Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1    I,     2.  5        |                may uselean production methods’. The result of these changes
  2    I,     2. 10.  5    |            compared looking both at the methods and data used for the assessment,
  3   II,     5.  1.  3    |   inter-professional and inter-sectoral methods, also including the making
  4   II,     5.  2.  2    |             standardized procedures and methods, are reported as well (Kuulasmaa
  5   II,     5.  2.  4    |              1990s through standardized methods (Kuulasmaa et al, 2000;
  6   II,     5.  2.  6    |               and valid epidemiological methods (htt p, 2007)~IHD is a complex
  7   II,     5.  3.  2    |               in research and recommend methods of overcoming these hurdles
  8   II,     5.  4.  7    |             based upon fully documented methods and standardised criteria (
  9   II,     5.  5.  1    |                 for both sexes. Suicide methods vary from a country to another.
 10   II,     5.  5.  1    |               surveys~ ~ ~ ESEMeD~ ~The methods of the ESEMeD survey are
 11   II,     5.  5.  1    |               CM, Mar , (2008). Suicide methods in Europe: a gender-specific
 12   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 sources~ ~ ~Qualitative methods for measuring eating disorders~ ~
 13   II,     5.  5.  3    |               time. Several measurement methods survey qualitative data,
 14   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 qualitative measurement methods do not allow representative
 15   II,     5.  5.  3    |            different use of measurement methods. Therefore, data resulted
 16   II,     5.  5.  3    |              medication, the assessment methods and the duration of the
 17   II,     5.  5.  3    |             differences in case finding methods have contributed to this.
 18   II,     5.  5.  3    |              studies by using different methods and populations. The inconsistent
 19   II,     5.  5.  3    |         countries as well as harmonized methods for planning an ASD prevalence
 20   II,     5.  5.  3    |                to different criteria or methods and not necessarily because
 21   II,     5.  5.  3    |           populations and the different methods of analysis. Patients with
 22   II,     5.  5.  3    |               accuracy, epidemiological methods, multiple assessments and
 23   II,     5.  5.  3    |            Because of the retrospective methods used in MS epidemiological
 24   II,     5.  5.  3    |                 studies. Differences in methods for case ascertainment may
 25   II,     5.  7.  5    |               RRT care using electronic methods of data transfer from hospital
 26   II,     5.  8.  4    |           because of differences in the methods used for patients selection
 27   II,     5.  9.  2    |               up which standardized the methods for data collection on asthma.
 28   II,     5.  9.  5    |                 allergens and some with methods of diagnosis and treatment
 29   II,     5. 10.  2    |            standardized epidemiological methods and to identify the risk
 30   II,     5. 10.  6    |                gold standard diagnostic methods are urgently needed (Asero
 31   II,     5. 10.  6    |         Intensive basic research on the methods of detection of food allergens
 32   II,     5. 11.  3    |          absorption assays and chemical methods that in the future could
 33   II,     5. 14.  2    |                  Mid-year population.~ ~Methods~The international epidemiological
 34   II,     5. 14.  2    |               bank is based on specific methods that are recommended in
 35   II,     5. 14.  2    |              from basic epidemiological methods. It seems that synthesis
 36   II,     5. 14.  3    |                 traditional» preventive methods emphasized in most cases
 37   II,     6.  3.  1    |             practice, and in suggesting methods for follow-up of interventions
 38   II,     6.  3.  3    |                 sex with men, where new methods are needed to implement
 39   II,     6.  3.  6    |                 it should be noted that methods for laboratory diagnosis
 40   II,     6.  3.  7    |              and standardise laboratory methods.~· Diseases imported into
 41   II,     6.  4.  5    |            monitoring system as regards methods of analysis, sanctions and
 42   II,     7.  4.  4    |              equipment, rules, training methods and services (Working Group
 43   II,     8.  2.  2    |             Disease 2000 project: aims, methods and data sources. (Global
 44   II,     9.  1.  1    |             health in Europe: criteria, methods and results from the PERISTAT
 45   II,     9.  1.  2    |                at diagnosis, diagnostic methods used and the proportion
 46   II,     9.  2.  2    |              definitions and collection methods may be used in different
 47   II,     9.  2.  3    |               disorders. Weight control methods such as dieting can instigate
 48   II,     9.  3.  1    |                 hospital records. These methods are limited because they
 49   II,     9.  3.  1    |              been major progress in the methods for assessing the risk of
 50   II,     9.  3.  1    |               availability of effective methods for detecting bone loss,
 51   II,     9.  3.  1    |             overhauling data collection methods to a European standard are
 52   II,     9.  3.  2    |           definition and thus about the methods for estimating its prevalence.~ ~
 53   II,     9.  3.  2    |            remain, even where all these methods are used. In some European
 54   II,     9.  3.  2    |          information about the history, methods, reports and other publications
 55   II,     9.  3.  2    |            beyond mortality and develop methods for using routine databases
 56   II,     9.  3.  2    |             health in Europe: criteria, methods and results from the PERISTAT
 57   II,     9.  5.  4    |              local and regional levels. Methods must be found in which to
 58   II,     9.  5.  4    |                simple yet comprehensive methods of collection that provide
 59   II,     9.  5.  4    |          differences;~· To ensure these methods are ethically and culturally
 60   II,     9.  5.  4    |         socio-economic perspectives and methods for gender-proofing research.
 61  III,    10.  2.  1    |               in regard to definitions, methods of data collection, stratification
 62  III,    10.  2.  1    |              the related administrative methods.”~Mortality from smoking
 63  III,    10.  2.  1    |                 by indirect statistical methods. In total, problem drug
 64  III,    10.  2.  1    |               sophisticated statistical methods, are typically ranging between
 65  III,    10.  2.  1    |        instruments as well as different methods for data collection (e.g.
 66  III,    10.  2.  1    |           adjust for differences in the methods used such as in the WHO
 67  III,    10.  2.  1    |               different data collection methods, response rates, age ranges,
 68  III,    10.  2.  1    |               sampling designs, dietary methods and selected population
 69  III,    10.  2.  1    |            countries, provided that the methods used to collect dietary
 70  III,    10.  2.  1    |               derived from the surveys. Methods were designed to calculate,
 71  III,    10.  2.  1    |          epidemiological and laboratory methods in order to expand the presently
 72  III,    10.  2.  1    |     country-specific dietary assessment methods capable of measuring habitual
 73  III,    10.  2.  1    |         depending on dietary assessment methods with respect to e.g. establishing
 74  III,    10.  2.  1    |              product, the manufacturer, methods of storage and preparation,
 75  III,    10.  2.  4    |              approach by redefining the methods and concepts developed in
 76  III,    10.  2.  4    |               Technologies and Analytic Methods for Population- and Clinic-Based
 77  III,    10.  3.  1    |            methodologies as assessments methods and indicators it has been
 78  III,    10.  3.  1    |               of harmonised assessments methods are foreseen in the Directive,
 79  III,    10.  3.  1    |           levels, as well as to develop methods to assess the effectiveness
 80  III,    10.  3.  2    |               uses, improved analytical methods and increased knowledge
 81  III,    10.  3.  2    |               confirmed as the analysis methods were not comparable. Concentrations
 82  III,    10.  3.  3    |                 it should be noted that methods for laboratory diagnosis
 83  III,    10.  4.  1    |        monitoring strategies, measuring methods, calibration and quality
 84  III,    10.  4.  1    |      calibration and quality assessment methods in order to arrive to comparable
 85  III,    10.  4.  1    |            based on:~ ~· Development of methods ~- WHO, EC ExternE Project,
 86  III,    10.  4.  1    |             ozone~- More information on methods available at:~htt ~ ~Health
 87  III,    10.  4.  2    |                  CRL for single residue methods.~ ~The sampling methods
 88  III,    10.  4.  2    |                 methods.~ ~The sampling methods for official control programmes
 89  III,    10.  4.  2    |               the sampling and analysis methods sampling and analysis for
 90  III,    10.  4.  2    |               the sampling and analysis methods for the official control
 91  III,    10.  4.  2    |               the sampling and analysis methods of some heavy metals, 3-
 92  III,    10.  4.  2(28)|             2002 establishing Community methods for sampling for the official
 93  III,    10.  4.  2    |               the sampling and analysis methods of dioxins and dioxin-like
 94  III,    10.  4.  2    |      Specificity and sensitivity of the methods used are not always given.
 95  III,    10.  4.  2    |                 other aspects than test methods are considered. In November
 96  III,    10.  4.  2    |            identifying safe alternative methods for the use or disposal
 97  III,    10.  4.  2    |               fruit and vegetables. The methods applied by Member States
 98  III,    10.  4.  2    |               analytical technology and methods have improved the analytical
 99  III,    10.  4.  2    |                the mid-90s surveillance methods used gas liquid chromatography (
100  III,    10.  4.  2    |              compounds in multi-residue methods in several runs using selective
101  III,    10.  4.  2    |               been put forward. Several methods have been proposed with
102  III,    10.  4.  2    |               to carry out. Statistical methods to validate results have
103  III,    10.  4.  2    | physical-chemical properties/analytical methods;~· mammalian toxicology;~·
104  III,    10.  4.  2    |                 to develop standardised methods for the evaluation of different
105  III,    10.  4.  2    |         chemical properties, analytical methods, residues, toxicological
106  III,    10.  4.  2    |        Risk-benefits analysis of foods: methods and approaches13-14 July
107  III,    10.  4.  5    |           information on waste disposal methods in EECCA and SEE is also
108  III,    10.  5.  3    |             report no control over work methods or pace. One-third of all
109  III,    10.  5.  3    |               by no control over tasks, methods and rate of the work. Furthermore,
110  III,    10.  5.  3    |                may uselean production methods’. The result of these changes
111  III,    10.  5.  3    |               operating using different methods, with staff not knowing
112  III,    10.  5.  3    |               risks includes:~- working methods that need less exposure
113   IV,    11.  1.  1    |              including provider payment methods. It then moves to a discussion
114   IV,    11.  1.  2    |                 times, provider payment methods, and health care quality
115   IV,    11.  1.  5    |               1992).~ ~Provider payment methods and quality of care~ ~Direct
116   IV,    11.  1.  6    |         Efficiency and provider payment methods~ ~The methods used to pay
117   IV,    11.  1.  6    |          provider payment methods~ ~The methods used to pay healthcare providers
118   IV,    11.  1.  6    |             Specifically, these payment methods can be used to influence
119   IV,    11.  1.  6    |          service, there are three basic methods of physician payment: fee-for-service,
120   IV,    11.  1.  6    |             while salary and capitation methods control costs but provide
121   IV,    11.  1.  6    |                 elements of two or more methods to moderate these negative
122   IV,    11.  1.  6    |             shows the physician payment methods for physicians in Europe.~ ~
123   IV,    11.  1.  6    |                 11.3. Physician payment methods in Europe~ ~Countries~Primary
124   IV,    11.  1.  6    |  experimentation with physician payment methods that stimulate physicians
125   IV,    11.  1.  6    |                the structure of payment methods may not facilitate (or even
126   IV,    11.  1.  6    |           capitation, salaries) payment methods under the need to balance
127   IV,    11.  1.  6    |               For the former, different methods can be used to detect outliers
128   IV,    11.  3.  2    |                price regulation. Common methods include direct fixed price
129   IV,    11.  4        |                 their work processes on methods and information from the
130   IV,    11.  4        |        Microeconomics~· Health economic methods such as~· Modelling cost-effectiveness
131   IV,    11.  6.  1    |                partly to differences in methods and accuracy of data collection,
132   IV,    11.  6.  2    |             services (Kutzin 2001). The methods of collecting, pooling and
133   IV,    11.  6.  4    |         information on provider payment methods.~ ~ ~Redistribution (or
134   IV,    11.  6.  4    |           practice and latest treatment methods for diseases and injuries
135   IV,    11.  6.  4    |                known as risk adjustment methods.~The European Public Health
136   IV,    11.  6.  5    |                   Donabedian A (1980): "Methods for deriving criteria for
137   IV,    11.  6.  5    |           systems: reflections on WHO's methods." The Lancet 361: 1817-20.~ ~
138   IV,    11.  6.  5    |             Stargardt T et al. (2006): "Methods to determine reimbursement
139   IV,    11.  6.  5    |      Valasco-Garrido M et al., (2005): "Methods for the comparative evaluation
140   IV,    12.  2        |               in research and recommend methods of overcoming these hurdles
141   IV,    12. 10        |               limit values, measurement methods, labelling, product descriptions
142   IV,    12. 10        |                also seek to improve the methods of monitoring and evaluating
143   IV,    13.  5        |             legally enforced evaluation methods.~ ~An increased demand on