Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1   II,     5.  1.  1|          spores, dust mites, pet hair, skin and excreta) and sensitization;
  2   II,     5.  3.  5|            tumours except non-melanoma skin cancers (specifically ICD-9
  3   II,     5.  8.  3|         disorders, cataract, migraine, skin diseases, depression, up
  4   II,     5.  9. FB|        dermatitis - eczema - and other skin complaints, conjunctivitis,
  5   II,     5.  9. FB|           airways and contact with the skin or the mucosae.~ ~Atopy
  6   II,     5.  9.  2|               screening questionnaire, skin prick test, PRIST, RAST,
  7   II,     5.  9.  4|      prevalence of sensitization using skin prick tests. However, comparisons
  8   II,     5.  9.  4|                allergen as measured by skin tests was established using
  9   II,     5.  9.  4|         developed countries, underwent skin tests for allergy to nine
 10   II,     5.  9.  4|                allergen as assessed by skin tests.~ ~Table 5.9.5. High
 11   II,     5.  9.  4|               by centre as assessed by skin tests~ ~ ~ ~Centre~d1~e1~
 12   II,     5.  9.  4|        sensitization to nine allergens skin tested and standardized (
 13   II,     5.  9.  4|           sensitization each allergens skin tested~ ~National data,
 14   II,     5.  9.  4|             subjects, complete allergy skin and in-vitro tests were
 15   II,     5.  9.  4|                sensitization (positive skin prick test to any of the
 16   II,     5.  9.  4|               than in females (28.8%). Skin sensitization was predominantly
 17   II,     5.  9.  4|                on the ECRHS, underwent skin prick tests and serological
 18   II,     5. 10.  1|      anaphylaxis, mostly affecting the skin, the gastrointestinal and
 19   II,     5. 10.  2|             sensitization tests (e.g., skin prick tests, specific IgE
 20   II,     5. 10.  3|             reactions to food - namely skin rash/urticaria, rhinitis,
 21   II,     5. 11.Acr|            arthritis~NMSC~Non-Melanoma skin cancer~SCC~Squamous cell
 22   II,     5. 11.  1|         Introduction~ ~Diseases of the skin, the largest organ in the
 23   II,     5. 11.  1|              the exception of melanoma skin cancer, most skin diseases
 24   II,     5. 11.  1|             melanoma skin cancer, most skin diseases are not life threatening.
 25   II,     5. 11.  1|          threatening. Relatively minor skin complaints often cause more
 26   II,     5. 11.  1|                 The high prevalence of skin disease and the variety
 27   II,     5. 11.  1|         disease in global terms.~ ~The skin is a sensitive dynamic boundary
 28   II,     5. 11.  1|              radiation and trauma. The skin is essential for controlling
 29   II,     5. 11.  1|                D is synthesized in the skin. The skin is also an important
 30   II,     5. 11.  1|           synthesized in the skin. The skin is also an important organ
 31   II,     5. 11.  1|              epidermis and dermis, the skin contains other structures
 32   II,     5. 11.  1|                produce a wide range of skin diseases. The skin also
 33   II,     5. 11.  1|            range of skin diseases. The skin also has a crucial and frequently
 34   II,     5. 11.  1|               a tendency to trivialize skin disease within the medical
 35   II,     5. 11.  1|            effects of relatively minor skin complaints can often cause
 36   II,     5. 11.  1|      conditions. However, less than 10 skin disease groups probably
 37   II,     5. 11.  1|            which frequently affect the skin and, conversely, skin failure (
 38   II,     5. 11.  1|              the skin and, conversely, skin failure (e.g. caused by
 39   II,     5. 11.  1|                 septicaemia and death.~Skin disease which benefits from
 40   II,     5. 11.  1|               Despite the magnitude of skin disease morbidity in the
 41   II,     5. 11.  2|              in Europe.~· the Cochrane Skin Group and the Cochrane library -
 42   II,     5. 11.  2|        Cochrane library - The Cochrane Skin Group is a network of people
 43   II,     5. 11.  2|            clinical trials relating to skin conditions (www the European
 44   II,     5. 11.  2|             causes and distribution of skin diseases within Europe.~·
 45   II,     5. 11.  3|             analysis~ ~Diseases of the skin are particularly common
 46   II,     5. 11.  3|               to the large size of the skin, its complex structure and
 47   II,     5. 11.  3|              influences. The number of skin diseases has been estimated
 48   II,     5. 11.  3|              individual is affected by skin problems during lifetime.
 49   II,     5. 11.  3|            lifetime. The prevalence of skin diseases tends to increase
 50   II,     5. 11.  3|               Williams et al, 2006).~ ~Skin diseases are a major source
 51   II,     5. 11.  3|              al, 2003).~Relatively few skin diseases are directly and
 52   II,     5. 11.  3|             necrolysis.~Chronic severe skin disease accounts for the
 53   II,     5. 11.  3|          decubitus ulcers, smouldering skin lymphomas (usually mycosis
 54   II,     5. 11.  3|        aggressive tumours arise in the skin: melanoma, squamous cell
 55   II,     5. 11.  3|               carcinoma, some types of skin lymphomas, Merkel cell tumours
 56   II,     5. 11.  3|                 See Chapter 4.3).~Some skin diseases may not seem to
 57   II,     5. 11.  3|            bacterial, viral and fungal skin infections, insect bites,
 58   II,     5. 11.  3|              eczema of the scalp), dry skin, the great stigma of ageing
 59   II,     5. 11.  3|             the great stigma of ageing skin, venous insufficiency of
 60   II,     5. 11.  3|              etc. Among all these, the skin specialist has always to
 61   II,     5. 11.  3|            always to keep in mind that skin symptoms may be a warning
 62   II,     5. 11.  3|        Williams et al. Epidemiology of skin diseases in Europe Eur J
 63   II,     5. 11.  3|                 Prevalence of examined skin disease in Lambeth~ ~Inflammatory
 64   II,     5. 11.  3|              in Lambeth~ ~Inflammatory skin diseases~ ~Atopic Dermatisis~
 65   II,     5. 11.  3|             chronic inflammatory itchy skin condition that in most cases
 66   II,     5. 11.  3|                to the breakdown of the skin barrier. This makes the
 67   II,     5. 11.  3|                barrier. This makes the skin susceptible to trigger factors -
 68   II,     5. 11.  3|        guideline).~Surveys of specific skin diseases such as childhood
 69   II,     5. 11.  3|                reaction pattern of the skin to a range of external and
 70   II,     5. 11.  3|           steel rarely causes allergic skin reactions some stainless
 71   II,     5. 11.  3|           characterized by rash in the skin which is usually very itchy
 72   II,     5. 11.  3|             young females with pierced skin has varied from 13 to 20%
 73   II,     5. 11.  3|             other metals remain in the skin lesions of pierced earlobes
 74   II,     5. 11.  3|                embedded jewellery. The skin is believed to become discovered
 75   II,     5. 11.  3|           where intimate and prolonged skin contact will result in solubilization
 76   II,     5. 11.  3|                to be released into the skin for sensitization to occur.~
 77   II,     5. 11.  3|           piercing that penetrates the skin and transports mechanisms
 78   II,     5. 11.  3|             predictive tests, in vitro skin absorption assays and chemical
 79   II,     5. 11.  3|             and does not penetrate the skin might be the basis for labelling
 80   II,     5. 11.  3|             Suzuki, Nickel and gold in skin lesions of pierced earlobes
 81   II,     5. 11.  3|                relapsing, inflammatory skin disorder with a strong genetic
 82   II,     5. 11.  3|             other abnormalities of the skin which lead to plugging of
 83   II,     5. 11.  3|              Acne vulgaris is a common skin disease that affects 85-
 84   II,     5. 11.  3|             during their lives.~ ~Rare skin diseases~Historically, skin
 85   II,     5. 11.  3|            skin diseases~Historically, skin diseases have been mainly
 86   II,     5. 11.  3|           caused by internal disease (“skin as a mirror of the body”).
 87   II,     5. 11.  3|              still holds true for some skin disorders. Metabolic diseases (
 88   II,     5. 11.  3|         accompanied by highly specific skin symptoms which may alert
 89   II,     5. 11.  3|    pathognomonic paraneoplasias of the skin.~Systemic autoimmune disorders 90   II,     5. 11.  3|                regularly associated to skin symptoms. The skin is also
 91   II,     5. 11.  3|       associated to skin symptoms. The skin is also the target of organ
 92   II,     5. 11.  3|          forget the importance of rare skin diseases such as epidermolysis
 93   II,     5. 11.  3|        complete loss of pigment in the skin), and severe autoimmune
 94   II,     5. 11.  3|               in large areas of eroded skin and increased morbidity)
 95   II,     5. 11.  3|            morbidity) when considering skin disease only from a public
 96   II,     5. 11.  3|                 The study of such rare skin diseases is an area which
 97   II,     5. 11.  3|             defects underlying genetic skin diseases that may greatly
 98   II,     5. 11.  3|               7 on “Rare Diseases”).~ ~Skin cancers~Melanoma and non-melanoma (
 99   II,     5. 11.  3|               squamous cell carcinoma) skin cancer (NMSC) are now the
100   II,     5. 11.  3|          populations. The incidence of skin cancer has reached epidemic
101   II,     5. 11.  3|              al, 2004).~ ~Non-Melanoma skin cancer~According to recent
102   II,     5. 11.  3| Age-standardized rates of non melanoma skin cancer in European fair
103   II,     5. 11.  3|                In Trentino, Italy, the Skin Cancer Registry calculated (
104   II,     5. 11.  3|                the most common form of skin cancer reported in both
105   II,     5. 11.  3|                demand, associated with skin cancers, is currently stretched
106   II,     5. 11.  3|               the most serious form of skin cancer, and its incidence
107   II,     5. 11.  3|          preventing the development of skin cancer in the first place)
108   II,     5. 11.  4|                charity for people with skin disease is limited. This
109   II,     5. 11.  4|              is surprising considering skin disease is so common and
110   II,     5. 11.  4|                walk. Some inflammatory skin diseases such as occupational
111   II,     5. 11.  4|                characteristic for most skin diseases. Nevertheless,
112   II,     5. 11.  4|              Several other less common skin cancers such as Merkel cell
113   II,     5. 11.  4|          bullosa and many others. Rare skin diseases such as blistering
114   II,     5. 11.  4|             losing almost their entire skin - as in a severe burn. In
115   II,     5. 11.  4|                a correctly functioning skin, temperature regulation,
116   II,     5. 11.  4|               impaired.~These types of skin conditions are associated
117   II,     5. 11.  4|               significant way in which skin disease affects people is
118   II,     5. 11.  4|               Ryan, 1991). Disfiguring skin disease on visible sites
119   II,     5. 11.  4|            life scores for people with skin disease are often worse
120   II,     5. 11.  4|                economic costs~Although skin disease is rarely life threatening,
121   II,     5. 11.  4|              its high prevalence place skin disease among the top four
122   II,     5. 11.  4|            economic impact of specific skin diseases and these have
123   II,     5. 11.  4|             health care budget because skin disease affects so many
124   II,     5. 11.  4|              daily topical therapy and skin care in many skin diseases
125   II,     5. 11.  4|          therapy and skin care in many skin diseases also need to be
126   II,     5. 11.  5|               policies~ ~Prevention of skin disease is still at an early
127   II,     5. 11.  5|                nickel contact with the skin to reduce nickel dermatitis,
128   II,     5. 11.  5|                young women. Infectious skin diseases, such as outbreaks
129   II,     5. 11.  5|         promote the general message of skin cancer prevention.~Moreover,
130   II,     5. 11.  5|                preventing sun-burn and skin cancer. Consumers should,
131   II,     5. 11.  6|               data section is that: i) skin disease is very common ii)
132   II,     5. 11.  6|                is very common ii) some skin diseases such as skin cancer
133   II,     5. 11.  6|             some skin diseases such as skin cancer are becoming more
134   II,     5. 11.  6|                 that future demand for skin services is likely to increase
135   II,     5. 11.  6|          attitudes towards people with skin impairments (Williams, 1997).
136   II,     5. 11.  6|              1997). It is evident that skin diseases can profoundly
137   II,     5. 11.  6|            Research into the causes of skin disease is still in its
138   II,     5. 11.  6|            clear indications that some skin diseases can be prevented
139   II,     5. 11.  6|        relation to the epidemiology of skin disease in Europe:~The first
140   II,     5. 11.  6|      comparative prevalence surveys of skin disease in general involving
141   II,     5. 11.  6|               one country. Even though skin diseases have the advantage
142   II,     5. 11.  6|              to find out the causes of skin diseases which could, in
143   II,     5. 11.  6|      prevalence, incidence and cost of skin diseases is required in
144   II,     5. 11.  7|                U (2004): Cancer of the skin: a forgotten problem in
145   II,     5. 11.  7|                2003): Non-melanomatous skin cancers between the years
146   II,     5. 11.  7|               al (2003): Self-reported skin complaints: validation of
147   II,     5. 11.  7|             2002): The epidemiology of skin cancer. Br J Dermatol 2002;
148   II,     5. 11.  7|                   Johnson M-LT (1978): Skin conditions and related need
149   II,     5. 11.  7|                et al (2001): Trends in Skin Cancer Incidence in Vaud:
150   II,     5. 11.  7|              incidence of non-melanoma skin cancer in Slovakia, (1978–
151   II,     5. 11.  7|           Newhouse ML, Halil T (1976): Skin disease in Lambeth: a community
152   II,     5. 11.  7|         squamous cell carcinoma of the skin in Sweden. Acta Derm Venereol
153   II,     5. 11.  7|                B (1980): Prevalence of skin diseases in old age. Acta
154   II,     5. 11.  7|                 2006): Epidemiology of skin diseases in Europe Eur J
155   II,     8.  1.  3|             sight, hearing, speech and skin problems.~ ~Among people
156   II,     8.  1.  3|             sight, hearing, speech and skin problems, almost 60% reported
157   II,     9.  5.  3|                the arms or legs (17%), skin diseases, infectious diseases,
158  III,    10.  1    |            dust mites~pollen~pet hair, skin and excreta~damp~ ~Skin
159  III,    10.  1    |                skin and excreta~damp~ ~Skin diseases~UV radiation~Some
160  III,    10.  2.  1|                  Impotence~- Premature skin ageing~ ~Sources: ASPECT,
161  III,    10.  2.  1|              can be synthesised in the skin when exposed to ultraviolet
162  III,    10.  3.  1|          indicates that an increase in skin cancers in the Western European
163  III,    10.  3.  1|    well-established connection between skin cancers and exposure to
164  III,    10.  3.  1|          synthesis of vitamin D in the skin. Vitamin D is essential
165  III,    10.  3.  1|              that UV radiation induces skin cancer and approximately
166  III,    10.  3.  1|            approximately 80-90% of all skin cancers can be related to
167  III,    10.  3.  1|               for melanoma are a light skin phototype (type I and II),
168  III,    10.  3.  1|                and a family history of skin cancer. Sun bed use (artificial
169  III,    10.  3.  1|            sunny holidays) and a light skin phototype. Additionally,
170  III,    10.  3.  2|            dust mites~pollen~pet hair, skin and excreta~damp~ ~Skin
171  III,    10.  3.  2|                skin and excreta~damp~ ~Skin diseases~UV radiation~Some
172  III,    10.  3.  4|            infectious, respiratory and skin diseases, and mental health
173  III,    10.  4.  4|        intended for application on the skin or mucosa as in the case
174  III,    10.  4.  5|          attractiveness, but may cause skin dermatitis in association
175  III,    10.  4.  5|              of blue-green algae cause skin dermatitis when swimmers
176  III,    10.  4.  5|       mistakenly penetrates a person's skin rather than that of its
177  III,    10.  5.  1|               fleas bite through human skin and can cause allergic reactions,
178  III,    10.  5.  3|               vibration~ ~Work-related skin /eye /hearing injuries:~
179   IV,    12. 10    |          policy~UV radiation~Number of skin cancer cases~Domain of objective
180   IV,    13.  7    |           veins, heart-valves, cornea, skin, foetal tissue, reproductive
181  Key,   Ap5.  0.  0|        shigellosis~sick leave~skeleton~skin~sleep~sleep-disturbance~