1-500 | 501-1000 | 1001-1500 | 1501-2000 | 2001-2500 | 2501-2901
     Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

1001   II,     7.  4        |                        of interventions in the European context and given the great
1002   II,     7.  4.  1    |                 amongst older children.~ ~The “European Child Safety Alliance” (ww g)
1003   II,     7.  4.  1    |                        providing materials for European campaigns as against drowning
1004   II,     7.  4.  1    |                      people and has prepared a European situation analysis regarding
1005   II,     7.  4.  2    |                       number of elderly in the European Union population will increase
1006   II,     7.  4.  3    |                        are the gateways of the European Road Safety Observatory (
1007   II,     7.  4.  3    |                   across Europe) hosted by the European Transport Safety Council (
1008   II,     7.  4.  4    |           Eurobarometer survey, about 6 out 10 European citizens participate in
1009   II,     7.  4.  4    |                   States as well as within the European Commission strategy for
1010   II,     7.  4.  4    |                   sports in collaboration with European sports federations”.~ ~
1011   II,     7.  4.  5    |                      Product Safety Directive (European Parliament and the Council,
1012   II,     7.  4.  5    |                       injuries Community-wide (European Commission, 2006).~ ~Valuable
1013   II,     7.  4.  5    |                      at the web portals of the European Consumers Association (BEUC, www ),
1014   II,     7.  4.  5    |                  Association (BEUC, www ), the European Association of Consumer
1015   II,     7.  4.  6    |                           In October 2005, the European Commission published a Green
1016   II,     7.  4.  6    |                   plans foreseen in this area (European Commission, 2006).~ ~In
1017   II,     7.  4.  7    |                economic conditions in society (European Commission, 2006).~ ~No
1018   II,     7.  4.  7    |                        survey or module by the European Statistical System.~ ~There
1019   II,     7.  5        |                    public health response, the European Commission has developed
1020   II,     7.  5        |                     from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council
1021   II,     7.  5        |                    experts from Member States (European Commission, 2006). The Communication
1022   II,     7.  5        |              Communication, the Council of the European Union has issued its “Council
1023   II,     7.  5        |                       31, 2007 (Council of the European Union, 2007).~ ~According
1024   II,     7.  5        |                  household surveys such as the European Core Health Interview System);~·
1025   II,     7.  5        |                    developments by hosting the European Injury Data Base IDB, by
1026   II,     7.  5        |                       reportsInjuries in the European Union” (KfV, 2007).~ ~Also
1027   II,     7.  5        |                        stakeholders serves the European Association for Injury Prevention
1028   II,     7.  5        |                        and organizes bi-annual European Conferences (EuroSafe, 2008)~ ~
1029   II,     7.  5        |                   policies and programmes. The European Association for Injury Prevention
1030   II,     7.  7        |                   Verkehrssicherheit.~ ~CARE - European Road Accident Database (
1031   II,     7.  7        |                        2008].~ ~Council of the European Union (2007): Council Recommendation
1032   II,     7.  7        |                        Official Journal of the European Union 2007/C164/1 of July
1033   II,     7.  7        |                       CELEX-Nr. 32007H0718).~ ~European Commission (2006): Communication
1034   II,     7.  7        |                     from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council
1035   II,     7.  7        |                      CELEX-Nr. 52006DC0328).~ ~European Network for Safety among
1036   II,     7.  7        |                   School, Athens University.~ ~European Network for Safety among
1037   II,     7.  7        |                   School, Athens University.~ ~European Injury Database (2005):
1038   II,     7.  7        |                     accessed 10 March 2008].~ ~European Parliament and the Council (
1039   II,     7.  7        |                    Directive 2001/95/EC of the European Parliament and the Council
1040   II,     7.  7        |                         2008): Injuries in the European Union (EU). Fact sheet.
1041   II,     7.  7        |                   young people in Europe – The European Situation Analysis. AdRisk
1042   II,     7.  7        |                         2007): Injuries in the European Union - Statistics Summary
1043   II,     7.  7        |                   safety promotion. Amsterdam, European Child Safety Alliance, EuroSafe.~ ~
1044   II,     7.  7        |                    unintentional injuries: WHO European survey. Copenhagen, WHO
1045   II,     7.  7        |                   2005c): Briefing for the WHO European Ministerial Conference on
1046   II,     7.  7        |              prevention of injuries in the WHO European Region. EUR/RC55/R9 of September
1047   II,     8.Acr        |              Disability Interview Surveys~EHIS~European Health Interview Survey~
1048   II,     8.Acr        |                   Health Interview Survey~EHSS~European Health Survey System~EUHSID~
1049   II,     8.Acr        |                    Health Survey System~EUHSID~European Union Health Surveys Information
1050   II,     8.  1.  2    |                      This includes the Minimum European Health Module (MEHM), made
1051   II,     8.  1.  2    |                   EUROSTAT’s activities in the European Statistical System (ESS)1
1052   II,     8.  1.  2(1) |                                                European Statistical System, see: htt AL~
1053   II,     8.  1.  4    |                      additional component of a European Health Interview Survey (
1054   II,     8.  1.  4    |                    held in 2007 in Dublin at a European meeting on Disability statistics.
1055   II,     8.  1.  4    |                       the context of the EHSS (European Health Survey System).~
1056   II,     8.  1.  5    |                        is the objective of the European Union's long-term strategy
1057   II,     8.  1.  5    |                  people with disabilities.~The European Commission along with 22
1058   II,     8.  1.  5    |                  living with disabilities.~The European Commission adopted on 30th
1059   II,     8.  1.  5    |                        policy follow up to the European Year of People with Disabilities
1060   II,     8.  1.  5    |                    People with Disabilities: A European Action Plan"5 provides a
1061   II,     8.  1.  5    |         infrastructures, and consolidating the European Commission's analytical
1062   II,     8.  2.  1    |              disability are not common in most European countries, as the authors
1063   II,     8.  2.  1    |                   Scheepers et al., 2005). The European Union Health Surveys Information
1064   II,     8.  2.  1    |                      element of the developing European Health Survey System by
1065   II,     8.  2.  1    |                       conducted throughout the European Union. In May 2007, an examination
1066   II,     8.  2.  1    |                       surveys, conducted in 17 European countries (all of which
1067   II,     8.  2.  1    |                        current practices in 14 European countries and made recommendations
1068   II,     8.  2.  1    |                        Member States and other European countries have strategies
1069   II,     8.  2.  1    |                Scheepers, Kerr et al 2005). At European Community level, all health
1070   II,     8.  2.  1    |                      Health Indicators for the European Community. European Journal
1071   II,     8.  2.  1    |                        the European Community. European Journal of Public Health
1072   II,     8.  2.  1    |                   intellectual disabilities: A European perspective. Eur J Public
1073   II,     8.  2.  1    |                   Interview Surveys (DIS)~EHSS~European Health Survey System)~HIS~
1074   II,     8.  2.  1    |                      Examination Survey~EUHSID~European Union Health Surveys Information
1075   II,     8.  2.  2    |                       Epidemiology 12:243-250.~European Union Statistics on Income
1076   II,     8.  2.  3    |                 Epidemiology. 1989;18:911-91~ ~European Union Statistics on Income
1077   II,     8.  2.  3    |                  Database available at: htt ~ ~European Union Statistics on Income
1078   II,     8.  2.  3    |                       disability~MEHM:~Minimum European Health Module~ESS:~European
1079   II,     8.  2.  3    |                    European Health Module~ESS:~European Statistical System~EDSIM:~
1080   II,     8.  2.  3    |                       Social Integration~EHSS:~European Health Survey System~ ~ ~
1081   II,     9            |                   there is still much to do in European countries to ensure that
1082   II,     9            |                increasing. Some of the richest European countries still have major
1083   II,     9            |                      of more educated mothers (European Commission, 2003). Poor
1084   II,     9            |                     initiation for both sexes (European Commission, 2003). In conducting
1085   II,     9            |                       highest in some southern European countries, and lowest in
1086   II,     9            |                      five or more days a week (European Commission, 2005b). Across
1087   II,     9            |                       Charter establishing the European Alcohol and Health Forum
1088   II,     9            |               cardiovascular deaths in Eastern European countries are a consequence
1089   II,     9            |                 ischaemic heart disease in the European Region before age 65, per
1090   II,     9            |                consumption among older people (European Healthy Ageing, 2007).~ ~
1091   II,     9            |                   green vegetables and fruits (European Healthy Ageing, 2007).~ ~
1092   II,     9            |              preferably all, days of the week (European Healthy Ageing, 2007).~ ~
1093   II,     9.  1        |                  babies are born yearly in the European Union. Of these, an estimated
1094   II,     9.  1.  1    |                     and statisticians from all European member states and Norway (
1095   II,     9.  1.  1    |                      as EUROSTAT, WHO, OECD or European networks of condition-specific
1096   II,     9.  1.  1    |                        registers such as SCPE (European Cerebral Palsy Network)
1097   II,     9.  1.  1    |                      Palsy Network) and ESHRE (European Society for Human Reproduction
1098   II,     9.  1.  1    |                       year of accession to the European Union. Among EU15 Member
1099   II,     9.  1.  1    |                     data are available in most European countries.~ ~Cerebral palsy~ ~
1100   II,     9.  1.  1    |                acquired during 1990-1998 in 10 European countries, is 2.0 per 1
1101   II,     9.  1.  1    |                     now around 1% in different European countries. It is well known
1102   II,     9.  1.  1    |                    covered area of 9 different European countries is, on average,
1103   II,     9.  1.  1    |                   rates among VLBW babies in 9 European countries, birth cohorts
1104   II,     9.  1.  1    |                        to improve national and European health information systems
1105   II,     9.  1.  1    |                       in term-delivery in nine European referral hospitals: descriptive
1106   II,     9.  1.  1    |                      and multiple pregnancy in European countries participating
1107   II,     9.  1.  1    |                  prematurely (<32 weeks) in 16 European centres: a database study.
1108   II,     9.  1.  2    |                        Data sources~ ~EUROCAT (European Surveillance of Congenital
1109   II,     9.  1.  2    |                       1.2.2.1. Coverage of the European Population by EUROCAT Full
1110   II,     9.  1.  2    |                  networked nationally and at a European level by EUROCAT. The proportion
1111   II,     9.  1.  2    |                       complete coverage of the European population may be an ideal,
1112   II,     9.  1.  2    |            Collaboration of registers within a European network has greatly improved
1113   II,     9.  1.  2    |                       than in many continental European areas. The most apparent
1114   II,     9.  1.  2    |                        experienced by Southern European countries, particularly
1115   II,     9.  1.  2    |                 EUROCAT, 2002b). Some Northern European countries have higher rates,
1116   II,     9.  1.  2    |                   there is still much to do in European countries to ensure that
1117   II,     9.  1.  2    |                     congenital anomaly risk at European level, but the evidence
1118   II,     9.  1.  2    |                      van den Berg, 2007). Some European countries are considering
1119   II,     9.  1.  2    |                Screening policies vary between European countries (EUROCAT, 2005),
1120   II,     9.  1.  2    |                       currently comes from the European Commission’s Directorate
1121   II,     9.  1.  2    |               Programme, as a component of the European information system for rare diseases.
1122   II,     9.  1.  2    |              rare diseases. The added value of European collaboration is particularly
1123   II,     9.  1.  2    |                      give a common response to European public health questions
1124   II,     9.  1.  2    |                        plans for a sustainable European information systemdecisions
1125   II,     9.  1.  2    |                congenital anomaly registers by European Union countries. This equates
1126   II,     9.  1.  2    |                        1 euro per birth in the European Union.~ ~The majority of
1127   II,     9.  1.  2    |                national interpretations of the European directive regarding patient
1128   II,     9.  1.  2    |                     central to the creation of European public health information.~ ~
1129   II,     9.  1.  2    |                      aimed at migrants between European countries, or immigrants
1130   II,     9.  1.  2    |               pharmacovigilance network by the European Medicines Agency is an important
1131   II,     9.  1.  2    |                 examination. The challenge for European countries is also to reduce
1132   II,     9.  1.  2    |                      of Orofacial Clefts in 30 European Regions", EUROCAT Central
1133   II,     9.  1.  2    |                       Diaphragmatic Hernia - A European Population Based Study of
1134   II,     9.  2.  1    |                  Europe are being taken by the European Child Safety Alliance (www ),
1135   II,     9.  2.  1    |                        currently promoting the European Strategy for Child and Adolescent
1136   II,     9.  2.  1    |                       context within which the European Commission can promote its
1137   II,     9.  2.  1    |                         and is endorsed by all European Health Ministers.~ ~Both
1138   II,     9.  2.  2    |                 Sources~ ~In the year 2000 the European commission funded the public
1139   II,     9.  2.  2    |                        yet been built into any European routine statistical system,
1140   II,     9.  2.  2    |                          The most recent major European report on child public health
1141   II,     9.  2.  2    |                      public health was the WHO European Health Report 2005, subtitled “
1142   II,     9.  2.  2    |                        of child health for the European Commission and the World
1143   II,     9.  2.  2    |                statistical organisation of the European Community has the advantage
1144   II,     9.  2.  2    |                    age-group (see: htt ~ ~WHO (European Regional Office): The specialist
1145   II,     9.  2.  2    |                     the United Nations, with a European Regional Office that covers
1146   II,     9.  2.  2    |                        important. (see:~www ~ ~European Commission: The Commission
1147   II,     9.  2.  2    |                      undertakes some important European research which leads to
1148   II,     9.  2.  2    |                   education. More recently the European Commission has collaborated
1149   II,     9.  2.  2    |                    projects, so that data from European countries not in the OECD
1150   II,     9.  2.  2    |                    children. (Web link – ww ~ ~European School Survey Project on
1151   II,     9.  2.  2    |                       countries. Although most European countries run regular health
1152   II,     9.  2.  2    |                        data or analyses.~ ~The European Community is of course steadily
1153   II,     9.  2.  2    |                        the Child, to which all European countries are signatories,
1154   II,     9.  2.  2    |                   diseases of adulthood.~ ~The European Commission has sponsored
1155   II,     9.  2.  2    |                        of child-orientation in European public health and statistical
1156   II,     9.  2.  3    |                  deaths have decreased in most European countries in recent years (
1157   II,     9.  2.  3    |                   Europe. However, for the WHO European Health Report (WHO 2005b),
1158   II,     9.  2.  3    |                     WHO, 2008), and within the European Commission the DAPHNE programme
1159   II,     9.  2.  3    |                        unaddressed. Therefore, European society is not only unaware
1160   II,     9.  2.  3    |                  Member States except Finland (European Commission, 2003), although
1161   II,     9.  2.  3    |                      childhood disorder in the European Region. The extent of dissatisfaction
1162   II,     9.  2.  3    |                   rising each year by 400 000 (European Commission, 2006d). Recent
1163   II,     9.  2.  3    |                   topic (WHO 2007b). Thus, all European states, including the European
1164   II,     9.  2.  3    |                 European states, including the European Union, have signed up to
1165   II,     9.  2.  3    |                  individual measure under most European countries the situation
1166   II,     9.  2.  3    |                     and societal significance (European Commission, 2005a). It is
1167   II,     9.  2.  3    |                physical health, is a right for European children. A short summary
1168   II,     9.  2.  3    |                      well the mental health of European children. This again is
1169   II,     9.  2.  3    |                        at all – in national or European data sets. The HBSC study
1170   II,     9.  2.  3    |                       number of times per year European children are being denied
1171   II,     9.  2.  3    |                   right at a time of need. The European Commission has now published
1172   II,     9.  2.  3    |                      clearly a long way to go (European Commission, 2006c).~ ~Feelings
1173   II,     9.  2.  4    |                increasing. Some of the richest European countries still have major
1174   II,     9.  2.  4    |                      of more educated mothers (European Commission, 2003). Poor
1175   II,     9.  2.  4    |                     initiation for both sexes (European Commission, 2003). In conducting
1176   II,     9.  2.  4    |                       highest in some southern European countries, and lowest in
1177   II,     9.  2.  4    |                      five or more days a week (European Commission, 2005b). Across
1178   II,     9.  2.  5    |                      In a context in which the European Commission is able to provide
1179   II,     9.  2.  5    |                       for use by children. The European Commission acknowledges
1180   II,     9.  2.  5    |                  anaesthetics and malaria. The European Commission has recently
1181   II,     9.  2.  5    |                  adopted the Regulation of the European Parliament and the Council
1182   II,     9.  2.  5    |                 children and young people, the European Commission issued a Communication “Tow ” (
1183   II,     9.  2.  5    |                        a Communication “Tow ” (European Commission, 2006a). The
1184   II,     9.  2.  5    |                     enforce their rights~ ~The European Union has already taken
1185   II,     9.  2.  5    |                        status of young people (European Commission, 2000), but only
1186   II,     9.  2.  5    |                       Public Health 2003-2008 (European Parliament and Council,
1187   II,     9.  2.  5    |                transmission of HIV/AIDS.~ ~The European Commission's Communication
1188   II,     9.  2.  5    |                       the Rights of the Child (European Commission, 2006a) represents
1189   II,     9.  2.  5    |                        problem of obesity, the European Commission launched the
1190   II,     9.  2.  5    |                   initiate Europe-wide action (European Commission, 2006b). A White
1191   II,     9.  2.  5    |                     will address these issues (European Commission, 2007) An assessment
1192   II,     9.  2.  5    |                   policy framework for the WHO European Region, addresses the social
1193   II,     9.  2.  5    |                        young people in the WHO European Region. Its main aim is
1194   II,     9.  2.  5    |                    assist Member States in the European Region to design and carry
1195   II,     9.  2.  5    |                      current initiative is the European Strategy for Child and Adolescent
1196   II,     9.  2.  5    |                      most affect the health of European children (WHO, 2004). It
1197   II,     9.  2.  5    |                   Member States and adopted by European Ministers at the Fourth
1198   II,     9.  2.  5    |                        Action plan 2007-2010” (European Commission, 2004)~ ~
1199   II,     9.  2.  6    |                      health. Hence, the recent European Commission thrust towards
1200   II,     9.  2.  6    |                       al, 2006; Council of the European Union, 2006), and through
1201   II,     9.  2.  6    |                      on 18 December 2007~ ~The European Parliament and Council have
1202   II,     9.  2.  6    |                     Field of Health 2008-2013 (European Parliament and Council,
1203   II,     9.  2.  6    |                   priorities / key areas for a European action plan:~ ~A number
1204   II,     9.  2.  6    |                         harmonising with other European priorities but measured
1205   II,     9.  2.  6    |                    needs to move higher up the European and political agenda, if
1206   II,     9.  2.  7    |                Protection Directorate-General, European Commission, Luxembourg (
1207   II,     9.  2.  7    |                        2004):~ ~Council of the European Union (2006): Council Conclusions
1208   II,     9.  2.  7    |                        Health Status. Eurostat/European Commission, Brussels~ ~European
1209   II,     9.  2.  7    |                European Commission, Brussels~ ~European Agency for Safety and Health
1210   II,     9.  2.  7    |                           accessed 02.07.07)~ ~European Association for Children
1211   II,     9.  2.  7    |                  Charter. Available at:~www ~ ~European Children’s Network-UN Meeting
1212   II,     9.  2.  7    |                 HIV/AIDS. Available at:~htt ~ ~European Child Safety Alliance (2008):
1213   II,     9.  2.  7    | l3childsafetyactionplanning.htm?OpenDocument~ ~European Commission (2000): Report
1214   II,     9.  2.  7    |                     people’s health in the EU. European Commission Services Working
1215   II,     9.  2.  7    |                    protection, February 2000~ ~European Commission (2003): The Health
1216   II,     9.  2.  7    |                       The Health Status of the European UnionNarrowing the health
1217   II,     9.  2.  7    |                   Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg~ ~
1218   II,     9.  2.  7    |                      Communities, Luxembourg~ ~European Commission (2004): Communication
1219   II,     9.  2.  7    |                       from the Commission “The European Environment & Health Action
1220   II,     9.  2.  7    |                    final. Available at:~htt ~ ~European Commission (2005a): Improving
1221   II,     9.  2.  7    |                       on mental health for the European Union. Brussels~ ~European
1222   II,     9.  2.  7    |                     European Union. Brussels~ ~European Commission (2005b): Green
1223   II,     9.  2.  7    |                       and physical activity: a European dimension for the prevention
1224   II,     9.  2.  7    |                   chronic diseases. Brussels~ ~European Commission (2006a): Communication
1225   II,     9.  2.  7    |                    final. Available at:~htt ~ ~European Commission (2006b): EU Platform
1226   II,     9.  2.  7    |                      pdf (accessed 26.11.06)~ ~European Commission (2006c): Green
1227   II,     9.  2.  7    |                       on mental health for the European Union, Luxembourg.~ ~European
1228   II,     9.  2.  7    |                  European Union, Luxembourg.~ ~European Commission (2006d): Health
1229   II,     9.  2.  7    |                       p 13. 9 November, 2006~ ~European Commission (2007): White
1230   II,     9.  2.  7    |                    final. Available at:~htt ~ ~European Parliament and Council (
1231   II,     9.  2.  7    |                       L 271, 9 October 2002.~ ~European Parliament and Council (
1232   II,     9.  2.  7    |               Statistics - Key data on health. European Commission, Luxembourg~ ~
1233   II,     9.  2.  7    |                   policy framework for the WHO European Region. Available at: htt ~ ~
1234   II,     9.  2.  7    |                        at: htt ~ ~WHO (2005a): European Strategy for Child and Adolescent
1235   II,     9.  2.  7    |                    Health and Development; WHO European Regional Office, Copenhagen.
1236   II,     9.  2.  7    |                               WHO (2005b): The European Health Report: Public health
1237   II,     9.  2.  7    |                       03.07.07)~ ~WHO (2007b): European Ministerial Conference on
1238   II,     9.  3.  1    |                      from work produced by the European Union, the World Health
1239   II,     9.  3.  1    |                       at women and health on a European scale and there has been
1240   II,     9.  3.  1    |                        was commissioned by the European Men’s Health Forum (White &
1241   II,     9.  3.  1    |                      comparability of data, as European boundaries change, and differing
1242   II,     9.  3.  1    |                       the workplace across the European Union, with another 4.5
1243   II,     9.  3.  1    |                    million working days lost) (European Commission, 2003). These
1244   II,     9.  3.  1    |                      extremities of the body. (European Agency for Health and Safety
1245   II,     9.  3.  1    |                  neurological disorders.~ ~The European Commission (European Commission
1246   II,     9.  3.  1    |                       The European Commission (European Commission 2004a) found
1247   II,     9.  3.  1    |                   twice as susceptible as men (European Commission, 2004b). The
1248   II,     9.  3.  1    |                      of people in some Eastern European countries, but also in Belgium
1249   II,     9.  3.  1    |                       has been reported in the European Mental Health Report (2004)
1250   II,     9.  3.  1    |                       some 3.7 million people (European Commission 2003). The disease
1251   II,     9.  3.  1    |             inhabitants. In a 2003 report, the European Commission suggested that
1252   II,     9.  3.  1    |                    extreme caution. Across the European Union, some 58 000 citizens
1253   II,     9.  3.  1    |                        cardiovascular disease (European Men’s Health Forum, 2005).
1254   II,     9.  3.  1    |                        to increased morbidity (European Heart Network, 2005). Research
1255   II,     9.  3.  1    |                hypertension in diabetic women (European Heart Network, 2006). Hormonal
1256   II,     9.  3.  1    |                    survival in older patients (European Heart Network, 2005). The
1257   II,     9.  3.  1    |                      appears to be around 20% (European Commission, 2003). Hypertension
1258   II,     9.  3.  1    |                    death before the age of 65 (European Commission, 2003). For both
1259   II,     9.  3.  1    |                        mortality respectively (European Commission, 2003).~ ~Peripheral
1260   II,     9.  3.  1    |                      to increase by 21% in the European Region in the next 20 years
1261   II,     9.  3.  1    |                          and by 16% across the European Union according to the IDF
1262   II,     9.  3.  1    |                    rates in France and Greece (European Commission, 2003). The Netherlands
1263   II,     9.  3.  1    |                       deaths a year in the WHO European Region; it is estimated
1264   II,     9.  3.  1    |                      goes. Though the 2002 WHO European report (WHO, 2002) also
1265   II,     9.  3.  1    |                   liver transplants in Europe (European Commission, 2003). The two
1266   II,     9.  3.  1    |                        HIV (rather than AIDS) (European Commission, 2003), but 24,
1267   II,     9.  3.  1    |                 handicap or severe disability (European Commission, 2003).~ ~Menopause~ ~
1268   II,     9.  3.  1    |                        white women of Northern European ancestry; relatively little
1269   II,     9.  3.  1    |                      Scandinavia than in other European regions. Two group of postmenopausal
1270   II,     9.  3.  1    |                      Scandinavia than in other European regions. Moreover, osteoporosis
1271   II,     9.  3.  1    |                     the United States and most European countries is from 30 to
1272   II,     9.  3.  1    |                      increasing, especially in European countries. This decline
1273   II,     9.  3.  1    |                    Ageing Male (ISSAM) and the European Association of Urology (
1274   II,     9.  3.  1    |                          More than 100 million European citizens have arthritis/
1275   II,     9.  3.  1    |                       burden of the disease in European countries because of the
1276   II,     9.  3.  1    |                        prevalence in the wider European region is estimated to be
1277   II,     9.  3.  1    |                       Charter establishing the European Alcohol and Health Forum
1278   II,     9.  3.  1    |               cardiovascular deaths in Eastern European countries are a consequence
1279   II,     9.  3.  1    |                 ischaemic heart disease in the European Region before age 65, per
1280   II,     9.  3.  1    |                        collection methods to a European standard are too daunting
1281   II,     9.  3.  1    |                services to a measurable common European standard.~ ~Likewise, attention
1282   II,     9.  3.  1    |                   services will be obtained at European level.~ ~As life expectancy
1283   II,     9.  3.  1    |                       103115~ ~Association of European Cancer Leagues (2005): Cancer
1284   II,     9.  3.  1    |                        Health Status. Eurostat/European Commission~ ~Doyal LA (1998):
1285   II,     9.  3.  1    |                  September to 2 October 1998~ ~European Commission (2004a): The
1286   II,     9.  3.  1    |                        of Mental Health in the European Union. Health & Consumer
1287   II,     9.  3.  1    |                Protection Directorate General, European Commission.~ ~EuroHIV (2006) :
1288   II,     9.  3.  1    |                       sanitaire, No. 72. p 6~ ~European Agency for Health and Safety
1289   II,     9.  3.  1    |                      online, accessed 08.07)~ ~European Commission (2003): The Health
1290   II,     9.  3.  1    |                       The Health Status of the European UnionNarrowing the Health
1291   II,     9.  3.  1    |                       Health Gap. Luxembourg~ ~European Commission (2004b): Expert
1292   II,     9.  3.  1    |                      depression’. Luxembourg~ ~European Commission (2006): Report
1293   II,     9.  3.  1    |                      Women and Men. Brussels~ ~European Community/Europe Against
1294   II,     9.  3.  1    |                  Europe Against Cancer (2003): European Code Against Cancer, Version
1295   II,     9.  3.  1    |                      online, accessed 01.07)~ ~European Heart Network/European Health
1296   II,     9.  3.  1    |                         European Heart Network/European Health Management Association/
1297   II,     9.  3.  1    |                     2005); A healthy heart for European women. www g (Article online,
1298   II,     9.  3.  1    |                      online, accessed 02.07)~ ~European Prostate Cancer Coalition: htt 1 (
1299   II,     9.  3.  1    |                   Official Publications of the European Communities.~ ~Falzon D
1300   II,     9.  3.  1    |                  transmitted infections in the European Union. Sex. Transm. Inf.
1301   II,     9.  3.  1    |                  Europe – a systematic review. European Journal of Neurology, Volume
1302   II,     9.  3.  1    |                   Europe: the case for action. European Association for the Study
1303   II,     9.  3.  1    |                      asthma and climate in the European Community Respiratory Health
1304   II,     9.  3.  1    |                      of men’s health across 17 European Countries. Brussels, The
1305   II,     9.  3.  1    |                       Countries. Brussels, The European Men’s Health Forum ISBN
1306   II,     9.  3.  1    |                      April 2006)~ ~WHO (2006): European Charter on counteracting
1307   II,     9.  3.  1    |                  accessed 07.07)~ ~WHO (2006): European Ministerial Conference on
1308   II,     9.  3.  1    |                   Regional Office for Europe & European Commission (2002): Health
1309   II,     9.  3.  1    |                candidates for accession to the European Union. European Communities &
1310   II,     9.  3.  1    |               accession to the European Union. European Communities & WHO July 2002~ ~
1311   II,     9.  3.  1    |                        Erectile Dysfunction~EU~European Union~EUROCARE~European
1312   II,     9.  3.  1    |                        European Union~EUROCARE~European cancer registries study
1313   II,     9.  3.  1    |                   Maternal mortality rate~MOMS~European Concerted Action on Mothers'
1314   II,     9.  3.  2    |                constitutes a maternal death in European statistics is early obstetrical
1315   II,     9.  3.  2    |                      methods are used. In some European countries, for example,
1316   II,     9.  3.  2    |                      www.cemach.org.uk). Other European countries have now adopted
1317   II,     9.  3.  2    |                maternal mortality ratio in the European Union has declined from
1318   II,     9.  3.  2    |                       health monitoring in the European Union. Describing how clinicians
1319   II,     9.  3.  2    |                        the perinatal period at European level. Descriptions of healthcare
1320   II,     9.  3.  2    |                       by mothers themselves.~ ~European countries can learn by sharing
1321   II,     9.  3.  2    |                     illustrating the different European approaches.~ ~Caesarean
1322   II,     9.  3.  2    |                        large variation between European countries in the use of
1323   II,     9.  3.  2    |                        wide differences in the European approaches towards perinatal
1324   II,     9.  3.  2    |                        singleton deliveries in European MS for 1990 to 2005~ ~ ~ ~ ~
1325   II,     9.  3.  2    |                       in term-delivery in nine European referral hospitals: descriptive
1326   II,     9.  3.  2    |                      and multiple pregnancy in European countries participating
1327   II,     9.  3.  2    |                  prematurely (<32 weeks) in 16 European centres: a database study.
1328   II,     9.  3.  2    |                       health indicators in the European Union: The REPROSTAT project.
1329   II,     9.  3.  3    |                      to the younger in several European countries, but more among
1330   II,     9.  3.  3    |                   present chapter are:~ ~· The European Concerted Action on sexual
1331   II,     9.  3.  3    |                      surveys carried out in 11 European countries between 1989 and
1332   II,     9.  3.  3    |                     and fertility conducted in European countries, statistics and
1333   II,     9.  3.  3    |                     and results of the related European studies published in scientific
1334   II,     9.  3.  3    |                  testing was not undertaken in European countries. Denmark, Ireland,
1335   II,     9.  3.  3    |                  questions.~· According to the European Health Interview and Health
1336   II,     9.  3.  3    |                 questions on sexual behaviour (European health interview and health
1337   II,     9.  3.  3    |                    recommended indicators (htt European Countries have also the
1338   II,     9.  3.  3    |                        it with data from other European countries (Hessling, 2006).~ ~
1339   II,     9.  3.  3    |                      to the younger in several European countries, but much less
1340   II,     9.  3.  3    |                       two years in all Western European countries where surveys
1341   II,     9.  3.  3    |                indicates that in several North European Countries and regions more
1342   II,     9.  3.  3    |                  behaviour of gay men in eight European countries (Austria, Denmark,
1343   II,     9.  3.  3    |                            On 3 July 2002, The European Parliament supported the
1344   II,     9.  3.  3    |                      and satisfying sex lives (European Parliament, 2003).~ ~Individual-based
1345   II,     9.  3.  3    |                        policies in the western European countries are based on the
1346   II,     9.  3.  3    |                      many countries within the European Union. However, sex is a
1347   II,     9.  3.  3    |                      and bisexual men in eight European countries. AIDS Care 6(5) :
1348   II,     9.  3.  3    |                       Public Health 87:558-66.~European Parliament (2003): Resolution
1349   II,     9.  3.  3    |                       teenage pregnancy in the European Union countries: a systematic
1350   II,     9.  3.  3    |                         The SAFE project, IPPF European Network. Available at: htt df~
1351   II,     9.  4.  1    |                      people highlighted by the European Commission; accessibility,
1352   II,     9.  4.  1    |                      financial sustainability (European Commission, 2003). Research
1353   II,     9.  4.  1    |                 implementation of national and European public health policies for
1354   II,     9.  4.  2    |                     project, carried out in 12 European countries, was a response
1355   II,     9.  4.  2    |                provides a comprehensive set of European statistics, but only includes
1356   II,     9.  4.  2    |                    some academic papers in the European regions indicate that CHD
1357   II,     9.  4.  2    |                      it is difficult to access European data supporting this theory.~ ~
1358   II,     9.  4.  2    |                    Women Aged 50 or more in 10 European Countries~ ~There are large
1359   II,     9.  4.  3    |                     the lowest mortality rate (European Commission, 2003). The ‘
1360   II,     9.  4.  3    |                     burden of chronic disease (European Commission, 2003). The most
1361   II,     9.  4.  3    |                  respiratory system (Assoc. of European Cancer Leagues, 2005).~ ~
1362   II,     9.  4.  3    |                        drugs and safe housing (European Healthy Aging, 2007). Systems
1363   II,     9.  4.  3    |              interventions are also effective (European Healthy Ageing, 2007).~ ~
1364   II,     9.  4.  3    |                       Ireland and Luxembourg) (European Commission, 2003). The highest
1365   II,     9.  4.  3    |                       of Finland and Portugal (European Health Men’s Forum, 2003).
1366   II,     9.  4.  3    |                   highest rate above this age (European Health Men’s Forum, 2003).~ ~
1367   II,     9.  4.  3    |                      75 years of age. A recent European study showed that the prevalence
1368   II,     9.  4.  3    |                      thirteen hospitals in ten European countries found that stroke
1369   II,     9.  4.  3    |                      figures show that the WHO European Region, with 48 million
1370   II,     9.  4.  3    |                    older population in Western European countries, however, without
1371   II,     9.  4.  3    |                   visits should be considered (European Healthy Ageing, 2007).~ ~
1372   II,     9.  4.  4    |                consumption among older people (European Healthy Ageing, 2007).~ ~
1373   II,     9.  4.  4    |                   green vegetables and fruits (European Healthy Ageing, 2007).~ ~
1374   II,     9.  4.  4    |              preferably all, days of the week (European Healthy Ageing, 2007).~ ~
1375   II,     9.  4.  5    |                        looking after children (European Commission, 2003).~ ~Acute
1376   II,     9.  4.  5    |                     not treated appropriately (European Geriatric Medicine Society,
1377   II,     9.  4.  5    |                     care in nursing home care (European Geriatric Medicine Society,
1378   II,     9.  4.  5    |                        of acute hospital stay (European Geriatric Medicine Society
1379   II,     9.  4.  5    |                      would also be of benefit (European Healthy Ageing, 2007).~ ~
1380   II,     9.  4.  5    |                       from work to retirement (European Healthy Ageing, 2007).~ ~
1381   II,     9.  4.  5    |                isolation amongst older people (European Healthy Ageing, 2007).About
1382   II,     9.  4.  5    |                     was endorsed by the Lisbon European Council of March 2000, which
1383   II,     9.  4.  5    |                      June 2001, the Gothenburg European Council, in its consideration
1384   II,     9.  4.  5    |                     report for the Spring 2002 European Council on orientations
1385   II,     9.  4.  5    |                  long-term care systems in the European Union face the challenge
1386   II,     9.  4.  5    |                   elderly during the Barcelona European Council, which also stressed
1387   II,     9.  4.  5    |                  universality.~ ~The Barcelona European Council invited the Commission
1388   II,     9.  4.  5    |                        total employment in the European Union in 2014.~ ~In relation
1389   II,     9.  4.  5    |                        status are found within European countries. Certainforgotten1390   II,     9.  4.  5    |                        ICT). In June 2007, the European Commission announced that
1391   II,     9.  4.  5    |           non-communicable diseases in the WHO European region;~· The WHO Active
1392   II,     9.  4.  5    |                   adopted in March 2000 at the European Council in Lisbon. Known
1393   II,     9.  4.  5    |                      evaluated in 2010, as the European Commission intends to extend
1394   II,     9.  4.  5    |                     the policy rhetoric in all European countries part of the PROCARE
1395   II,     9.  4.  5    |                       similarities across some European countries have been identified,
1396   II,     9.  4.  6    |             independently. With a move in some European countries such as the UK,
1397   II,     9.  4.  6    |                   priorities / key areas for a European action plan:~ ~· Treat the
1398   II,     9.  4.  7    |                       Care for Older People: A European Review. Journal of Integrated
1399   II,     9.  4.  7    |                   study group on behalf of the European Diabetes Epidemiology Group (
1400   II,     9.  4.  7    |                           Accessed 09.07.07]~ ~European Commission (2003): The Health
1401   II,     9.  4.  7    |                       The Health Status of the European UnionNarrowing the Health
1402   II,     9.  4.  7    |                       Health Gap. Luxembourg~ ~European Commission (2004): The State
1403   II,     9.  4.  7    |                        of Mental Health in the European Union, htt df~European Healthy
1404   II,     9.  4.  7    |                     the European Union, htt df~European Healthy Aging Project Recommendations,
1405   II,     9.  4.  7    |                    Recommendations, April 2007~European Healthy Ageing (2007): Recommendations [
1406   II,     9.  4.  7    |                      20utan%20omslag.pdf].~The European Men’s Health Forum (2003):
1407   II,     9.  4.  7    |                      of men’s health across 17 European countries.~European Union
1408   II,     9.  4.  7    |                  across 17 European countries.~European Union Geriatric Medicine
1409   II,     9.  4.  7    |                      Geriatric Medicine of the European Union of Medical~ ~Eurostat (
1410   II,     9.  4.  7    |                        E (2004): Report on 4th European Breast Cancer Conference,
1411   II,     9.  4.  8    |                   Department of Health (UK)~EU~European Union~HIV~Human immunodeficiency
1412   II,     9.  5.  1    |                       least 80 in most Western European countries and 75 for males.
1413   II,     9.  5.  1    |                       five years less than the European average for females, while
1414   II,     9.  5.  1    |                       continue to rise in some European countries (Czech Republic,
1415   II,     9.  5.  1    |                    work outside of the home in European countries is related to
1416   II,     9.  5.  2    |                 Process project) and ECHI (the European Community Public Health
1417   II,     9.  5.  2    |                  inequalities in the health of European populations. These indicators
1418   II,     9.  5.  3    |                      rates than those without (European Commission, 2006).~ ~Figure
1419   II,     9.  5.  3    |                diseases, asthma and allergies (European Commission, 2003). By contrast,
1420   II,     9.  5.  3    |                    Prevalence of depression in European epidemiological studies~ ~
1421   II,     9.  5.  3    |                      of more educated mothers (European Commission, 2003). Education
1422   II,     9.  5.  3    |                occasion since the age of 16~ a European Women’s Lobby, 2001~b London
1423   II,     9.  5.  3    |                       associated with alcohol (European Commission, 2002).~ ~Fourteen
1424   II,     9.  5.  3    |                       associated with alcohol (European Commission, 2002). More
1425   II,     9.  5.  3    |                      men and women in selected European countries~ ~Figure 9.5.4.
1426   II,     9.  5.  3    |                      many northern and western European countries.~ ~Women who continue
1427   II,     9.  5.  3    |                       2006). In April 2007 the European Commission launched their
1428   II,     9.  5.  3    |                     drinking and diet culture (European Commission, 2003).~ ~It
1429   II,     9.  5.  3    |                       currently estimated that European countries need to provide
1430   II,     9.  5.  4    |                       policies~ ~Table 9.5.10. European Parliament Reports which
1431   II,     9.  5.  4    |                       Women and poverty in the European Union.~ Reference A6-0273/
1432   II,     9.  5.  4    |                   between women and men in the European Union.~ Reference A6-0401/
1433   II,     9.  5.  4    |                        social situation in the European Union.~ Reference A6-0035/
1434   II,     9.  5.  4    |                          Guidelines for future European Union policy to support
1435   II,     9.  5.  4    |                     Options for developing the European schools system.~ Reference
1436   II,     9.  5.  4    |                  accidental death.~ ~ ~Much of European Commission public health
1437   II,     9.  5.  4    |                        s health. Both the WHO (European region) and the EU have
1438   II,     9.  5.  4    |                      Action - 2008-2017 ). The European Men’s Health Forum (EMHF)
1439   II,     9.  5.  4    |                    development at national and European levels including national
1440   II,     9.  5.  4    |                     all regional, national and European level policy documents could
1441   II,     9.  5.  4    |                   priorities / key areas for a European action plan~ ~The implementation
1442   II,     9.  5.  4    |                    development policies of the European Community and EU Member
1443   II,     9.  5.  4    |                    studies were ordered by the European Commission as part of the
1444   II,     9.  5.  4    |                    data disaggregated per sex (European Commission, 2006).~ ~
1445   II,     9.  5.  5    |                   improvement of the health of European populations. Social and
1446   II,     9.  5.  5    |                      economic inclusion of all European populations requires that
1447   II,     9.  5.  5    |                   governments in Europe and at European Commission level. Among
1448   II,     9.  5.  6    |                        Health Status. Eurostat/European Commission~ ~Diabetes Prevention
1449   II,     9.  5.  6    |                        Health; 97 (1): 63-68~ ~European Institute of Women’s Health (
1450   II,     9.  5.  6    |                   Official Publications of the European Communities. Available at: htt 3 (
1451   II,     9.  5.  6    |                              accessed 07.07)~ ~European Commission (2002). Health
1452   II,     9.  5.  6    |                      Atlas on mortality in the European Union; data 19941996. Office
1453   II,     9.  5.  6    |                  Official Publications for the European Communities. Luxembourg~ ~
1454   II,     9.  5.  6    |                      Communities. Luxembourg~ ~European Commission (2003): The Health
1455   II,     9.  5.  6    |                       The Health Status of the European UnionNarrowing the Health
1456   II,     9.  5.  6    |                       Health Gap. Luxembourg~ ~European Commission/Europe Against
1457   II,     9.  5.  6    |                  Europe Against Cancer (2003): European Code Against Cancer, Version
1458   II,     9.  5.  6    |                              accessed 07.07)~ ~European Commission (2004): Expert
1459   II,     9.  5.  6    |                        depression’. Brussels~ ~European Commission (2006): Equality
1460   II,     9.  5.  6    |                      Women and Men. Brussels~ ~European Heart Network/European Health
1461   II,     9.  5.  6    |                         European Heart Network/European Health Management Association/
1462   II,     9.  5.  6    |                     2005): A healthy heart for European women. Available at: www g (
1463   II,     9.  5.  6    |                              accessed 07.07)~ ~European Men’s Health Forum (2005):
1464   II,     9.  5.  6    |                              accessed 01.08)~ ~European Men’s Health Forum (2006):
1465   II,     9.  5.  6    |                              accessed 01.08)~ ~European Parliament/European Institute
1466   II,     9.  5.  6    |                      08)~ ~European Parliament/European Institute of Women’s Health (
1467   II,     9.  5.  6    |                     Age: New Evidence From The European Community Household Panel;
1468   II,     9.  5.  6    |                        the health care sector. European Parliament, Brussels.~ ~
1469   II,     9.  5.  6    |                        Ways of Doing Research. European Journal of Women’s Studies,
1470   II,     9.  5.  6    |                   older women in Europe. Final European synthesis report. ISIS –
1471   II,     9.  5.  7    |                       Alzheimer’s Disease~EIWH~European Institute of Women’s Health~
1472   II,     9.  5.  7    |                 Institute of Women’s Health~EP~European Parliament~EU~European Union~
1473   II,     9.  5.  7    |                      EP~European Parliament~EU~European Union~EURODEM~European Community
1474   II,     9.  5.  7    |                      EU~European Union~EURODEM~European Community Concerted Action
1475  III,    10.  1        |                     lifestyle factors.~Source: European Environment Agency & Joint
1476  III,    10.  1.  3    |                 mZ8UVQv2wQFShMRF6cuT.pdf]~EEA (European Environment Agency)(2005):
1477  III,    10.  2.  1    |                      adjusted life years.~ECHP~European Community Household Panel~
1478  III,    10.  2.  1    |                        and Social Council~EHIS~European Health Interview Survey~
1479  III,    10.  2.  1    |                   Health Interview Survey~ENSP~European Network for Smoking Prevention~
1480  III,    10.  2.  1    |                        27 Member States of the European Union since 1 January 2007.~
1481  III,    10.  2.  1    |                        age smoke more. In most European countries smoking is prevalent
1482  III,    10.  2.  1    |                   lower socio-economic groups. European youth has the highest smoking
1483  III,    10.  2.  1    |              attributable mortality in western European countries is declining for
1484  III,    10.  2.  1    |                    Eurostat uses data from the European Community Household Panel (
1485  III,    10.  2.  1    |                     from survey modules of the European Health Interview Survey (
1486  III,    10.  2.  1    |                     data were collated for the European Community Respiratory Health
1487  III,    10.  2.  1    |                       smoking prevalence among European men and women between 1990
1488  III,    10.  2.  1    |                prevalence of tobacco use among European women.~ ~Figure 10.2.1.1.
1489  III,    10.  2.  1    |                  different stages in different European countries. Some countries
1490  III,    10.  2.  1    |                         In central and eastern European countries the awareness
1491  III,    10.  2.  1    |                       as well as some southern European countries are now at stage
1492  III,    10.  2.  1    |                   social gradients in northern European countries and weaker or
1493  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 reversed gradients in southern European countries, was found for
1494  III,    10.  2.  1    |                     are mainly due to smoking (European Communities, 2002).~Mortality
1495  III,    10.  2.  1    |                        passive smoking (ERS 6; European Commission, 2003).~In 1990–
1496  III,    10.  2.  1    |                self-reported prevalence in the European Community of passive smoking
1497  III,    10.  2.  1    |                  disease expressed in DALYs in European region. The most prominent
1498  III,    10.  2.  1    |                        the only country of the European Union where snuff is not
1499  III,    10.  2.  1    |                   where it is now unavailable (European Commission, 2007).~ ~The
1500  III,    10.  2.  1    |                       Commission, 2007).~ ~The European Commission is in the process