Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1    I,     2.  1    |             minority populations. For example, currently the EU is characterized
  2    I,     2.  4    |           than in Western Europe. For example, a study looking at differences
  3    I,     2.  4    |    opportunities for health gains. An example is provided by Estonia where
  4    I,     2.  5    |               need to be managed. For example, in many work areas, job
  5    I,     2.  5    |            use of subcontractors, for example, also complicates the process,
  6    I,     2.  5    |        organisation have emerged, for example: teamwork; decentralisation
  7    I,     2.  5    |              people are employed, for example by creating more possibilities
  8    I,     2.  7    |             rural settlements are for example the demographic structure
  9    I,     2.  7    |             25,000 inhabitants, is an example of how the modern requirements
 10    I,     2.  9    |               events (phenology), for example spring phytoplankton and
 11    I,     2. 10.  4|             of medication errors. For example: in the UK, the NHS has
 12    I,     2. 10.  4|     preventing medication errors. For example, the introduction of bedside
 13    I,     2. 10.  4|             in developed markets, for example because of increased Internet-based
 14    I,     2. 10.  4|            product recall, etc.). For example, administrative costs along
 15    I,     2. 10.  4|           capital, with inventory for example being obsolete, expired
 16    I,     2. 10.  4|         automatic re-stocking).~ ~For example, one UK trust, deploying
 17    I,     3.  1    |         substantially. In Ireland for example, the TFR even halved between
 18    I,     3.  1    |            stabilize or even rise. An example is the Netherlands, where
 19    I,     3.  1    |           cohorts; in cohort 1955 for example, up to about 18% in Finland,
 20    I,     3.  2    |              population declines. For example in Malta declines occurred
 21    I,     3.  3    |             and mortality levels, for example if the number of children
 22    I,     3.  3    |           will rise by 43 points, for example, in Spain.~ ~According to
 23   II,     4.  2    |               European countries. For example, the effect of remaining
 24   II,     5.  1.  1|            different role: to give an example, hypertension, smoking habit
 25   II,     5.  2.  2|            different role: to give an example, hypertension, smoking habit
 26   II,     5.  2.  4|           North Karelia Project is an example of well-recognised approach
 27   II,     5.  3.  2|              with cancer records. For example in Estonia, this has created
 28   II,     5.  3.  7|               and toxicity among, for example, elderly patients, often
 29   II,     5.  3.  7|             of the generic phase. For example, many new drugs have been
 30   II,     5.  3.  7|             the adjuvant setting. For example, when tamoxifen was introduced,
 31   II,     5.  4.  2|             level the best referenced example is that of Tayside, Scotland (
 32   II,     5.  4.  2|              Scotland provides a good example of diabetes information
 33   II,     5.  4.  6|             many risk factors, as for example high waist circumference,
 34   II,     5.  4.  8|              of chronic diseases: the example of diabetes. The EURODIAB
 35   II,     5.  5.Int|           provided and cared for. For example, countries in the European
 36   II,     5.  5.Int|       research on mental health21. An example is the “MHEDEA-2000”-project,
 37   II,     5.  5.  1|            mortality for suicide. For example in 2004 the total costs
 38   II,     5.  5.  1|           than that attributable, for example, to heart diseases and diabetes.~ ~
 39   II,     5.  5.  2|             In the EURODEM study, for example, a prevalence rate was calculated
 40   II,     5.  5.  2|            Slovakia. In Slovakia, for example, the percentage calculated
 41   II,     5.  5.  2|           buffering effect, might for example include improved information
 42   II,     5.  5.  3|          Questionnaire (EDE-Q) is one example. The EDE-Q is a self-report
 43   II,     5.  5.  3|          estimates are available (for example, within the eating disorder
 44   II,     5.  5.  3|              of eating disorders. For example, the NIVEL institute performs
 45   II,     5.  5.  3|              systems and society. For example, nutrition education programmes
 46   II,     5.  5.  3|               of days in hospital for example may in part be the consequence
 47   II,     5.  5.  3|       schizophrenia. An international example for this problem is the
 48   II,     5.  5.  3|               and when necessary, for example when a new treatment becomes
 49   II,     5.  6.  3|             Symmons et al, 2003). For example, a study of women aged 45-
 50   II,     5.  6.  3|               Saase et al, 1989). For example, in people aged 5574
 51   II,     5.  6.  3|               to North (highest). For example the prevalence of RA in
 52   II,     5.  7.  5|       modifiable factors is high, for example when nephrotoxic drugs should
 53   II,     5.  8.  3|              different variables~ ~An example of the variability of estimates
 54   II,     5.  8.  3|               Viegi et al (2000). For example, in a general population
 55   II,     5.  8.  3|            given chronic disease. For example, upper respiratory tract
 56   II,     5.  9.  3|             care and absenteeism, for example - at 45 billion euros a
 57   II,     5.  9.  4|                     et al, 2001), for example, was carried out during
 58   II,     5. 14.  3|             needs to be improved. For example, studies in Poland showed
 59   II,     5. 14.  3|           OCDE countries used in this example, average expenditures for
 60   II,     5. 14.  5|          There will be situations for example, where the information priority
 61   II,     5. 14.  5|          policies enabling goals. For example, health promotion and prevention
 62   II,     5. 15.  5|            future, and are setting an example of how to proceed with other
 63   II,     6.  3.  1|          country-based estimates. For example, in England, from GP consultations
 64   II,     6.  3.  5|           public health policies. For example, there is a cluster of countries
 65   II,     7.  3.  1|   cross-sector injury prevention. For example:~ ~· For every injury-related
 66   II,     7.  4.  4|          Promotion, 2008).~ ~A recent example of injury prevention in
 67   II,     8.  2.  1|            adaptive functioning – for example, in communication or activities
 68   II,     8.  2.  1|             poorer health status. For example, higher rates of obesity,
 69   II,     8.  2.  1|              countriesIreland, for examplerecord administrative
 70   II,     8.  2.  1|        gathered at country level, for example through a post census survey
 71   II,     8.  2.  1|         inequalities – in Canada, for example (Ouellette-Kuntz 2005).
 72   II,     8.  2.  1|             risks experienced by, for example, children and adolescents
 73   II,     8.  2.  1|             of factors including, for example, genetic predispositions
 74   II,     8.  2.  1|        increased risk of obesity, for example – and other factors such
 75   II,     8.  2.  1|       disabilities are effective. For example, providing suitable programmes
 76   II,     8.  2.  1|            people in this group – for example, older adults with Down
 77   II,     8.  2.  1|               in their countries. For example, Straetmans, van Schrojenstein
 78   II,     9        |         similar in women and men. For example, meta-analysis of data from
 79   II,     9        |              levels of education. For example, people with low levels
 80   II,     9        |              of physical fitness, for example, reduce the risk of developing
 81   II,     9.  1.  1|               collection systems. For example, in Spain and Sweden, only
 82   II,     9.  1.  2|               Dolk et al, 2005a). For example, the registries in France
 83   II,     9.  1.  2|      countries have higher rates, for example Germany, the Netherlands
 84   II,     9.  1.  2|               as flour, following the example of countries in North and
 85   II,     9.  1.  2|             De Wals et al, 2007). For example, this has recently been
 86   II,     9.  1.  2|              long-term morbidity, for example for congenital heart defects,
 87   II,     9.  1.  2|               suggestive evidence for example that survival of babies
 88   II,     9.  1.  2|              in childbearing age, for example in relation to poverty,
 89   II,     9.  2.  2|         hospital services is one such example. The sample size is too
 90   II,     9.  2.  2|         whether data encompasses, for example, the former EU-15, intermediate
 91   II,     9.  2.  2|      supplement the quantitative. For example, when assessing a child’
 92   II,     9.  2.  2|           reflect the status quo. For example, in some countries in Europe,
 93   II,     9.  2.  5|              rights of the child. For example, in the last few years,
 94   II,     9.  3.  1|                England and Wales, for example, experienced a 35% increase
 95   II,     9.  3.  1|          physical grounding, with for example diabetes, neurological problems,
 96   II,     9.  3.  1|         similar in women and men. For example, meta-analysis of data from
 97   II,     9.  3.  1|              levels of education. For example, people with low levels
 98   II,     9.  3.  2|               European countries, for example, a maternal death of a woman
 99   II,     9.  3.  2|              reviews of deaths as for example in France (Philibert et
100   II,     9.  3.  2|          Stephenson et al, 1993). For example, some countries have higher
101   II,     9.  3.  3|             country from country, for example, definition of multiple
102   II,     9.  3.  3|               within one country. For example, occasional sexual intercourses
103   II,     9.  4.  3|          associated with old age. For example, women are more likely to
104   II,     9.  4.  4|              of physical fitness, for example, reduce the risk of developing
105   II,     9.  4.  6|               for his/her family. For example, the financial cost of placing
106   II,     9.  5.  2|        lifestyles of the elderly, for example, or constructs of masculinities
107  III,    10.  1    |             agricultural regions, for example, agricultural workers and
108  III,    10.  1.  1|        psychosocial determinants. For example, declining consumption of
109  III,    10.  2.  1|             sizes and age limits. For example, the definition of a 'smoker'
110  III,    10.  2.  1|             declining. In Sweden, for example, the percentage of smokers
111  III,    10.  2.  1|           ASPECT, 2004). Germany, for example, showed a decrease in total,
112  III,    10.  2.  1|              a short time period. For example, consumption rose by nearly
113  III,    10.  2.  1|              Poland and Romania – for example, binge-drinking 3+ times
114  III,    10.  2.  1|      threshold effect, including, for example, cancer of the oral cavity,
115  III,    10.  2.  1|       increases the risk of harm. For example, a consumption of 15-30
116  III,    10.  2.  1|    inequalities within countries. For example, in Sweden, alcohol is the
117  III,    10.  2.  1|               countries. However, for example, the two countries with
118  III,    10.  2.  1|               In the Netherlands, for example, Euromonitor's research
119  III,    10.  2.  1|       administration of fluoride, for example, in drinking-water, salt
120  III,    10.  2.  1|               for Europe, 2006a). For example, it can help build social
121  III,    10.  2.  1|          sedentary lifestyle can, for example, well include some sessions
122  III,    10.  2.  1|            trends over time; the best example from Europe was Finland,
123  III,    10.  2.  1|             among all age groups; for example, the proportion of active
124  III,    10.  2.  1|          Commission and to provide an example, which others will choose
125  III,    10.  2.  1|          seven years(Switzerland). An example is the recently completed
126  III,    10.  2.  1|               Figure 10.2.1.7.4). For example, in England (UK) the numbers
127  III,    10.  2.  1|              in some countries as for example the Netherlands, Belgium,
128  III,    10.  2.  1|             excessive iron losses for example due to bleeding, low intakes
129  III,    10.  2.  1|               or not and whether, for example, a woman is pregnant or
130  III,    10.  2.  1|          Commission and to provide an example, which others may choose
131  III,    10.  2.  1|             Branca et al, 2007b). For example, Katz et al recommends an
132  III,    10.  2.  1|          differences play a role. For example in addressing elderly people,
133  III,    10.  2.  1|            EURODIET EU project is one example of such an initiative designed
134  III,    10.  2.  4|           French and Moore 2003). For example, high-throughput technologies
135  III,    10.  2.  4|            have followed the Austrian example. In recent years the process
136  III,    10.  2.  4|            cancer specimens using the example of human fibroplastic tumors.
137  III,    10.  2.  5|              of vulnerability).~ ~For example exposure to chemicals during
138  III,    10.  3.  1|            high exposures to UVR (for example during repeated sunny holidays)
139  III,    10.  3.  2|                or other concerns, for example pesticide spraying leading
140  III,    10.  3.  2|             acrylamide is given as an example because of the history of
141  III,    10.  3.  2|            disease in adult life. For example, Grandjean and Landringan (
142  III,    10.  3.  2|       neurodevelopmental effects, for example attention problems, reduced
143  III,    10.  3.  2|      substances are decreasing. As an example, the study summarized in
144  III,    10.  3.  4|             and priority setting. For example, it allows on to decide
145  III,    10.  3.  4|             place of residence.~ ~For example, people older than 70 years
146  III,    10.  3.  4|              further risk.~ ~A recent example of impacts of flooding has
147  III,    10.  3.  4|               been outlined taking as example the flooding occurred in
148  III,    10.  4.  1|              still controversial. For example a number of studies found
149  III,    10.  4.  1|           reduction of emissions, for example through improving fuels,
150  III,    10.  4.  2|        assessment. These include, for example, the feasibility of controlling
151  III,    10.  4.  2|             the Authority’s work. For example, EFSA undertakes to open
152  III,    10.  4.  2|             across Member States. For example, monitoring of nitrate in
153  III,    10.  4.  2|               hydrocarbons (PAHs)~For example, in plant-~based oils; also
154  III,    10.  4.  2|          chemicals were released. For example, there are serious concerns
155  III,    10.  4.  2|               articles/puskm/).~ ~For example in arable crops, which account
156  III,    10.  4.  2|             agri-food industries. One example is the use of GMOs in the
157  III,    10.  4.  2|           clearly understandable. For example, it should be made clear
158  III,    10.  4.  3|           subsets of countries. As an example, information from eight
159  III,    10.  4.  3|           purification treatment. For example, in a sparsely populated
160  III,    10.  4.  3|             Sewage is an illustrative example of mixtures leading to environmental
161  III,    10.  4.  3|             small water supplies (for example private wells), which serve
162  III,    10.  4.  5|            the toxin is ingested, for example through contaminated shellfish (
163  III,    10.  4.  5|         inhalation and ingestion, for example through drinking water from
164  III,    10.  4.  5|            from region to region. For example, while total waste generation
165  III,    10.  4.  5|             some EU-10 countries, for example, have large amounts of mining
166  III,    10.  4.  5|          policies. These include, for example, measures on water, waste,
167  III,    10.  4.  5|             only specific sites — for example mining or waste disposal
168  III,    10.  5.  1|        exposure may be different. For example, there are air quality problems
169  III,    10.  5.  1|               cases even desired (for example, open fireplaces). Indoor
170  III,    10.  5.  1|       specific population groups. For example, large air conditioning
171  III,    10.  5.  1|           risk of an accident are for example inadequate design of staircases
172  III,    10.  5.  1|         generally underestimated. For example, in Finland, food and waterborne
173  III,    10.  5.  1|              quality of the water. An example of the potential size of
174  III,    10.  5.  1|             from solid fuel use - for example - reduces the number of
175  III,    10.  5.  1|         cardiovascular deaths, as the example of the ban on coal burning
176  III,    10.  5.  1|            EU15~ ~However, taking the example of crowding, the following
177  III,    10.  5.  1|             social circumstances. The example suggests that the problem
178  III,    10.  5.  2|              rural settlement are for example the demographic structure
179  III,    10.  5.  2|             individual countries. For example, in Spain and Greece there
180  III,    10.  5.  2|               into mental health, for example, a representative study
181  III,    10.  5.  3|               of nanotechnology is an example of this sort of emerging
182  III,    10.  5.  3|               need to be managed. For example, in many work areas, job
183  III,    10.  5.  3|            use of subcontractors, for example, also complicates the process,
184  III,    10.  5.  3|        organisation have emerged, for example: teamwork; decentralisation
185  III,    10.  5.  3|              people are employed, for example by creating more possibilities
186  III,    10.  5.  3|       therefore adopted measures, for example loans for new machinery,
187  III,    10.  6.  1|            frequency of contacts, for example the average number of contacts
188  III,    10.  6.  1|               social involvement, for example the frequency of participation
189  III,    10.  6.  2|           than in Western Europe. For example, a study looking at the
190  III,    10.  6.  2|    opportunities for health gains. An example is provided by Estonia where
191  III,    10.  6.  2|            efforts in this field, for example, by developing innovative
192  III,    10.  6.  2|            their societies. A typical example of how social determinants
193   IV,    11.  1.  4|        conditionality. In Austria for example, unemployed people may be
194   IV,    11.  1.  5|       countries make use of them. For example, in Sweden, voluntary quality
195   IV,    11.  1.  5|       outcomes is highly complex. For example, adjustment for case mix
196   IV,    11.  1.  5|      pay-for-performance schemes. For example, it is unclear whether financial
197   IV,    11.  1.  5|     regulations can also be used, for example through evidence based practice (
198   IV,    11.  1.  5|         impacts of medical errors. An example comes from the Missouri
199   IV,    11.  1.  6|             by empirical studies. For example a study in Copenhagen of
200   IV,    11.  1.  6|           identified in practice. For example, it may encourage providers
201   IV,    11.  1.  6|         Europe provide an interesting example of convergence towards a
202   IV,    11.  1.  6|             hospital environment. For example, in Norway, there is a combination
203   IV,    11.  1.  6|             and reviewing claims. For example, administrative costs of
204   IV,    11.  2.  2|              have much in common, for example the widespread emphasis
205   IV,    11.  3.  2|               uptake of generics. For example, financial incentives for
206   IV,    11.  4    |            can be shared. One obvious example is the results of systematic
207   IV,    11.  4    |       technology assessment is a good example, where it is more efficient
208   IV,    11.  5.  6|            are being carried out. For example, there is a project to develop
209   IV,    11.  6.  1|           rather economic growth. For example, in Ireland, economic growth
210   IV,    11.  6.  2|    expenditure in some countries, for example in some of the CEE countries
211   IV,    11.  6.  2|          reliance on central tax. For example France and Germany increased
212   IV,    11.  6.  2|               some CEE countries. For example, in Hungary, Estonia and
213   IV,    11.  6.  2|              long hospital stays, for example inpatient stays longer than
214   IV,    11.  6.  3|              than local taxation. For example, in Finland, an increase
215   IV,    11.  6.  4|             and the Netherlands). For example, redistribution of resources
216   IV,    11.  6.  4|             their implementation. For example, public health expertise
217   IV,    11.  6.  4|      duplication of resource use. For example, the groups involved in
218   IV,    11.  6.  4|             Zentner et al, 2005). For example, some countries, such as
219   IV,    11.  6.  4| socio-economic level, income) in, for example, a given geographic area
220   IV,    11.  6.  5|         payments for health care: the example of Bulgaria." Health Policy
221   IV,    12.  1    |              and social cohesion: for example, structural and cohesion
222   IV,    12.  1    |       measures on the other hand (for example, nutrition and obesity).
223   IV,    12.  4    |             could pool resources, for example on tackling rare diseases;~·
224   IV,    12.  4    |          issues. In this context, for example, the Science Advice Network
225   IV,    12.  8    |     authorities around the world, for example the US Food and Drug Administration (
226   IV,    12. 10    |      association eating disorders” as example).~ ~Physical activity~High
227   IV,    12. 10    |       responsibilities. They are, for example responsible for organising
228   IV,    13.Acr    |              have much in common, for example the widespread emphasis
229   IV,    13.  2.  1|        associated with a disease. For example, if a disease has a weighting
230   IV,    13.  2.  3|             agricultural regions, for example, agricultural workers and
231   IV,    13.  5    |             could pool resources, for example on tackling rare diseases;~·
232   IV,    13.  7.  3|            knowledge development, for example in the fields of genomics,
233   IV,    13.  7.  3|              issues to be studied for example in case of an international,
234   IV,    13.  8    |         HIV-AIDS epidemics is a clear example where NGOs were at the fore-front
235   IV,    13.  8    |           their voice be heard. As an example, recent consultation processes