              collects information on healthy eating and makes it widely
203   IV,    12. 10    |           counseling in establishing healthy lunches. As of 2008 general
204   IV,    12. 10    |         specified on foodchoices and healthy diet and food safety~See
205   IV,    12. 10    |     determinants~ high~ ~ 2002-2010: Healthy throughout Life~– the targets
206   IV,    12. 10    |     determinants~ High~ ~ 2002-2010: Healthy throughout Life~– the targets
207   IV,    12. 10    |     determinants~ High~ ~ 2002-2010: Healthy throughout Life~– the targets
208   IV,    12. 10    |             priority as promotion of healthy food choices and nutrition
209   IV,    12. 10    |      prevention of diabetes onset by healthy life style interventions.~§
210   IV,    12. 10    |            health targetGrowing up healthy” is supported by activities
211   IV,    12. 10    |        supported by activities like “Healthy kindergarten and schools”, “
212   IV,    12. 10    |                 FIT KID” (see www. – healthy food at day-care institutions.~
213   IV,    12. 10    | recommendation or program concerning healthy life styles, weight reduction,
214   IV,    12. 10    |             programs with respect to healthy food choices cited above
215   IV,    12. 10    |          without violence, promote a healthy life and environment, children
216   IV,    12. 10    |            of the population remains healthy and is provided with necessary
217   IV,    12. 10    |       improving health and promoting healthy lifestyles. A 2008 edition
218   IV,    12. 10    |             research in the field of healthy nutrition of the contemporary
219   IV,    12. 10    |             2008~ ~Special target “A healthy and safe environment” in
220   IV,    12. 10    |             2008~ ~Special target “A healthy and safe environment” in
221   IV,    12. 10    |             field~ Special target “A healthy and safe environment” in
222   IV,    12. 10    |              Healthier Living, incl. Healthy food” in national Public
223   IV,    12. 10    |             2008~ ~Special target “A healthy and safe environment” in
224   IV,    12. 10    |           Solidarity in health” and “Healthy adulthood, healthy and active
225   IV,    12. 10    |              and “Healthy adulthood, healthy and active ageing”, includes
226   IV,    12. 10    |              restrictions~FrameworkHealthy Diet, 2003.–2013"~ ~Action
227   IV,    12. 10    |         Implementation of frameworkHealthy Diet (2003-2013)”~ ~Special
228   IV,    12. 10    |              Healthier Living, incl. Healthy food” in national Public
229   IV,    12. 10    |            stimulate the adoption of healthy lifestyles and reinforce
230   IV,    12. 10    |           been undertaking regarding healthy nutrition, tobacco and physical activity.~
231   IV,    12. 10    |              and smoking. As part of healthy environment healthy working
232   IV,    12. 10    |          part of healthy environment healthy working and living conditions
233   IV,    12. 10    |            Healthier working life~5. Healthy and safe environments and
234   IV,    13.  2.  3|               of the disease burden (healthy life years lost) and an
235   IV,    13.  3    |           economic crisis. Moreover, healthy growth and job creation
236   IV,    13.  5    |      research on the determinants of healthy ageing is needed to understand
237   IV,    13.  9    |          2006) Our food, our health, Healthy diet and safe food in the