Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1   II,     5. 10.Acr|             Respiratory Health Survey~EFSA~European Food safety Authority~
  2   II,     5. 10.  1|      reactions to food.~(Adapted from EFSA, 2004 and INFOSAN, 2006)~ ~ ~ ~
  3   II,     5. 10.  1|          adults and 4-6% in children (EFSA, 2004).~ ~Health consequences
  4   II,     5. 10.  1|               central nervous system (EFSA, 2004). As for allergies
  5   II,     5. 10.  1|             the age group considered (EFSA, 2004). A partial explanation
  6   II,     5. 10.  2|      IgE-mediated (Woods et al, 2002; EFSA, 2004). Finally, allergic
  7   II,     5. 10.  2|               for labelling purposes (EFSA, 2004), which is the most
  8   II,     5. 10.  3|             other background factors (EFSA, 2004).~Although very few
  9   II,     5. 10.  5|         allergenicity assessed by the EFSA for the relevant product
 10   II,     5. 10.  5|       European Food safety Authority (EFSA) on each request. These
 11   II,     5. 10.  5|               the EC and evaluated by EFSA (available at http ). As
 12   II,     5. 10.  7|       European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) (2004): Opinion of the
 13   II,     5. 10.  7|               labelling purposes. The EFSA Journal 32, 1-197.~htt ~ ~
 14   II,     6.  3.  6|            ECDC, also the Commission, EFSA and WHO EURO are important
 15  III,    10.  2.  1|       European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) is developing a concise
 16  III,    10.  2.  1|          order to build the database, EFSA has established a European
 17  III,    10.  2.  1|              food consumption data to EFSA. This database is intended
 18  III,    10.  2.  1|           exposure assessments by the EFSA Scientific Panels and Member
 19  III,    10.  2.  1|          currently under development; EFSA is aiming at having a complete
 20  III,    10.  2.  1|            country represented in the EFSA European Network of Food
 21  III,    10.  2.  1|          countries represented in the EFSA European Network of Food
 22  III,    10.  2.  1|           Colloquium was organized by EFSA on 21 and 22 March 2006 (
 23  III,    10.  2.  1|              on 21 and 22 March 2006 (EFSA, 2007) on the “Development
 24  III,    10.  2.  1|      discussed at the above-mentioned EFSA’s scientific colloquium.
 25  III,    10.  2.  1|                  Source: Adapted from EFSA, 2007~ ~With today’s rapid
 26  III,    10.  2.  1|               conclusion was reached (EFSA, 2007).~ ~There are several
 27  III,    10.  2.  1|           individual substance by the EFSA.~ ~The Regulation makes
 28  III,    10.  2.  1|               individual substance by EFSA.~ ~The nutritional substances
 29  III,    10.  2.  1|         European Food Sicurety Agency EFSA (2007): Development of Food-Based
 30  III,    10.  2.  1|          Guidelines - SUMMARY REPORT. EFSA SCIENTIFIC COLLOQUIUM, Parma,
 31  III,    10.  2.  1|             22 March 2006 [http://www.efsa.europa.eu/EFSA/Scientific_
 32  III,    10.  2.  1|             http://www.efsa.europa.eu/EFSA/Scientific_Document/sc_colloque5_
 33  III,    10.  4.  2|            Cumulative Risk Assessment~EFSA~European Food Safety Authority~
 34  III,    10.  4.  2|          European Food Safety Agency (EFSA). Using an integrated approach
 35  III,    10.  4.  2|               pillars of food safety. EFSA’s evidence-based assessments
 36  III,    10.  4.  2|       European Food Safety Authority (EFSA).~ ~Depending on the nature
 37  III,    10.  4.  2|       European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)~ ~Scientific assessment
 38  III,    10.  4.  2|       European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) was established according
 39  III,    10.  4.  2|         manner to food safety crises.~EFSA acts as an independent scientific
 40  III,    10.  4.  2|               EU Member States. While EFSA advises on possible risks
 41  III,    10.  4.  2|     institutions, taking into account EFSA’s advice as well as other
 42  III,    10.  4.  2|            when and where required.~ ~EFSA is a Community body with
 43  III,    10.  4.  2|          Board.~ ~Since its creation, EFSA has established key operating
 44  III,    10.  4.  2|        Authority’s work. For example, EFSA undertakes to open up its
 45  III,    10.  4.  2|            access to all documents.~ ~EFSA’s role can be broken down
 46  III,    10.  4.  2|              five years of operation, EFSA has delivered more than
 47  III,    10.  4.  2|             influenza and Bluetongue. EFSA’s work also includes the
 48  III,    10.  4.  2|              from external sources.~ ~EFSA’s risk assessment operations
 49  III,    10.  4.  2|               produce.~ ~In addition, EFSA’s Pesticide Risk Assessment
 50  III,    10.  4.  2|             No 178/2002 foresees that EFSA shall search, collect, analyse
 51  III,    10.  4.  2|              legislation that assigns EFSA tasks related to data collection.
 52  III,    10.  4.  2|              Zoonoses prescribes that EFSA has to examine the data
 53  III,    10.  4.  2|                396/2005 provides that EFSA has to collect and analyse
 54  III,    10.  4.  2|            396/2005 foresees that the EFSA takes over from DG Sanco'
 55  III,    10.  4.  2|      considered. In November 2005 the EFSA Task Force on zoonoses data
 56  III,    10.  4.  2|             related data collection" (EFSA Journal (2005) 73: 1- 60).~ ~
 57  III,    10.  4.  2|               Zoonoses, Directive the EFSA is responsible for examining
 58  III,    10.  4.  2|               In this summary report, EFSA may also take into account
 59  III,    10.  4.  2|               directive 2003/99/EC.~ ~EFSA has also been requested
 60  III,    10.  4.  2|             database is accessible by EFSA.~ ~In order to fulfil its
 61  III,    10.  4.  2|      consequences~ ~Wildilife~Source: EFSA~ ~ ~Table 10.4.2.3. Disease
 62  III,    10.  4.  2|       European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). Further information on
 63  III,    10.  4.  2|        Zoonoses Collaboration Centre, EFSA and ECDC jointly analysed
 64  III,    10.  4.  2|              zoonoses for the report (EFSA, 2006a).~ ~The main conclusions
 65  III,    10.  4.  2|               Summary Report in 2005 (EFSA, 2007) are:~ ~· Campylobacteriosis
 66  III,    10.  4.  2|               solved (Budka Hebert in EFSA 2007b).~ ~Chemical hazards~ ~
 67  III,    10.  4.  2|             measures~ ~ ~ATSDR, 1999; EFSA, 2004~ ~Dioxins and dioxin-like~
 68  III,    10.  4.  2|                EU: risk~assessment by EFSA in~preparation~ ~Intake
 69  III,    10.  4.  2|               had beneficial effects (EFSA, 2007b).~ ~Acrylamide~ ~
 70  III,    10.  4.  2|      acrylamide has been developed by EFSA (EFSA/WHO, 2006).~ ~Perfluorinated
 71  III,    10.  4.  2|               been developed by EFSA (EFSA/WHO, 2006).~ ~Perfluorinated
 72  III,    10.  4.  2|               intake of 0.13µg/kg bw (EFSA, 2006).~ ~PFOS is currently
 73  III,    10.  4.  2|             the Member States and the EFSA annual report on pesticide
 74  III,    10.  4.  2|           scarce available resources (EFSA, 2007a).~ ~Tin organic compounds~ ~
 75  III,    10.  4.  2|               limits can be exceeded. EFSA was asked to perform a risk
 76  III,    10.  4.  2|           preparation and/or cooking (EFSA, 2007b).~ ~ ~Table 10.4.
 77  III,    10.  4.  2|          chain, from farm to table.~ ~EFSA is also proactive in identifying
 78  III,    10.  4.  2|                Within this framework, EFSA has addressed a series of
 79  III,    10.  4.  2|            food production across the EFSA Panels and should ensure
 80  III,    10.  4.  2|              an operating tool within EFSA for safety assessment and
 81  III,    10.  4.  2|      assessment and priority setting (EFSA, 2005).~ ~Safety assessment
 82  III,    10.  4.  2|      genotoxic and carcinogenic~ ~The EFSA provided a summary review
 83  III,    10.  4.  2|            cancer dose-response data. EFSA then discussed the data
 84  III,    10.  4.  2|             risk management actions. (EFSA/WHO, 2006).~ ~Methodologies
 85  III,    10.  4.  2|              dioxin carcinogenicity. (EFSA, 2004).~ ~Principles of
 86  III,    10.  4.  2|             than at local level alone(EFSA, 2006c).~ ~Fitness for purpose
 87  III,    10.  4.  2|               developed, may be used (EFSA, 2006c).~ ~Plant protection
 88  III,    10.  4.  2|              of pesticides residues~ ~EFSA is possibly involved in
 89  III,    10.  4.  2|          consumption habits in Europe(EFSA PRIMO). To this end, consumption
 90  III,    10.  4.  2|             the PPR Panel (http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/science/pprippr_
 91  III,    10.  4.  2|      calculated, the Commission asked EFSA (the PPR Panel) for advice
 92  III,    10.  4.  2|             Definition of the role of EFSA in the MRLs setting procedure~ ~
 93  III,    10.  4.  2|              number of substances).~ ~EFSA tasks under Regulation 396/
 94  III,    10.  4.  2|        Regulation 396/2005 include:~· EFSA to provide risk assessment
 95  III,    10.  4.  2|           Within the framework of the EFSA peer review for the risk
 96  III,    10.  4.  2|     assessment report (DAR)~· second: EFSA (PRAPeR) peer reviews the
 97  III,    10.  4.  2|               applicant(s) and public EFSA conclusion; and~· third:
 98  III,    10.  4.  2|             of the risk assessment by EFSA. This cornerstone of the
 99  III,    10.  4.  2|     complications regarding the tasks EFSA has relating to MRLs.~ ~
100  III,    10.  4.  2|            the PPR Panel (Art 22.6 of EFSA Regulation 178/2000):~·
101  III,    10.  4.  2|              the European Commission, EFSA’s PRAPeR unit (self-tasking),
102  III,    10.  4.  2|               Directive (91/414/EEC). EFSA was asked by the Commission
103  III,    10.  4.  2|           responsibility passed on to EFSA and the PPR Panel started
104  III,    10.  4.  2|            the Panel in early 2008.~ ~EFSA organises scientific colloquia
105  III,    10.  4.  2|              States, other bodies and EFSA will be needed to establish
106  III,    10.  4.  2|             document, endorsed by the EFSA’s Scientific Committee to
107  III,    10.  4.  2|      developments in risk assessment, EFSA has also undertaken a process
108  III,    10.  4.  2|              subject was organized by EFSA. There was general consensus
109  III,    10.  4.  2|             may be more appropriate. (EFSA, 2006 b)~ ~Emerging risk~ ~
110  III,    10.  4.  2| identification is being worked out by EFSA and in European Commission,
111  III,    10.  4.  2|              of interest, not only of EFSA, but also of other European
112  III,    10.  4.  2|             second major component of EFSA’s mandate is risk communication
113  III,    10.  4.  2|               and transparent manner, EFSA contributes to improving
114  III,    10.  4.  2|             the way risk is assessed. EFSA uses a variety of communication
115  III,    10.  4.  2|           releases and news alerts.~ ~EFSA raises awareness of food
116  III,    10.  4.  2|       off-line communication tools.~ ~EFSA coordinates with and takes
117  III,    10.  4.  2|            States and Norway (Source: EFSA, data for Norway communicated
118  III,    10.  4.  2|          LiechtensteinReport 2002~ ~EFSA (2006a): The Community summary
119  III,    10.  4.  2|               the European Union. The EFSA Journal, 94, 2-228.~ ~EFSA (
120  III,    10.  4.  2|            EFSA Journal, 94, 2-228.~ ~EFSA (2004): Summa Report of
121  III,    10.  4.  2|                2004): Summa Report of EFSA Scientific Colluquium on “
122  III,    10.  4.  2|             130. ISBN 29-9199-000-0~ ~EFSA (2006b): Summary Report
123  III,    10.  4.  2|             2006b): Summary Report of EFSA Scientific colloquium on “
124  III,    10.  4.  2|               13-14 July 2006. 155.~ ~EFSA (2007a): Summary Report
125  III,    10.  4.  2|             ISBN: 978-92-9199-064-1~ ~EFSA (2006c): Summary Report
126  III,    10.  4.  2|                ISBN: 92-9199-030-2.~ ~EFSA (2005): Summary Report of
127  III,    10.  4.  2|            142. ISBN: 92-9199-012-4~ ~EFSA (2007b): From safe food
128  III,    10.  4.  2|                20-21 November 2007.~ ~EFSA/WHO(2006): International
129   IV,    12.  4    |         making agents and the public.~EFSA~ ~European Food Safety Authority (