Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1    I,     2.Acr        |          and Isolated Practitioners Association~FGM~Female Genital Mutilation~
  2    I,     2.  5        |            mortality (Finnish Heart Association, 2005). These issues have
  3    I,     2.  7        |          and Isolated Practitioners Association, estimates that about 20%
  4    I,     2. 10.  4(16)|          European Health Management Association~
  5    I,     2. 11        |            at: htt ~ ~Finnish Heart Association (2005): Action Plan for
  6    I,     2. 11        |             Helsinki, Finnish Heart Association. Available at: htt df~Freeman
  7   II,     5.  2.  4    |          are linked to a continuous association with CVD incidence (age,
  8   II,     5.  2.  6    |           of a continuous an graded association between plasma cholesterol
  9   II,     5.  2.  6    |         Stamler J et al, 1986). The association extends to values of plasma
 10   II,     5.  2.  6    |             a negative (protective) association with CVD (Kannel WB, 1985).
 11   II,     5.  2.  6    |           these trials, even if the association of stroke with plasma cholesterol
 12   II,     5.  2.  6    |      disease (Kannel WB, 1996). The association is observed both in men
 13   II,     5.  2.  6    |         present in the patient. The association of two or more drugs is
 14   II,     5.  4.  2    |          there seems to be no clear association between the measurement
 15   II,     5.  4.  8    |           does ethnicity affect the association between obesity and diabetes?
 16   II,     5.  5.  1    |           not a mental disease, its association with mood and anxiety disorders
 17   II,     5.  5.  1    |      suicide. Evidence for a causal association? J Epidemiol Community Health
 18   II,     5.  5.  3    |          ABA” (Anorexia and bulimia association)~Liechtenstein~ ~X~ ~Lithuania~ ~
 19   II,     5.  5.  3    |       Pro-Eating Disorder Websites: Association with Body Image and Eating
 20   II,     5.  5.  3    |           National Eating Disorders Association) (2004): What Causes Eating
 21   II,     5.  5.  3    |             of the American Medical Association 291:25812590.~Engl J, Tschoner
 22   II,     5.  5.  3    |            the American Psychiatric Association 156th Annual Meeting: Abstract
 23   II,     5.  5.  3    |           guide is that the lack of association in other populations can
 24   II,     5.  5.  3    |         because of a direct lack of association, and this needs to be tested.~
 25   II,     5.  5.  3    |            27”, European Fair Trade Association (EFTA) Countries, and Switzerland,
 26   II,     5.  5.  3    |            EFTA~European Fair Trade Association~EMEA~European Medical Agency~
 27   II,     5.  6.  3    |                 There is a negative association between osteoarthritis and
 28   II,     5.  6.  6    |             the American Rheumatism Association. Arthritis Rheum 29:1039-
 29   II,     5.  6.  6    |             The American Rheumatism Association 1987 revised criteria for
 30   II,     5.  7.  1    |             2003; American Diabetes Association, 2006), but this knowledge
 31   II,     5.  7.  2    |      Registry of the European Renal Association - European Dialysis and
 32   II,     5.  7.  2    |             Dialysis and Transplant Association (ERA-EDTA) that collects
 33   II,     5.  7.  5    |       deemed necessary. The patient association - which is supported by
 34   II,     5.  7.  5    |           in Scotland. The UK Renal Association has developed detailed guidelines
 35   II,     5.  7.  7    |        References~American Diabetes Association (ADA) (2006): Standards
 36   II,     5.  7.  7    |        Swedish Pediatric Nephrology Association. Pediatr Nephrol 1997 Aug;
 37   II,     5.  7.  7    |             from the American Heart Association Councils on Kidney in Cardiovascular
 38   II,     5.  8.  3    |             GOLD 2006)~ ~A relevant association among cardiovascular disease,
 39   II,     5.  8.  3    |        co-morbidities were found in association with reported chronic bronchitis
 40   II,     5.  9. FB    |       However, the existence of the association of obesity with allergy
 41   II,     5.  9.  4    |             atopy, asthma and their association with familiar and environmental
 42   II,     5.  9.  4    |        regression showed an inverse association between physician-diagnosed
 43   II,     5.  9.  4    |       school (OR = 0.4); a positive association with parental history of
 44   II,     5.  9.  4    |     industrialized area. The strong association found between atopy and
 45   II,     5. 12.  4    |         1998).~ ~In addition to its association with HBV and HCV (see Chapter
 46   II,     5. 15.Acr    |                      Acronyms~ ~AFM~Association Française contre les Myopathies~
 47   II,     5. 15.  3    |           French muscular dystrophy association (AFM) to assess the contribution
 48   II,     6.  3.  2    |             countries. A consistent association between the level of use
 49   II,     6.  3.  3    |         prevalent in the EU and its association with cancer of the uterine
 50   II,     7.Acr        |            Acronyms~ ~ANEC~European Association of Consumer Representatives
 51   II,     7.Acr        |             Union~EuroSafe~European Association for Injury Prevention and
 52   II,     7.  2.  9    |           at EuroSafe (the European Association for Injury Prevention and
 53   II,     7.  4.  5    |           of the European Consumers Association (BEUC, www ), the European
 54   II,     7.  4.  5    |           BEUC, www ), the European Association of Consumer Representatives
 55   II,     7.  5        |    stakeholders serves the European Association for Injury Prevention and
 56   II,     7.  5        |            programmes. The European Association for Injury Prevention and
 57   II,     8.  2.  1    |            IV (American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical
 58   II,     8.  2.  1    |           pioneered by the American Association on Intellectual and Developmental
 59   II,     8.  2.  1    | Disabilities (formerly the American Association of Mental Retardation) whose
 60   II,     8.  2.  1    |            7. References~ ~American Association on Mental Retardation (2002).
 61   II,     8.  2.  1    |            Washington, DC: American Association on Mental Retardation~American
 62   II,     8.  2.  1    |    Retardation~American Psychiatric Association, (1994). Diagnostic and
 63   II,     8.  2.  1    |            DC, American Psychiatric Association.~Cooper, S.-A. Morrison,
 64   II,     8.  2.  1    |          Group of the International Association for the Scientific Study
 65   II,     9.  1.  1    |          impairments because of its association with adverse perinatal events.
 66   II,     9.  2.  7    |       accessed 02.07.07)~ ~European Association for Children in Hospital (
 67   II,     9.  3.  1    |          health problem through its association with fracture. One in three
 68   II,     9.  3.  1    |             ISSAM) and the European Association of Urology (EAU) - a cut
 69   II,     9.  3.  1    |               Medicine 62 103115~ ~Association of European Cancer Leagues (
 70   II,     9.  3.  1    |          European Health Management Association/Bristol-Myers Squibb (2005);
 71   II,     9.  3.  1    |           case for action. European Association for the Study of Obesity,
 72   II,     9.  3.  3    |      education of the young and the association between school sex education
 73   II,     9.  3.  3    |          population of Slovenia and association with subsequent condom use.
 74   II,     9.  5.  4    |              Also relevant, for the association between alcohol use and
 75   II,     9.  5.  6    |          European Health Management Association/Bristol-Myers Squibb (2005):
 76  III,    10.  1        |         with different strengths of association. This means that the links
 77  III,    10.  1        |      exposures – from a very likely association in the case of cancer/radon
 78  III,    10.  1.  1    |        determinant can confound the association between another health determinant
 79  III,    10.  1.  1    |   interactions among determinants~ ~Association within identical group of
 80  III,    10.  1.  1    |          Green and Potvin, 2004).~ ~Association within subgroup (tobacco
 81  III,    10.  1.  1    |             Gidding et al, 1994).~ ~Association between subgroups (food
 82  III,    10.  1.  1    |            disease determinants~ ~ ~Association between different groups
 83  III,    10.  1.  1    |         persist into adulthood. The association between drinking and aggressive
 84  III,    10.  1.  1    |              2006). In general, the association between alcohol consumption
 85  III,    10.  1.  3    |           the Young, American Heart Association. Circulation 90:2581-2590.~
 86  III,    10.  1.  3    |             from the American Heart Association Council on Nutrition, Physical activity,
 87  III,    10.  2.  1    |            a positive to a negative association between socio-economic status
 88  III,    10.  2.  1    |        childhood complications. The association with the cardiovascular
 89  III,    10.  2.  1    |       Columbia Recreation and Parks Association.~ ~Karolinska Institute (
 90  III,    10.  2.  1    |           Research, Swiss Nutrition Association. Reference values for nutrient
 91  III,    10.  2.  2    |             a continuous and graded association between plasma cholesterol
 92  III,    10.  2.  2    |        epidemiological studies. The association extends to values of plasma
 93  III,    10.  2.  2    |           these trials, even if the association of stroke with plasma cholesterol
 94  III,    10.  2.  3    |    peripheral vascular disease. The association is observed both in men
 95  III,    10.  2.  4    |            results of a genome-wide association study which highlights the
 96  III,    10.  2.  4    |          Thompson PJ, Gao X (2006): Association between polymorphism of
 97  III,    10.  2.  4    |      Consortium (2007): Genome-wide association study of 14,000 cases of
 98  III,    10.  2.  5    |           Europe have evidenced the association between low birth weight
 99  III,    10.  2.  5    |        Barker D, Eriksson J (2001): Association of schizophrenia with low
100  III,    10.  3.  1    |      research has indicated that an association is unlikely. However, a
101  III,    10.  3.  1    |          are some indications of an association. Risk of a tumour on the
102  III,    10.  3.  1    |      epidemiological studies on the association between exposure to ELF
103  III,    10.  3.  1    |     strengthened the evidence of an association. However, given some inconsistencies
104  III,    10.  3.  1    |         biological mechanisms), the association does not meet adequate criteria
105  III,    10.  3.  1    |          BAM, Hollander AEM de. The association between noise exposure and
106  III,    10.  4.  1    |             former East Germany, an association was found between air pollution
107  III,    10.  4.  1    |      various stages of accession or association and stabilisation. Bulgaria
108  III,    10.  4.  2    |           health.~ ~Table 10.4.2.1. Association of pathogenic (micro-) organisms
109  III,    10.  4.  2    |         paratuberculosis~ ~Possible association~ ~ ~ ~ ~with Crohn’s disease~
110  III,    10.  4.  2    |          lack of information on the association of the VTEC and Yersinia
111  III,    10.  4.  3    |          and sanitation systems, in association with breakdowns or failures
112  III,    10.  4.  4    |           of the European Consumers Association (BEUC) www g, the European
113  III,    10.  4.  4    |           BEUC) www g, the European Association of Consumer Representatives
114  III,    10.  4.  5    |            cause skin dermatitis in association with swimming and other
115  III,    10.  4.  5    |            BEUC~European ConsumersAssociation~BTEX~Aromatic Hydrocarbons~
116  III,    10.  4.  5    |            EFTA~European Free Trade Association (Iceland, Norway,~ETC/RWM~
117  III,    10.  4.  5    |      Despite some indications of an association between residents living
118  III,    10.  4.  5    |      establish the causality of the association. Increases in relative risk
119  III,    10.  4.  5    |       provides some evidence of the association between residing near a
120  III,    10.  4.  5    |      establish the causality of the association. This is an issue that requires
121  III,    10.  5.  1    |             of the American Medical Association, 2001, 285:535539.~Norback
122  III,    10.  5.  2    |           the National Rural Health Association (NRHA) states that despite
123  III,    10.  5.  2    |          times. The British Medical Association (BMA, 2005) identified four
124  III,    10.  5.  2    |        References~ ~British Medical Association (2005): Healthcare in a
125  III,    10.  5.  2    |           children's health and its association with parental education
126  III,    10.  5.  2    |               National Rural Health Association (no date given): What`s
127  III,    10.  5.  2    |      Acronyms~ ~BMA~British Medical Association~DETR~Department of the Environment,
128  III,    10.  5.  2    |          and Isolated Practitioners Association~Eurofound:~European Foundation
129  III,    10.  5.  2    |          NRHA~National Rural Health Association~OECD~Organization for Economic
130  III,    10.  6.  1    |       fathers of toddlers showed an association between poor social support
131   IV,    11.  1.  5    |           the US (American Hospital Association, 1999). In Australia they
132   IV,    11.  2.  1    |            have shown a significant association between primary healthcare
133   IV,    11.  5.  2    |            Organ Donor Society: htt Association of Organ Procurement Organizations: htt
134   IV,    11.  6.  5    |         Workshop." Canadian Medical Association Journal 153: 1715-19.~ ~
135   IV,    11.  6.  5    |         Radcliffe Publishing Ltd in association with the Nuffield Trust
136   IV,    11.  6.  5    |             of the American Medical Association 277(4): 312-317.~ ~Lutz
137   IV,    12.Acr        |            Life Years~EACH~European Association for Children in Hospital~
138   IV,    12.Acr        |            EFTA~European free trade Association~EPSCO~Health and Consumer
139   IV,    12.  9        |             the European free trade Association (EFTA) and other neighbours
140   IV,    12. 10        | organisations (e. g. German Medical Association/Bundesärztekammer, German
141   IV,    12. 10        |     disorders (see www. – “Research association eating disorders” as example).~ ~
142   IV,    12. 10        |    Commission of the German Medical Association (Arzneimittelkommission
143   IV,    12. 10        |    Patientensicherheit)– non-profit association, launched in 2005 by health
144   IV,    12. 10        |          provided by German Medical Association (Bundesärztekammer, BÄK),
145   IV,    12. 10        |   Bundesärztekammer, BÄK), National Association of Statutory Health Insurance
146   IV,    12. 10        |       Therapy of the German Medical Association (Kommission Somatische Gentherapie
147   IV,    12. 10        |          Also, the Hellenic Medical Association for Obesity (www r) has
148   IV,    12. 10        |         non-governmental scientific association, operating on a non-profit
149   IV,    12. 10        |           individual".~Finally, the Association Against Nutrition Disorders (
150   IV,    12. 10        |           gr) is a non-governmental association. Its aim is to familiarize
151   IV,    12. 10        | representatives from SALAR (Swedish Association of Local Authorities and
152   IV,    13.Acr        |            Life Years~EACH~European Association for Children in Hospital~
153   IV,    13.  6.  2    |          structures.~ ~The European Association for Children in Hospital (