*Part, Chapter, Paragraph*

1 I, 2. 2 | to rise. A recent study **estimates** that the figure amounts
2 I, 2. 4 | However, recent EUROSTAT **estimates**1 indicate that GDP in the
3 I, 2. 5 | economic situation. Recent **estimates** by EUROSTAT3 indicate that
4 I, 2. 5 | positions.~According to **estimates**, the number of Europeans
5 I, 2. 7 | Practitioners Association, **estimates** that about 20% of the European
6 II, 4. 1 | we present the first HLY **estimates** for the EU25, review the
7 II, 4. 1 | website.1 Life expectancy **estimates** for 2005 were computed using
8 II, 4. 1 | death counts and population **estimates** from the EUROSTAT database,2
9 II, 4. 1 | ISTAT, respectively. HLY **estimates** for the EU25 in 2005 were
** 10** II, 4. 1 | death counts, population **estimates** and activity limitation),
11 II, 4. 1 | illnesses or disabilities.~ ~LE **estimates** from 1995 to 2005 for the
12 II, 4. 1 | death counts and population **estimates** from the EUROSTAT database,
13 II, 4. 1 | countries.~ ~Table 4.1.1 shows **estimates** for 2005 at European level (
14 II, 4. 1 | trends. Table 4.1.2 gives **estimates** of life expectancy (LE65 )
15 II, 4. 1 | by 1 year (Table 4.1.3). **Estimates** shown in Table 4.1.3 for
16 II, 5. 2. 4 | eminently preventable. WHO **estimates** that modest population-wide
17 II, 5. 3. 2 | ENCR to obtain national **estimates** of cancer incidence from
18 II, 5. 3. 2 | and to produce national **estimates** of cancer incidence. See:
19 II, 5. 3. 3 | them):~ ~ Cancer incidence **estimates** in the European countries
** 20** II, 5. 3. 3 | 2007).~- Cancer incidence **estimates** trends in men and women
21 II, 5. 3. 3 | fr/). IARC also produced **estimates** in 2006 (Ferlay et al, 2007).
22 II, 5. 3. 3 | Czech Republic, survival **estimates** were taken from the EUROCARE
23 II, 5. 3. 3 | with 100% coverage). The **estimates** do not reflect the distribution
24 II, 5. 3. 3 | age- and stage-specific **estimates** of survival by the end of
25 II, 5. 3. 5 | ICD-9 180)~Cervical cancer **estimates** were about 60,000 new cases
26 II, 5. 3. 6 | women (Figures 5.3.32). **Estimates** of 1-year relative survival
27 II, 5. 3. 6 | exceptions were Denmark, where **estimates** remained at the low level
28 II, 5. 3. 9 | Colombet M, Boyle P (2007): **Estimates** of the cancer incidence
29 II, 5. 4. 1 | overweight.~ ~Worldwide **estimates** of prevalence of diabetes
** 30** II, 5. 4. 2 | Diabetes Atlas, containing **estimates** of the prevalence of diabetes
31 II, 5. 4. 2 | provided. Currently, reported **estimates** refer to more than 200 Countries
32 II, 5. 4. 2 | recall bias and imprecise **estimates**. Differences between different
33 II, 5. 4. 2 | significantly to define **estimates** of rates of complications
34 II, 5. 4. 2 | information may get the best **estimates** using large scale record
35 II, 5. 4. 2 | actual reliability of these **estimates** and are not reported here.~
36 II, 5. 4. 3 | According to the above **estimates**, the number of people currently
37 II, 5. 4. 4 | across the years, thus all **estimates** must be taken with extreme
38 II, 5. 4. 4 | incomplete and inconsistent **estimates**. The variation in the prevalence
39 II, 5. 4. 8 | after diagnosis of diabetes: **estimates** from young and middle-aged
** 40** II, 5. 4. 8 | 2025: prevalence, numerical **estimates**, and projections. Diabetes
41 II, 5. 4. 8 | prevalence of diabetes: **estimates** for the year 2000 and projections
42 II, 5. 5. 2 | and agreed on prevalence **estimates** for every World Health Organisation (
43 II, 5. 5. 2 | possible to derive quantitative **estimates** through the qualitative
44 II, 5. 5. 2 | Ferri et al (2005) made **estimates** of future developments based
45 II, 5. 5. 2 | rates and UN population **estimates** and projections. The estimate
46 II, 5. 5. 3 | hospitalisation. However, **estimates** are available (for example,
47 II, 5. 5. 3 | respectively. Based on combined **estimates** there was no significant
48 II, 5. 5. 3 | According to calculated **estimates** based on the lifetime prevalence
49 II, 5. 5. 3 | a whole. The calculated **estimates** for schizophrenia in the
** 50** II, 5. 5. 3 | although not congruent with **estimates** usually reported in textbooks -
51 II, 5. 5. 3 | Incidence data are usually **estimates** based on first treatment/
52 II, 5. 5. 3 | diagnosis of interest. These **estimates** have to be interpreted with
53 II, 5. 5. 3 | according to the updated **estimates** of the Global burden of
54 II, 5. 5. 3 | More recently, published **estimates** of lifetime suicide prevalence
55 II, 5. 5. 3 | Global Burden of Disease **estimates**, amounting to one fifth
56 II, 5. 5. 3 | Europe note 17.8%, while **estimates** in the WHO Report for Europe
57 II, 5. 5. 3 | no atypicals. Prevalence **estimates** on schizophrenia for Finland
58 II, 5. 5. 3 | 1999), but even higher **estimates** cannot account for the extremely
59 II, 5. 5. 3 | upper end of prevalence **estimates** from previously published
** 60** II, 5. 5. 3 | variation among prevalence **estimates**. Over half of the variation
61 II, 5. 5. 3 | the variation among study **estimates** can be explained by the
62 II, 5. 5. 3 | known factors on prevalence **estimates** should now be further investigated
63 II, 5. 5. 3 | estimated, as comparative **estimates** of the rate of occurrence
64 II, 5. 5. 3 | Countries, by age (best **estimates**)~ ~Table 5.5.3.5.4. Incidence (
65 II, 5. 5. 3 | 4. Mean total prevalence **estimates** by age group varied significantly
66 II, 5. 5. 3 | The highest prevalence **estimates** have been reported for the
67 II, 5. 5. 3 | total cost. No reliable **estimates** of the cost of premature
68 II, 5. 5. 3 | be included in the study **estimates**.~A patient with mild disability
69 II, 5. 5. 3 | Burden of Disease (GBD) 2002 **Estimates**. In: WHO Health Report 2004.~
** 70** II, 5. 5. 3 | Europe.~ ~Crude incidence **estimates** varied from 5/100,000 to
71 II, 5. 5. 3 | Parkinson’s disease in Europe.~ ~**Estimates** of crude prevalence rates
72 II, 5. 5. 3 | influence on the morbidity **estimates**. The flaws and drawbacks
73 II, 5. 5. 3 | differences in methodology.~Our **estimates** show the highest average
74 II, 5. 5. 3 | countries and hence our **estimates** for these countries are
75 II, 5. 6. 3 | impact and future trends. **Estimates** of incidence and prevalence
76 II, 5. 6. 3 | Husberg, 2000). In France **estimates** of the costs of osteoarthritis
77 II, 5. 6. 3 | Problems and Conditions) gives **estimates** of the annual incidence
78 II, 5. 6. 3 | 100,000 for adult females. **Estimates** of the prevalence of RA
79 II, 5. 6. 4 | claims. A hindrance to these **estimates** is the lack of consistent
** 80** II, 5. 6. 6 | in a British population: **estimates** of severity and prevalence
81 II, 5. 6. 6 | Steen VD, Wolfe F (1998): **Estimates** of the prevalence of arthritis
82 II, 5. 6. 6 | the United Kingdom: new **estimates** for a new century. Rheumatology.(
83 II, 5. 7. 1 | CKD (Coresh et al, 2005 ). **Estimates** in Asia and Australia (Chen
84 II, 5. 7. 5 | creatinine and equation-based GFR **estimates** for any creatinine prescription
85 II, 5. 7. 7 | Health-related quality of life and **estimates** of utility in chronic kidney
86 II, 5. 8. 3 | reported 101 overall prevalence **estimates** from 28 different countries,
87 II, 5. 8. 3 | region has more than four **estimates** (Table 5.8.1)~ ~Table 5.
88 II, 5. 8. 3 | Table 5.8.1. Prevalence **estimates** for COPD per different variables~ ~
89 II, 5. 8. 3 | example of the variability of **estimates** caused by different definitions
** 90** II, 5. 8. 3 | It was shown that the **estimates** of direct annual costs per
91 II, 5. 8. 7 | Interpreting COPD prevalence **estimates**: what is the true burden
92 II, 5. 8. 7 | Raat H (2006): Prevalence **estimates** of asthma or COPD from a
93 II, 5. 9. 3 | results from the ISAAC: the **estimates** in ECRHS were lower; however,
94 II, 5. 9. 3 | lower than the prevalence **estimates** recorded by questionnaire-based
95 II, 5. 10. 3 | context of the ECRHS project **estimates** in 12.2% the prevalence
96 II, 5. 11. 3 | et al, 1995). Prevalence **estimates** for adults suggest an overall
97 II, 5. 11. 3 | Weismann et al, 1980).~Overall **estimates** of the prevalence and incidence
98 II, 5. 12. 2 | of the ICD (WHO, 1992).~**Estimates** of the resident populations,
99 II, 5. 13 | and men. According to WHO **estimates**, excessive body weight derived
**100** II, 5. 15. 3 | in Europe. However, the **estimates** provided by the Italian
101 II, 5. 15. 3 | be considered as minimum **estimates**, since the registry system
102 II, 6. 3. 1 | indicated by country-based **estimates**. For example, in England,
103 II, 6. 3. 1 | the EU level these country **estimates** indicate annual costs in
104 II, 7. 3. 5 | national and international **estimates** of each are lacking. Not
105 II, 7. 4. 7 | developed in order to get better **estimates** of the size of the problem.
106 II, 8. 2. 1 | data based on population **estimates** that specifically related
107 II, 8. 2. 1 | UK Department of Health **estimates** that the prevalence of severe
108 II, 8. 2. 1 | Bersen, 1976).~ ~Prevalence **estimates** may vary among studies due
109 II, 8. 2. 2 | Resnikoff et al, 2004). **Estimates** for Bulgaria and Turkey
**110** II, 8. 2. 2 | Resnikoff et al, 2004). **Estimates** for Bulgaria and Turkey
111 II, 8. 2. 3 | WHO to obtain comparable **estimates** of hearing loss. While the
112 II, 8. 2. 3 | interpolated to obtain comparable **estimates** according to the WHO definitions
113 II, 9 | World Health Report 2002 **estimates** that over 3% of all disease
114 II, 9. 2. 3 | Commission, 2006d). Recent **estimates** indicate that more than
115 II, 9. 3. 1 | ovarian function or to ageing. **Estimates** of the median age of menopause
116 II, 9. 3. 1 | Data do not allow firm **estimates** of trends in terms of infection
117 II, 9. 3. 1 | data with United Nations **estimates** of rise, the proportion
118 II, 9. 3. 1 | World Health Report 2002 **estimates** that over 3% of all disease
119 II, 9. 3. 1 | war losses on mortality **estimates** for Italy: a first attempt
**120** II, 9. 3. 2 | countries of Europe has produced **estimates** ranging from 1.0 to 10.1
121 II, 9. 3. 3 | health and injuries. The WHO **estimates** unsafe sex to be the second
122 II, 9. 4. 3 | of these being over 75 (**estimates** for 1996).~ ~Table 9.4.2.
123 II, 9. 5. 3 | in every social milieu. **Estimates** on violence against women,
124 II, 9. 5. 3 | World Health Report 2002 **estimates** that over 3% of all disease
125 III, 10. 2. 1 | lost. Very conservative **estimates** put the costs for only two
126 III, 10. 2. 1 | Smoking is, according to the **estimates** from vital statistics, the
127 III, 10. 2. 1 | The current existing **estimates** of the total smoking-attributable
128 III, 10. 2. 1 | and 42% respectively. The **estimates** suggest that alcohol is
129 III, 10. 2. 1 | description and analysis~ ~Overall **estimates** on the prevalence of use
**130** III, 10. 2. 1 | 10.2.1.3.1. Conservative **estimates** of prevalence and total
131 III, 10. 2. 1 | last year drug prevalence **estimates** from various studies in
132 III, 10. 2. 1 | information such as indirect **estimates** of the hidden population
133 III, 10. 2. 1 | total, problem drug users **estimates** from different countries
134 III, 10. 2. 1 | definition, most countries’ **estimates** include only injecting drug
135 III, 10. 2. 1(9)| and other herein mentioned **estimates** are far from robust and
136 III, 10. 2. 1 | 1.3.2 – Problem Drug Use **estimates**: Problem opioid use and
137 III, 10. 2. 1 | injecting drug use~ ~Recent **estimates** on the prevalence of problem
138 III, 10. 2. 1 | and Norway. Data from POUs **estimates**, police seizures, drug-related
139 III, 10. 2. 1 | drug overdose. National **estimates** of such population group
**140** III, 10. 2. 1 | and subnational prevalence **estimates** based on IDU samples.~The
141 III, 10. 2. 1 | provides context-specific **estimates** of occupational, transport
142 III, 10. 2. 1 | instruments will produce different **estimates** of a certain behaviour (
143 III, 10. 2. 1 | physical activity: first **estimates** for Switzerland. Scientific
144 III, 10. 2. 1 | and men. According to WHO **estimates**, excessive body weight,
145 III, 10. 2. 1 | population concerned according to **estimates** by the WHO in 2003. Iodine
146 III, 10. 2. 1 | countries according to WHO **estimates**. Prevalence of iron deficiency
147 III, 10. 3. 1 | radon quantitative risk **estimates**. The WHO also considers
148 III, 10. 3. 1 | Boegli, 2006).~ ~The existing **estimates** of noise exposure in Europe
149 III, 10. 3. 1 | debatable. Several risk **estimates** which can be indicatively
**150** III, 10. 3. 1 | Ferlay J, Parkin DM (2002): **Estimates** of cancer incidence and
151 III, 10. 3. 2 | perceived impact. The WHO **estimates** that over 30% of the global
152 III, 10. 4. 1 | lung function as adults. **Estimates** show that the risk of reduced
153 III, 10. 4. 1 | diseases in Europe. Recent **estimates** indicate that 20 million
154 III, 10. 4. 1 | 2004). The more recent **estimates** of the air pollution impact
155 III, 10. 4. 2 | European level, national **estimates** of use derived from commercial
156 III, 10. 4. 2 | FAO/WHO, 2003). Exposure **estimates** were made by combining consumption
157 III, 10. 4. 5 | remedial treatment. These **estimates** have increased considerably
158 III, 10. 4. 5 | the data available and on **estimates**, the EEA assessment reports
159 III, 10. 4. 5 | million sites. National **estimates** show that more than 8 % (
**160** III, 10. 4. 5 | to be remediated. These **estimates** have increased considerably
161 III, 10. 4. 5 | country. However, overall **estimates** identify heavy metals and
162 III, 10. 4. 5 | Figure 10.4.5.2.7). These **estimates** are based on the frequency
163 III, 10. 4. 5 | countries for which these **estimates** are available.~ ~Although
164 III, 10. 5. 3 | reporting levels, Eurostat **estimates** the actual number of accidents
165 III, 10. 5. 3 | population increase. According to **estimates**, the number of Europeans
166 III, 10. 5. 3 | amounting to 4–5% of GDP. **Estimates** expect 2.0 million work-related
167 III, 10. 6. 3 | national and international **estimates** of this sort of offences
168 IV, 11. 1. 1 | factors. Moreover, some **estimates** suggest that health care
169 IV, 11. 1. 5 | European level, although **estimates** suggest that errors occur
**170** IV, 11. 3. 2 | and Portugal (HFA 2007)3. **Estimates** of pharmaceutical expenditure
171 IV, 11. 6. 4 | historical allocations,~and **estimates** of future health-related
172 IV, 12.Acr | Environmental burden of disease **estimates**~EFTA~European free trade
173 IV, 13.Acr | Environmental burden of disease **estimates**~EGE~Ethics and New Technologies~
174 IV, 13. 2. 2 | Environmental burden of disease **estimates** (EBD) are important communication
175 IV, 13. 2. 2 | Global Burden of Disease **estimates**, amounting to one fifth
176 IV, 13. 2. 4 | The WHO (2005) presented **estimates** of the Burden of Disease,
177 IV, 13. 2. 4 | study has made additional **estimates** of the major risk factors
178 IV, 13. 2. 4 | 8).~ ~ ~Table 13.6. WHO **estimates** for preventable Burden of