Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1    I,     2.  2        |            Eurostat).~ ~The progressive reduction of barriers that first took
  2    I,     2.  4        |                1990s, though no overall reduction can be observed (APPLICA,
  3    I,     2.  5        |          globalisation. The progressive reduction of barriers that first took
  4    I,     2.  5        |                these changes has been a reduction in directly employed staff.
  5    I,     2. 10.  4    |              Netherlands, resulted in a reduction of 74% in administration
  6    I,     2. 10.  4    |                dispensing system, saw a reduction in time spent in the dispensary
  7    I,     2. 10.  4    |            Italy resulted in a 30% cost reduction in the drug supply chain20.~ ~
  8   II,     4.  1        |                only suggest a very slow reduction in the longevity gaps between
  9   II,     5.  2.  3    |              blood pressure, and by the reduction in the prevalence of smokers.
 10   II,     5.  2.  5    |                 comes from risk factors reduction.~ ~
 11   II,     5.  2.  6    |             low-cost means, such as the reduction of risk factors or through
 12   II,     5.  2.  6    |                 comes from risk factors reduction.~One of the first steps
 13   II,     5.  2.  6    |               total and LDL cholesterol reduction causes a reduction of CHD
 14   II,     5.  2.  6    |          cholesterol reduction causes a reduction of CHD morbidity and mortality (
 15   II,     5.  2.  6    |           precisely, indicates that any reduction of plasma LDL cholesterol
 16   II,     5.  2.  6    |              induce within 5 years a 1% reduction of CVD incidence (Robinson
 17   II,     5.  2.  6    |              point of view, cholesterol reduction has been shown to slow atheroma
 18   II,     5.  2.  6    |                trials, has shown that a reduction of blood pressure causes
 19   II,     5.  2.  6    |                 blood pressure causes a reduction of fatal and non fatal CVD
 20   II,     5.  2.  6    |               non fatal CVD events. The reduction is larger for stroke events,
 21   II,     5.  2.  6    |                stroke events, while the reduction of coronary events is less
 22   II,     5.  2.  6    |                control of overweight, a reduction of sodium (salt) intake
 23   II,     5.  2.  6    |              benefit beyond cholesterol reduction? A meta-regression analysis.
 24   II,     5.  2.  7    |       Preventive potential of body mass reduction to lower cardiovascular
 25   II,     5.  3.  6    |               in the UK, with a gradual reduction of the survival deficit
 26   II,     5.  3.  7    |          determinants would result in a reduction in cancer risk. Although
 27   II,     5.  3.  7    | physical activity to avoid obesity, the reduction of over-exposure to sunlight,
 28   II,     5.  3.  7    |          especially for what concerns a reduction in mortality. The results
 29   II,     5.  3.  8    |               can achieve a substantial reduction in cancer incidence over
 30   II,     5.  4.  2    |           definition of targets for the reduction of complications and the
 31   II,     5.  4.  2    |               conditions in which major reduction in this heavy burden of
 32   II,     5.  4.  2    |                 earn great dividends in reduction of human misery and in massive
 33   II,     5.  4.  6    |          contribute considerably to the reduction of complications, something
 34   II,     5.  4.  6    |                 greater options for the reduction of CVD and of the rising
 35   II,     5.  4.  6    |               an effective tool for the reduction of diabetes complications.
 36   II,     5.  5.Int    |         estimated to be equivalent to a reduction of 3% to 4% of the total
 37   II,     5.  5.  1    |                extent comparable to the reduction caused by serious physical
 38   II,     5.  5.  2    |            detailed information on risk reduction and one of the working groups
 39   II,     5.  5.  2    |    interventions, risk factors and risk reduction/prevention strategies and
 40   II,     5.  5.  2    |             brain: the evidence on risk reduction and dementia, Alzheimer
 41   II,     5.  5.  3    |          illnesses,. Investments in the reduction of disabilities should be
 42   II,     5.  5.  3    |               duration of illness. This reduction gradually diminished over
 43   II,     5.  7.  3    |               death. The mortality risk reduction in transplant recipients
 44   II,     5.  9.  3    |               was a particularly marked reduction in current asthma symptoms
 45   II,     5.  9.  3    |           quality of life and long-term reduction of direct and indirect costs.~ ~
 46   II,     5.  9.  4    |             formulated, among which the reduction in the prevalence of infections
 47   II,     5. 12.  5    |           related mortality through the reduction or avoidance of alcohol
 48   II,     5. 14.  5    |           quality of life improvements, reduction of health inequalities with
 49   II,     6.  3.  1    |              there has been significant reduction in the incidence and number
 50   II,     7.  1        |               over the last ten years a reduction of about 20% has been observed
 51   II,     7.  1        |               have led to a significant reduction in mortality from trauma.
 52   II,     7.  3.  2    |                 in the EU experienced a reduction of 20%. This decrease can
 53   II,     7.  3.  4    |               the potential for further reduction of road traffic mortality
 54   II,     7.  4        |              impacts in terms of injury reduction.~ ~This has led to the identification
 55   II,     7.  4.  3    |           increased efforts for further reduction of transport risks are planned
 56   II,     7.  4.  5    |              improvements in safety and reduction of injuries Community-wide (
 57   II,     7.  4.  6    |          required to achieve an overall reduction in the population suicide
 58   II,     8.  2.  1    |           Policies~EU policy focuses on reduction of health inequalities (
 59   II,     9            |              trials showed a 29-percent reduction in risk for major CHD events
 60   II,     9            |               similar to the 31-percent reduction observed in men. At present,
 61   II,     9            |               smoking cessation and the reduction of harmful alcohol consumption
 62   II,     9.  1.  2    |     pre-conceptional care is needed, as reduction of risk factors needs to
 63   II,     9.  1.  2    |                De Wals P et al, (2007): Reduction in neural tube defects after
 64   II,     9.  2.  1    |             which have been made in the reduction of childhood infectious
 65   II,     9.  2.  3    |               there has been a welcomed reduction in infectious diseases,
 66   II,     9.  2.  3    |                shown to cause sustained reduction of depression, aggressive
 67   II,     9.  3.  1    |         estimated to be equivalent to a reduction of 3% to 4% of total GDP (
 68   II,     9.  3.  1    |              describe the physiological reduction of androgen secretion occurring
 69   II,     9.  3.  1    |        abdominal adiposity), a parallel reduction of muscle strength, a decline
 70   II,     9.  3.  1    |             centralchanges, such as a reduction in libido, erotic fantasies
 71   II,     9.  3.  1    |             deficiency, provided that a reduction of the total concentration
 72   II,     9.  3.  1    |              trials showed a 29-percent reduction in risk for major CHD events
 73   II,     9.  3.  1    |               similar to the 31-percent reduction observed in men. At present,
 74   II,     9.  3.  3    |                males than females. Risk reduction strategies need to be strengthened
 75   II,     9.  3.  3    |           school sex education and risk reduction and the fact that the variables
 76   II,     9.  3.  3    |              risk and knowledge of risk reduction strategies, increased self-effectiveness
 77   II,     9.  3.  3    |        encouraging the adoption of risk reduction practices remain a cornerstone
 78   II,     9.  4.  3    |                illness in later life. A reduction of in-hospital delirium
 79   II,     9.  4.  4    |               smoking cessation and the reduction of harmful alcohol consumption
 80   II,     9.  5.  1    |                 they live and work.~ ~A reduction has been seen in cardiovascular
 81   II,     9.  5.  3    |              measured by the inequality reduction potential of old age pensions
 82   II,     9.  5.  6    |          Program Research Group (2002): Reduction in the Incidence of Type
 83  III,    10.  1.  1    |                victimization as well as reduction of anxiety, stress, and
 84  III,    10.  2.  1    |                10.2.1.1.4. Tobacco harm reduction~ ~Individual interventions~ ~
 85  III,    10.  2.  1    |        interventions geared towards the reduction of tobacco related harm
 86  III,    10.  2.  1    |            actively contributing to the reduction of tobacco consumption for
 87  III,    10.  2.  1    |     restrictions in place; and~· demand reduction measures concerning tobacco
 88  III,    10.  2.  1    |                  Snuff and tobacco harm reduction debate~ ~Tobacco harm reduction
 89  III,    10.  2.  1    |         reduction debate~ ~Tobacco harm reduction is a “strategy which aims
 90  III,    10.  2.  1    |             snuff as an acceptable harm reduction strategy.~The advocates
 91  III,    10.  2.  1    |            areas for improvement in the reduction of tobacco use:~· Tobacco
 92  III,    10.  2.  1    |                tobacco for tobacco harm reduction: what are the main obstacles?
 93  III,    10.  2.  1    |                the main obstacles? Harm Reduction Journal, 2007; 4:17~ ~McKee
 94  III,    10.  2.  1    |               chronic pancreatitis. The reduction in alcohol consumption,
 95  III,    10.  2.  1    |               is associated to a strong reduction (almost 3 times) of liver
 96  III,    10.  2.  1    |               per day, with most of the reduction in risk occurring by a consumption
 97  III,    10.  2.  1    |              tools and policies.~ ~Risk reduction strategies include a set
 98  III,    10.  2.  1    |             prevention, treatment, harm reduction, etc.), drug market and
 99  III,    10.  2.  1    |             These encompass drug supply reduction (law enforcement) and drug
100  III,    10.  2.  1    |            enforcement) and drug demand reduction (prevention, treatment and
101  III,    10.  2.  1    |          prevention, treatment and harm reduction) interventions and generally
102  III,    10.  2.  1    |         substitution treatment and harm reduction interventions in Europe.
103  III,    10.  2.  1    |             social rehabilitation, harm reduction) in Europe has clearly increased
104  III,    10.  2.  1    |          prevention, treatment and harm reduction intervention have to be
105  III,    10.  2.  1    |              existing lesions. Dramatic reduction in dental caries in children
106  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 system could target the reduction of disease inequalities.
107  III,    10.  2.  1    |              enable the hypothesis of a reduction in periodontal disease to
108  III,    10.  2.  1    |               terms of quality of life, reduction of health inequalities,
109  III,    10.  2.  1    |                        10.2.1.7.6. Risk reduction strategies~ ~Obesity and
110  III,    10.  2.  2    |                On the other hand, a 10% reduction in plasma total cholesterol
111  III,    10.  2.  2    |        cholesterol is followed by a 25% reduction in CHD incidence after 5
112  III,    10.  2.  2    |                have recognised that any reduction of plasma LDL cholesterol
113  III,    10.  2.  2    |                 in a 5 years time, a 1% reduction of CVD incidence. The ischemic
114  III,    10.  2.  2    |              point of view, cholesterol reduction has been shown to slow atheroma
115  III,    10.  2.  3    |       especially in elderly subjects. A reduction of blood pressure causes
116  III,    10.  2.  3    |                 blood pressure causes a reduction of fatal and non fatal CVD
117  III,    10.  2.  3    |               non fatal CVD events. The reduction is larger for stroke events,
118  III,    10.  2.  3    |                stroke events, while the reduction of coronary events is less
119  III,    10.  2.  3    |              and DPB. Weight control, a reduction of sodium (salt) intake
120  III,    10.  2.  5    |               stressors together with a reduction of the immunological function
121  III,    10.  2.  5    |              increase of fat mass and a reduction of lean mass and total water
122  III,    10.  2.  5    |                  such changes lead to a reduction of body distribution volume
123  III,    10.  2.  5    |                plasma albumin, due to a reduction of plasma levels of albumin;~-
124  III,    10.  2.  5    |                of xenobiotics, due to a reduction of competent enzymes;~ ~
125  III,    10.  3.  3    |            there has been a significant reduction in the incidence and number
126  III,    10.  3.  4    |               well above the collective reduction target of 8% for 2008-2012.
127  III,    10.  3.  4    |                could be larger than the reduction in cold related deaths.
128  III,    10.  3.  4    |               only a small part of this reduction in winter mortality; as
129  III,    10.  3.  4    |            heavily to the estimated 30% reduction in gross primary production
130  III,    10.  4.  1    |              Maximal Technical Feasible Reduction~NEC~National Emission Ceilings~
131  III,    10.  4.  1    |          several studies which showed a reduction in respiratory health effects
132  III,    10.  4.  1    |         pollution relate to the further reduction of emissions, for example
133  III,    10.  4.  1    |              least desirable to achieve reduction in the background levels,
134  III,    10.  4.  2    |                 the most effective risk reduction actions depending on the
135  III,    10.  4.  2(34)|                 to ultimately achieve a reduction in Salmonella levels to
136  III,    10.  4.  2    |                intentionally and at the reduction of contaminants in accordance
137  III,    10.  4.  2    |                no later than 2010 a 95% reduction in emissions and content
138  III,    10.  4.  2    |               11 products per crop. The reduction in weight of pesticides
139  III,    10.  4.  3    |       sustainable water use; ensure the reduction of pollutant loads; and
140  III,    10.  4.  3    |     contamination of source waters, the reduction or removal of contamination
141  III,    10.  4.  4    |              improvements in safety and reduction of injuries Community-wide.
142  III,    10.  4.  5    |            evolved since the 60s with a reduction of emissions. Further insights
143  III,    10.  4.  5    |             waste prevention are:~· the reduction of waste generation;~· the
144  III,    10.  4.  5    |                 waste generation;~· the reduction of hazardous substances
145  III,    10.  4.  5    |                 time, in general with a reduction of emissions to the nearby
146  III,    10.  4.  5    |           strategic choices towards the reduction of waste production, re-use
147  III,    10.  5.  1    |               studies have shown that a reduction of classroom temperature
148  III,    10.  5.  1    |                 O, Jantunen, MJ (2005): Reduction potential of urban PM 25
149  III,    10.  5.  2    |               dynamics work towards the reduction of the existing quantitative
150  III,    10.  5.  3    |            states. As we can see, a 20% reduction of accidents at work took
151  III,    10.  5.  3    |           globalisation~The progressive reduction of barriers that first took
152  III,    10.  5.  3    |                these changes has been a reduction in directly employed staff.
153  III,    10.  5.  3    |           preventive measures lead to a reduction of risk factors and diseases
154  III,    10.  5.  3    |             that all of them reported a reduction in absenteeism in the range
155  III,    10.  5.  3    |                 results show an average reduction in medical costs of 26%,
156  III,    10.  5.  3    |                achieving an overall 25% reduction of occupational accidents
157  III,    10.  5.  3    |             training of workers~- noise reduction by technical means~- maintenance
158  III,    10.  5.  3    |                 and its systems~- noise reduction through a better organisation
159  III,    10.  5.  3    |              Awareness campaigns on the reduction of occupational accidents
160  III,    10.  5.  3    |         countries for what concerns the reduction of occupational accidents.~
161  III,    10.  5.  3    |               promising targets was the reduction of the incidence rate of
162  III,    10.  6.  1    |                 improvements show crime reduction effects and increase the
163  III,    10.  6.  2    |                 drugs and doping, and a reduction in the harmful effects of
164  III,    10.  6.  3    |                 improvements show crime reduction effects and increase the
165   IV,    11.  1.  5    |            price~Providers respond to a reduction in patients by improving
166   IV,    11.  1.  5    |                  This resulted in a 15% reduction in cardiac arrests for the
167   IV,    11.  2.  1    |                 to 3.1 in 2004 (thus, a reduction of 0.72 hospitals), compared
168   IV,    11.  2.  1    |               hospitals), compared to a reduction in 0.89 hospitals in the
169   IV,    11.  5.  4    |                 have as a consequence a reduction in the actual number of
170   IV,    11.  6.  2    |          transfer programs, tax or debt reduction.~ ~Additionally, taxation
171   IV,    11.  6.  3    |     redistributed the least, with a 35% reduction in inequalities. However,
172   IV,    11.  6.  4    |              providers, who would see a reduction in income, being defined
173   IV,    12.  2        |            considerably to complication reduction. This becomes even more
174   IV,    12.  2        |                 the greater options for reduction of CVD and because of the
175   IV,    12.  2        |        interventions geared towards the reduction of tobacco related harm
176   IV,    12.  2        |            actively contributing to the reduction of tobacco consumption for
177   IV,    12.  2        |       restrictions in place; and~demand reduction measures concerning tobacco
178   IV,    12.  2        |            control.~ ~2. Alcohol~ ~Risk reduction strategies include a set
179   IV,    12.  5        |          healthier ways of life and the reduction of health inequalities~ ~
180   IV,    12. 10        |             healthy life styles, weight reduction, and prevention of obesity
181   IV,    12. 10        |                  Poverty~High priority, reduction of inequity in health is
182   IV,    12. 10        |         patients to public hospitals.~· Reduction in inappropriate use of
183   IV,    12. 10        |              Beverages~ ~ Programme for Reduction of Alcohol Consumption and
184   IV,    12. 10        |                 approve the Program for reduction of tobacco use and for smoking
185   IV,    12. 10        |                of municipal work on the reduction of health inequities, 3)
186   IV,    12. 10        |          programme have been defined as reduction of marginalisation [syrjäytyminen],
187   IV,    12. 10        |                 drugs and doping, and a reduction in harmful effects of excessive
188   IV,    13.  6.  1    |             child. This may result in a reduction in employment availability,