Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1    -,     1        |           convergence or mapping between local variations of measurement,
  2    I,     2.  2    |                 first took place between local and national, then regional
  3    I,     2.  5    |                 first took place between local and national, then regional
  4    I,     2.  8    |          enterprise. The exposure of the local population is very much
  5    I,     2. 10.  4|                restrictions or errors.~ ~Local needs are incorporated into
  6    I,     2. 10.  4|               into global standards, but local standards will jeopardise
  7    I,     2. 10.  4|             systems required for various local requirements. Identification
  8   II,     5.  3.  6|                 mostly only on regional (local) cancer registries. These
  9   II,     5.  4.  2|             still limits the validity of local outputs at a broader international
 10   II,     5.  4.  2|                  should be formulated at local, national and European levels.~ ~
 11   II,     5.  4.  7|                  improve surveillance at local level. As a matter of fact,
 12   II,     5.  5.  3|              autism in each of Wales22 Local Authorities; extensive training
 13   II,     5.  5.  3|               etiological factors in the local environment, the study design
 14   II,     5.  5.  3|        eventually adapted to national or local situations.~Consortia of
 15   II,     5.  5.  3|                  should be admitted into local neighbourhood schools whilst
 16   II,     5.  5.  3|               country and adapted to the local situation. Networks of health
 17   II,     5.  5.  3|            scientific literature or from local small population surveys
 18   II,     5.  5.  3|                can be easily adopted for local needs.~
 19   II,     5.  6.  3|                  and variable degrees of local inflammation.~ ~Case definition
 20   II,     5.  6.  6|            Musculoskeletal symptoms in a local community. Eur J Gen Pract
 21   II,     5.  9.  4|            Kingdom); The addition of one local allergen to the battery
 22   II,     5.  9.  4|              disease, than children from local families of low social status.
 23   II,     5.  9.  5|           performance improvement; adopt local clinical and operational
 24   II,     5.  9.  5|                  and gain consensus with local physician champions to engage
 25   II,     5.  9.  5|      implementation of CPI strategies at local, regional, and national
 26   II,     5. 11.  3|             release metallic ions in the local tissue and generate several
 27   II,     5. 14.  2|               from national, regional or local oral health surveys or in
 28   II,     5. 14.  2|                  these surveys have more local or regional rather than
 29   II,     6.  3.  4|              making plans operational at local level;~· inter-sectoral
 30   II,     6.  3.  4|                 general, suggesting that local transmission was relatively
 31   II,     6.  3.  4|                  in areas with sustained local transmission of SARS and
 32   II,     7.  4.  6|           suicides will be encouraged at local, regional, national and
 33   II,     9.  2.  2|                  research which leads to local statistical output such
 34   II,     9.  2.  5|                has not had any effective local impact.~ ~Health21, the
 35   II,     9.  3.  1|                adhered to, right down to local level. In this way, good
 36   II,     9.  4.  1|               stresses the importance of local and community implementation
 37   II,     9.  4.  5|             often centrally driven - and local management and delivery.~ ~
 38   II,     9.  5.  4|                  available at present at local and regional levels. Methods
 39  III,    10.  2.  1|              2003): Alcohol, tobacco and local control. A comparison of
 40  III,    10.  2.  1|               from national, regional or local oral health surveys or in
 41  III,    10.  2.  1|                 time or poorer access to local recreational and leisure
 42  III,    10.  2.  1|               urban planning, employers, local administration and civil
 43  III,    10.  2.  1|                environments: the role of local governments. The solid facts (
 44  III,    10.  2.  1|            supported at all levels, from local community level, through
 45  III,    10.  2.  1|        capacity-building at regional and local levels are included in national
 46  III,    10.  2.  1|            national policy and action as local level initiatives have the
 47  III,    10.  2.  1|                environments: the role of local governments. The Solid Facts.
 48  III,    10.  2.  1|                  factors such as ease of local production has decreased
 49  III,    10.  2.  1|               urban planning, employers, local administration and civil
 50  III,    10.  2.  1|                  policies at national or local level and encourages a multisectoral
 51  III,    10.  2.  1|              interventions at community, local or programme level (Ebbeling
 52  III,    10.  2.  1|                 needs to be monitored at local, national and international
 53  III,    10.  2.  1|         paediatricians, nursery schools, local community centres and home
 54  III,    10.  2.  1|                 within the EU, including local and national dietary guidelines,
 55  III,    10.  3.  1|              documents for buildings and local and national radon maps.
 56  III,    10.  3.  1|              address noise,~· Addressing local noise issues, and~· Developing
 57  III,    10.  3.  1|         depending on the country and the local situation. Some countries
 58  III,    10.  3.  1|           implementing new guidelines at local level is an area for improvement
 59  III,    10.  3.  1|                prevented by regional and local awareness-raising and information
 60  III,    10.  3.  1|             intersectoral cooperation at local, national and international
 61  III,    10.  3.  4|        contaminated by sewage water. The local authorities warned people
 62  III,    10.  3.  4|                  authorities implemented local and national action plans
 63  III,    10.  3.  4|                  many other governments (local and national) have implemented
 64  III,    10.  4.  1|                 avoid focusing solely on local hotspots where limit values
 65  III,    10.  4.  2|                 globally, rather than at local level alone(EFSA, 2006c).~ ~
 66  III,    10.  4.  3|               the region and geology. At local level, the health impact
 67  III,    10.  4.  3|             combined with monitoring and local treatment at household level
 68  III,    10.  4.  5|        Introduction~ ~Contamination from local sources and air deposition
 69  III,    10.  4.  5|              throughout Europe. The main local sources include losses of
 70  III,    10.  4.  5|          Breakdown of activities causing local soil contamination per country~ ~
 71  III,    10.  4.  5|                detailed knowledge of the local situation in each site and
 72  III,    10.  4.  5|                  soil contamination from local sources. As of 2006, inventories
 73  III,    10.  4.  5|                 Directives. National and local authorities should oppose
 74  III,    10.  4.  5|                  which still affect some local communities, support regulation
 75  III,    10.  4.  5|                 the appropriateness of a local epidemiological study, actions
 76  III,    10.  5.  1|          expansion and increases private local car transport and obesity.
 77  III,    10.  5.  1|                to a large extent on very local circumstances. However,
 78  III,    10.  5.  1|             physical activity within the local population, producing a
 79  III,    10.  5.  1|               collected regularly. Also, local incineration plants may
 80  III,    10.  5.  1|               always be a diverse mix of local neighbourhoods with specific
 81  III,    10.  5.  1|        conditions which depend mostly on local conditions and relate only
 82  III,    10.  5.  1|             priority actions:~1. Raising local awareness and creating a
 83  III,    10.  5.  1|           changing practices;~2. Gaining local practical experience from
 84  III,    10.  5.  1|                  website.~htt ~ ~LHHAP - Local Housing and Health Action
 85  III,    10.  5.  1|               box for the development of Local Housing and Health Action
 86  III,    10.  5.  1|                use and implementation by local authorities. In terms of
 87  III,    10.  5.  1|             health inequities within the local population.~htt ~ ~Urban
 88  III,    10.  5.  1|                  disease at national and local levels. World Health Organization,
 89  III,    10.  5.  1|                environments. The role of local governments. WHO Regional
 90  III,    10.  5.  1|                Régions de l'Europe~LHHAP~Local Housing and Health Action
 91  III,    10.  5.  2|                 deaths fromasthma in 401 local authority districts in England
 92  III,    10.  5.  3|                 first took place between local and national, then regional
 93  III,    10.  5.  3|              levels: European, national, local and workplace, and aims
 94  III,    10.  6.  2|                at European, national and local level to tackle health inequalities
 95  III,    10.  6.  2|           Commission and the WHO/EURO.~ ~Local level~Having mentioned activities
 96   IV,    11.  1.  1|                 the health status of the local population and to do so
 97   IV,    11.  1.  6|            application to fit within the local funding framework, or to
 98   IV,    11.  1.  6|        objectives prioritized within the local hospital environment. For
 99   IV,    11.  2.  2|                  England, Sweden, and at local level in the Netherlands (
100   IV,    11.  3.  1|                 in turn have brought new local laws and regulations. Details
101   IV,    11.  5.  1|                based on the principle of local and regional coordination,~·
102   IV,    11.  5.  1|                based on the principle of local and regional coordination -
103   IV,    11.  5.  1|          professionals, stakeholders and local/regional/central authorities.
104   IV,    11.  5.  4|                 side, involvement of the local actors (hospital transplant
105   IV,    11.  5.  4|          decentralised network formed by local organisations mainly focused
106   IV,    11.  6.  2|             inequalities that arise from local taxation or collection of
107   IV,    11.  6.  2|            mechanisms include central or local taxes and social insurance
108   IV,    11.  6.  2|             general tax, and Demark from local to central taxation), and
109   IV,    11.  6.  2|                 an increased reliance on local taxation in countries with
110   IV,    11.  6.  2|            different levels (national or local) and different types (general
111   IV,    11.  6.  2|               Denmark, Spain and the UK. Local taxation may be associated
112   IV,    11.  6.  2|         increased accountability because local politicians are closer to
113   IV,    11.  6.  2|                greater responsiveness to local performance (though in practice
114   IV,    11.  6.  2|          performance (though in practice local politicians may be unwilling
115   IV,    11.  6.  2|            Mossialos 2008). In addition, local taxation has the advantage
116   IV,    11.  6.  2|                  indirect versus direct, local versus national and earmarked
117   IV,    11.  6.  3|            relative role of national and local tax collection. National
118   IV,    11.  6.  3|                 system of financing than local taxation. For example, in
119   IV,    11.  6.  3|          increase in the average rate of local income taxes led to a decline
120   IV,    11.  6.  4|                resource collection, e.g. local health authorities or special
121   IV,    11.  6.  4|          children of single parents (and local tax base)~England~HM Revenue
122   IV,    11.  6.  4|             archipelago, remoteness (and local tax base)~France~Union de
123   IV,    11.  6.  4|                Allocations Familiales at local level~Agence Centrale des
124   IV,    11.  6.  4|               alone, marital status (and local tax base) (50% of funding
125   IV,    11.  6.  4|        self-governing bodies or national/local authorities, and ‘quasi-laws’
126   IV,    12.  1    |         elsewhere in the European Union. Local rules on the size, shape
127   IV,    12.  2    |            groups, and with regional and local level bodies with a view
128   IV,    12. 10    |       Initiatives adopted at national or local level on major health determinants
129   IV,    12. 10    |       initiatives adopted at national or local level on major health determinants~ ~
130   IV,    12. 10    |                  initiative (National or Local)~Main regulations adopted~
131   IV,    12. 10    |       initiatives adopted at national or local level on major health determinants~ ~
132   IV,    12. 10    |                 was in 2007 allocated to local~projects aimed at reducing
133   IV,    12. 10    |          possibility of integration with local projects in other areas –
134   IV,    12. 10    |       initiatives adopted at national or local level on major health determinants~ ~
135   IV,    12. 10    |                  communities as improved local infrastructure (e. g. cycle
136   IV,    12. 10    |                 measures are operated at local level in close co-operation
137   IV,    12. 10    |                  under the competence of local authorities which run nationwide
138   IV,    12. 10    |                 of sustainability on the local level.~ ~Transportation
139   IV,    12. 10    |                  initiative (National or Local)~Main regulations adopted~
140   IV,    12. 10    |              making on both national and local level. In addition health
141   IV,    12. 10    |       initiatives adopted at national or local level on major health determinants~ ~
142   IV,    12. 10    |              national HSE campaign. ~The local campaigns will be run by
143   IV,    12. 10    |             campaigns will be run by the~Local and Regional Drugs Task
144   IV,    12. 10    |              Regional Drugs Task Forces.~Local and Regional Drugs Task
145   IV,    12. 10    |          response to illicit drug use~at local/regional level, based on
146   IV,    12. 10    |              radiation~Implementation by Local Authorities.~ ~Office of
147   IV,    12. 10    |                  initiative (National or Local)~Main regulations adopted~
148   IV,    12. 10    |       initiatives adopted at national or local level on major health determinants~ ~
149   IV,    12. 10    |              production, enforced by the local authorities and supervised
150   IV,    12. 10    |          Cooperation and networking with local community~- Health promotion
151   IV,    12. 10    |       initiatives adopted at national or local level on major health determinants~ ~
152   IV,    12. 10    |       initiatives adopted at national or local level on major health determinants~ ~
153   IV,    12. 10    |                  initiative (National or Local)~Main regulations adopted~
154   IV,    12. 10    |       initiatives adopted at national or local level on major health determinants~ ~
155   IV,    12. 10    |       initiatives adopted at national or local level on major health determinants~ ~
156   IV,    12. 10    |                 water~ High~National and local level~ ~Drinking water –
157   IV,    12. 10    |                  initiative (National or Local)~Main regulations adopted~
158   IV,    12. 10    |                  and health~National and local~ ~- Housing and Health Action
159   IV,    12. 10    |       initiatives adopted at national or local level on major health determinants~ ~
160   IV,    12. 10    |                   Project to restructure local government and services~
161   IV,    12. 10    |               The project to restructure local government and services
162   IV,    12. 10    |           Framework Act on Restructuring Local Governments and Services
163   IV,    12. 10    |         above-mentioned restructuring of local government and services
164   IV,    12. 10    |                  and Health, one for the local governance bodies and one
165   IV,    12. 10    |              programme for restructuring local government and services,
166   IV,    12. 10    |       initiatives adopted at national or local level on major health determinants~ ~
167   IV,    12. 10    |                 policy~ ~Security in the local environment~Safe and secure
168   IV,    12. 10    |                   Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions),
169   IV,    12. 10    |               the national, regional and local level. The Swedish National
170   IV,    12. 10    |       initiatives adopted at national or local level on major health determinants~ ~
171   IV,    12. 10    |              Physical activity~ High~ At local level~ Local programmes~
172   IV,    12. 10    | Physical activity~ High~ At local level~ Local programmes~Drugs and substance
173   IV,    12. 10    |               Physical stressors~Low~ At local level~ ~Human settlements~
174   IV,    12. 10    |                Human settlements~Low~ At local level~ ~Transportation including
175   IV,    12. 10    |                  health~Intermediate~ At local level~ ~Poverty~Intermediate ~
176   IV,    12. 10    |                  initiative (National or Local)~Main regulations adopted~
177   IV,    13.  2.  2|                  at global, European and local scale. EBD indicators show
178   IV,    13.  8    |                work at different levels: local, national, European or international
179   IV,    13.  8    |              providers range from small, local community groups to transnational