Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1    I,     2.  4    |               done to ensure that the benefits of an improved economic
  2    I,     2.  5    |         Member States. Future pension benefits will also depend on real
  3    I,     2.  5    |           accumulation and payment of benefits, such as indexation rules
  4    I,     2.  8    |             will have positive health benefits. The production of electricity
  5    I,     2. 10.  4|        associated health and economic benefits: reducing medication errors,
  6    I,     2. 10.  4|         hospital to reap all possible benefits.~ ~Some EU Member States
  7    I,     2. 10.  4|               Healthcare and economic benefits related to automatic identification
  8    I,     2. 10.  4|            realisation of the related benefits. Country-specific regulations
  9    I,     2. 10.  4|               agreed standards if the benefits are to be realised fully.
 10   II,     5.  1.  3|              not be excluded from its benefits. Therapeutic patient education
 11   II,     5.  2.  1|            are also linked to illness benefits and retirement, impact on
 12   II,     5.  2.  6|        increase among women as health benefits of smoking cessation occur
 13   II,     5.  2.  6|             bring immediate and large benefits for reducing mortality.~
 14   II,     5.  3.  7|              lead to important health benefits, especially for what concerns
 15   II,     5.  5.  3|               strategy with long-term benefits for individuals, health
 16   II,     5.  5.  3|           Health strongly favours the benefits of community-based care
 17   II,     5.  5.  3|            psychological and physical benefits of job retention that can
 18   II,     5.  5.  3|      reviewing the social support and benefits of best management of MS.
 19   II,     5.  8.  5|            never-smokers. The highest benefits are observed in young quitters (
 20   II,     5.  9.  3|             both short- and long-term benefits on symptoms and also with
 21   II,     5.  9.  5|               terms of both immediate benefits and long term direct and
 22   II,     5. 11.  1|             death.~Skin disease which benefits from medical care is very
 23   II,     5. 12.  7|               the Mediterranean diet: benefits and risks. Int J Vitam Nutr
 24   II,     5. 14.  5|              Informing mothers on the benefits of appropriate promoting
 25   II,     5. 15.  1|      information and training, social benefits, hospitalisation and outpatient
 26   II,     5. 15.  5|           major potential in bringing benefits to European citizens. It
 27   II,     7.  1    |            cost-effective whereby the benefits of prevention for health
 28   II,     7.  4.  4|              proportion of the health benefits are lost due to injuries.
 29   II,     7.  4.  6|           controlled setting - of the benefits of cognitive behavioural
 30   II,     7.  4.  6|               therapy. Trends towards benefits were also seen through the
 31   II,     7.  5    |         effective and cost-effective; benefits for health systems often
 32   II,     8.  2.  1|              authors report sustained benefits in health outcomes following
 33   II,     9        |           needed to balance risks and benefits. Pharmacovigilance or postmarketing
 34   II,     9.  1.  2|           needed to balance risks and benefits. Pharmacovigilance or postmarketing
 35   II,     9.  1.  2|             and may have other health benefits.~ ~d) Public health measures
 36   II,     9.  2.  3|            disease has declined, with benefits lasting through adolescence
 37   II,     9.  4.  5|         systems not only provide cash benefits to replace earned income
 38   II,     9.  5.  4|            are likely to offer strong benefits for men’s health. Both the
 39  III,    10.  1.  3|          overview of health risks and benefits of alcohol consumption.
 40  III,    10.  2.  1|                 Stopping smoking: the benefits and aids to quitting; ash.
 41  III,    10.  2.  1|          accidents; however, the full benefits of a higher drinking age
 42  III,    10.  2.  1|             all experts highlight the benefits the spreading of fluoride-containing
 43  III,    10.  2.  1|           hygiene should have further benefits in terms of caries risk.
 44  III,    10.  2.  1|              2004) Water fluoridation benefits all residents served by
 45  III,    10.  2.  1|                2003; WHO, 1994)~ ~The benefits of fluoride toothpaste are
 46  III,    10.  2.  1|               as consumers looked for benefits beyond basic protection (
 47  III,    10.  2.  1|             focuses on the protective benefits of oral hygiene practices
 48  III,    10.  2.  1|             of physical activity that benefits health and functional capacity
 49  III,    10.  2.  1|              or risk”. To gain health benefits, at least half an hour of
 50  III,    10.  2.  1|              psychological and social benefits that affect health (WHO
 51  III,    10.  2.  1|              s quality of life. These benefits probably result from a combination
 52  III,    10.  2.  1|               the social and cultural benefits of physical activity. Finally,
 53  III,    10.  2.  1|            important potential health benefits (Andersen et al, 2000).
 54  III,    10.  2.  1|             BW et al (2001): Economic benefits of the health-enhancing
 55  III,    10.  2.  1|               aimed at maximizing the benefits for public health. This
 56  III,    10.  2.  1|                and weighing risks and benefits of existing and novel food
 57  III,    10.  2.  1|              impact assessment of the benefits, practicability and administrative
 58  III,    10.  3.  2|             is estimated to result in benefits 2 to 50 times higher than
 59  III,    10.  3.  2|               This creates economical benefits but also bears risks as
 60  III,    10.  3.  4|      Projections for the~21st century~Benefits or risks to human health~
 61  III,    10.  3.  4|             70%. The results show the benefits of timely adaptation using
 62  III,    10.  3.  4|           would also have substantial benefits on other policy domains
 63  III,    10.  4.  1|               clearly show the health benefits of improved air quality.
 64  III,    10.  4.  1|             problem has two important benefits; first, it makes it possible
 65  III,    10.  4.  2|             balance between risks and benefits of substances that are used
 66  III,    10.  4.  3|             analyse the public health benefits and costs of optimising
 67  III,    10.  5.  1|               and services. The major benefits of such places have been
 68  III,    10.  5.  2|         extent – also provide limited benefits and capacities for rural
 69  III,    10.  5.  3|              based systems where care benefits and the payment require
 70  III,    10.  5.  3|          Service), but the payment of benefits does not depend on them
 71  III,    10.  5.  3|            goals, characteristics and benefits. These interventions can
 72  III,    10.  5.  3|       intervention strategies, common benefits~In contrast with their different
 73  III,    10.  5.  3|         Boedeker, 2004b).~The overall benefitsincluding financial savings -
 74  III,    10.  5.  3|           Health-related and economic benefits of workplace health promotion
 75  III,    10.  6.  2|              experienced the greatest benefits.~ ~Available evidence suggests
 76   IV,    11.  1.  3|            the multitude of costs and benefits of the health system. Furthermore,
 77   IV,    11.  1.  6|            insight into the costs and benefits of the NHS.~ ~Efficiency
 78   IV,    11.  1.  6|        insurance plans expanded their benefits packages because of increased
 79   IV,    11.  1.  6|           setting premiums, designing benefits packages and reviewing claims.
 80   IV,    11.  5.  1|       established worldwide, bringing benefits to hundreds of thousands
 81   IV,    11.  5.  1|            between risks and expected benefits for the recipient and time
 82   IV,    11.  5.  4|            level can bring particular benefits to those systems. It has
 83   IV,    11.  5.  4|             is a balance of risks and benefits to be considered: the risk
 84   IV,    11.  6    |      including cost sharing), and how benefits are defined, describing
 85   IV,    11.  6.  2|         pooling, purchasing, defining benefits, cost sharing. The implications
 86   IV,    11.  6.  2|      purchasing, though the potential benefits may not outweigh the strong
 87   IV,    11.  6.  2|            Finally, the definition of benefits packages is increasingly
 88   IV,    11.  6.  2|            for services in the public benefits package (also called user
 89   IV,    11.  6.  2|              taxes at national levels benefits from administrative economies
 90   IV,    11.  6.  2|             comprising a common basic benefits package (which remains unchanged)
 91   IV,    11.  6.  2|         health plan (reimbursement or benefits in kind) and service levels (
 92   IV,    11.  6.  2|            defined package of minimum benefits. The policy goals of the
 93   IV,    11.  6.  2|           expensive, regressive (i.e. benefits higher income earners disproportionately),
 94   IV,    11.  6.  2|           1997), and there are no tax benefits for employers purchasing
 95   IV,    11.  6.  2|               services covered by the benefits package. In all countries,
 96   IV,    11.  6.  3|             must unequally distribute benefits (Ervik 1998). It could be
 97   IV,    11.  6.  3|              in which public spending benefits the lower income groups
 98   IV,    11.  6.  4|             care services.~ ~Defining benefits and beneficiaries~ ~In recent
 99   IV,    11.  6.  4|            Historically, the scope of benefits has been relatively comprehensive
100   IV,    11.  6.  4|     increasing. Defining a package of benefits (limiting what is covered)
101   IV,    11.  6.  4|            the clear link between the benefits package and the level of
102   IV,    11.  6.  4|               and informal payments). Benefits packages or catalogues can
103   IV,    11.  6.  4|               to healthcare services. Benefits packages are an essential
104   IV,    11.  6.  4|           Less explicit definition of benefits is seen in the tax-funded
105   IV,    11.  6.  4|             The vaguest definition of benefits can be seen in England,
106   IV,    11.  6.  4|        possibility of restricting the benefits packages in social health
107   IV,    11.  6.  4|              positive lists to define benefits packages.~ ~Most countries
108   IV,    11.  6.  4|               of positive lists (e.g. benefits catalogues) and negative
109   IV,    11.  6.  4|            explicit regulation i.e. a benefits catalogue or positive list (
110   IV,    11.  6.  4|             closed, rather additional benefits are possible on an individual
111   IV,    11.  6.  4|            explicit regulation of the benefits package; in the Netherlands
112   IV,    11.  6.  4|            based on a defined list of benefits. For instance, in the UK,
113   IV,    11.  6.  4|             through reductions in the benefits package. There were attempts
114   IV,    11.  6.  4|               more concise or ‘basicbenefits package to be financed from
115   IV,    11.  6.  4|              by offering the excluded benefits as ‘supplements’. However,
116   IV,    11.  6.  4|         attempts to implement a basic benefits package were met with technical
117   IV,    11.  6.  4|               ready to accept cuts in benefits. Opposition also comes from
118   IV,    11.  6.  4| explicitly-defined and cost-effective benefits package has not yet been
119   IV,    12.  2    |          accidents; however, the full benefits of a higher drinking age
120   IV,    12.  3    |              learning will add to the benefits of coordination and consolidate
121   IV,    12.  4    |              consumer products.~MARKT~Benefits of Internal market to patients
122   IV,    12.  4    |            space continues to deliver benefits to the citizens of Europe
123   IV,    12. 10    |            who receive social welfare/benefits/assistance and were not
124   IV,    12. 10    |           order to bring on light the benefits of breast feeding. Also,
125   IV,    12. 10    |          residents with the usage and benefits of natural gas. Moreover,
126   IV,    13.  7.  2|            environmental and societal benefits (see the LMI Communication).~ ~
127   IV,    13.  7.  4|             not receiving significant benefits from them, are likely to
128   IV,    13.  7.  4|               in the same currency of benefits and that those likely to
129   IV,    13.  7.  4|            not those experiencing the benefits.~Addressing ethical issues
130   IV,    13.  9    |            education and unemployment benefits for the elderly.~Summary