Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1   II,     5.  3.  6|                              5.3.5.1 Childhood cancer survival~ ~In EUROCARE,
  2   II,     5.  3.  6|              survival trends for all childhood cancers combined were estimated
  3   II,     5.  3.  6|            Europe-wide trends for 14 childhood cancers were also estimated.~
  4   II,     5.  3.  6|              also estimated.~For all childhood cancers combined, 5-years
  5   II,     5.  3.  6|              also for all individual childhood cancers considered. The
  6   II,     5.  3.  6|             adults with a history of childhood cancer will inevitably increase.~ ~
  7   II,     5.  3.  9|       EUROCARE Working Group (2005): Childhood Cancer Survival Trends in
  8   II,     5.  4.  8|           and trends in incidence of childhood diabetes in Europe. Lancet
  9   II,     5.  5.  1|           life-events, especially in childhood and adolescence increase
 10   II,     5.  5.  1|         anxiety symptoms is often in childhood or adolescence, but some
 11   II,     5.  5.  1|            en.htm~ ~Fryers T (2007). Childhood determinants of adult psychiatric
 12   II,     5.  5.  3|              several cases appear in childhood as well as in adulthood (
 13   II,     5.  5.  3|             a strategy for health in childhood and adolescence for 36 Member
 14   II,     5.  5.  3|             Syndrome, Rett syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder,
 15   II,     5.  5.  3|             language skills in early childhood but gradually lose their
 16   II,     5.  5.  3|           may have heart problems.~· Childhood disintegrative disorder (
 17   II,     5.  5.  3|        Autism Spectrum Disorders~CDD~Childhood disintegrative disorder~
 18   II,     5.  5.  3|             000. In another study of childhood epilepsies in Lithuania (
 19   II,     5.  5.  3|              cohort of patients with childhood epilepsy followed into adulthood (
 20   II,     5.  5.  3|            community-based series of childhood epilepsy (Callenbach et
 21   II,     5.  5.  3|             al (1999): Prevalence of childhood epilepsy in Estonia. Epilepsia
 22   II,     5.  5.  3|           Dutch study of epilepsy in childhood. Pediatrics 107:1259-1263.~
 23   II,     5.  5.  3|              V (1997): Prevalence of childhood epilepsy in Kaunas, Lithuania.
 24   II,     5.  5.  3|            neuropsychiatric study in childhood. Clin Dev Med 3:35-36.~Shackleton
 25   II,     5.  5.  3|            of seizures with onset in childhood. New Engl J Med 338:1715-
 26   II,     5.  7.  3|            in the pre-ESRD phases in childhood and adolescence in the above
 27   II,     5.  9.Acr|              Asthma and Allergies in Childhood~ISAYA~Italian Study on Asthma
 28   II,     5.  9. FB|              tendency to, usually in childhood or adolescence, become sensitized
 29   II,     5.  9. FB|              more often begin during childhood. At present, one out of
 30   II,     5.  9. FB|            body weight during middle childhood on the outcome of subsequent
 31   II,     5.  9. FB|          either at birth or later in childhood, are at increased risk for
 32   II,     5.  9. FB|        wheezing in infancy and early childhood and the risk of developing
 33   II,     5.  9.  1|              Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC), have reported several
 34   II,     5.  9.  2|              Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) (Björkstén et al,
 35   II,     5.  9.  3|             occurs in the very first childhood, affects mainly males and
 36   II,     5.  9.  3|             the history of asthma in childhood and in adulthood separately,
 37   II,     5.  9.  3|            provided in adulthood and childhood.~ ~Figure 5.9.1. Wheeze
 38   II,     5.  9.  3|          have shown stable trends in childhood asthma since the late 90s (
 39   II,     5.  9.  4|        SCARPOL Study (Swiss Study on Childhood Allergy and Respiratory
 40   II,     5.  9.  4|     contribute to the development of childhood asthma. In turn, pet keeping
 41   II,     5.  9.  4|             Respiratory Disorders in Childhood and Environment, which is
 42   II,     5.  9.  6|          wheezing illnesses in early childhood. GINA is a partner organization
 43   II,     5.  9.  7|              Asthma and Allergies in Childhood. Pediatr Allergy Immunol.
 44   II,     5.  9.  7|        specific prevalence rates for childhood asthma, eczema, and hay
 45   II,     5. 11.  3|             develops during in early childhood. It is typically an episodic
 46   II,     5. 11.  3|              clear or improve during childhood, whereas others persist
 47   II,     5. 11.  3|       specific skin diseases such as childhood eczema (atopic dermatitis)
 48   II,     5. 11.  3|        asimportant.~Atopic eczema in childhood shows a striking social
 49   II,     5. 11.  7|             1994): The prevalence of childhood atopic eczema in a general
 50   II,     5. 11.  7|         Strachan DP, Hay RJ (1994a): Childhood eczema: disease of the advantaged?
 51   II,     5. 13    |             the early years of life. Childhood obesity is an important
 52   II,     5. 13    |         systematic review shows that childhood obesity is strongly associated
 53   II,     6.  3.  4|           limiting severe disease in childhood, but has no effect on transmission.
 54   II,     6.  3.  5|    polio-free situation. Most of the childhood diseases that are now preventable
 55   II,     6.  3.  5|             as a result of effective childhood vaccination programmes.
 56   II,     6.  3.  5|           universal vaccine in their childhood vaccination schemes, while
 57   II,     6.  3.  5|             is caused by poliovirus. Childhood immunisation has been an
 58   II,     7.  4.  6|         physical and sexual abuse in childhood, and feelings of hopelessness;~·
 59   II,     8.  2.  1|              child is born or during childhood. For many children, the
 60   II,     8.  2.  2|              source of data. Data on childhood blindness are available
 61   II,     8.  2.  2|           Prevalence and outcomes of childhood visual disorders. Ophtalmic
 62   II,     8.  2.  3|              of congenital permanent childhood hearing loss ( 40 dB hearing
 63   II,     8.  2.  3|            Epidemiology of permanent childhood hearing impairment in Trent~
 64   II,     9        |             become apparent later in childhood, including reductions in
 65   II,     9        |     diagnosis is often made in early childhood rather than the first year
 66   II,     9        |             to several conditions in childhood (Middle et al, 1996; Matharu
 67   II,     9.  1.  1|             morbidity in infancy and childhood. Data are available in international
 68   II,     9.  1.  1|           longer-term impairments in childhood than term babies with normal
 69   II,     9.  1.  1|        common disabling condition in childhood, occurring in 1.5 to 2.5
 70   II,     9.  1.  1|          EURO-PERISTAT for long-term childhood health impairments because
 71   II,     9.  1.  2|        diagnosed later in infancy or childhood. “Majorcongenital anomalies
 72   II,     9.  1.  2|     disorders are diagnosed later in childhood and these are discussed
 73   II,     9.  1.  2|            new diagnoses made during childhood.~ ~EUROCAT started in 1979.
 74   II,     9.  1.  2|             become apparent later in childhood, including reductions in
 75   II,     9.  1.  2|     diagnosis is often made in early childhood rather than the first year
 76   II,     9.  2.  1|     importance of this life stage of childhood. Thus, there is considerable
 77   II,     9.  2.  1|             later years.~ ~A healthy childhood is a critical determinant
 78   II,     9.  2.  1|             behaviours emerge during childhood.~ ~It is known that the
 79   II,     9.  2.  1|     mortality and morbidity in later childhood and adolescence are behaviour
 80   II,     9.  2.  1|             made in the reduction of childhood infectious diseases through
 81   II,     9.  2.  3|           Asthma: It is evident that childhood asthma has grown significantly
 82   II,     9.  2.  3|              Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) project run between
 83   II,     9.  2.  3|            gives a figure of 10% for childhood asthma, whilst the National
 84   II,     9.  2.  3|    comparatively common condition in childhood with likely enduring effects.~ ~
 85   II,     9.  2.  3|     disabilities across the whole of childhood.~ ~Injuries: As already
 86   II,     9.  2.  3|             is the greatest cause of childhood death. Of this, a quarter
 87   II,     9.  2.  3|       represent the primary cause of childhood injuries in Europe. One
 88   II,     9.  2.  3|       limited. Thus, the totality of childhood injury cannot regularly
 89   II,     9.  2.  3| measles-mumps-rubella vaccine during childhood means that increasing numbers
 90   II,     9.  2.  3|        manifesting themselves in the childhood years, including an increase
 91   II,     9.  2.  3|       body weight is the most common childhood disorder in the European
 92   II,     9.  2.  3|       attitude to breast feeding and childhood nutrition through to children’
 93   II,     9.  2.  3|          behavioural problems during childhood and adolescence. Attention
 94   II,     9.  2.  4|             to several conditions in childhood (Middle et al, 1996; Matharu
 95   II,     9.  2.  5|          young people. These include childhood immunisation programmes;
 96   II,     9.  2.  7|          Negri E, Lucchini F (2001): Childhood cancer mortality in Europe,
 97   II,     9.  2.  8|              Asthma and Allergies in Childhood~MDR~Multidrug-Resistant~
 98   II,     9.  3.  1|          than at birth. During early childhood, there are closer death
 99   II,     9.  5.  3|              Male: female difference~Childhood~Pervasive developmental
100  III,    10.  1    |            Developmental (foetal and childhood) disorders~lead~mercury~
101  III,    10.  1.  3|             S, Summerbell CD (1999): Childhood predictors of adult obesity.
102  III,    10.  2.  1|             likelihood of developing childhood asthma~Passive smoking and
103  III,    10.  2.  1|        injuries, pregnancy and early childhood complications. The association
104  III,    10.  2.  1|            spend health funds, after childhood immunization (ASPECT, 2005).
105  III,    10.  2.  1|              class, criminal status, childhood abuse and use of other drugs
106  III,    10.  2.  1|           have reported a variety of childhood mental and behavioural disorders
107  III,    10.  2.  1|             become apparent later in childhood, including reductions in
108  III,    10.  2.  1|            impact of lack of care in childhood. Oral diseases, mainly caries
109  III,    10.  2.  1|             oral health gap in early childhood between advantaged and disadvantaged
110  III,    10.  2.  1|             the early years of life. Childhood obesity is an important
111  III,    10.  2.  1|         systematic review shows that childhood obesity is strongly associated
112  III,    10.  2.  1|             particular importance in childhood and adolescence when bone
113  III,    10.  2.  1|              establishing a European childhood obesity surveillance initiative
114  III,    10.  2.  1|               Archives of Disease in Childhood 88:671675.~ ~Asciak RP,
115  III,    10.  2.  1|    consequences of obesity in youth: childhood predictors of adult disease.
116  III,    10.  2.  1|         Pawlak DB, Ludwig DS (2002): Childhood obesity: public-health crisis,
117  III,    10.  2.  1|             of overweight from early childhood to adolescence in cohorts
118  III,    10.  2.  1|          survey on the prevalence of childhood and adolescent obesity in
119  III,    10.  2.  1|          estudio enKid (1998-2000): [Childhood and adolescent obesity in
120  III,    10.  2.  1|               Archives of Disease in Childhood 90:9991004.~ ~Statistical
121  III,    10.  2.  1|           2006): Worldwide trends in childhood overweight and obesity.
122  III,    10.  2.  5|           mental health is linked to childhood developmental risk factors.
123  III,    10.  2.  5|         psychological factors during childhood and adult health. Identification
124  III,    10.  2.  5|        occurs during foetal life and childhood. Infant's early relationship
125  III,    10.  2.  5|        functioning and adaptation in childhood and later in life. Caregiver'
126  III,    10.  2.  5|            symptoms and disorders in childhood (Madigan et al, 2007) and
127  III,    10.  2.  5|               and health problems of childhood (Mäntymaa et al, 2003).~ ~
128  III,    10.  2.  5|           during pregnancy and early childhood. Interventions include health promotion
129  III,    10.  2.  5|              academic achievement in childhood: prospective evidence from
130  III,    10.  2.  5|            birth and thinness during childhood. Arch Gen Psychiatry 2001;
131  III,    10.  3.  1|          rare and it is not known if childhood exposure to radon increases
132  III,    10.  3.  1|           could increase the risk of childhood leukaemia but the findings
133  III,    10.  3.  1|           based on the occurrence of childhood leukaemia. For breast cancer
134  III,    10.  3.  1|          between exposure to ELF and childhood leukaemia have strengthened
135  III,    10.  3.  1|           magnetic fields to produce childhood leukaemia must be regarded
136  III,    10.  3.  1|            incidence of less than 1% childhood leukaemia. In European countries
137  III,    10.  3.  2|         priority groups of diseases: childhood cancer, childhood respiratory
138  III,    10.  3.  2|          diseases: childhood cancer, childhood respiratory health/asthma,
139  III,    10.  3.  2|              disturbances. These are childhood respiratory disease and
140  III,    10.  3.  2|      respiratory disease and asthma, childhood cancer, neurodevelopmental
141  III,    10.  3.  2|            Developmental (foetal and childhood) disorders~lead~mercury~
142  III,    10.  4.  1|              Asthma and Allergies in Childhood~JRC~Joint Research Centre~
143  III,    10.  4.  1|           pollutants relates back to childhood. Air pollutants augment
144  III,    10.  4.  1|         during foetal life and early childhood. There is growing evidence
145  III,    10.  4.  1|      pollutants trigger the onset of childhood asthma. Intervention studies
146  III,    10.  4.  1|         behaviour on air quality and childhood asthma was investigated.
147  III,    10.  4.  1|              Asthma and Allergies in childhood (ISAAC) (2007): Auckland,
148  III,    10.  5.  2|          2005): Clinically diagnosed childhood asthma and follow-up of
149  III,    10.  6.  2|         favourable conditions during childhood and adolescence~4. Healthier
150   IV,    12. 10    |           Project for Motherhood and ChildhoodDecree 24.04.2000~ ~Obesity~ ~
151   IV,    12. 10    |         favourable conditions during childhood and adolescence~4. Healthier
152   IV,    13.  2.  3|             respectively. Worldwide, childhood malnutrition attributed
153   IV,    13.  6.  1|            only one disadvantaged by childhood illness. Parents have to
154   IV,    13.  6.  2|            For the majority of their childhood, children do not answer