*Part, Chapter, Paragraph*

1 I, 2. 4 | Socio-economic trends and **inequalities**~ ~Europe continues to become
2 I, 2. 4 | become wealthier. However, **inequalities** persist, not only between
3 I, 2. 4 | in EUGLOREH countries.~ ~**Inequalities** persist, not only between
4 I, 2. 4 | expert Report on “Health **inequalities** “, commissioned by, and
5 I, 2. 4 | occupational class, or income;~· **inequalities** in mortality exist from
6 I, 2. 4 | women than among men; and~· **inequalities** in mortality can also be
7 I, 2. 4 | cancers, and injury.~ ~These **inequalities** in mortality lead to substantial
8 I, 2. 4 | mortality lead to substantial **inequalities** in life expectancy at birth (
9 I, 2. 4 | during - the late 1980s, **inequalities** in mortality were in Eastern
** 10** I, 2. 4 | 1980s showed substantial **inequalities** in mortality in all countries,
11 I, 2. 4 | women, however, relative **inequalities** in mortality were of similar
12 I, 2. 4 | where a considerable rise of **inequalities** in mortality has occurred.
13 I, 2. 4 | income level:~· substantial **inequalities** are also found in the prevalence
14 I, 2. 4 | over the past decades, **inequalities** in morbidity by socio-economic
15 I, 2. 4 | stable; and~· together with **inequalities** in mortality, inequalities
16 I, 2. 4 | inequalities in mortality, **inequalities** in morbidity contribute
17 I, 2. 4 | morbidity contribute to large **inequalities** in 'healthy life expectancy' (
18 I, 2. 4 | years lived in good health).~**Inequalities** are also evident in the
19 I, 2. 4 | policies to reduce these **inequalities**, e.g. by: addressing risk
** 20** I, 2. 4 | begun to address health **inequalities** systematically and comprehensively
21 II, 4. 2 | question raises whether **inequalities** in life expectancy across
22 II, 4. 2 | rates in EU27 in 2005~ ~**Inequalities** in life expectancy. One
23 II, 5. 2. 5 | control and will help reduce **inequalities** in health and in accessing
24 II, 5. 3. 2 | European Commission to address **inequalities** in cancer information in
25 II, 5. 3. 2 | promote actions to reduce **inequalities** in cancer care, by extending
26 II, 5. 3. 2 | ESMO) addresses global **inequalities** in cancer care and practice
27 II, 5. 3. 8 | technologies to eliminate **inequalities** in the access to cancer
28 II, 5. 4. 6 | implementation. This causes **inequalities** in life expectancy, health
29 II, 5. 4. 6 | high-risk groups and to reducing **inequalities** and optimising healthcare
** 30** II, 5. 5.Int(12)| G. Lindberg (eds) Gender **Inequalities** in Health (Boston: Harvard
31 II, 5. 5. 2 | Addressing the health **inequalities** across Europe and improving
32 II, 5. 5. 3 | Rössler W (2002):Health **inequalities** and the health needs of
33 II, 5. 5. 3 | that there are very wide **inequalities** in terms of waiting lists
34 II, 5. 5. 3 | the currently unacceptable **inequalities** in the diagnosis, treatment
35 II, 5. 7. 4 | links actually exist. Social **inequalities** affect the health of disadvantaged
36 II, 5. 7. 4 | consequences of socio-economic **inequalities**. This is true for diseases
37 II, 5. 14. 3 | characterized by social **inequalities** in the face of disease and
38 II, 5. 14. 3 | progress. Getting rid of **inequalities** for minorities and deprived
39 II, 5. 14. 5 | improvements, reduction of health **inequalities** with reference to social
** 40** II, 5. 14. 6 | policy aiming at reducing **inequalities** in health. However, surveillance
41 II, 7. 4 | lowest rate. There are also **inequalities** in exposure to injury risks
42 II, 7. 6 | seriously underestimated.~**Inequalities** also in injury risk and
43 II, 8. 2. 1 | group at risk of health **inequalities** – in Canada, for example (
44 II, 8. 2. 1 | screening would reduce health **inequalities**.~People with intellectual
45 II, 8. 2. 1 | the population and health **inequalities** are evident. They encounter
46 II, 8. 2. 1 | focuses on reduction of health **inequalities** (see the chapter on policies
47 II, 8. 2. 1 | likely to experience health **inequalities**, yet to date there are no
48 II, 8. 2. 1 | avoidable and unjust are **inequalities**, and must be addressed vigorously.
49 II, 8. 2. 1 | socioeconomic position to health **inequalities** of British children and
** 50** II, 8. 2. 1 | Stegeman, I. (2006). Health **Inequalities** in the EU. TACKLING HEALTH
51 II, 8. 2. 1 | the EU. TACKLING HEALTH **INEQUALITIES** IN THE EU: THE CONTRIBUTIONS
52 II, 9 | UNICEF and others that great **inequalities** in income remain, and indeed
53 II, 9. 1 | interventions, reduce social **inequalities** in health and access to
54 II, 9. 1. 1 | reveal significant geographic **inequalities** in mortality in the perinatal
55 II, 9. 1. 1 | J, Macfarlane A (2004): **Inequalities** in infant mortality: trends
56 II, 9. 1. 2 | geographic and socioeconomic **inequalities** in the prevalence of congenital
57 II, 9. 1. 2 | prevalence. As well as these **inequalities**, congenital anomalies are
58 II, 9. 1. 2 | rarity. Thus, there are **inequalities** between congenital anomalies
59 II, 9. 1. 2 | pregnancy. Socio-economic **inequalities** in neural tube defect prevalence
** 60** II, 9. 1. 2 | Trends and Geographic **Inequalities** in the Livebirth Prevalence
61 II, 9. 1. 2 | JES (2000): “Socioeconomic **Inequalities** in Risk of Congenital Anomaly”,
62 II, 9. 2. 2 | regarding that child health **inequalities** topic in a number of EU
63 II, 9. 2. 4 | UNICEF and others that great **inequalities** in income remain, and indeed
64 II, 9. 3. 1 | Patient characteristics and **inequalities** in doctors’ diagnostic and
65 II, 9. 3. 2 | J, Macfarlane A (2004): **Inequalities** in infant mortality: trends
66 II, 9. 4. 2 | prevalence. Large social **inequalities** for some specific fatal
67 II, 9. 4. 5 | broad objectives.~ ~Health **Inequalities**. As women live longer than
68 II, 9. 4. 5 | isolation (WHO, 1999). Important **inequalities** in life expectancy and overall
69 II, 9. 5. 1 | differences contribute to **inequalities** in health between men and
** 70** II, 9. 5. 1 | population groups.~ ~Economic **inequalities** mean that in many countries
71 II, 9. 5. 2 | health determinants and **inequalities** in health (Bonté, 2004).
72 II, 9. 5. 2 | collection which reflect **inequalities** in health are the Euro-REVES (
73 II, 9. 5. 2 | indicators that would address **inequalities** in the health of European
74 II, 9. 5. 2 | actions to address gender **inequalities** in health outcomes.~ ~
75 II, 9. 5. 3 | description and analysis~ ~Health **inequalities**~ ~Lifestyle, as well as
76 II, 9. 5. 3 | EUGLOREH countries~ ~Economic **inequalities** mean that in many countries
77 II, 9. 5. 4 | of policies.~ ~Tackling **inequalities**~ ~The most effective policy
78 II, 9. 5. 4 | people is to tackle the **inequalities** that put them at risk. Gender
79 II, 9. 5. 4 | put them at risk. Gender **inequalities** in health need to be addressed
** 80** II, 9. 5. 6 | mental health’, in Gender **Inequalities** in Health: A Swedish Perspective.. (
81 II, 9. 5. 6 | document on mental health and **inequalities** in Scotland. Scottish Development
82 III, 10. 1 | environment~ ~ ~ ~Socio-economic **inequalities**~ ~ ~ ~Violence and other
83 III, 10. 2. 1 | contribution to reducing social **inequalities** in health in Europe (Mackenbach
84 III, 10. 2. 1 | Mackenbach JP. Socioeconomic **inequalities** in smoking in the European
85 III, 10. 2. 1 | Alcohol is a cause of health **inequalities** within countries. For example,
86 III, 10. 2. 1 | most important cause of **inequalities** in the burden of ill-health
87 III, 10. 2. 1 | are responsible for health **inequalities** are strongly linked to alcohol,
88 III, 10. 2. 1 | role of alcohol in these **inequalities** may be different in different
89 III, 10. 2. 1 | countries with the largest **inequalities** in men aged 45-59 are France
** 90** III, 10. 2. 1 | Working Group on Socioeconomic **Inequalities** in Health (1998): Occupational
91 III, 10. 2. 1 | the reduction of disease **inequalities**. The development of appropriate
92 III, 10. 2. 1 | conditions. Oral health **inequalities** are evident both across
93 III, 10. 2. 1 | life, reduction of health **inequalities**, quality of care and access
94 III, 10. 2. 1 | can help to minimize the **inequalities** in oral health within the
95 III, 10. 2. 1 | to reverse them is taken. **Inequalities** between countries are rising,
96 III, 10. 2. 1 | psychosocial effects perceived **inequalities** have on health (Mackenbach
97 III, 10. 2. 1 | Coexistence of social **inequalities** in undernutrition and obesity
98 III, 10. 5. 3 | risks, but also by social **inequalities** such as employment status,
99 III, 10. 5. 3 | policies~- combating health **inequalities**~- promoting social inclusion~-
**100** III, 10. 5. 3 | M. Marmot (Eds.), Social **Inequalities** in Health - New Evidence
101 III, 10. 6. 2 | expert Report on “Health **inequalities**: Europe in profile“ (Mackenbach,
102 III, 10. 6. 2 | Action to Tackle Health **Inequalities** in Europe’ which was carried
103 III, 10. 6. 2 | course leads to substantial **inequalities** in health and life expectancy
104 III, 10. 6. 2 | increasing social and health **inequalities**.~ ~Mortality and life expectancy~ ~ ~
105 III, 10. 6. 2 | expert Report on “Health **inequalities**: Europe in profile“ (Mackenbach,
106 III, 10. 6. 2 | occupational class, or income;~· **inequalities** in mortality exist from
107 III, 10. 6. 2 | women than among men; and~· **inequalities** in mortality can also be
108 III, 10. 6. 2 | diseases are the main causes of **inequalities**, accounting for 33 and 50%
109 III, 10. 6. 2 | accounting for 33 and 50% of **inequalities** in mortality associated
**110** III, 10. 6. 2 | important causes of health **inequalities** in men than in women (Figure
111 III, 10. 6. 2 | women (Figure 10.6.2.1). **Inequalities** in mortality related to
112 III, 10. 6. 2 | Figure 10.6.2.2). These **inequalities** in mortality lead to substantial
113 III, 10. 6. 2 | mortality lead to substantial **inequalities** in life expectancy at birth (
114 III, 10. 6. 2 | Figure 10.6.2.1. Educational **inequalities** in mortality in selected
115 III, 10. 6. 2 | cause~ ~Figure 10.6.2.2. **Inequalities** in mortality of men~ ~ ~ ~
116 III, 10. 6. 2 | that during the late 1980s, **inequalities** in mortality were in Eastern
117 III, 10. 6. 2 | 1980s, showed substantial **inequalities** in mortality in all countries,
118 III, 10. 6. 2 | women, however, relative **inequalities** in mortality were of similar
119 III, 10. 6. 2 | where a considerable rise of **inequalities** in mortality has occurred.
**120** III, 10. 6. 2 | income level:~· substantial **inequalities** are also found in the prevalence
121 III, 10. 6. 2 | over the past decades, **inequalities** in morbidity by socio-economic
122 III, 10. 6. 2 | stable; and~· together with **inequalities** in mortality, inequalities
123 III, 10. 6. 2 | inequalities in mortality, **inequalities** in morbidity contribute
124 III, 10. 6. 2 | morbidity contribute to large **inequalities** in 'healthy life expectancy' (
125 III, 10. 6. 2 | years lived in good health).~**Inequalities** are also evident in the
126 III, 10. 6. 2 | policies to reduce these **inequalities**, e.g. by: addressing risk
127 III, 10. 6. 2 | begun to address health **inequalities** systematically and comprehensively
128 III, 10. 6. 2 | local level to tackle health **inequalities** by recognizing social determinants
129 III, 10. 6. 2 | challenge. Reducing health **inequalities** has become one of the main
**130** III, 10. 6. 2 | which aim at takling health **inequalities**, especially by targeting
131 III, 10. 6. 2 | Action to Tackle Health **Inequalities** in Europe’ which was carried
132 III, 10. 6. 2 | causes of poor health and **inequalities** between and within countries.
133 III, 10. 6. 2 | determinants of health - health **inequalities**’ as an important strand
134 III, 10. 6. 2 | action to reduce health **inequalities** aims at improving everyone'
135 III, 10. 6. 2 | of socio-economic health **inequalities** as well as develop and evaluate
136 III, 10. 6. 2 | determinants and identified health **inequalities** using data from the Community
137 III, 10. 6. 2 | information system. Health **inequalities** also form an important dimension
138 III, 10. 6. 2 | recognized to tackle health **inequalities** within communities. All
139 III, 10. 6. 2 | current state of health **inequalities** and identified the evidence
**140** III, 10. 6. 2 | contributes to reducing health **inequalities** by trying to prevent young
141 III, 10. 6. 2 | determinants to tackle health **inequalities**, the national health promotion
142 III, 10. 6. 2 | 2007): Tackling health **inequalities** in Europe: An integrated
143 III, 10. 6. 2 | Mackenbach JP (2006): Health **inequalities**: Europe in profile [on-line
144 IV, 11. 1. 1 | socio-economic and living conditions, **inequalities**, nutrition and other lifestyle
145 IV, 11. 1. 4 | perhaps widening, health **inequalities** are also evident. Ensuring
146 IV, 11. 1. 4 | one means to reduce health **inequalities**. Many countries have introduced
147 IV, 11. 2. 2 | widespread emphasis on tackling **inequalities** in health. Comprehensive
148 IV, 11. 2. 2 | policies to reduce social **inequalities** in health can be seen in
149 IV, 11. 6. 2 | widespread trend that can address **inequalities** that arise from local taxation
**150** IV, 11. 6. 3 | Denmark and Germany, reducing **inequalities** by more than 40% and the
151 IV, 11. 6. 3 | with a 35% reduction in **inequalities**. However, it is likely that
152 IV, 11. 6. 4 | rural areas; these geographical **inequalities** may have even increased
153 IV, 11. 6. 5 | Explaining income-related **inequalities** in doctor utilisation in
154 IV, 12. 2 | control and will help reduce **inequalities** in health and in accessing
155 IV, 12. 2 | implementation. This causes **inequalities** in life expectancy, health
156 IV, 12. 5 | the reduction of health **inequalities**~ ~2.1.1. Promote initiatives
157 IV, 12. 5 | address and reduce health **inequalities** within and between Member
158 IV, 12. 10 | services which should alleviate **inequalities** in health/contribute to
159 IV, 12. 10 | to a decrease in health **inequalities**~Federal Centre for Health
**160** IV, 12. 10 | poverty and addressing health~**inequalities**.~htt e/~documents/NAPinclusionreportPDF~.
161 IV, 12. 10 | Addressing health **inequalities** through the development
162 IV, 12. 10 | Disability~Others : Reducing **Inequalities** in Health~High ~ ~National
163 IV, 13.Acr | widespread emphasis on tackling **inequalities** in health. Comprehensive
164 IV, 13.Acr | policies to reduce social **inequalities** in health can be seen in
165 IV, 13. 5 | need for overcoming current **inequalities** in access to high quality
166 IV, 13. 5 | policies to reduce these **inequalities**, e.g. by: addressing risk
167 IV, 13. 5 | begun to address health **inequalities** systematically and comprehensively
168 IV, 13. 5 | widening socio-economic **inequalities**, limited resources, technological
169 Key, Ap5. 0. 0 | indoor~industrial~industry~**inequalities**~inequality~inequities~inequity~