Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1    I,     2.  6        |        three Southern countries of Spain, Italy and Portugal, the
  2    I,     2. 10.  4    |      involving medical devices. In Spain, an Adverse Event Study
  3    I,     3.  1        |          but in Belgium, Italy and Spain they are more or less stable (
  4    I,     3.  2        |            the Slovak Republic and Spain. In 2006, only Bulgaria
  5    I,     3.  2        |          and Denmark, Finland, and Spain. A decline of 4-10% is foreseen
  6    I,     3.  2        |           Luxembourg, Portugal and Spain have relative high net immigration,
  7    I,     3.  3        |    followed by Portugal (1.6%) and Spain (1.5%).~ ~Nevertheless,
  8    I,     3.  3        |            points, for example, in Spain.~ ~According to the baseline
  9    I,     3.  3        |      baseline EUROSTAT projection, Spain and Ireland will have, in
 10    I,     3.  3        |           Bulgaria, Italy, Greece, Spain and Slovenia have the lowest
 11    I,     3.  3        |          over time (Cyprus, Malta, Spain, Portugal), while others
 12    I,     3.  3        |         will now start to decline. Spain, Turkey, Ireland, Romania
 13    I,     3.  3        |            are most substantial in Spain, Italy, Turkey, Ireland
 14    I,     3.  3        |             the United Kingdom and Spain. Over time the variation
 15    I,     3.  3        |      Cyprus, Germany, Slovakia and Spain.~ ~The shares of the so-called ‘
 16    I,     3.  3        |           small. Bulgaria, Poland, Spain, Slovakia, and Romania have
 17    I,     3.  3        |     changes are in Italy, Germany, Spain, Austria, and Slovenia.
 18   II,     4.  2        |        Southern European countries Spain, Portugal, Greece and Italy
 19   II,     4.  2        |          the 1980s, even though in Spain the decline in mortality
 20   II,     4.  2        |         young and old ages, but in Spain and Portugal they had a
 21   II,     5.  2.  2    |        European countries (Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Malta, Portugal).
 22   II,     5.  2.  3(6) |         countries include: Greece, Spain, Italy, Malta, France, Portugal.~
 23   II,     5.  3.  2    |          France, Hungary, Ireland, Spain (Andalusia and Catalunia),
 24   II,     5.  3.  3    |         Malta, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain; Western Europe: Austria,
 25   II,     5.  3.  6    |             Italy, Switzerland and Spain. Denmark and England had
 26   II,     5.  3.  6    |   Switzerland, the Netherlands and Spain); but was lower - between
 27   II,     5.  3.  7    |       IRELAND~Yes (2005)~GREECE~No~SPAIN~Yes (regional)~FRANCE~Yes~
 28   II,     5.  4.  1    |            Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and the UK (Jonsson
 29   II,     5.  4.  3    |   countries ranging between 77.4% (Spain) and 98% (Finland).~Level
 30   II,     5.  4.  3    |         from 78 (Scotland) to 574 (Spain) per 100,000 diabetes patients,
 31   II,     5.  5.  1    |        Italy, the Netherlands, and Spain.~ ~Lifetime prevalence of
 32   II,     5.  5.  1    |            Austria, Great Britain. Spain, Malta, the Czech Republic,
 33   II,     5.  5.  1    |         rates in Belgium, Ireland, Spain, Luxembourg, Malta, Poland,
 34   II,     5.  5.  2    |         the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom.
 35   II,     5.  5.  3    |         Hungary, Israel, Scotland, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Wales,
 36   II,     5.  5.  3    |            Greece, Hungary, Italy, Spain, Sweden, and United Kingdom).
 37   II,     5.  5.  3    |           in Great Britain, 43% in Spain, 41% in Finland, 37% in
 38   II,     5.  5.  3    |            Italy, The Netherlands, Spain and Ukraine (WHO, 2004).
 39   II,     5.  5.  3    |          Denmark, the Netherlands, Spain, and the United Kingdom.
 40   II,     5.  5.  3    |       Autism Spectrum Disorders in Spain in 2003. Journal of Autism
 41   II,     5.  5.  3    |           8 ~ ~Zielinski, 1974 (*)~Spain ~Children ~Postal/domiciliary
 42   II,     5.  5.  3    |     Sangrador and Luaces, 1991 (*)~Spain ~Children >10 years and
 43   II,     5.  5.  3    |      northern, eastern and central Spain found prevalence rates of
 44   II,     5.  5.  3    |            5) was 33% (UK) to 80% (Spain), between 13% (Italy) and
 45   II,     5.  5.  3    |     sclerosis in Móstoles, central Spain. Acta Neurol Scand 98:238-
 46   II,     5.  5.  3    |            the province of Teruel, Spain. J Neurol 244:182-185.~Mor
 47   II,     5.  5.  3    |            in Valladolid, northern Spain. J Neurol 246:170-174.~Totaro
 48   II,     5.  5.  3    |     elderly populations of central Spain. Mov Disord 18(3):267-274.~
 49   II,     5.  5.  3    |    door-to-door survey in Bidasoa, Spain. Journal of neurology 251(
 50   II,     5.  5.  3    |          illustration from central Spain. Neuroepidemiology 20(4):
 51   II,     5.  5.  3    |            s disease in Cantalejo, Spain: a door-to-door survey.
 52   II,     5.  5.  3    |           disease in lower Aragon, Spain. Mov Disord 14(4):596-604.~
 53   II,     5.  7.  2    |            France, Germany, Italy, Spain and Portugal). Most new
 54   II,     5.  7.  2    |          Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain and UK) provided individual
 55   II,     5.  7.  2    |          Denmark, Finland, Greece, Spain, Sweden, The Netherlands,
 56   II,     5.  7.  3    |           in Belgium, Netherlands, Spain, Italy, Iceland, Norway.
 57   II,     5.  7.  3    |          Zeeuw et al, 2005) and in Spain (Garcia-Lopez and Epirce,
 58   II,     5.  7.  3    |           in Belgium, Netherlands, Spain, Italy, Iceland, Norway.
 59   II,     5.  7.  5    |           for renal patients.~· In Spain there is no single agenda
 60   II,     5.  7.  6    |    donation rates. Some countries (Spain, Scandinavian countries,
 61   II,     5.  8.  3    |            in different countries (Spain, USA, Sweden, The Netherlands,
 62   II,     5.  8.  3    |          200, 1 600 and 2 300 € in Spain and 150, 3 000, 3 900 in
 63   II,     5.  8.  3    |            estimated to be 909€ in Spain (Masa et al, 2004) and 1
 64   II,     5.  8.  4    |         China, the Netherlands and Spain, it was concluded that occupational
 65   II,     5.  8.  7    |   obstructive pulmonary disease in Spain. Estimation from a population-based
 66   II,     5.  9.  3    |             Sweden, France, Italy, Spain, United Kingdom, Netherlands
 67   II,     5.  9.  3    |      children and 6.8% in adults), Spain (6.3%), Croatia (6%), Serbia (
 68   II,     5.  9.  3    |         Serbia 11.6%, Iceland 11%, Spain 10.6% and Poland 8.5% and
 69   II,     5.  9.  4    |            Ireland, Italy, Norway, Spain, Swedem Netherlands, United
 70   II,     5.  9.  4    |           countries (e.g. olive in Spain). While this may be due
 71   II,     5.  9.  4    |         some large countries (e.g. Spain), it is also likely that
 72   II,     5.  9.  4    |           Low~High~Low~Low~Low~Low~Spain~ Albacete~Low~Low~Low~Low~
 73   II,     5.  9.  7    |        1994 and 2002 in Castellón (Spain), following the ISAAC study.
 74   II,     5. 10.  3    |          FHS, ranging from 4.6% in Spain to 19.1% in Australia, with
 75   II,     5. 11.  3    |        European countries (Greece, Spain, Portugal and Italy) and
 76   II,     5. 11.  3    |       populations, such as Greece, Spain and Portugal (Boyle and
 77   II,     5. 12.  3    |            2000s France, Italy and Spain had rates between 12 and
 78   II,     5. 14.  2    |       schemes. In France, Germany, Spain, a series of surveys have
 79   II,     6.  3.  3    |         not available in Italy and Spain, and have only become recently
 80   II,     6.  3.  3    |    unavailable for Estonia, Italy, Spain and Portugal, where severe
 81   II,     6.  3.  3    |          per 100 000), followed by Spain and Portugal (both with
 82   II,     6.  3.  4    |           Northwest and Southwest (Spain, United Kingdom and Ireland).
 83   II,     6.  3.  4    |           France, Germany, Poland, Spain and United Kingdom) had
 84   II,     6.  3.  4    |           000 per year was seen in Spain, followed by Iceland with
 85   II,     6.  3.  5    |           Netherlands (19992000), Spain (2003), Poland (1998) and
 86   II,     6.  3.  5    |            Portugal in 199697 and Spain in 1996 and 2000.~ ~In 2005,
 87   II,     6.  3.  5    |            02, Iceland in 1996 and Spain in 1996.~In 2005, a total
 88   II,     6.  3.  7    |        most cases were reported by Spain (65%), followed by Greece (
 89   II,     9            |           highest (15% or over) in Spain and Switzerland (WHO/HSBC,
 90   II,     9.  1.  1    |           systems. For example, in Spain and Sweden, only fetal deaths
 91   II,     9.  1.  1    |         from 1.6 or 1.7 (Portugal, Spain, France and Norway) to 2.
 92   II,     9.  1.  2    |         age limit (Finland, Italy, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Czech Republic),
 93   II,     9.  1.  2    |            per 1 000 in France and Spain to 1.0 per 1 000 in Poland (
 94   II,     9.  1.  2    |            were recorded in Italy, Spain and Ireland.~ ~Gastroschisis~ ~
 95   II,     9.  2.  4    |           highest (15% or over) in Spain and Switzerland (WHO/HSBC,
 96   II,     9.  3.  1    |          2004 (excluding Italy and Spain). This represents a rate
 97   II,     9.  3.  2    |         the Netherlands, Slovenia, Spain and Switzerland - the most
 98   II,     9.  3.  3    |        Norway, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain and Swizerland (Facultes
 99   II,     9.  3.  3    |        responses range from 18% in Spain to 35.7% in England. Among
100   II,     9.  3.  3    |            in Norway, Portugal and Spain and 3% in Italy. In Ireland,
101   II,     9.  3.  3    |            58% in Sweden to 89% in Spain for girls (Figure 9.3.3.
102   II,     9.  5.  3    |    partners~a Women’s Institute of Spain, 2002; b Joni Sager, 2003; c
103   II,     9.  5.  3    |      Slovenia, Estonia, Lithuania, Spain and Hungary. Women work
104  III,    10.  2.  1    |            countries, UK, Estonia, Spain, Romania, Switzerland, Lithuania,
105  III,    10.  2.  1    |          54% in Ireland and 33% in Spain, being much higher than
106  III,    10.  2.  1    |         countries (United Kingdom, Spain and Denmark) data suggest
107  III,    10.  2.  1    |      whilst three other countries (Spain, Italy and United Kingdom)
108  III,    10.  2.  1    |        Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, The
109  III,    10.  2.  1(21)|          2004; Novakova, 2006) and Spain (Aranceta-Bartrina et al,
110  III,    10.  2.  1(22)|          2004; Novakova, 2006) and Spain (Aranceta-Bartrina et al,
111  III,    10.  2.  1(23)|          do Carmo et al, 2006) and Spain (elderly population only (
112  III,    10.  2.  1    |         Data not available~ ~ ~ ~ ~Spain~Estudio sobre dietas y hábitos
113  III,    10.  2.  1    |          countries (France, Italy, Spain, Greece, The Netherlands,
114  III,    10.  2.  1(24)|      Zaletel-Kragelj et al, 2004), Spain (Ministry of Health and
115  III,    10.  2.  1    |            overweight was found in Spain (69 years old, 35.2%) (
116  III,    10.  2.  1    |            22.1%, boys and girls), Spain (boys: 21.3%; girls: 20.
117  III,    10.  2.  1    |              In various regions of Spain, the prevalence of overweight
118  III,    10.  2.  1    |           in women and men were in Spain (1.2 and 0.9 pp/y in women
119  III,    10.  2.  1    |           Prevalence of obesity in Spain]. Medicina Clinica 125:32-
120  III,    10.  2.  1    |          National Health Survey in Spain: advanced results June 2006 –
121  III,    10.  2.  1    |          and adolescent obesity in Spain: results of the Kid study (
122  III,    10.  3.  4    |      Germany 1650 Million US $ and Spain 880 Million US $ economic
123  III,    10.  3.  4    |          in provincial capitals in Spain . The position and location
124  III,    10.  4.  2    |            Alimentaria y nutricion~Spain~Livsmedelsverket~Sweden~
125  III,    10.  5.  2    |      Southern countries of the EU (Spain: 22% in urban versus 33%
126  III,    10.  5.  2    |         countries. For example, in Spain and Greece there is an increased
127  III,    10.  5.  2    |         Malta, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain~Rural: 27~Urban: 24~ ~EU
128  III,    10.  5.  3    |            states such as Ireland, Spain, France Luxembourg and Slovenia
129  III,    10.  5.  3    |          25.7% in Poland, 33.3% in Spain).~· 19.5 million people
130  III,    10.  5.  3    |         Greece, Ireland, Portugal, Spain, Italy and Luxembourg community’
131  III,    10.  6.  1    |         countries such as Ireland, Spain, Denmark, the Netherlands
132  III,    10.  6.  1    |    Mediterranean countries (Italy, Spain, Greece) and lower in Scandinavian
133  III,    10.  6.  3    |            Some countries, notably Spain, Finland, Estonia, Poland
134  III,    10.  6.  3    |       Italy, Portugal, Hungary and Spain (below 2%). Figure 10.6.
135   IV,    11.  1.  3    |            systems e.g. Sweden and Spain;~4) centralized tax funded
136   IV,    11.  1.  4    |           the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom (
137   IV,    11.  1.  4    |         showing pro-poor inequity: Spain, Greece, Austria, Germany,
138   IV,    11.  1.  4    |            also in Ireland, Italy, Spain, Norway and Denmark (for
139   IV,    11.  1.  5    |   Czech Republic, Finland, France, Spain, the Netherlands and the
140   IV,    11.  1.  5    |        Furthermore, only Italy and Spain saw an increase in the percentage
141   IV,    11.  1.  6    |          fee-for-service (without)~Spain~Blended payment (85% of
142   IV,    11.  1.  6    |     Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland (
143   IV,    11.  1.  6    |            Netherlands, Poland and Spain) reveals two general strategies:
144   IV,    11.  1.  6    |          DRGs), Italy, Germany and Spain include those hospitals
145   IV,    11.  2.  1    |           supply are Turkey (285), Spain (337) and Portugal (345).
146   IV,    11.  3.  1    |             Germany, Italy, Japan, Spain and Switzerland declined.
147   IV,    11.  3.  1    |            the Russian Federation, Spain and the United Kingdom -
148   IV,    11.  3.  2    |            France, Greece, Poland, Spain, Hungary, Slovenia, the
149   IV,    11.  3.  2    |           the Netherlands, Norway, Spain and the UK). Similarly,
150   IV,    11.  3.  2    |          Uk and in some regions in Spain. Since generic substitution
151   IV,    11.  3.  2    |           Finland, France, Norway, Spain, with the physician’s consent
152   IV,    11.  4        |                  Countries such as Spain and Italy have several regional
153   IV,    11.  5.  1    |    regional coordination - such as Spain, Italy, France, and Portugal -
154   IV,    11.  6.  2    |             Latvia, Norway, Malta, Spain, UK and Denmark. Countries
155   IV,    11.  6.  2    |         Sweden, Finland, Italy and Spain). A significant reform to
156   IV,    11.  6.  2    |           seen in Finland, Norway, Spain, Sweden and Italy, or nationally,
157   IV,    11.  6.  2    |          Malta, Portugal, Denmark, Spain and the UK. Local taxation
158   IV,    11.  6.  2    |       Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Spain and the UK) (Mossialos and
159   IV,    11.  6.  2    |         and around 25% in Austria, Spain and the UK. PHI constitutes
160   IV,    11.  6.  2    |           PHI in Denmark, Finland, Spain or England (since 1997),
161   IV,    11.  6.  2    |       Latvia~- Norway~- Slovenia~- Spain~- UK~ ~Certain low income
162   IV,    11.  6.  2    |              Portugal~- Slovenia~- Spain~- Sweden~- Switzerland~-
163   IV,    11.  6.  2    |             Lithuania~- Slovenia~- Spain~- UK~ ~Certain children:~-
164   IV,    11.  6.  3    |            in all countries except Spain in 1980 (this may result
165   IV,    11.  6.  3    |  regressive in France, Ireland and Spain, contributions appear to
166   IV,    11.  6.  4    |            Each fund allocates~ ~ ~Spain~Central Ministry of Health~
167   IV,    12.  4        |            Health at Work (Bilbao, Spain) - Established in 1993 http eu~
168   IV,    12.  8        |         Malta (2004)~Sweden (1995)~Spain (1986)~Netherlands (1957)~
169   IV,    13.Acr        |          Netherlands, Slovakia and Spain. It is important to exercise
170  Key,   Ap5.  0.  0    | socio-economic~soil~solvents~sound~Spain~sperm~spills~spondyloarthropathy~