Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1    I,     2.  2    |           stable tourist destination compared to other large regions in
  2    I,     2.  3    |          more low skilled immigrants compared to the USA, Australia and
  3    I,     2.  4    |       Eastern European countries, as compared to between 25 and 41 per
  4    I,     2.  4    |             magnitude in the Eastern compared to the Western countries.
  5    I,     2.  5    |           the third quarter of 2008, compared with the previous quarter,
  6    I,     2.  5    |              the accession countries compared to 40% in the EU. Although
  7    I,     2.  5    |          more low skilled immigrants compared to the USA, Australia and
  8    I,     2.  6    |             ISCED level 6 programmes compared to men increased in nearly
  9    I,     2.  9    |              has increased by 0.8 °C compared with pre-industrial times
 10    I,     2.  9    |           year in the past 15 years (compared with a global average of
 11    I,     2. 10.  5|        different countries should be compared looking both at the methods
 12    I,     3.  2    |         specific years since 1990.~ ~Compared to 2000, the 2006 population
 13    I,     3.  3    |         years per one person of 65+ (compared to the current four). Therefore,
 14    I,     3.  3    |        similar across Member States. Compared to the 2005 values, all
 15   II,     4.  1    |    expectancy was around 70 years as compared to the current rate of about
 16   II,     4.  1    |              year higher in the EU27 compared to the USA but three years
 17   II,     5.  1.  1|      cigarettes per day was about 8, compared to non-smokers. Prevalence
 18   II,     5.  1.  1|             Excessive food intake as compared to needs deriving from physical activity
 19   II,     5.  2.  2|           mortality rates are higher compared to those of the Mediterranean
 20   II,     5.  2.  2|           mortality rates are higher compared to those of Mediterranean
 21   II,     5.  2.  3|              validated and cannot be compared among countries. Their interpretation
 22   II,     5.  2.  4|             the risk of heart attack compared to those who have never
 23   II,     5.  3.  4|       historical patterns of smoking compared to men (Parkin et al, 2005).
 24   II,     5.  3.  5|            lower male incidence rate compared to other countries with
 25   II,     5.  3.  5|            lower male incidence rate compared to other countries with
 26   II,     5.  4.  3|        people and in people above 85 compared to other age bands. OECD
 27   II,     5.  4.  6|             become somewhat stronger compared to the last review, because
 28   II,     5.  4.  6|          here is not really an issue compared to other areas: for most
 29   II,     5.  5.Int|         diagnose depression in women compared to men, even when before
 30   II,     5.  5.  1|              suicide mortality rates compared to men.~ ~Mortality rates
 31   II,     5.  5.  3| significantly increased for migrants compared to native-born individuals (
 32   II,     5.  5.  3|             2005b)~Burden of disease~Compared to other psychiatric disorders
 33   II,     5.  5.  3|             increased mortality risk compared to the general community
 34   II,     5.  5.  3|            or psychiatric conditions compared to controls. Co-morbidity
 35   II,     5.  5.  3|           and men with schizophrenia compared to controls.~Schizophrenia
 36   II,     5.  5.  3|       cannabis (Regier et al, 1990). Compared to typical community prevalence
 37   II,     5.  5.  3|       patients with schizophrenia as compared to 23% in the general
 38   II,     5.  5.  3|            to 4 times increased rate compared to community rates (Coodin,
 39   II,     5.  5.  3|        findings suggest higher rates compared to many other countries (
 40   II,     5.  5.  3|              usage of antipsychotics compared to other EU countries.~With
 41   II,     5.  5.  3|         averted by optimal treatment compared to 13% with current intervention
 42   II,     5.  5.  3|           1924 and 1994-1998 cohorts compared. British Journal of Psychiatry
 43   II,     5.  5.  3|              been observed in autism compared with the general population,
 44   II,     5.  5.  3|            different populations are compared. Reference figures from
 45   II,     5.  5.  3|              death (95% CI 3.8-22.7) compared with patients in 5-year
 46   II,     5.  5.  3|            and without epilepsy were compared. Several somatic disorders
 47   II,     5.  5.  3|             reported in some regions compared with the respective national
 48   II,     5.  5.  3|         prevalence up to 119 in 1999 compared with 1950 was related to
 49   II,     5.  5.  3|         carried out so far for MS as compared to other neurological disorders.
 50   II,     5.  5.  3|            system (CNS) inflammation compared to placebo.~Five disease-modifying
 51   II,     5.  5.  3|               SMR: 2.9) was reported compared to the non-diseased population (
 52   II,     5.  5.  3|             in advanced stages of PD compared to the early stages of the
 53   II,     5.  5.  3|             in the old Member States compared to the new EU members. One
 54   II,     5.  5.  3|          patients were still at work compared to 81.5% of the healthy
 55   II,     5.  5.  3|             a mean age of 50.5 years compared to a mean of 57.9 years
 56   II,     5.  5.  3|            trends have been observed compared to data from 1973 (Singer
 57   II,     5.  6.  3|           poorest quality of life if compared to other chronic conditions (
 58   II,     5.  6.  3|              total health care costs compared to 8.1% for mental retardation.
 59   II,     5.  6.  3|         symptomatic knee OA was 2.3% compared to 17% based on radiologically
 60   II,     5.  6.  3|       farming ten years or more when compared to sedentary occupations (
 61   II,     5.  6.  3|            as high in people with RA compared to controls (Birnbaum et
 62   II,     5.  6.  6|           noninflammatory joint pain compared to rheumatoid arthritis:
 63   II,     5.  7.  3|          higher in the United States compared to Norway. In a recent comparative
 64   II,     5.  7.  3|            ESRD in US white patients compared to Norwegian patients was
 65   II,     5.  7.  3|             than 50% higher in males compared to females (Table 5.7.7).
 66   II,     5.  7.  3|            on RRT is lower in Europe compared to the US (Sixth Annual
 67   II,     5.  7.  3|             analyses have shown that compared to patients starting dialysis
 68   II,     5.  7.  6|             in transplant recipients compared to dialysis patients, whereas
 69   II,     5.  8.  3|              52, 95%CI 2.04 to 6.07) compared to non smokers..~ ~COPD
 70   II,     5.  8.  3|             Netherlands, Italy) were compared (Chapman et al 2006). It
 71   II,     5.  8.  4|               in continuous smokers, compared to 1% in never smokers,
 72   II,     5.  8.  4|      cigarettes per day was about 8, compared to non-smokers. Prevalence
 73   II,     5.  8.  4|              phlegm (odds ratio 1.22 compared to males) (Cerveri et al,
 74   II,     5.  8.  5|              increase of 47 ml FEV1, compared with a decrease of 49 ml
 75   II,     5.  8.  7|    population study of COPD patients compared with non-COPD controls.
 76   II,     5.  9. FB|             living in Western Europe compared to those living in Eastern
 77   II,     5.  9. FB|              found among obese women compared to normal weight women.
 78   II,     5.  9. FB|           dermatitis in infancy when compared to standard infant formulas.~ ~
 79   II,     5.  9.  1|            asthma and concomitant AR compared to those with asthma alone (
 80   II,     5.  9.  3|           These first results can be compared with those obtained in another
 81   II,     5.  9.  3|             The prevalence data were compared with the results from the
 82   II,     5.  9.  4|              0.67) for farm children compared to their references.~ ~Allergen
 83   II,     5.  9.  4|             were present in the fine compared to coarse PM fractions.
 84   II,     5. 11.  3|         Afro-Caribbean children when compared to their white counterparts.
 85   II,     5. 11.  3|       piercing posts released nickel compared to a percentage of 25% in
 86   II,     5. 11.  4|      economically active people when compared to other cancers (melanoma
 87   II,     5. 12.  3|       pattern had totally changed as compared to only two decades earlier.
 88   II,     5. 13    |              intake of excessive (as compared to physiological needs)
 89   II,     5. 14.  3|        countries with 2% to 28% when compared to the Eastern European
 90   II,     6.  3.  2|         whereby individual rates are compared to those of other participating
 91   II,     6.  3.  4|             not especially high when compared with historical data. The
 92   II,     7.  6    |              more and more important compared to those of other political
 93   II,     8.  1.  3|            the age group 16-24 years compared with older age groups. Among
 94   II,     8.  1.  3|              women with limitations, compared with their male counterpart,
 95   II,     8.  1.  3|              limited to some extent, compared to 43% for those with no
 96   II,     8.  1.  3|       limitations to some extent, as compared with 68% in those with no
 97   II,     8.  1.  3|             such proportion was 27%, compared with 45% in people with
 98   II,     8.  1.  3|     proportion was reduced to 15% as compared to 45% in unrestricted people
 99   II,     8.  2.  1|            of health services may be compared with those of their peers
100   II,     8.  2.  1|       intellectual disabilities when compared with those who received
101   II,     8.  2.  1|            lack of physical exercise compared with the general population.
102   II,     9        |           mortality in young men (as compared to 10% in women). It has
103   II,     9.  1.  1|           growth on neonatal outcome compared with singleton infants.
104   II,     9.  2.  2|          produce results that can be compared within, and across, countries
105   II,     9.  2.  3|           weight control behaviours, compared with 8.8% of girls who reported
106   II,     9.  2.  6|        children differ significantly compared to adults. The impact of
107   II,     9.  3.  1|           gap in life expectancy, as compared to women, is much smaller
108   II,     9.  3.  1|        provided in chapter 9.5.~ ~As compared to women, men have a reduced
109   II,     9.  3.  1|       premature mortality in men, as compared to women, underlying motivations
110   II,     9.  3.  1|          produce results that can be compared within, and across, countries
111   II,     9.  3.  1|           gap in life expectancy, as compared to women, is much smaller
112   II,     9.  3.  1|             a result of accidents as compared to women (see Chapter on
113   II,     9.  3.  1|         diagnose depression in women compared to men, even when they have
114   II,     9.  3.  1|            various countries must be compared with extreme caution. Across
115   II,     9.  3.  1|              systolic blood pressure compared to men (Duggirala et al,
116   II,     9.  3.  1|           mortality in young men (as compared to 10% in women). It has
117   II,     9.  3.  2|           growth on neonatal outcome compared with singleton infants.
118   II,     9.  3.  3|              much higher among women compared to men, especially in Southern
119   II,     9.  3.  3|       partners in their life so far, compared to 21% of the general male
120   II,     9.  3.  3|            status are an improvement compared to conventional targeting
121   II,     9.  4.  1|              is currently 81.2 years compared to 75.1 years for men. The
122   II,     9.  4.  3|              death rates for men are compared with those for women it
123   II,     9.  4.  5|           greater risk of ill-health compared to others. These include
124   II,     9.  5.  1|            clear survival advantages compared to men (UN, 2005). Much
125   II,     9.  5.  3|        deaths in the 15-44 age group compared to total deaths for men
126   II,     9.  5.  3|         diagnose depression in women compared to men, even when they have
127   II,     9.  5.  3|      education in 2005: 80% of women compared to 75% of men. Only in the
128   II,     9.  5.  3|           older who are living alone compared to men. Poverty is highest
129   II,     9.  5.  3|            when selecting their diet compared to women, but the pressures
130   II,     9.  5.  3|              6% in 2006 in the EU27, compared to 8.1% for men. This period
131   II,     9.  5.  4|          most commonly that of women compared to that of men.~ ~The diversity
132  III,    10.  1.  1|         exercise is more influential compared to low-intensity physical activity (
133  III,    10.  1.  1|              lower percentage as fat compared to children with a low activity
134  III,    10.  1.  1|          stronger in steady drinkers compared to binge drinkers (Jacobs
135  III,    10.  2.  1|             the past 30 days in 2006 compared to 61% in 2003, the actual
136  III,    10.  2.  1|              for women) in the EU10, compared to the EU15 (Anderson and
137  III,    10.  2.  1|            had gingival inflammation compared to almost two thirds (63%
138  III,    10.  2.  1|            boys had some gingivitis, compared to 48 per cent of girls (
139  III,    10.  2.  1|   inexpensive and easy to administer compared to objective measures. It
140  III,    10.  2.  1|              intake of excessive (as compared to physiological needs)
141  III,    10.  2.  1|      national level can often not be compared directly. In addition to
142  III,    10.  2.  1|             shown for these subjects compared to omnivores. Considering
143  III,    10.  2.  1|           soils are poor in selenium compared to other parts of the World
144  III,    10.  2.  1|              have been described and compared in cohorts included in the
145  III,    10.  2.  1|        different food categories. As compared to WHO/FAO goals (table
146  III,    10.  3.  1|              Health Report, 2005).~ ~Compared to noise from neighbours
147  III,    10.  3.  1|             al., 2005; Torfs, 2003). Compared to environmental factors
148  III,    10.  3.  4|         increase to a maximum of 2°C compared to pre-industrial levels.
149  III,    10.  4.  1|          only some glimpses of data, compared to current European guidelines,
150  III,    10.  4.  1|              of non-action has to be compared with cost of action focused
151  III,    10.  4.  2|            in 2005 increased by 7.8% compared to the previous year, rising
152  III,    10.  4.  2|           number of human cases when compared to 2004, salmonellosis remains
153  III,    10.  4.  2|              and content in products compared to a 2000 baseline and to
154  III,    10.  4.  5|          contaminants in groundwater compared to soil.~ ~An assessment
155  III,    10.  4.  5|             this is relatively small compared to the total estimated costs.
156  III,    10.  5.  1|              of homeless people when compared to the general population,
157  III,    10.  5.  2|              for rural settings when compared to cities. The data were
158  III,    10.  5.  2|         rural settings, reaching 48% compared to the 35% of urban places (
159  III,    10.  5.  2|          substantially disadvantaged compared to their rural counterparts.
160  III,    10.  5.  2|             a considerable advantage compared to urban residents. A meta-review
161  III,    10.  5.  2|         provision of health services compared to the urban settlers. This
162  III,    10.  5.  3|             in men (80 per 1000,000) compared to women. In both sexes
163  III,    10.  5.  3|         accidents at work took place compared to 1998 in EU 25 as well
164  III,    10.  5.  3|           job in the next six months compared to every tenth in the EU15.
165  III,    10.  5.  3|            safety at increased risk, compared to other workers in similar
166  III,    10.  6.  1|           about the people they help compared to men (Kessler et al.,
167  III,    10.  6.  1|             in North and West Europe compared to South Europe and East
168  III,    10.  6.  2|       Eastern European countries, as compared to between 25 and 41 per
169  III,    10.  6.  2|          magnitude in the Eastern as compared to the Western countries.
170  III,    10.  6.  3|        decreases in sexual incidents compared to previous years.~ ~Assaults
171   IV,    11.  1.  4|            need differences has been compared across countries, and reveals
172   IV,    11.  1.  5|         decline in cardiac mortality compared to the states without public
173   IV,    11.  1.  5|    prescriptions in the Netherlands, compared to 94.5% in Italy. Various
174   IV,    11.  2.  1|        reduction of 0.72 hospitals), compared to a reduction in 0.89 hospitals
175   IV,    11.  2.  1|            systems in Western Europe compared to those funded largely
176   IV,    11.  4    |             The role of HTA has been compared with that of a bridge between
177   IV,    11.  6.  2|              out-of-pocket payments, compared to 66% in EU Member States
178   IV,    13.  2.  2|              in low-income countries compared to developed countries.
179   IV,    13.  2.  2|         carried out so far for MS as compared to other neurological disorders.
180   IV,    13.  2.  3|          cardiovascular diseases, as compared to total abstinence. The
181   IV,    13.  3    |             the EU Member States are compared. This is also the case when
182   IV,    13.  3    |         prevalence and incidence are compared. In 2006, the European Commission,
183   IV,    13.  5    |     performing daily life activities compared to the younger population.
184   IV,    13.  7.  2|            20-29 year olds in Europe compared to 10 in the US. The EU
185   IV,    13.  7.  2|         goods (7% of total workforce compared to 4% in the US).~However,
186   IV,    13.  7.  3|             budget more than doubled compared to that of FP6. According
187   IV,    13.  7.  3|     currently covers a broader scope compared to the previous programmes