1-500 | 501-1000 | 1001-1500 | 1501-2000 | 2001-2500 | 2501-2901
     Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

 501   II,     5.  5.  3    |                       schizophrenia in the WHO European Region (WHO, 2001a). With
 502   II,     5.  5.  3    |                      of which 17.8% in the WHO European Region (Kohn et al, 2004).
 503   II,     5.  5.  3    |               psychiatric care differs between European countries. Institutional
 504   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    care still dominates in the European Region; in a quarter of
 505   II,     5.  5.  3    |                      comprehensive national or European data available focusing
 506   II,     5.  5.  3    |                       disorders in most of the European countries, the first admission
 507   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    concerning morbidity rates (European Hospital Morbidity Database
 508   II,     5.  5.  3    |                        The WHO data cover more European countries but also not all
 509   II,     5.  5.  3    |                        the differences between European mental health care systems.~ ~
 510   II,     5.  5.  3    |          rehabilitation are not covered in the European databases. With regard to
 511   II,     5.  5.  3    |                         They are listed in the European Detailed Mortality Database (
 512   II,     5.  5.  3    |                      the source of data is the European Health for all Database (
 513   II,     5.  5.  3    |                      registries in most of the European countries.. Efforts to optimize
 514   II,     5.  5.  3    |                     allow a comparison between European countries. Available data
 515   II,     5.  5.  3    |                        Available data from the European Detailed Mortality Database
 516   II,     5.  5.  3    |                       years (DALYs) in the WHO European Region according to the
 517   II,     5.  5.  3    |              conditions now rank first in most European countries. With regards
 518   II,     5.  5.  3    |                      the year 2005: In the WHO European Region the 1529 age group
 519   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 programmes in the USA. In some European Countries parallel to the
 520   II,     5.  5.  3    |                     respective programmes, the European Prediction of Psychosis
 521   II,     5.  5.  3    |                   initiated. This is the first European prospective trans-national
 522   II,     5.  5.  3    |                      million people in the WHO European Region (7 per 1000) affected
 523   II,     5.  5.  3    |                     gap in mental health care, European data on this topic is limited.
 524   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  antipsychotics vary widely in European countries. Finland has by
 525   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 significant differences across European countries. According to
 526   II,     5.  5.  3    |                     interventions reflected in European guidelines~Non-compliance~
 527   II,     5.  5.  3    |                        3.2.4.~Table 5.5.3.2.4. European practice guidelines and
 528   II,     5.  5.  3    |                       which were linked to the European Study on Epidemiology of
 529   II,     5.  5.  3    |                       the situation in the WHO European Region is much better than
 530   II,     5.  5.  3    |                     range of services. Several European countries have been leaders
 531   II,     5.  5.  3    |                        also indicate that many European countries continue to rely
 532   II,     5.  5.  3    |                       of mental health care in European countries is characterized
 533   II,     5.  5.  3    |                      2001b):~“One third of the European countries do not have specified
 534   II,     5.  5.  3    |            demonstrated by the findings of the European Study on Epidemiology of
 535   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  pensions etc. A comprehensive European database of national statistics
 536   II,     5.  5.  3    |                      is not available. Yet the European Brain Council has evaluated
 537   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 disorders was performed by the European Brain Council (Figure 5.
 538   II,     5.  5.  3    |                publication of the Green paper (European Commission, 2005) and the
 539   II,     5.  5.  3    |                   improve mental health in the European Region. Some of these publications
 540   II,     5.  5.  3    |                   Country reports from the WHO European Network on Mental Health~www.
 541   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 solutions. Report from the WHO European Ministerial Conference 2005~www.
 542   II,     5.  5.  3    |                   disorder prevention across~· European Member States: a collection
 543   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 collection of country stories (European Commission, 2006a)~· Mental
 544   II,     5.  5.  3    |                     However, there is still no European master-plan resulting from
 545   II,     5.  5.  3    |                     are only available in some European countries such as Belgium,
 546   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    networks of excellence on a European level in order to enhance
 547   II,     5.  5.  3    |                   research on schizophrenia at European level covering aetiology
 548   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  Wochenschr 118 (7-8):196-206.~European Commission (2005): Green
 549   II,     5.  5.  3    |                       on mental health for the European Union. Available at: ec.
 550   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    last accessed Dec 13, 2007.~European Commission (2006): Report
 551   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    last accessed Dec 13, 2007.~European Commission (2006a): Mental
 552   II,     5.  5.  3    |                     disorder prevention across European Member States: a collection
 553   II,     5.  5.  3    |                        Reventlow H (2005): The European Prediction of Psychosis
 554   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  Kissling W (2006): Call for a European guidelines institute. Br
 555   II,     5.  5.  3    |                      needs and perceived help. European Psychiatry 16:207214.~Palmer
 556   II,     5.  5.  3    |                   Country Reports from the WHO European Network on Mental Health.
 557   II,     5.  5.  3    |                     Lived with Disability~HMDB~European Hospital Morbidity Database~ ~ ~
 558   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    been estimated in different European countries but due to the
 559   II,     5.  5.  3    |                         On May 9th , 1996, the European Parliament launched an official
 560   II,     5.  5.  3    |                      ASD prevalence in several European countries as well as harmonized
 561   II,     5.  5.  3    |                   DiseasesTask Forces of the European Commission, and although
 562   II,     5.  5.  3    |                        a considerable one.~The European Network of Surveillance
 563   II,     5.  5.  3    |                      group. Wales is the first European country to have adopted
 564   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  America and Great Britain. At European level, however, the early
 565   II,     5.  5.  3    |                   applauded and promoted among European countries.~ ~
 566   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 disintegrative disorder~ENSACP~European Network of Surveillance
 567   II,     5.  5.  3    |                       greater longevity of the European population. Epilepsy is
 568   II,     5.  5.  3    |                        knowledge, there are no European national or regional population-based
 569   II,     5.  5.  3    |                        industrialized (largely European) countries, partial seizures
 570   II,     5.  5.  3    |                      person. There are limited European data on the cumulative incidence (
 571   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    referral centres from eight European countries (Italy, Germany,
 572   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  involving Western and Eastern European countries (RESt-1 Group,
 573   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    several Western and Eastern European countries (RESt-1 Group,
 574   II,     5.  5.  3    |                     restrictions are common in European countries, particularly
 575   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    Epilepsy and driving~In the European Union, most member states
 576   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    national regulations across European countries.~The Second European
 577   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 European countries.~The Second European Working Group on Epilepsy
 578   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    1989). Reports from various European countries indicate that
 579   II,     5.  5.  3    |                      been developed in several European countries. These guidelines
 580   II,     5.  5.  3    |                       been implemented in some European countries. In Italy, a network
 581   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    basis for the initiation of European comprehensive epilepsy programs.~ ~
 582   II,     5.  5.  3    |                        ethnic substrate of the European population and the consistency
 583   II,     5.  5.  3    |                      be disseminated into each European country and adapted to the
 584   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    with epilepsy: results of a European cohort study. Epilepsia
 585   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    driving. Regulations in the European Union need harmonization
 586   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 epilepsy in the adult in seven European countries. Epilepsia 41:
 587   II,     5.  5.  3    |             circumstances and complications: a European cohort study. Epilepsia
 588   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  Mortality Ratio~SEWGED~Second European Working Group on Epilepsy
 589   II,     5.  5.  3    |                        Europe with regards to “European Union (EU) 27”, European
 590   II,     5.  5.  3    |                       European Union (EU) 27”, European Fair Trade Association (
 591   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    standardized using the 1966 European population, and age-standardised
 592   II,     5.  5.  3    |                   Koch-Henriksen, 1999).~ ~The European Database for Multiple Sclerosis (
 593   II,     5.  5.  3    |                        was designed within the European Concerted Action for Multiple
 594   II,     5.  5.  3    |                        Sclerosis funded by the European Commission (Confavreux et
 595   II,     5.  5.  3    |                       nearly two thirds of all European countries. Redefining the
 596   II,     5.  5.  3    |                      rates age-adjusted to the European (and World) population a
 597   II,     5.  5.  3    |                      13 billion, i.e., €27 per European inhabitant. Intangible costs
 598   II,     5.  5.  3    |                     social responsibilities. A European wide survey and analysis (
 599   II,     5.  5.  3    |                       situation in a sample of European countries (i.e. number of
 600   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    also be used to promote, at European Union level, the employment
 601   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    throughout the Union.~ ~The European Parliament Resolution on
 602   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  towards people with MS in the European Union~In December 2003 the
 603   II,     5.  5.  3    |                     Union~In December 2003 the European Parliament adopted unanimously
 604   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  multiple sclerosis within the European Union) based upon a petition
 605   II,     5.  5.  3    |                      actively supported by the European Multiple Sclerosis Platform
 606   II,     5.  5.  3    |                     Ministers of Health of the European Union to develop a “Code
 607   II,     5.  5.  3    |                     Practice” for MS patients.~European Code of Good Practice on
 608   II,     5.  5.  3    |                      as follow up to the above European Parliament Resolution It
 609   II,     5.  5.  3    |                   national governments and the European Commission to an independent
 610   II,     5.  5.  3    |            Participation and Empowerment~ ~The European Parliament, the European
 611   II,     5.  5.  3    |                       European Parliament, the European Commission and the German
 612   II,     5.  5.  3    |                       German Presidency of the European Union endorsed the European “
 613   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    European Union endorsed the EuropeanCode of Good Practice”
 614   II,     5.  5.  3    |                  referred to in the Code~· The European Map of Multiple Sclerosis, (ww g)~
 615   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 Multiple Sclerosis, (ww g)~The European Map of MS database provides
 616   II,     5.  5.  3    |                     Sclerosis in Europe by the European Multiple Sclerosis Platform
 617   II,     5.  5.  3    |                      support and reinforce the European Code of Good Practice on
 618   II,     5.  5.  3    |                   organizations International, European and National Level~There
 619   II,     5.  5.  3    |                     Europe they constitute the European Multiple Sclerosis Platform (
 620   II,     5.  5.  3    |                      is represented within the European Medical Agency (EMEA), the
 621   II,     5.  5.  3    |                     Medical Agency (EMEA), the European Commission’s Health Policy
 622   II,     5.  5.  3    |                        and is also part of the European PatientsForum and the
 623   II,     5.  5.  3    |                        PatientsForum and the European Disability Forum. Its parent
 624   II,     5.  5.  3(26)|                                   A5-0451/3003 European Parliament Resolution on
 625   II,     5.  5.  3(26)|                  multiple sclerosis within the European Union~
 626   II,     5.  5.  3    |                         et al (1992): EDMUS, a European database for multiple sclerosis.
 627   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    EUROPA. The EU at a glance. European Governments on-line (2004):
 628   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    Poster presentation at 23rd European Congress for the European
 629   II,     5.  5.  3    |                      European Congress for the European Committee in Treatment and
 630   II,     5.  5.  3    |                   Disability Status Scale~EFTA~European Fair Trade Association~EMEA~
 631   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    Fair Trade Association~EMEA~European Medical Agency~EMSP~European
 632   II,     5.  5.  3    |                   European Medical Agency~EMSP~European Multiple Sclerosis Platform~
 633   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 Multiple Sclerosis Platform~EU~European Union~HRQoL~Health-related
 634   II,     5.  5.  3    |                     Data from the national and European statistic bureaus have been
 635   II,     5.  5.  3    |                      at 1.2 million within the European community (Figure 5.5.3.
 636   II,     5.  5.  3    |                      which was promoted by the European Brain Council (ECB), estimated
 637   II,     5.  5.  3    |                     disorders in the different European countries including PD (
 638   II,     5.  5.  3    |                       conducted in the Central European countries and hence our
 639   II,     5.  5.  3    |                      put forward by WHO or the European Commission for people with
 640   II,     5.  5.  3    |                     EuroParkinson EuroPa - the European Cooperative Network for
 641   II,     5.  5.  3    |            multinational project funded by the European Commission, 2001-2004 (htt .
 642   II,     5.  5.  3    |                        the infrastructure of a European clinical research network.
 643   II,     5.  5.  3    |                   activities were setting up a European registry of clinically well
 644   II,     5.  5.  3    |                   EuroPa Consortium, 2004)~The European Brain Council (EBC) has
 645   II,     5.  5.  3    |                      been developed in several European countries (e.g. http ).
 646   II,     5.  5.  3    |             EUROPARKINSON Collaborative Study. European Community Concerted Action
 647   II,     5.  5.  3    |                    EuroPa Consortium (2004): A European Network for Clinical Research
 648   II,     5.  5.  3    |                        joint task force of the European Federation of Neurological
 649   II,     5.  5.  3    |                        5.3.6.8. Acronyms~ ~EBC~European Brain Council~GP~General
 650   II,     5.  6.  1    |                  diseases in Europe in the WHO European Strategy (WHO European Strategy
 651   II,     5.  6.  1    |                     WHO European Strategy (WHO European Strategy for NCD 2006).~ ~
 652   II,     5.  6.  2    |                        and Joint Decade, 2003 (European Commission (2003): Indicators
 653   II,     5.  6.  2    |                     Problems and Conditions)~· European Action Towards Better Musculoskeletal
 654   II,     5.  6.  2    |                       Joint Decade, Lund 2005 (European Commission (2004): European
 655   II,     5.  6.  2    |                    European Commission (2004): European Action Towards Better Musculoskeletal
 656   II,     5.  6.  2    |                     conditions and a search of European and national datasets. It
 657   II,     5.  6.  3    |                       problems for a Caucasian European population derived from
 658   II,     5.  6.  3    |                      restricted participation (European Commission (2004): European
 659   II,     5.  6.  3    |                    European Commission (2004): European Action Towards Better Musculoskeletal
 660   II,     5.  6.  3    |                  causes of DALY in Europe (WHO European Strategy for NCD 2006) and
 661   II,     5.  6.  3    |           Osteoarthritis Incidence in selected European countries~ ~Table 5.6.3.
 662   II,     5.  6.  3    |             Radiographic Criteria) in selected European Countries ~ ~Figure 5.6.
 663   II,     5.  6.  3    |                       prevent this disability (European Commission (2004): European
 664   II,     5.  6.  3    |                    European Commission (2004): European Action Towards Better Musculoskeletal
 665   II,     5.  6.  3    |                        Incidence~ ~A review of European studies using the 1987 ACR
 666   II,     5.  6.  3    |                   using the 1987 ACR criteria (European Commission (2003): Indicators
 667   II,     5.  6.  3    |                       prevent this disability (European Commission (2004): European
 668   II,     5.  6.  3    |                    European Commission (2004): European Action Towards Better Musculoskeletal
 669   II,     5.  6.  3    |                      two-fold variation within European countries in the EVOS study (
 670   II,     5.  6.  3    |                        year among men from the European Prospective Osteoporosis
 671   II,     5.  6.  3    |                Prospective Osteoporosis Study (European Prospective Osteoporosis
 672   II,     5.  6.  3    |                  Report on osteoporosis in the European Community 1998).~ ~Low Back
 673   II,     5.  6.  3    |                        the working population (European guidelines for prevention
 674   II,     5.  6.  4    |                     and gender. Norway, 1994. (European Commission (2003): Indicators
 675   II,     5.  6.  4    |                        reason (Table 5.6.12). (European Commission (2003): Indicators
 676   II,     5.  6.  5    |                     have been developed by the European Action Towards Better Musculoskeletal
 677   II,     5.  6.  5    |                        Musculoskeletal Health (European Commission (2004): European
 678   II,     5.  6.  5    |                    European Commission (2004): European Action Towards Better Musculoskeletal
 679   II,     5.  6.  6    |                  Report of a Task Force of the European Standing Committee for International
 680   II,     5.  6.  6    |                       Available at URL: htt fm~European Commission (1998): Report
 681   II,     5.  6.  6    |                  Report on Osteoporosis in the European Community: Action for prevention.
 682   II,     5.  6.  6    |                       Available at URL: htt ~ ~European Commission (2003): Indicators
 683   II,     5.  6.  6    |                       Available at URL: htt ~ ~European Commission (2004): European
 684   II,     5.  6.  6    |                    European Commission (2004): European Action Towards Better Musculoskeletal
 685   II,     5.  6.  6    |                       Available at URL: htt ~ ~European Commission (2007): Health
 686   II,     5.  6.  6    |               Commission (2007): Health in the European Union. Special Eurobarometer
 687   II,     5.  6.  6    |                       Available at URL: htt df~European Prospective Osteoporosis
 688   II,     5.  6.  6    |                       Europe: results from the European prospective osteoporosis
 689   II,     5.  6.  6    |                     2006): Gaining Health. The European Strategy for Prevention
 690   II,     5.  6.  6    |              perceptions of treatment in eight European countries. Ann Rheum Dis
 691   II,     5.  7.Acr    |                     End Stage Renal Disease~EU~European Union~GFR~Glomerular Filtration
 692   II,     5.  7.  2    |                    data of the Registry of the European Renal Association - European
 693   II,     5.  7.  2    |                   European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant
 694   II,     5.  7.  2    |                    recent convention on CKD in European countries made at the XLIV
 695   II,     5.  7.  2    |                        patient data within one European ERA-EDTA Registry facilitated
 696   II,     5.  7.  2    |                        are received from other European countries. In addition,
 697   II,     5.  7.  3    |                    these data are available in European countries.~In Europe over
 698   II,     5.  7.  4    |                        at least not in Western European countries.~ ~
 699   II,     5.  7.  5    |                  registry and co-funded by the European Commission whose aim is
 700   II,     5.  7.  6    |                   initiative includes not only European collaborative studies on
 701   II,     5.  7.  6    |                        Health Programme of the European Commission, will help making
 702   II,     5.  7.  6    |                        of specific policies at European level may be of help for
 703   II,     5.  8.Acr    |                   cardiovascular disease~ECRHS~European Community Respiratory Health
 704   II,     5.  8.Acr    |                  Respiratory Health Survey~ELF~European Lung Foundation~ERS~European
 705   II,     5.  8.Acr    |                   European Lung Foundation~ERS~European Respiratory Society~FEV1~
 706   II,     5.  8.  1    |             implications for the health of the European population. COPD is a treatable
 707   II,     5.  8.  2    |                   Europe Facts & Figures, from European Lung White Book~ edited
 708   II,     5.  8.  2    |                     Lung White Book~ edited by European Respiratory Society and
 709   II,     5.  8.  2    |                        Respiratory Society and European Lung Foundation.~- European
 710   II,     5.  8.  2    |                    European Lung Foundation.~- European Detailed Mortality Database
 711   II,     5.  8.  3    |                    countries, 17 of which were European. Prevalence did not vary
 712   II,     5.  8.  3    |                    with caution since only the European region has more than four
 713   II,     5.  8.  3    |                   countries) collected for the European Community Respiratory Health
 714   II,     5.  8.  3    |                 countries participating in the European Community Respiratory Health
 715   II,     5.  8.  3    |                         studies (12 centres; 5 European centres) suggested COPD
 716   II,     5.  8.  3    |                   Large Analysis and Review of European Housing and Health Status (
 717   II,     5.  8.  3    |                        aspect of COPD. The ERS European Lung White Book reported
 718   II,     5.  8.  3    |                       28.4 for lost work days (European respiratory Society, 2003).
 719   II,     5.  8.  3    |                         28.5 billion annually (European Respiratory Society, 2003).~ ~ ~
 720   II,     5.  8.  4    |                        smoking habit in Nordic European Countries.~ ~A study by
 721   II,     5.  8.  4    |                   Bergahl et al, 2004). In the European Community Respiratory Health
 722   II,     5.  8.  5    |                 Thoracic Society (ATS) and the European Respiratory Society (ERS) (
 723   II,     5.  8.  5    |                  public and politicians is the European Lung White Book, published
 724   II,     5.  8.  5    |                   White Book, published by the European Respiratory Society (ERS)
 725   II,     5.  8.  5    |              Respiratory Society (ERS) and the European Lung Foundation (ELF) (European
 726   II,     5.  8.  5    |                European Lung Foundation (ELF) (European Respiratory Society, 2003).
 727   II,     5.  8.  7    |                      Anto JM, Burney P (2004): European Community Respiratory Health
 728   II,     5.  8.  7    |                     Health 2004; 7: 168-174.~ ~European Respiratory Society (ERS) (
 729   II,     5.  8.  7    |             Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. In “European lung white book – The first
 730   II,     5.  8.  7    |                      Occupational Group of the European Community Respiratory Health
 731   II,     5.  9.Acr    |                     its impact on Asthma~ECRHS~European Community Respiratory Health
 732   II,     5.  9.Acr    |                      Global Allergy and Asthma European Network~GINA~Global Initiative
 733   II,     5.  9. FB    |                  strategy~- WP5: Clustering of European food allergy research~-
 734   II,     5.  9. FB    |                       present, one out of four European children under the age of
 735   II,     5.  9. FB    |                        those living in Eastern European countries. Changes in lifestyle
 736   II,     5.  9.  1    |                 Different studies, such as the European Community Respiratory Health
 737   II,     5.  9.  2    |                      Global Allergy and Asthma European Network funded by the European
 738   II,     5.  9.  2    |                 European Network funded by the European Commission's 6th Framework
 739   II,     5.  9.  2    |                   Europe Facts & Figures, from European Lung white book edited by
 740   II,     5.  9.  2    |                      Lung white book edited by European Respiratory Society and
 741   II,     5.  9.  2    |                        Respiratory Society and European Lung Foundation;~- Eurostat
 742   II,     5.  9.  2    |                        in 14 countries (mostly European). In stage I, subjects were
 743   II,     5.  9.  3    |                       of asthmatic symptoms in European countries were registered
 744   II,     5.  9.  3    |                 considerable differences among European countries.~ ~Actually, these
 745   II,     5.  9.  3    |                     was 15.9% according to the European Community Respiratory Health
 746   II,     5.  9.  3    |                       ERJ)~ ~According to the “European Allergy White Paper” (Allergic
 747   II,     5.  9.  4    |                    prevalence of infections in European countries that seems to
 748   II,     5.  9.  4    |                confirmed by other studies. The European Respiratory Health Survey (
 749   II,     5.  9.  4    |                        The ECRHS-II study (The European Community Respiratory Health
 750   II,     5.  9.  4    |                        in the ECRHS (1990-95)( European Community Respiratory Health
 751   II,     5.  9.  4    |                       the child was born.. The European Community Respiratory Health
 752   II,     5.  9.  4    |                     all sensitized subjects in European Countries (Belgium, France,
 753   II,     5.  9.  4    |                      was established using the European Community Health Respiratory
 754   II,     5.  9.  4    |                       different findings among European countries. The Swiss Study
 755   II,     5.  9.  4    |                        on populations in three European cities. It aims to measure
 756   II,     5.  9.  4    |                      ambient air pollution – a European collaborative project) (
 757   II,     5.  9.  4    |              collaboration with an established European epidemiological study, partners
 758   II,     5.  9.  5    |                        studies made by over 50 European teams, many of them also
 759   II,     5.  9.  5    |                research network (funded by the European Commission's 6th Framework
 760   II,     5.  9.  7    |                    Study: data analysis of 753 European children with asthma. Rev
 761   II,     5.  9.  7    |                         Burney PGJ (2004): The European Community Respiratory Health
 762   II,     5.  9.  7    |                       2005;15 Suppl 10:33-9.~ ~European Community Respiratory Health
 763   II,     5.  9.  7    |                  Health Survey-II. (2002): The European Community Respiratory Health
 764   II,     5.  9.  7    |                     675-682).~ ~Keil T (2006): European birth cohort study on asthma
 765   II,     5. 10.Acr    |                                Acronyms~ ~ ~EC~European Commission~ECRHS~European
 766   II,     5. 10.Acr    |                      European Commission~ECRHS~European Community Respiratory Health
 767   II,     5. 10.Acr    |                 Respiratory Health Survey~EFSA~European Food safety Authority~EU~
 768   II,     5. 10.Acr    |                       Food safety Authority~EU~European Union~FA~Food Allergy~FHS~
 769   II,     5. 10.  1    |                               Up to 18% of the European adult population report
 770   II,     5. 10.  2    |                  FAIR-CT98-4356) established a European network of over 30 clinicians,
 771   II,     5. 10.  2    |                 allergy, with funding from the European Union (EU) until December
 772   II,     5. 10.  2    |                developed with funding from the European Commission (Communicating
 773   II,     5. 10.  2    |                      with adverse reactions in European consumers. The major sensitising
 774   II,     5. 10.  2    |                     made in the context of the European Community Respiratory Health
 775   II,     5. 10.  2    |                   research study funded by the European Commission (EC) aimed to
 776   II,     5. 10.  2    |                      between countries (mostly European), using standardized epidemiological
 777   II,     5. 10.  2    |                    food in 11 countries of the European Union~ ~ ~ ~Code~Diagnostic
 778   II,     5. 10.  2    |                 partners from 21 countries (19 European) with the objective of characterising
 779   II,     5. 10.  3    |                conducted on young adults of 12 European countries plus Australia,
 780   II,     5. 10.  3    |                individual food items in single European countries, and the generalisation
 781   II,     5. 10.  5    |                  Council Directive 2000/13/EC (European Commission, 2000) setting
 782   II,     5. 10.  5    |               Commission Directive 2003/89/EC (European Commission, 2003) as regards
 783   II,     5. 10.  5    |                  Council Directive 2000/13/EC (European Commission, 2000), which
 784   II,     5. 10.  5    |               Commission Directive 2003/89/EC (European Commission, 2003) specifies
 785   II,     5. 10.  5    |                         It is of renowned that European legislation does not differentiate
 786   II,     5. 10.  5    |                  following the opinions of the European Food safety Authority (EFSA)
 787   II,     5. 10.  7    |                        Allergy 61,1336-1343.~ ~European Commission (2000): Directive
 788   II,     5. 10.  7    |                    Directive 2000/13/EC of the European Parliament and Council of
 789   II,     5. 10.  7    |                        Official Journal of the European Union L 109, 6.5.2000, pp.
 790   II,     5. 10.  7    |                        2000, pp. 2942.~htt ~ ~European Commission (2003): Directive
 791   II,     5. 10.  7    |                    Directive 2003/89/EC of the European Parliament and Council of
 792   II,     5. 10.  7    |                        Official Journal of the European Union L 308, 25.11.2003,
 793   II,     5. 10.  7    |                        2003, pp. 1518.~htt ~ ~European Commission (2005): Commission
 794   II,     5. 10.  7    |                    Directive 2000/13/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council.
 795   II,     5. 10.  7    |                        Official Journal of the European Union L 75, 22.03.2005,
 796   II,     5. 10.  7    |                        2005, pp. 3334.~htt ~ ~European Commission (2007): Commission
 797   II,     5. 10.  7    |                    Directive 2000/13/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council
 798   II,     5. 10.  7    |                        Official Journal of the European Union L 310, 28.11.2007,
 799   II,     5. 10.  7    |                       28.11.2007, pp. 1114.~ ~European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) (
 800   II,     5. 10.  7    |                        1-197.~htt ~ ~EU SCOOP (European Union Scientific Cooperation) (
 801   II,     5. 10.  7    |                   Comparisons arising from the European Community Respiratory Health
 802   II,     5. 11.Acr    |                    Action Plan for Europe~EDEN~European Dermato-Epidemiological
 803   II,     5. 11.  1    |                       around 22.533.0% of the European population (Rea et al, 1976;
 804   II,     5. 11.  2    |                        information from:~· the European Dermatological Forum - a
 805   II,     5. 11.  2    |                       skin conditions (www the European Dermato-Epidemiological
 806   II,     5. 11.  2    |                       a network of independent European registries of patients suffering
 807   II,     5. 11.  3    |                     socio-economic impact. The European Surveillance System on Contact
 808   II,     5. 11.  3    |             dermatological departments from 11 European countries was founded with
 809   II,     5. 11.  3    |                   among women, particularly in European cultures. The 3040% of
 810   II,     5. 11.  3    |                       revealed a percentage of European people allergic to cobalt
 811   II,     5. 11.  3    |                   response. On this basis, the European Directive 94/27/EC limited
 812   II,     5. 11.  3    |                       ESSCA Writing Group. The European Surveillance System of Contact
 813   II,     5. 11.  3    |                   series, 2004. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and
 814   II,     5. 11.  3    |                 greatly profit from such joint European enterprises (see also Chapter
 815   II,     5. 11.  3    |                        melanoma skin cancer in European fair skinned population (
 816   II,     5. 11.  3    |                      men and women in Southern European countries (Greece, Spain,
 817   II,     5. 11.  3    |                 stretched to a maximum in some European countries due to the increasing
 818   II,     5. 11.  3    |                countries and lower in southern European populations, such as Greece,
 819   II,     5. 11.  3    |                    from unsatisfactory in some European countries to highly proactive
 820   II,     5. 11.  5    |                      evidence on the whole WHO European Region, CEHAPE provides
 821   II,     5. 11.  5    |           Environmental and Health Plan of the European Commission that puts a lot
 822   II,     5. 11.  5    |                  preventable to some degree.~ ~European countries have for years
 823   II,     5. 11.  5    |                       actively included in the European Academy of Dermatology and
 824   II,     5. 11.  5    |                      prevention.~Moreover, the European Commission has launched
 825   II,     5. 11.  7    |                      Cancer Mortality Atlas of European Union, 19931997. Oxford,
 826   II,     5. 11.  7    |                      psoriasis: results from a European survey. J Eur Acad Dermatol
 827   II,     5. 12.Acr    |                       Annual percent change~EU~European Union~HBV~Hepatitis B virus~
 828   II,     5. 12.  1    |                  tended to decline in Southern European countries, but to rise in
 829   II,     5. 12.  2    |              Information System, 2006b) for 28 European countries, plus separately
 830   II,     5. 12.  2    |                       and Wales, and Scotland. European Union (EU) as a whole included
 831   II,     5. 12.  3    |                       years of age for various European countries in 1980-82, 1990-
 832   II,     5. 12.  3    |                      years of age from various European countries in 1980-82, 1990-
 833   II,     5. 12.  3    |           corresponding change in rates.~ ~For European men, the highest rates in
 834   II,     5. 12.  3    |                       31-35/100,000 men. Eight European countries diverged from
 835   II,     5. 12.  3    |                      of cirrhosis mortality in European men: Denmark whose rates
 836   II,     5. 12.  3    |                    mortality from cirrhosis in European men, although the pattern
 837   II,     5. 12.  3    |                     downward trends in several European countries in truncated rates (
 838   II,     5. 12.  3    |                       absolute terms – in some European countries, with truncated
 839   II,     5. 12.  3    |                        UK, central and Eastern European countries (Bulgaria, Romania
 840   II,     5. 12.  3    |                      particularly Hungary). In European women, the highest rates
 841   II,     5. 12.  3    |                      years of age from various European countries in 1980-82, 1990-
 842   II,     5. 12.  3    |                        2002 period in selected European countries are given in Table
 843   II,     5. 12.  3    |                   several Western and Southern European countries since the mid
 844   II,     5. 12.  3    |                    have been rising in Eastern European countries (such as Bulgaria,
 845   II,     5. 12.  4    |                 reached in central and Eastern European countries – are mainly due
 846   II,     5. 12.  5    |                       be widely adopted in all European countries.~See Chapter 8
 847   II,     5. 12.  5    |                    trends observed in Southern European countries is due to the
 848   II,     5. 12.  5    |                   between 1-2% in most Western European countries but up to 5-10%
 849   II,     5. 12.  5    |                       Secondary prevention and European policies~ ~There is no clear
 850   II,     5. 12.  6    |                  Future developments~ ~In most European countries, changes in alcohol
 851   II,     5. 12.  6    |                      national level in various European countries is however difficult
 852   II,     5. 12.  7    |                      cirrhosis mortality in 14 European countries. Addiction 96
 853   II,     5. 13        |                        growing rapidly in many European countries for both women
 854   II,     5. 13        |                     drinking and diet culture (European Commission, 2003).~ ~Excess
 855   II,     5. 13        |                       the Member States of the European Union (EU) (Commission of
 856   II,     5. 13        |                         EU) (Commission of the European Communities, 2005; WHO,
 857   II,     5. 13        |                      is progressing in the WHO European region (53, Member States)
 858   II,     5. 13        |                      trends (Commission of the European Communities, 2005). In 2002,
 859   II,     5. 14.Acr    |                Acronyms~ ~CECDO~Council of the European Chief Dental Officer~DMFT~
 860   II,     5. 14.Acr    |                  Missing, Filling Teeth~EGOHID~European Global Oral health Indicators
 861   II,     5. 14.  2    |                    health or not. Some western European countries have established
 862   II,     5. 14.  2    |                 primary and permanent teeth.~ ~European Union has not been in a
 863   II,     5. 14.  3    |                analysis~ ~Dental caries~ ~In a European perspective, the variability
 864   II,     5. 14.  3    |                   state of dental health among European populations, including adults,
 865   II,     5. 14.  3    |                       also for certain Eastern European countries where school oral
 866   II,     5. 14.  3    |                 achievements of oral health in European countries in the last 20
 867   II,     5. 14.  3    |                        deprived groups in many European countries have a high level
 868   II,     5. 14.  3    |                       In the trend observed in European countries with good demography,
 869   II,     5. 14.  3    |                   differs significantly within European countries (12.8% in Italy,
 870   II,     5. 14.  3    |                        compared to the Eastern European countries where 2% to 40%
 871   II,     5. 14.  3    |                        could affect 10% of all European adults in a few places.~ ~
 872   II,     5. 14.  3    |                    hygienists work in 1998 the European Union and EEA. The dental
 873   II,     5. 14.  5    |                        by different teams from European countries within the framework
 874   II,     5. 14.  5    |                       health surveillance. The European Commission Health Monitoring
 875   II,     5. 14.  5    |                      monitor the trends in the European community, evaluate community
 876   II,     5. 14.  5    |                        within the national and European health information systems
 877   II,     5. 14.  5    |                  system. A challenge that this European public health project will
 878   II,     5. 14.  5    |          recommendations. In recent years, the European Commission has supported
 879   II,     5. 14.  5    |                        development of a set of European Global Oral Health Indicators (
 880   II,     5. 14.  5    |                        health indicators for a European surveillance system and
 881   II,     5. 14.  5    |                        al, 2005). Increasingly European Member States or regions
 882   II,     5. 14.  5    |                  development. Countries of the European Union have undertaken a
 883   II,     5. 14.  5    |                     changing demography of the European population. The challenges
 884   II,     5. 14.  6    |                      tool for countries in the European Union (EU). It recognises
 885   II,     5. 14.  6    |                      of the population in some European countries, in others prevalence
 886   II,     5. 14.  8    |                        Surveillance in Europe. European Global Oral Health Indicators
 887   II,     5. 14.  8    |                       92.~Bourgeois DM (2004): European Global Oral Health Indicators
 888   II,     5. 14.  8    |                        Surveillance in Europe. European Global Oral Health Indicators
 889   II,     5. 14.  8    |                        systems in the extended European Union. Oral Health Prev
 890   II,     5. 15.Acr    |                        Medicinal Products~EMEA~European Medicines Evaluation Agency~
 891   II,     5. 15.Acr    |               Medicines Evaluation Agency~ERCN~European Reference Centres Network~
 892   II,     5. 15.  1    |            rare diseases was recognised by the European Commission as well as by
 893   II,     5. 15.  1    |                        5 million people in the European Union. Therefore, although
 894   II,     5. 15.  3    |                      for a rare condition. The European Commission's DG Enterprise
 895   II,     5. 15.  4    |                  Regulation No 141/2000 of the European Parliament and of the Council
 896   II,     5. 15.  4    |                    Regulation 1394/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council
 897   II,     5. 15.  4    |                    therapy medicinal products (European Commission, 2007), amending
 898   II,     5. 15.  4    |               collected was published in 2006 (European Commission, 2006). This
 899   II,     5. 15.  4    |                         was established at the European Medicines Agency (EMEA)
 900   II,     5. 15.  4    |                          In November 2008, the European Commission also adopted
 901   II,     5. 15.  4    |                      EU Member States; develop European cooperation, coordination,
 902   II,     5. 15.  4    |               Following the Communication, the European Commission prepared a proposal
 903   II,     5. 15.  4    |                      prepared a proposal for a European Council Recommendation on
 904   II,     5. 15.  4    |                    Council Recommendation on a European action in the field of rare diseases (
 905   II,     5. 15.  4    |                     URL indicated above.~ ~The European Commission issued in November
 906   II,     5. 15.  4    |                       information via existing European information networks on
 907   II,     5. 15.  5    |                       the Lisbon strategy. The European model based on equity and
 908   II,     5. 15.  5    |                        under discussion at the European Council, rare diseases diagnosis
 909   II,     5. 15.  5    |                     change rapidly. Developing European collaboration for the delivery
 910   II,     5. 15.  5    |                        in bringing benefits to European citizens. It will overcome
 911   II,     5. 15.  5    |                    medical care are not in the European competency and any type
 912   II,     5. 15.  5    |                        systems.~ ~The scope of European Collaboration may include
 913   II,     5. 15.  5    |                        February 2008 the First European Rare Diseases Day. The event (
 914   II,     5. 15.  6    |                        2007 Winter;23(1):36-42~European Commission (2006): Inventory
 915   II,     5. 15.  6    |                        accessed 12.05.2007).~ ~European Commission (2007): Regulation (
 916   II,     5. 15.  6    |                        EC) No 1394/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council
 917   II,     5. 15.  6    |                         accessed 18.04.2008)~ ~European networks of reference for
 918   II,     6.Acr        |                     Surveillance Networks~ECDC~European Centre of Disease Prevention
 919   II,     6.  2.  0(1) |                  Epidemiological Report of the European Centre of Disease Prevention
 920   II,     6.  2        |                   communicable diseases in the European Union must be improved.
 921   II,     6.  3.  2    |                  problems both at globally and European level. If the present rapid
 922   II,     6.  3.  3    |                        53 countries of the WHO European Region, including the data
 923   II,     6.  3.  3    |                       and infertility. In many European countries, Chlamydia infection
 924   II,     6.  3.  3    |                    been noted in several large European cities among men who have
 925   II,     6.  3.  3    |                       200103. In the Southern European countries, gonorrhoea has
 926   II,     6.  3.  3    |                       to 2004. In some central European countries (Slovakia, Slovenia
 927   II,     6.  3.  4    |                        target, accepted by all European countries but this vaccine
 928   II,     6.  3.  4    |                     other countries within the European Region itself. In countries
 929   II,     6.  3.  5    |                     Latvia). Also some Western European countries have had to cope
 930   II,     6.  3.  5    |                       EU in early 2001, and 12 European countries have now introduced
 931   II,     6.  3.  5    |                 vaccine, still affects several European countries, and in some cases
 932   II,     6.  3.  5    |                       rubella infection in the European Region of the WHO.~ ~Due
 933   II,     6.  3.  5    |                       and in June 2002 the WHO European Region was declared polio
 934   II,     6.  3.  6    |                     heavily contributed to the European salmonellosis epidemiology,
 935   II,     6.  3.  6    |                  reported by 26 countries. The European incidence rate was 1.82
 936   II,     6.  3.  6    |                        of the world visited by European tourists, information about
 937   II,     6.  3.  6    |                    also been seen in six other European countries. The highest reported
 938   II,     6.  3.  7    |                      with varying relevance to European public health. More systematic
 939   II,     6.  3.  7    |                       been reported in several European countries. The origin of
 940   II,     6.  3.  7    |                     were reported in returning European travellers, or which have
 941   II,     6.  3.  7    |                       countries of Africa, the European continent and Asia. The
 942   II,     6.  3.  7    |                       its only implication for European health systems is to counsel
 943   II,     6.  4.  1    |                      these various issues, the European Union network for the epidemiological
 944   II,     6.  4.  1    |                     Decision 2119/98/EC of the European Parliament and the Council
 945   II,     6.  4.  2    |                  communicable diseases and the European Centre for Disease Prevention
 946   II,     6.  4.  2    |                     Decision 2119/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council,
 947   II,     6.  4.  3    |                       social disruption.~ ~The European Union has taken strict measures
 948   II,     6.  4.  3    |                encouraged by the good level of European and international collaboration
 949   II,     6.  4.  3    |                      also supports a number of European public health (European
 950   II,     6.  4.  3    |                        European public health (European Influenza Surveillance Scheme)
 951   II,     6.  4.  3    |                       in consultation with the European Medicines Agency.~ ~Furthermore,
 952   II,     6.  4.  4    |                      the responsibility of the European Centre for Disease Prevention
 953   II,     6.  4.  4    |                       and technical support to European and national decision-making
 954   II,     6.  4.  5    |                  agents in human medicine. The European strategy to control antimicrobial
 955   II,     6.  4.  5    |                      been set up: a) develop a European network for the surveillance
 956   II,     7.Acr        |                                Acronyms~ ~ANEC~European Association of Consumer
 957   II,     7.Acr        |                       Standardization~BEUC~The European ConsumersOrganisation~
 958   II,     7.Acr        |                      CVI~Comprehensive View of European Injury Data~DALY~Disability
 959   II,     7.Acr        |                   Adjusted Life Years~DG Sanco~European Commission Directorate General
 960   II,     7.Acr        |                   Health and Consumers~DG Tren~European Commission Directorate-General
 961   II,     7.Acr        |                        Energy and Transport~EC~European Commission~ECHI~European
 962   II,     7.Acr        |                       European Commission~ECHI~European Community Health Indicators~
 963   II,     7.Acr        |               Community Health Indicators~ECMT~European Conference of Ministers
 964   II,     7.Acr        |                    Ministers of Transport~ERSO~European Road Safety Observatory~
 965   II,     7.Acr        |                        Safety Observatory~ESAW~European Statistics on Accidents
 966   II,     7.Acr        |                        on Accidents at Work~EU~European Union~EuroSafe~European
 967   II,     7.Acr        |                        European Union~EuroSafe~European Association for Injury Prevention
 968   II,     7.Acr        |                 Statistical Information of the European Union~FiP~Falls in Pedestrians~
 969   II,     7.  1        |                        about 12% of the entire European population, are medically
 970   II,     7.  1        |                        250,000 citizens of the European Union die as a result of
 971   II,     7.  1        |                    Health Organization and the European Union have identified injuries
 972   II,     7.  1        |              Prevention of Injuries in the WHO European Region. In 2007, the European
 973   II,     7.  1        |                  European Region. In 2007, the European Council released its Recommendation
 974   II,     7.  2.  1    |                     information service of the European Union) on a yearly basis.~htt / (
 975   II,     7.  2.  1    |                  relatively homogenous between European countries (death certificate,
 976   II,     7.  2.  3    |                        problems throughout the European roads, evaluate the efficiency
 977   II,     7.  2.  4    |                                   7.2.4. ESAW (European Statistics on Accidents
 978   II,     7.  2.  4    |                        on Accidents at Work)~ ~European Statistics on Accidents
 979   II,     7.  2.  5    |                      and Development) or ECMT (European Conference of Ministers
 980   II,     7.  2.  5    |                       funded by DG-TREN of the European Commission. The objective
 981   II,     7.  2.  5    |                       build the framework of a European Road Safety Observatory,
 982   II,     7.  2.  8    |                      from such surveys.~ ~Many European countries conduct on a (
 983   II,     7.  2.  8    |                      and injuries~ ~Within the European Core Health Interview Survey (
 984   II,     7.  2.  9    |                       Experts at EuroSafe (the European Association for Injury Prevention
 985   II,     7.  2.  9    |                        first contact point for European injury analyses. htt ~ ~
 986   II,     7.  3        |                      Report on Injuries in the European Union, Statistics summary
 987   II,     7.  3.  1    |                  combines hospital data of the European Injury Database (IDB) with
 988   II,     7.  3.  2    |                        27 Member States of the European Union is on the decline.
 989   II,     7.  3.  4    |                        problems throughout the European roads can be obtained from
 990   II,     7.  3.  4    |                       can be obtained from the European Road Accident Database (
 991   II,     7.  3.  4    |                  accidents can be found in the European statistics on accidents
 992   II,     7.  3.  4    |                      operated by only thirteen European countries. This is surprising
 993   II,     7.  3.  5    |                    women commit suicide in the European Union (Figure 7.15.b. Suicide
 994   II,     7.  3.  5    |                        might be changed as the European Injury Database will also
 995   II,     7.  3.  5    |                       between countries in the European Union indicate a high potential
 996   II,     7.  3.  5    |                        The currently developed European Injury Database will in
 997   II,     7.  4        |                       and social status.~ ~The European Community Health Indicator
 998   II,     7.  4        |                        indicators defining the European standard of injury indicators.~(
 999   II,     7.  4        |                     different countries of the European Union Union are designed
1000   II,     7.  4        |                      previous section meet the European standards (e.g. road traffic