Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1    I,     2.  4        |             by level of education in Finland, Norway, Italy, Hungary,
  2    I,     2.  6        |              The only exceptions are Finland and Lithuania, marginally,
  3    I,     2.  6        |           Baltic States, Luxembourg, Finland, Bulgaria and Romania as
  4    I,     2.  7        |          Slovenia, Slovakia, Latvia, Finland, Ireland and Greece (WHO
  5    I,     3.  1        |          example, up to about 18% in Finland, the Netherlands and the
  6    I,     3.  1        |        marriage in Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Latvia, Slovenia,
  7    I,     3.  2        |        Austria, Belgium and Denmark, Finland, and Spain. A decline of
  8    I,     3.  2        |      structure of the Union. Only in Finland, France and the Netherlands
  9    I,     3.  3        |             have the highest shares; Finland, Malta, Sweden, Estonia
 10    I,     3.  3        |       prominent in Slovenia, Poland, Finland, Germany and Croatia. Small
 11    I,     3.  3        |          Sweden, the Czech Republic, Finland and Bulgaria.~ ~The shares
 12   II,     4.  1        |           for men, Austria, Belgium, Finland, Germany and Italy appeared
 13   II,     5.  2.  2    |         countries (Denmark, Ireland, Finland, Sweden, United Kingdom),
 14   II,     5.  2.  3(2) |           include: Denmark, Ireland, Finland, Sweden and United Kingdom.~
 15   II,     5.  2.  3    |          Northern Europe (Lithuania, Finland, Northern Sweden); for those
 16   II,     5.  2.  5    |              cooperation and action.~Finland provides one of the best-documented
 17   II,     5.  2.  5    |     community intervention. In 1972, Finland had the world’s highest
 18   II,     5.  2.  7    |       Changes in premature deaths in Finland: successful long-term prevention
 19   II,     5.  3.  3    |            Europe: Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Ireland, Latvia,
 20   II,     5.  3.  5    |              new cases per 100,000). Finland had lower male incidence
 21   II,     5.  3.  6    |             were Northern countries (Finland, Sweden, Iceland and Norway),
 22   II,     5.  3.  6    |             men and 50% for women in Finland, Norway and Sweden and in
 23   II,     5.  3.  6    |      countries of Western Europe. In Finland, Sweden, France, Italy and
 24   II,     5.  3.  6    |         countries with similar TNEH; Finland had high all-cancer survival,
 25   II,     5.  3.  7    |           Planning stage~SLOVAKIA~No~FINLAND~No~SWEDEN~Planning stage~
 26   II,     5.  4.  3    |       between 6 (Luxembourg) and 60 (Finland) cases per 100,000 per year.
 27   II,     5.  4.  3    |         EUCID range between 26/1000 (Finland) and 76/1000 (Cyprus), with
 28   II,     5.  4.  3    |       between 77.4% (Spain) and 98% (Finland).~Level of HbA1c>7.0%. According
 29   II,     5.  4.  3    |          corresponding to Sweden and Finland. The percentage is lower
 30   II,     5.  4.  3    |            by 10 countries from 25% (Finland) to 97% (Netherlands), with
 31   II,     5.  4.  3    |              in the urine between 9%(Finland) and 41% (England), with
 32   II,     5.  4.  3    |      percentage varying between 32% (Finland) and 100% (Cyprus).~Level
 33   II,     5.  4.  3    |             above 25 is between 59% (Finland) and 83% (Ireland). The
 34   II,     5.  4.  3    |        figures, ranging between 42% (Finland) and 99% (Netherlands),
 35   II,     5.  5.  1    |         general population survey in Finland using 15D and EQ-5D. Qual
 36   II,     5.  5.  2    |              uses the statistics for Finland to show how the number of
 37   II,     5.  5.  2    |              people with dementia in Finland as a % of the total population~ ~
 38   II,     5.  5.  2    |              people with dementia in Finland more than tripled. As a
 39   II,     5.  5.  3    |             and Canada participated (Finland, Norway, Austria, Belgium (
 40   II,     5.  5.  3    |    Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,
 41   II,     5.  5.  3    |       separately in age group 0-14).~Finland~ ~X~ ~France~ ~X~ ~Germany~ ~
 42   II,     5.  5.  3    |            Hungary and especially in Finland, while for Finnish women
 43   II,     5.  5.  3    |              the value reported from Finland of about 20.506 is more
 44   II,     5.  5.  3    |        psychiatric hospitals between Finland and Norway. Although in
 45   II,     5.  5.  3    |              are available only from Finland, the Netherlands and the
 46   II,     5.  5.  3    |              as follows:~Mini survey Finland 14.3%~NEMESIS Netherlands
 47   II,     5.  5.  3    |        widely in European countries. Finland has by far the highest level
 48   II,     5.  5.  3    |           sales of antipsychotics in Finland is 50% higher than in Sweden,
 49   II,     5.  5.  3    |              atypical antipsychotics Finland is in the lead, too, while
 50   II,     5.  5.  3    |       estimates on schizophrenia for Finland are contradictory; some
 51   II,     5.  5.  3    |        Britain, 43% in Spain, 41% in Finland, 37% in Italy, 35% in Denmark,
 52   II,     5.  5.  3    |             in the gentic isolate of Finland. American Journal of Medical
 53   II,     5.  5.  3    |              3 ~Oun et al., 2003 (*)~Finland~Adults ~MR review and examination~
 54   II,     5.  5.  3    |             Keranen et al., 1989 (*)~Finland~Children ~Retrospective/
 55   II,     5.  5.  3    |            54% of cases from Sweden, Finland and Norway, followed by
 56   II,     5.  5.  3    |               1995). Studies made in Finland showed that 27% of children
 57   II,     5.  5.  3    |            months -~ II - Prohibited~Finland I 12 months First unprovoked
 58   II,     5.  5.  3    |        southern Sweden, southwestern Finland and back to northeastern
 59   II,     5.  5.  3    |           rate of 5.2 in 198897.~In Finland, regional differences in
 60   II,     5.  5.  3    |        intermediate rates in central Finland and coastal Vaasa and relatively
 61   II,     5.  5.  3    |             registered registered in Finland, Scotland, Norway and Sardinia,
 62   II,     5.  5.  3    |         Rapporteur Uma Aaltonen from Finland -herself a person with MS -
 63   II,     5.  5.  3    |        multiple sclerosis in central Finland: a regional and temporal
 64   II,     5.  5.  3    |             of multiple sclerosis in Finland 1979-1993. Neuroepidemiology
 65   II,     5.  5.  3    |             of multiple sclerosis in Finland. Acta Neurol Scand 103:153-
 66   II,     5.  5.  3    |                Multiple sclerosis in Finland: incidence trends and differences
 67   II,     5.  6.  3    |           prevalence of RA in men in Finland is reported as 0.6%, France
 68   II,     5.  7.  2    |           Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Greece, Sweden and The
 69   II,     5.  7.  2    |           Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Greece, Spain, Sweden,
 70   II,     5.  7.  5    |              public health policy in Finland is that all patients should
 71   II,     5.  8.  3    |              increased prevalence in Finland, Slovakia, Romania, Hungary (
 72   II,     5.  8.  4    |       Countries Study, involving US, Finland, Netherlands, Italy, Greece,
 73   II,     5.  9. FB    |              7% in Greece, to 16% in Finland and up to 32% in UK. Secondly,
 74   II,     5. 11.  3    |       Dotterud and E Falk, 1994). In Finland, the occurrence of nickel
 75   II,     5. 11.  3    |             al, 2007). Similarly, in Finland, in the years 199597 and
 76   II,     5. 11.  3    |           19951997 and 20002002 in Finland – a multicentre study, Contact
 77   II,     5. 12.  3    |             15/100,000 in 2000-2002, Finland from 7.4 to 13.6, Ireland
 78   II,     5. 12.  3    |        Nordic countries (Denmark and Finland), the UK, central and Eastern
 79   II,     5. 14.  3    |            reserved for dental care. Finland (0.4%) and the Netherlands (
 80   II,     6.  3.  5    |         Northern countries: Estonia, Finland, the Netherlands, Norway
 81   II,     6.  3.  6    |      Slovakia, whereas in Sweden and Finland, respectively 61% and 52%
 82   II,     6.  3.  6    |    Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Latvia and Lithuania -
 83   II,     6.  3.  6    |             per 100 000) followed by Finland (12.2 per 100 000) reporting
 84   II,     6.  3.  6    |            per 100 000), followed by Finland (0.69 per 100 000) reported
 85   II,     6.  3.  7    |          trend appears to be stable. Finland and Sweden were the countries
 86   II,     6.  3.  7    |              2 500 cases reported by Finland and 330 from Sweden. Higher
 87   II,     8.  2.  1    |             individuals) in Northern Finland, who were followed up to
 88   II,     8.  2.  1    |            the age of 14 in Northern Finland. It showed a prevalence
 89   II,     8.  2.  1    |    intellectual disability (SPID) in Finland was 0.13% based on the register
 90   II,     8.  2.  1    |            Mentally Retarded (Lammi, Finland). The aetiology of their
 91   II,     8.  2.  2    |     countries in this area (Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands,
 92   II,     8.  2.  2    |     countries in this area (Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands,
 93   II,     8.  2.  3    |       population samples of Denmark, Finland, Italy, Sweden and United
 94   II,     8.  2.  3    |             exposure. In Denmark and Finland, the prevalence of slight
 95   II,     9            |             countries, and lowest in Finland, Germany, Sweden and the
 96   II,     9            |            was highest in Sweden and Finland, where more than 85 % of
 97   II,     9.  1.  1    |           Czech Republic, Norway and Finland, but over 5 per 1 000 in
 98   II,     9.  1.  2    |             to 100% (Norway, Sweden, Finland, Malta, Hungary). Although
 99   II,     9.  1.  2    |         upper gestational age limit (Finland, Italy, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,
100   II,     9.  2.  3    |             all Member States except Finland (European Commission, 2003),
101   II,     9.  2.  4    |             countries, and lowest in Finland, Germany, Sweden and the
102   II,     9.  3.  1    |           Social Affairs and Health, Finland, ISSN 1236-2050, 2007:2)
103   II,     9.  3.  2    |        countries - Denmark, Iceland, Finland, the Netherlands, Slovenia,
104   II,     9.  3.  3    |        series of surveys in England, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,
105   II,     9.  3.  3    |            Gremy and Beltzer, 2004), Finland (Haavio-Mannila and Kontula,
106   II,     9.  3.  3    |         sexual intercourse (England, Finland, Germany, Scotland, Sweden,
107   II,     9.  3.  3    |        difference of 20% or more) in Finland, Greece (Athens), Great
108   II,     9.  3.  3    |       occasions.~ ~Recent surveys in Finland notice a higher prevalence
109   II,     9.  3.  3    |              2004). Another study in Finland reported that both genders
110   II,     9.  3.  3    |        Trends in sexual behaviour in Finland and neighbouring countries).
111   II,     9.  3.  3    |       Helsinki: Family federation of Finland.~Herlitz C, Ramstedt K (
112   II,     9.  3.  3    |         health among young adults in Finland: Assessing risk and protective
113   II,     9.  4.  3    |           difference between that of Finland and Portugal (European Health
114   II,     9.  4.  4    |            was highest in Sweden and Finland, where more than 85 % of
115   II,     9.  5.  3    |       relatively high poverty rates; Finland and Sweden now register
116   II,     9.  5.  3    |           the victim (WHO, 2007). In Finland, it has been established
117   II,     9.  5.  3    |           have the most free time in Finland (5h:30) and Germany (5h:
118   II,     9.  5.  4    |           while others like Denmark, Finland, Norway and Portugal are
119  III,    10.  2.  1    |               e.g. Denmark, Germany, Finland and the UK. In central and
120  III,    10.  2.  1    |             1994 and 2000 and 17% in Finland between 2000 and 2005, while
121  III,    10.  2.  1    |            being much higher than in Finland (17%) and Sweden (11%).
122  III,    10.  2.  1    |            aged 45-59 are France and Finland, but while the former finds
123  III,    10.  2.  1    |             al, 1998). Research from Finland further suggests that socioeconomic
124  III,    10.  2.  1    |         Czech Republic, Slovakia and Finland) provided an estimate of
125  III,    10.  2.  1    |        Adolescent~Lifestyle Study in Finland 2007. Unpublished document.~ ~
126  III,    10.  2.  1    |    Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,
127  III,    10.  2.  1    |    physical activity among adults in Finland (since 1978) and the Baltic
128  III,    10.  2.  1    |              example from Europe was Finland, where physical activity
129  III,    10.  2.  1    |        measured in annual surveys in Finland since 1979 (Helakorpi et
130  III,    10.  2.  1    |             late 1970s to mid-1990s, Finland saw an overall increase
131  III,    10.  2.  1    |             10 May 2007 in Helsinki, Finland, at the celebration of the
132  III,    10.  2.  1    |    well-being: a population study in Finland. Preventive Medicine, 30:
133  III,    10.  2.  1    |           three countries as well as Finland also carried out national
134  III,    10.  2.  1(23)|                                      Finland (prevalence of obesity available
135  III,    10.  2.  1    |       surveys vary between every two(Finland) to seven years(Switzerland).
136  III,    10.  2.  1    |      information at: www.lshtm.ac.uk~Finland~The National FINDIET 2002
137  III,    10.  2.  1(24)|           Health Development, 2005), Finland (Helakorpi et al, 2007),
138  III,    10.  2.  5    |            research was conducted in Finland, Great Britain, Greece,
139  III,    10.  2.  5    |     Longitudinal cohort studies from Finland, the Netherlands and UK
140  III,    10.  2.  5    |         based on men from Sweden and Finland hinting at that environmental
141  III,    10.  2.  5    |           caregivers and toddler. In Finland, a nationwide training programme
142  III,    10.  3.  2    |         based on men from Sweden and Finland hinting that environmental
143  III,    10.  3.  2    |             reported from Sweden and Finland. The trend reversal however
144  III,    10.  4.  2    | Elintarviketurvallisuusvirasto EVIRA~Finland~Agence française de sécurité
145  III,    10.  4.  5    |              61 %), Italy (52 %) and Finland (51 %). In Austria and Belgium (
146  III,    10.  5.  1    |               Portugal) to under 5% (Finland), with an average of 16% (
147  III,    10.  5.  1    |      underestimated. For example, in Finland, food and waterborne outbreaks
148  III,    10.  5.  1    |                FSAFood poisonings in Finland in 2005. Helsinki, Finnish
149  III,    10.  5.  2    |           Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland,
150  III,    10.  5.  3    |      Netherlands, Austria, Portugal, Finland, Sweden and the United Kingdom,
151  III,    10.  5.  3    |             10% in Poland, Slovakia, Finland and Sweden).~· 163.3 million
152  III,    10.  5.  3    |       countries, ranging from 17% in Finland and 12% in the Netherlands
153  III,    10.  5.  3    |       legislation. However, Denmark, Finland and Sweden had adopted and
154  III,    10.  5.  3    |            Kingdom, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, the Netherlands, Germany
155  III,    10.  6.  1    |              North Carelia region in Finland shows that individuals with
156  III,    10.  6.  1    |            in four EU Member States (Finland, France, Germany, Greece)
157  III,    10.  6.  1    |    prospective evidence from Eastern Finland. Am J Epidemiol 128(2):370-
158  III,    10.  6.  2    |            per level of education in Finland, Norway, Italy, Hungary,
159  III,    10.  6.  2    |              natural continuation of Finland’s long term horizontal health
160  III,    10.  6.  2    |             across societal sectors. Finland devoted a conference and
161  III,    10.  6.  3    |            countries, notably Spain, Finland, Estonia, Poland and France
162   IV,    11.  1.  4    |          times problems as: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands,
163   IV,    11.  1.  4    |         inequity in primary care are Finland and Portugal, with many
164   IV,    11.  1.  4    |         groups again in Portugal and Finland, but also in Ireland, Italy,
165   IV,    11.  1.  5    |            screened) can be found in Finland, Sweden, the Netherlands
166   IV,    11.  1.  5    |             e.g. the Czech Republic, Finland, France, Spain, the Netherlands
167   IV,    11.  1.  5    |            are not legislated, as in Finland, they may not be as successful
168   IV,    11.  1.  5    |          from 97% in Italy to 48% in Finland. When asked if they are
169   IV,    11.  1.  5    |              can be seen in Belgium, Finland, Austria and Switzerland (
170   IV,    11.  1.  5    |            Among these 15 countries, Finland and Austria had the highest
171   IV,    11.  1.  6    |            Denmark, England, France, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Ireland,
172   IV,    11.  1.  6    |       increased its market share. In Finland, transparency and productivity
173   IV,    11.  2.  1    |            available year~ ~Austria, Finland, Hungary and Romania apparently
174   IV,    11.  2.  2    |              Netherlands and 3.9% in Finland. Spending on prevention
175   IV,    11.  3.  1    |            seen in Austria, Belgium, Finland and France, with the lowest
176   IV,    11.  3.  2    |         Belgium, 4 in Sweden, 6.9 in Finland and 9% in the Czech Republic (
177   IV,    11.  3.  2    |           Belgium, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Italy, the Netherlands,
178   IV,    11.  3.  2    |           Austria, Belgium, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,
179   IV,    11.  3.  2    |     reimbursement decisions, e.g. in Finland and the UK. However, there
180   IV,    11.  3.  2    |              is not always clear. In Finland a product’s price and reimbursement
181   IV,    11.  3.  2    |     prescribe by generic name, as in Finland, France, Germany, Ireland,
182   IV,    11.  3.  2    |             countries (e.g. Denmark, Finland, France, Norway, Spain,
183   IV,    11.  5.  1    |  Scandiatransplant (Denmark, Sweden, Finland, and Norway). Even among
184   IV,    11.  5.  6    |             Europe member states and Finland and results of European
185   IV,    11.  6.  1    |              spent on healthcare. In Finland, healthcare expenditure
186   IV,    11.  6.  2    |            to the 1990s, and also in Finland, France, Germany and Portugal (
187   IV,    11.  6.  2    |              systems include Sweden, Finland, Portugal, Italy, Ireland,
188   IV,    11.  6.  2    |     tax-funded systems (e.g. Sweden, Finland, Italy and Spain). A significant
189   IV,    11.  6.  2    |        collected locally, as seen in Finland, Norway, Spain, Sweden and
190   IV,    11.  6.  2    |          funds (in Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland,
191   IV,    11.  6.  2    |              kind of PHI in Denmark, Finland, Spain or England (since
192   IV,    11.  6.  2    |           PHI for their employees in Finland, France, Germany, Greece,
193   IV,    11.  6.  2    |          care only Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Ireland (higher
194   IV,    11.  6.  2    |              Sweden to about €600 in Finland (Jemiai et al, 2004). Exemptions
195   IV,    11.  6.  2    |             Luxembourg, to €26-65 in Finland, Ireland (Category II patients)
196   IV,    11.  6.  2    |      Pregnancy services:~- Estonia~- Finland~- Italy~- Latvia~- Malta~-
197   IV,    11.  6.  2    |      children:~- Belgium~- Estonia~- Finland~- France~- Germany~- Italy~-
198   IV,    11.  6.  2    |        serious diseases:~- Belgium~- Finland~- Greece~- Malta~- Portugal~-
199   IV,    11.  6.  3    |            taxation. For example, in Finland, an increase in the average
200   IV,    11.  6.  3    |            proportional to income in Finland and even progressive in
201   IV,    11.  6.  4    |           only for primary care: Age~Finland~State, municipalities, and
202   IV,    11.  6.  4    |    Pharmaceuticals Pricing Boards in Finland, Norway, and Sweden, and
203   IV,    11.  6.  5    |             health care financing in Finland." Journal of Health Services
204   IV,    12.  2        |          drugs must be considered.~ ~Finland provides one of the best-documented
205   IV,    12.  2        |     community intervention. In 1972, Finland had the world’s highest
206   IV,    12.  4        |          Chemicals Agency (Helsinki, Finland) – Established in 2007~http u/~
207   IV,    12.  5        |            for men Austria, Belgium, Finland, Germany and Italy appeared
208   IV,    12.  8        |              2004)~Luxemb0urg (1957)~Finland (1995)~Ireland (1973)~Hungary (
209   IV,    12. 10        |          Media campaign~ ~ ~COUNTRY: FINLAND~ ~An Amended Act on Measures
210   IV,    12. 10        |            the public health work in Finland.~ ~National screening programmes
211   IV,    12. 10        |             those at health centres) Finland will be divided into joint
212   IV,    13.Acr        |              Netherlands and 3.9% in Finland. However, where data exist,
213   IV,    13.Acr        |          public health e.g. Austria, Finland, France, the Netherlands,
214   IV,    13.  7.  2    |         first group contains Sweden, Finland, Denmark and Germany. These
215  Key,   Ap5.  0.  0    |     filariasis~filoviridae~financing~Finland~fish~flavourings~fleas~flood~