Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1   II,     5.  2.  4|      determine whether the European guidelines on CVD prevention had been
  2   II,     5.  2.  5|           most recent international guidelines (Grundy SM et al, 2004,
  3   II,     5.  2.  7|            893-902.~Gra ). European guidelines on cardiovascular disease
  4   II,     5.  2.  7|           Adult Treatment Panel III Guidelines. J Am Coll Cardiol 44: 720-
  5   II,     5.  3.  2|          definition of registration guidelines, collection of data on defined
  6   II,     5.  3.  2|            societies/registries and guidelines on cancer. See: http://www.
  7   II,     5.  3.  6|             evidence-based clinical guidelines, and recruitment to clinical
  8   II,     5.  3.  8|            European Union)~European guidelines for cancer research: research
  9   II,     5.  4.  6|                   5.4.6.4. National guidelines and control plans~In 2008,
 10   II,     5.  4.  6|      national diabetes plans and/or guidelines. There has been very little
 11   II,     5.  4.  6|    implementation of national plans/guidelines in Member States. Existing
 12   II,     5.  4.  6|         Existing national plans and guidelines differ significantly among
 13   II,     5.  4.  6|             across Europe. Clinical guidelines are established and normally
 14   II,     5.  4.  6|             national evidence-based guidelines and aimed at detecting and
 15   II,     5.  4.  7|      effectiveness of best practice guidelines on a regular basis”. BIRO
 16   II,     5.  5.  2|         EuroCoDe project will issue guidelines in 2008 on how to reduce
 17   II,     5.  5.  2|        consensual prevalence rates, guidelines on diagnosis, treatment
 18   II,     5.  5.  3|         activities follow specified guidelines.~Further efforts are needed
 19   II,     5.  5.  3|           inadequate application of guidelines, as well as neglection of
 20   II,     5.  5.  3|       routine care, the standard of guidelines, the degree of adherence
 21   II,     5.  5.  3|        difficulties in implementing guidelines where available, and lack
 22   II,     5.  5.  3|        recommended by international guidelines may in part be due to health
 23   II,     5.  5.  3|       respective recommendations in guidelines (Table 5.5.3.2.3).~Table
 24   II,     5.  5.  3| interventions reflected in European guidelines~Non-compliance~Another key
 25   II,     5.  5.  3|          non-adherence.~Deficits of guidelines and their implementation~
 26   II,     5.  5.  3|           are quite a few excellent guidelines on schizophrenia treatment,
 27   II,     5.  5.  3|            3.2.4. European practice guidelines and their AGREE score~Guidelines
 28   II,     5.  5.  3|    guidelines and their AGREE score~Guidelines are intended to be a synopsis
 29   II,     5.  5.  3|         database, and improve care.~Guidelines~The development of a methodologically
 30   II,     5.  5.  3|           on schizophrenia practice guidelines, “would be an international
 31   II,     5.  5.  3|            aim to develop shareable guidelines and thereby save costs” (
 32   II,     5.  5.  3|    implementation of evidence based guidelines~· to promote early detection
 33   II,     5.  5.  3|        quality of clinical practice guidelines: the AGREE project. Qual
 34   II,     5.  5.  3|              Schizophrenia practice guidelines: international survey and
 35   II,     5.  5.  3|        practices: current treatment guidelines and protocols for schizophrenia.
 36   II,     5.  5.  3|          2006): Call for a European guidelines institute. Br J Psychiatry
 37   II,     5.  5.  3|             and stigma.~A number of guidelines and practice parameters
 38   II,     5.  5.  3|           European countries. These guidelines have been endorsed by national
 39   II,     5.  5.  3|          with no access to in-house guidelines and eventually adapted to
 40   II,     5.  5.  3|          this regard, the published guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment
 41   II,     5.  5.  3|            Against Epilepsy (1993): Guidelines for epidemiologic studies
 42   II,     5.  5.  3|            Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines~SMR~Standardized Mortality
 43   II,     5.  5.  3|        published the new diagnostic guidelines by incorporating magnetic
 44   II,     5.  5.  3|             and published consensus guidelines based on the available evidence
 45   II,     5.  5.  3|            paper includes treatment guidelines for some of the most important
 46   II,     5.  5.  3|             for multiple sclerosis: guidelines from the International Panel
 47   II,     5.  5.  3|             for multiple sclerosis: guidelines for research protocols.
 48   II,     5.  5.  3|            established.~A number of guidelines, practice parameters and
 49   II,     5.  5.  3|       countries (e.g. http ). These guidelines have been endorsed by national
 50   II,     5.  6.  3|        working population (European guidelines for prevention in low back
 51   II,     5.  6.  5|          the evidence from existing guidelines and systematic reviews,
 52   II,     5.  7.  5|  Association has developed detailed guidelines and standards for audit
 53   II,     5.  7.  7|      Pressure OQI clinical practice guidelines and clinical practice recommendations
 54   II,     5.  7.  7|            K/DOQI clinical practice guidelines for chronic kidney disease:
 55   II,     5.  7.  7|            K/DOQI clinical practice guidelines for managing dyslipidemias
 56   II,     5.  7.  7|            K/DOQI clinical practice guidelines for bone metabolism and
 57   II,     5.  7.  7|            K/DOQI clinical practice guidelines on hypertension and antihypertensive
 58   II,     5.  8.  3|              as defined in the GOLD guidelines (De Marco et al, 2004).
 59   II,     5.  8.  5|           Policies~ ~Different COPD guidelines have been issued: in 2004
 60   II,     5.  9. FB|             preventive measures and guidelines for ensuring effective diagnosis
 61   II,     5.  9. FB|         implementation of treatment guidelines requires more education
 62   II,     5.  9.  4|             in accordance with ARIA guidelines, every patient with allergic
 63   II,     5.  9.  5|             preventive measures and guidelines for diagnosis and treatment
 64   II,     5.  9.  5|         implementation of treatment guidelines requires more education
 65   II,     5.  9.  5|         recommendation for clinical guidelines. Many patients are under-diagnosed
 66   II,     5.  9.  6|      confirmed by the international guidelines for asthma: the Global Initiative
 67   II,     5.  9.  6|       treatment (WHO, 1952).~ ~GINA guidelines underline the importance
 68   II,     5.  9.  6|           provided the first set of guidelines to be used worldwide for
 69   II,     5.  9.  6|          and to complement the GINA guidelines, the gold standard for the
 70   II,     5.  9.  6|           disease”. Hopefully, ARIA guidelines will improve a better understanding
 71   II,     5. 15.  4|           ensure that common policy guidelines are shared everywhere in
 72   II,     6.  3.  4|     specific risk groups, including guidelines for prevention and control
 73   II,     6.  3.  4|          the various water systems. Guidelines for water plants sanitation
 74   II,     7.  1    |             implementation of these guidelines a handbook “How to make
 75   II,     7.  1    |          available policy tools and guidelines for action.~ ~
 76   II,     7.  5    |     mentioned: “Injury Surveillance Guidelines” which discusses the different
 77   II,     7.  7    |          2001): Injury Surveillance guidelines. Geneva, World Health Organization.~ ~
 78   II,     7.  7    |      prevent injuries and violence: guidelines for policy-makers and planners.
 79   II,     7.  7    |          2001): Injury surveillance guidelines. Geneva, World Health~Organization.~ ~
 80   II,     8.  2.  1|          Davis R, et al. Management GuidelinesDevelopmental Disability (
 81   II,     8.  2.  1|              Australia: Therapeutic Guidelines Limited.~Linehan, C., Walsh,
 82   II,     9        |           with over 36% meeting the guidelines (WHO, 2005a).~ ~Eating habits.
 83   II,     9.  2.  4|           with over 36% meeting the guidelines (WHO, 2005a).~ ~Eating habits.
 84   II,     9.  3.  1|           androgen therapy. Various guidelines have been published in recent
 85   II,     9.  3.  1|           Society Clinical Practice Guidelines (2006) suggest a repeated
 86   II,     9.  5.  4|            key to Europe's future - Guidelines for future European Union
 87   II,     9.  5.  4|            and colorectal screening guidelines (COM (2003) 0230, Proposal
 88   II,     9.  5.  4|         associations have developed guidelines for policy development at
 89  III,    10.  2.  1|            effects. Whilst drinking guidelines have been used in a number
 90  III,    10.  2.  1|             find an impact of these guidelines on alcohol related harm (
 91  III,    10.  2.  1|        Kingdom’s ‘sensible drinking guidelines’ when relied upon as a key
 92  III,    10.  2.  1|   physical activity to meet current guidelines of one hour or more of at
 93  III,    10.  2.  1|             FBDG~Food-Based Dietary Guidelines~ISG~Inter-Service Group~
 94  III,    10.  2.  1|            countries have their own guidelines for food intake. In Scandinavian
 95  III,    10.  2.  1|             figures in the EURODIET guidelines as well as in the US reference
 96  III,    10.  2.  1|          2008.~ ~Food-based dietary guidelines(FBDG)~ ~A Scientific Colloquium
 97  III,    10.  2.  1|   Development of food-based dietary guidelines (FBDG)”. FBDG, described
 98  III,    10.  2.  1|        about FBDG:~· nutrient-based guidelines and food-based guidelines
 99  III,    10.  2.  1|           guidelines and food-based guidelines should give a consistent
100  III,    10.  2.  1|       recommended in nutrient-based guidelines should ideally be provided
101  III,    10.  2.  1|       recommended in the food-based guidelines;~· the foods that are consumed
102  III,    10.  2.  1|  responsible for developing dietary guidelines are encouraged to integrate
103  III,    10.  2.  1|            recommended that dietary guidelines be based on - as well as
104  III,    10.  2.  1|          develop food based dietary guidelines and related communication
105  III,    10.  2.  1|             with food-based dietary guidelines).~· Provide comprehensive
106  III,    10.  2.  1|          local and national dietary guidelines, have to be studied and
107  III,    10.  2.  1|   Development of Food-Based dietary Guidelines - SUMMARY REPORT. EFSA SCIENTIFIC
108  III,    10.  2.  4|            up policy statements and guidelines in the field of genetics/
109  III,    10.  3.  1|         night time (WHO, 2007). WHO guidelines for community noise require
110  III,    10.  3.  1|           This Recommendation gives guidelines for the information of the
111  III,    10.  3.  1|      difficulty in implementing new guidelines at local level is an area
112  III,    10.  3.  1|         Health Organization (2007). Guidelines for the exposure to noise
113  III,    10.  3.  1|         1987 and 2000). Air Quality Guidelines for Europe. WHO Regional
114  III,    10.  3.  1|            Organization (WHO) 2000. Guidelines for community noise. Edited
115  III,    10.  3.  2|            WHO) (2000): Air quality guidelinesSecond Edition Chapter
116  III,    10.  3.  4|         underway, aims at producing guidelines on heat-related disease
117  III,    10.  4.  1|          Acronyms~ ~AQG~Air Quality Guidelines~CAFÉ~Clean Air for Europe
118  III,    10.  4.  1|        compared to current European guidelines, target values and limit
119  III,    10.  4.  1|             1.1).~ ~Table 10.4.1.1. Guidelines, target values and limit
120  III,    10.  4.  1|             quality but no European guidelines for indoor air quality.
121  III,    10.  4.  1|            WHO (2005a): Air quality guidelines for particulate matter,
122  III,    10.  4.  1|              2005): WHO air quality guidelines global update 2005. Report
123  III,    10.  4.  2|          exposure (acute, chronic), guidelines will be needed eventually
124  III,    10.  4.  2|           needed to establish these guidelines.~ ~Botanicals and botanical
125  III,    10.  4.  2|           modified organisms (8).~ ~Guidelines for risk-benefit analysis
126  III,    10.  4.  2|   undertaken a process to establish guidelines for “Risk-benefit analysis
127  III,    10.  4.  2|           accordance with the broad guidelines drawn up at Community level.
128  III,    10.  4.  2|           at Community level. These guidelines should promote coherent
129  III,    10.  4.  3|      factsheets (WHO, 2007) and WHO Guidelines for drinking water (WHO,
130  III,    10.  4.  3|              The WHO Drinking water guidelines (WHO, 2006) recommend a
131  III,    10.  4.  3|           World Health Organization Guidelines for drinking-water quality
132  III,    10.  4.  3|            limit value from the WHO Guidelines for drinking water, i.e.
133  III,    10.  4.  3|             at: htt ml~WHO (2006a): Guidelines for drinking-water quality.
134  III,    10.  4.  5|          review is based on the WHO Guidelines for bathing water (WHO,
135  III,    10.  5.  1|            not complying with EWGLI guidelines are sources of risk for
136  III,    10.  5.  1|            levels exceeding the WHO guidelines (WHO, 2007).~The modal split
137  III,    10.  5.  1|          2006b): Development of WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality –
138  III,    10.  5.  3|       regulations and good practice guidelines are already formed for MSD
139   IV,    11.  1.  3|            introduction of clinical guidelines and linking payments to
140   IV,    11.  1.  5|    standards institutes - publishes guidelines on numerous medical-related
141   IV,    11.  1.  5|      disinfectants, to more general guidelines for process improvements
142   IV,    11.  1.  5|           such as clinical practice guidelines, quality indicators and
143   IV,    11.  1.  5|      processes.~ ~Clinical practice guidelines are specific criteria for
144   IV,    11.  1.  5|           monitor and enforce these guidelines, financial incentives (or
145   IV,    11.  1.  5|            countries are developing guidelines and sharing information,
146   IV,    11.  1.  5|          are beginning to introduce guidelines e.g. Austria, Belgium, Cyprus,
147   IV,    11.  1.  5|           effectiveness of clinical guidelines on the quality of care is
148   IV,    11.  1.  5|            consistently implemented guidelines can help to deliverbest
149   IV,    11.  1.  5|            et al, 2001). While most guidelines seek to improve the quality
150   IV,    11.  1.  5|            1998). Also, if clinical guidelines are not legislated, as in
151   IV,    11.  1.  5|         compliance with prescribing guidelines for many reasons: the volume
152   IV,    11.  1.  5|         many reasons: the volume of guidelines, lack of information systems
153   IV,    11.  1.  5|          concern that following the guidelines could negatively affect
154   IV,    11.  1.  5|      through specific protocols and guidelines. These may be vaccination
155   IV,    11.  1.  5|        outcomes targets make use of guidelines, although they are based
156   IV,    11.  1.  5|      multiplicity of programmes and guidelines and the difficulty of data
157   IV,    11.  1.  5|             evidence-based clinical guidelines, administrative and clinical
158   IV,    11.  1.  5|        incorporating EBP into their guidelines. At international level,
159   IV,    11.  1.  5|            highlight that even when guidelines or protocols are available,
160   IV,    11.  3.  2|           consistent application of guidelines across studies, limited ‘
161   IV,    11.  3.  2|             Germany, or prescribing guidelines in France. Evidence of the
162   IV,    11.  3.  2|    information systems to track the guidelines, and also explicit quality
163   IV,    11.  5.  1|        consensus about common basic guidelines and methodologies is of
164   IV,    11.  5.  3|             the system is driven by guidelines.~The criteria for cadaver
165   IV,    11.  5.  3|          are regulated by technical guidelines in most countries (23) with
166   IV,    11.  5.  3|             other 15 have technical guidelines.~Figure 11.15 shows the
167   IV,    11.  5.  3|             requirements, technical guidelines or not regulated).~ ~Figure
168   IV,    11.  5.  3|            is governed by technical guidelines. With the exception of haemodilution
169   IV,    11.  5.  3|          not have any kind of law / guidelines in place, evaluation of
170   IV,    11.  5.  3|            are covered in technical guidelines in most of the countries
171   IV,    11.  5.  3|         recommendation in technical guidelines.~The use of authorised tests
172   IV,    11.  5.  3|         this provision in technical guidelines. Figure 11.16 shows the
173   IV,    11.  5.  3|           are governed by technical guidelines:~ ~Figure 11.18. Organ transplantation
174   IV,    11.  5.  5|        Countries), set of practical guidelines of tissues establishments,
175   IV,    11.  6.  4|    authorities, and ‘quasi-laws’ or guidelines (Schreyögg et al, 2005).~ ~
176   IV,    11.  6.  5|        quality of clinical practice guidelines in oncology using the Appraisal
177   IV,    11.  6.  5|     oncology using the Appraisal of Guidelines and Research and Evaluation
178   IV,    11.  6.  5|          Canadian Clinical Practice Guidelines Network Workshop." Canadian
179   IV,    11.  6.  5|              The impact of clinical guidelines and clinical pathways on
180   IV,    11.  6.  5|        safety: the use of rules and guidelines in health care. Patient
181   IV,    11.  6.  5|      judgment and clinical practice guidelines." International Journal
182   IV,    11.  6.  5|         Effect of Clinical Practice Guidelines on Variations in Care."
183   IV,    11.  6.  5|               Implementing clinical guidelines in the treatment of diabetes
184   IV,    12.  2    |    communications, recommendations, guidelines and networks as well policy
185   IV,    12.  2    |          define indicators, produce guidelines and recommendations, foster
186   IV,    12.  2    |           most recent international guidelines. The preferential use of
187   IV,    12.  2    |      national diabetes plans and/or guidelines. There is currently no benchmark
188   IV,    12.  2    |    implementation of national plans/guidelines in Member States. Existing
189   IV,    12.  2    |         Existing national plans and guidelines differ significantly among
190   IV,    12.  2    |            effects. Whilst drinking guidelines have been used in a number
191   IV,    12.  2    |             find an impact of these guidelines on alcohol related harm .
192   IV,    12.  2    |        Kingdom’s ‘sensible drinking guidelines’ when relied upon as a key
193   IV,    12. 10    |      approach according to European guidelines.~Legal requirements aimed
194   IV,    12. 10    |           providing information and guidelines on drug safety.~Critical
195   IV,    12. 10    |            Physical activity~High~ ~Guidelines are being published.~Drugs
196   IV,    12. 10    |             principles and detailed guidelines for good clinical practice
197   IV,    12. 10    |             down the principles and guidelines of good manufacturing practice
198   IV,    12. 10    |            59 age group, and issues guidelines on the nature and scope
199   IV,    12. 10    |          and dietary habits~Dietary guidelines for adults, children ~Physical activity~
200   IV,    12. 10    |     Household budget survey~Dietary guidelines for adults, children ~Genomics
201   IV,    12. 10    |             national level~European Guidelines for Hypertension Diagnostics
202   IV,    13.  4    |          the second generation. The Guidelines for Growth and Jobs call
203   IV,    13.  4    |          particular, the Integrated Guidelines 19 (Inclusive Labour Markets)