Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1    I,     2.  3    |      problems. Moreover, voluntary pregnancy termination shows that abortion
  2    I,     3.  1    |        married after discovering a pregnancy, i.e. the conception rates
  3   II,     5.  1.  1|         diabetes, (diabetes during pregnancy only,) and~· old age.~ Type
  4   II,     5.  4.  1|         diabetes duration and age;~Pregnancy: Pregnant women with uncontrolled
  5   II,     5.  4.  5|          diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy only) and~- old age~ ~There
  6   II,     5.  6.  3|         onset of RA is rare during pregnancy and RA is more common in
  7   II,     5.  9. FB|       avoided, particularly during pregnancy and infancy, because maternal
  8   II,     5.  9. FB|            maternal smoking during pregnancy is significantly associated
  9   II,     5.  9. FB|    investigating prevention during pregnancy have found no real evidence
 10   II,     5.  9.  6|        diet for high risk woman in pregnancy is still unclear, even if
 11   II,     6.  3.  3|       ectopic (outside the uterus) pregnancy and infertility. In many
 12   II,     6.  3.  5|      during the first trimester of pregnancy, when rubella infection
 13   II,     6.  3.  6|         cases were associated with pregnancy. These were reported by
 14   II,     8.  2.  1|      mothers and to smoking during pregnancy. Other causes of intellectual
 15   II,     8.  2.  1|            drinking alcohol during pregnancy and should refrain from
 16   II,     8.  2.  1|            conception and early in pregnancy can help prevent certain
 17   II,     8.  2.  1|            can be performed during pregnancy to identify conditions that
 18   II,     8.  2.  1|           option of termination of pregnancy. Screening programmes may
 19   II,     9        |            complications including pregnancy induced hypertension, preterm
 20   II,     9        |            and intervention during pregnancy, labour, and delivery (Bai
 21   II,     9        |           groups.~ ~Smoking during pregnancy. The harmful effects of
 22   II,     9        |          women stop smoking during pregnancy, as shown by the data from
 23   II,     9        |          project on smoking during pregnancy. In the countries that could
 24   II,     9        |            of women smoking during pregnancy varies from under 10% to
 25   II,     9        |            During 3rd Trimester of Pregnancy~ ~Drinking alcohol during
 26   II,     9        |            Drinking alcohol during pregnancy. Prenatal exposure to alcohol
 27   II,     9        |            drug taken during early pregnancy). Congenital anomalies are
 28   II,     9        |           drugs taken during early pregnancy. A number of drugs are now
 29   II,     9        |           are to be avoided during pregnancy, others are necessary (such
 30   II,     9        | surveillance of drugs taken during pregnancy is not systematic, and it
 31   II,     9        |          anomaly when taken during pregnancy.~ ~Assisted reproductive
 32   II,     9        |     nutrition in the mother during pregnancy and the child’s vulnerability
 33   II,     9        |            of infertility, ectopic pregnancy, pelvic inflammatory disease,
 34   II,     9.  1.  1|    comparisons of data relating to pregnancy outcome and maternity care
 35   II,     9.  1.  1|          of women who smoke during pregnancy~R: Distribution of mothers’
 36   II,     9.  1.  1|         and their conceived during pregnancy, delivery and postpartum
 37   II,     9.  1.  1|          understood that a healthy pregnancy and infancy reduce the risk
 38   II,     9.  1.  1|        morbidities associated with pregnancy, such as intrauterine growth
 39   II,     9.  1.  1|        Mohsin M (2002): Parity and pregnancy outcomes. Am J Obstet Gynecol
 40   II,     9.  1.  1|         Preterm birth and multiple pregnancy in European countries participating
 41   II,     9.  1.  1|          Effects of smoking during pregnancy. Five meta-analyses. Am
 42   II,     9.  1.  1|     epidemiology of smoking during pregnancy: smoking prevalence, maternal
 43   II,     9.  1.  1|      maternal characteristics, and pregnancy outcomes. Nicotine Tob Res
 44   II,     9.  1.  1|             parity, and smoking on pregnancy outcome: a population-based
 45   II,     9.  1.  1|      Socio-economic disparities in pregnancy outcome: why do the poor
 46   II,     9.  1.  1|          2007a). Elevated risks of pregnancy complications and adverse
 47   II,     9.  1.  1|        1997): Determinants of poor pregnancy outcomes among teenagers
 48   II,     9.  1.  1|         Lorenz RP, Kisly A (1995): Pregnancy outcome in nulliparous women
 49   II,     9.  1.  1|           of stillbirth throughout pregnancy in the United States. Am
 50   II,     9.  1.  2|          in the first trimester of pregnancy (brain development continues
 51   II,     9.  1.  2|       detection and termination of pregnancy rates affecting live-birth
 52   II,     9.  1.  2|     gestation, and terminations of pregnancy for fetal anomaly (TOPFA)
 53   II,     9.  1.  2|        likelihood that an affected pregnancy will be prenatally diagnosed
 54   II,     9.  1.  2|          leading to termination of pregnancy d) the quality of treatment
 55   II,     9.  1.  2|            include terminations of pregnancy following prenatal diagnosis (
 56   II,     9.  1.  2|   stillbirths, and terminations of pregnancy due to foetal anomaly (TOPFA)
 57   II,     9.  1.  2|      prevalence of terminations of pregnancy for foetal anomaly (TOPFA),
 58   II,     9.  1.  2|       mortality and termination of pregnancy.~ ~Congenital anomalies
 59   II,     9.  1.  2|          leading to termination of pregnancy (and exclusion from mortality
 60   II,     9.  1.  2|           Ratio of Terminations of Pregnancy for Foetal Anomaly following
 61   II,     9.  1.  2|           to high rates of teenage pregnancy (Loane et al, 2007). In
 62   II,     9.  1.  2|            complications including pregnancy induced hypertension, preterm
 63   II,     9.  1.  2|            and intervention during pregnancy, labour, and delivery (Bai
 64   II,     9.  1.  2|           groups.~ ~Smoking during pregnancy. The harmful effects of
 65   II,     9.  1.  2|          women stop smoking during pregnancy, as shown by the data from
 66   II,     9.  1.  2|          project on smoking during pregnancy. In the countries that could
 67   II,     9.  1.  2|            of women smoking during pregnancy varies from under 10% to
 68   II,     9.  1.  2|            During 3rd Trimester of Pregnancy~ ~Drinking alcohol during
 69   II,     9.  1.  2|            Drinking alcohol during pregnancy. Prenatal exposure to alcohol
 70   II,     9.  1.  2|            drug taken during early pregnancy). Congenital anomalies are
 71   II,     9.  1.  2|           drugs taken during early pregnancy. A number of drugs are now
 72   II,     9.  1.  2|           are to be avoided during pregnancy, others are necessary (such
 73   II,     9.  1.  2| surveillance of drugs taken during pregnancy is not systematic, and it
 74   II,     9.  1.  2|          anomaly when taken during pregnancy.~ ~Assisted reproductive
 75   II,     9.  1.  2|          if they do not plan their pregnancy. Socio-economic inequalities
 76   II,     9.  1.  2|        resulting in termination of pregnancy have shown enormous variation
 77   II,     9.  1.  2|     increasingmedicalisation” of pregnancy, ethical questions, and
 78   II,     9.  1.  2|            informed choices during pregnancy (Green et al, 2004). The
 79   II,     9.  1.  2|           al, 2004). The option of pregnancy termination necessitates
 80   II,     9.  1.  2|       justify this and how late in pregnancy. Pregnant women need to
 81   II,     9.  1.  2|     information on terminations of pregnancy following prenatal diagnosis
 82   II,     9.  1.  2|           is often done before the pregnancy is recognized and that the
 83   II,     9.  1.  2|         aimed at ensuringhealthy pregnancy” can pay attention to congenital
 84   II,     9.  1.  2|          very early or even before pregnancy.~ ~c) Folic acid fortification
 85   II,     9.  1.  2|        safe use of medicine during pregnancy.~ ~h) More research should
 86   II,     9.  1.  2|            consider termination of pregnancy as an option by achieving
 87   II,     9.  1.  2|      Peters P (2001): Drugs during pregnancy and lactation: handbook
 88   II,     9.  1.  2|              TOPFA Terminations of Pregnancy for Foetal Anomaly~ ~
 89   II,     9.  2.  1|          eating disorders, teenage pregnancy and childbearing and sexually
 90   II,     9.  2.  3|            of infertility, ectopic pregnancy, pelvic inflammatory disease
 91   II,     9.  2.  4|     nutrition in the mother during pregnancy and the child’s vulnerability
 92   II,     9.  2.  4|            of infertility, ectopic pregnancy, pelvic inflammatory disease,
 93   II,     9.  3.  1|            infertility and ectopic pregnancy. Those infected also face
 94   II,     9.  3.  2|       those directly attributed to pregnancy, which include thrombo-embolism,
 95   II,     9.  3.  2|  conditions that are aggravated by pregnancy. Committees that audit maternal
 96   II,     9.  3.  2|            death, both direct (the pregnancy directly caused the death)
 97   II,     9.  3.  2|         but was complicated by the pregnancy). The time period covered
 98   II,     9.  3.  2|           after the outcome of the pregnancy. This means that so-called “
 99   II,     9.  3.  2|            not causally related to pregnancy) and “late” (between 43
100   II,     9.  3.  2|          days after the outcome of pregnancy) deaths are excluded. The
101   II,     9.  3.  2|      surveillance program data), a pregnancy check box on the death certificate,
102   II,     9.  3.  2|          hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, ranges from 0.07-8.23%
103   II,     9.  3.  2|               9.3.2.5. Care during pregnancy, delivery and the postpartum~ ~
104   II,     9.  3.  2|     through the process of healthy pregnancy and birth also enhances
105   II,     9.  3.  2|          approaches to care during pregnancy, delivery and the postpartum
106   II,     9.  3.  2|       issue of when to terminate a pregnancy. A key challenge for the
107   II,     9.  3.  2|          without over-medicalising pregnancy and childbirth and thus
108   II,     9.  3.  2|        Mohsin M (2002): Parity and pregnancy outcomes. Am J Obstet Gynecol
109   II,     9.  3.  2|         Preterm birth and multiple pregnancy in European countries participating
110   II,     9.  3.  2|          Effects of smoking during pregnancy. Five meta-analyses. Am
111   II,     9.  3.  2|             parity, and smoking on pregnancy outcome: a population-based
112   II,     9.  3.  2|     epidemiology of smoking during pregnancy: smoking prevalence, maternal
113   II,     9.  3.  2|      maternal characteristics, and pregnancy outcomes. Nicotine Tob Res
114   II,     9.  3.  2|      Socio-economic disparities in pregnancy outcome: why do the poor
115   II,     9.  3.  2|          2007a). Elevated risks of pregnancy complications and adverse
116   II,     9.  3.  2|        1997): Determinants of poor pregnancy outcomes among teenagers
117   II,     9.  3.  2|         Lorenz RP, Kisly A (1995): Pregnancy outcome in nulliparous women
118   II,     9.  3.  2|           of stillbirth throughout pregnancy in the United States. Am
119   II,     9.  3.  3|            associated with teenage pregnancy in the EU countries including
120   II,     9.  3.  3|            factors associated with pregnancy in the age group 13-19 years (
121   II,     9.  3.  3|        experiences, contraception, pregnancy and desire for children
122   II,     9.  3.  3|         the case of the UK Teenage Pregnancy Strategy (Wilkinson et al,
123   II,     9.  3.  3|            associated with teenage pregnancy in the European Union countries:
124   II,     9.  3.  3|             Summary Report. Crisis Pregnancy Agency and the Department
125   II,     9.  3.  3|          McIntyre JA. (2005): Sex, pregnancy, hormones, and HIV. Lancet
126   II,     9.  3.  3|           and the national teenage pregnancy strategy: Lancet 368:1846-
127   II,     9.  4.  3|          post-menopausal women. As pregnancy is not an issue for post-menopausal
128   II,     9.  5.  3|        inadequate resources and/or pregnancy. Mental health can be damaged
129  III,    10.  1.  1|         norms (e.g. smoking during pregnancy, smoking after delivery,
130  III,    10.  2.  1|      arterial disease~ ~Smoking in pregnancy~- Pregnancy complications~-
131  III,    10.  2.  1|             Smoking in pregnancy~- Pregnancy complications~- Preterm
132  III,    10.  2.  1|          musculoskeletal injuries, pregnancy and early childhood complications.
133  III,    10.  2.  1|          number of women who start pregnancy being overweight or obese (
134  III,    10.  2.  1|          needs as during growth or pregnancy. Bioavailability is generally
135  III,    10.  2.  1|           Optimal nutrition during pregnancy is most important as it
136  III,    10.  2.  4|        schizophrenia and recurrent pregnancy losses..~ ~Currently, the
137  III,    10.  2.  5|            maternal smoking during pregnancy is also associated with
138  III,    10.  2.  5|     promoting interventions during pregnancy and early childhood. Interventions
139  III,    10.  3.  3|      during the first trimester of pregnancy, when rubella infection
140  III,    10.  4.  2|      susceptible population during pregnancy. Environmental Health Perspectives
141   IV,    11.  6.  2|          income~Age~Type of drug~ ~Pregnancy services:~- Estonia~- Finland~-
142   IV,    12. 10    |          voluntary interruption of pregnancy within the first 10 weeks,
143   IV,    12. 10    |          voluntary interruption of pregnancy and assisted reproduction
144   IV,    12. 10    |           1,000 women 15-19 years (pregnancy rate)~ ~Incidence of chlamydia
145   IV,    12. 10    |   performed abortions by length of pregnancy, all ages~Domain of objective
146  Key,   Ap5.  0.  0|     predisposition~predispositions~pregnancy~premature~pre-natal~preparedness~