Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1    I,     2.  7       |        care. Key dimensions of the variation between urban and rural settlements
  2    I,     3.  2       |           striking is the enormous variation in population growth in
  3    I,     3.  3       |  Nevertheless, there is still some variation. Whereas the increase is
  4    I,     3.  3       |         minor extent. However, the variation between the Member States
  5    I,     3.  3       |         high shares. Also here the variation across countries diminished
  6    I,     3.  3       |            over time, although the variation over time was much lower
  7    I,     3.  3       |           and Spain. Over time the variation has diminished somewhat,
  8    I,     3.  3       |        increased overtime, but the variation was only small and did not
  9    I,     3.  3       |         substantially although the variation per period is small. Bulgaria,
 10   II,     4.  2       |            there was slightly more variation in changes in mortality
 11   II,     5.  2.  4   |         trend and observed country variation in CVD can be attributed
 12   II,     5.  3.  8   |      achieve full knowledge of the variation in demand for health services
 13   II,     5.  4.  2   |            of different sources of variation, or ecological fallacy).~
 14   II,     5.  4.  3   |         incidence shows a ten-fold variation, ranging between 6 (Luxembourg)
 15   II,     5.  4.  3   |     transplantation. EUCID found a variation across 9 countries from
 16   II,     5.  4.  3   |            is an almost three-fold variation across Europe of poor management,
 17   II,     5.  4.  3   |       contributing data, showing a variation between 12% (Ireland) and
 18   II,     5.  4.  4   |        inconsistent estimates. The variation in the prevalence of dialysis/
 19   II,     5.  4.  8   |            ACE Study Group (2000): Variation and trends in incidence
 20   II,     5.  5.Int   |    Programme explored geographical variation of depression in older people,
 21   II,     5.  5.  1   |          of five although there is variation between countries. Overall,
 22   II,     5.  5.  3   |          be an important source of variation in incidence and prevalence
 23   II,     5.  5.  3   |         016 to 0.042% with a broad variation across studies and countries (
 24   II,     5.  5.  3   |        care systems, the extent of variation is due to differences in
 25   II,     5.  5.  3   |          some of the influences on variation among prevalence estimates.
 26   II,     5.  5.  3   |        estimates. Over half of the variation among study estimates can
 27   II,     5.  5.  3   |      accounted for only 14% of the variation between employed and unemployed
 28   II,     5.  5.  3   |          et al (2004): Latitudinal variation in the prevalence of multiple
 29   II,     5.  5.  3   |              Regional and temporal variation in the incidence of multiple
 30   II,     5.  5.  3   |        Another potential source of variation is differences in diagnostic
 31   II,     5.  6.  3   |            result in inter-country variation.~The incidence and rate
 32   II,     5.  6.  3   |          there is any geographical variation in prevalence.~ ~In many
 33   II,     5.  6.  3   |            demonstrated three-fold variation across Europe and up to
 34   II,     5.  6.  3   |          Europe and up to two-fold variation within European countries
 35   II,     5.  6.  6   |            H (2003): International Variation in Hip Replacement Rates.
 36   II,     5.  7.  3   |            States.~ ~Socioeconomic variation in incidence~ ~As for prevalence
 37   II,     5.  7.  7   |           age-related and temporal variation in the incidence of end-stage
 38   II,     5.  8.  7   |          Manca anno) International variation in the prevalence of COPD (
 39   II,     5.  9.  3   |            and 36% of centre level variation explained), hay fever (61
 40   II,     5.  9.  4   |           substantial geographical variation in the prevalence of sensitization
 41   II,     5.  9.  4   |           widely. The geographical variation of sensitization to environmental
 42   II,     5.  9.  4   |      fractions did not reflect the variation in the levels of IgE anti-Ova.
 43   II,     5. 10.  1   |            FA shows a geographical variation and is strongly linked to
 44   II,     5. 10.  1   |    explanation to the geographical variation in FA lies in the level
 45   II,     5. 10.  2   |  associated with the international variation in asthma prevalence throughout
 46   II,     5. 11.  3   |            pointed to considerable variation in disease prevalence and
 47   II,     5. 11.  7   |     examination of possible ethnic variation. Br J Dermatol 1995;132:
 48   II,     5. 12.  3   |       women. Given the substantial variation in absolute values across
 49   II,     5. 12.  3   |            introduced. Some of the variation may, however, be due to
 50   II,     5. 12.  4   |             short-term substantial variation in cirrhosis mortality following
 51   II,     5. 14.  2   |          country. In addition, the variation in methodological aspects
 52   II,     6.  3.  2   |           the Union. Intra-country variation is also reported to be significant
 53   II,     6.  3.  2   |           countries shows a lot of variation. Furthermore, there may
 54   II,     6.  3.  5   |       countries, and may reflect a variation in the vaccine coverage
 55   II,     6.  3.  5   |       women first) together with a variation in notification (more attention
 56   II,     6.  3.  6   |    undercooked meat.~There is wide variation in the consistency of reporting,
 57   II,     7.  3.  4   |      accidents shows a significant variation between Member States due
 58   II,     9           |           states, there is a large variation in both groups.~ ~Smoking
 59   II,     9           |           drinking. Cross-cultural variation in the way people behave
 60   II,     9.  1.  1   |        difficulties can arise from variation in case definition and in
 61   II,     9.  1.  1   |        live births (Ireland). This variation depends greatly on the rate
 62   II,     9.  1.  1   |      Alexander S, Breart G (2007): Variation in rates of postterm birth
 63   II,     9.  1.  2   |            now of two main typesvariation in the prevalence of risk
 64   II,     9.  1.  2   |         prevalence, and additional variation in prenatal detection and
 65   II,     9.  1.  2   |           000 births. Geographical variation in total prevalence corresponds
 66   II,     9.  1.  2   |      resulted in an over four-fold variation in live birth prevalence
 67   II,     9.  1.  2   |            resulted in a very wide variation in live birth prevalence
 68   II,     9.  1.  2   |        thirds of cases. Geographic variation within Europe has consistently
 69   II,     9.  1.  2   |           states, there is a large variation in both groups.~ ~Smoking
 70   II,     9.  1.  2   |      pregnancy have shown enormous variation between and within countries (
 71   II,     9.  1.  2   |           Garne et al, 2005). Such variation may result from cultural
 72   II,     9.  1.  2   |            diagnosis of anomalies. Variation in the quality of screening
 73   II,     9.  2.  2   | socio-economic factors.~ ~Cultural variation: Context can have as much
 74   II,     9.  2.  3(2)|          avoided due to the marked variation in the recognition and presentation
 75   II,     9.  2.  3   |            There is cross-national variation and marked gender difference
 76   II,     9.  2.  4   |           drinking. Cross-cultural variation in the way people behave
 77   II,     9.  2.  6   |       varies. The development of a variation for children of a measurement
 78   II,     9.  3.  1   |      individual and radical/ethnic variation in age at natural menopause,
 79   II,     9.  3.  1   |    Programme explored geographical variation of depression in older people,
 80   II,     9.  3.  2   |             there is a substantial variation in Europe. In many cases,
 81   II,     9.  3.  2   |          also illustrate the large variation between European countries
 82   II,     9.  3.  2   |      Alexander S, Breart G (2007): Variation in rates of postterm birth
 83   II,     9.  4.  3   |            of age. There is a wide variation in the total diabetes prevalence
 84   II,     9.  4.  3   |           differences reflect true variation in risk by socio-economic
 85   II,     9.  5.  3   |             2006).~ ~There is wide variation in the legislative means
 86   II,     9.  5.  3   |         not explain cross-cultural variation in behaviour when people
 87  III,    10.  2.  1   |           OECD countries. There is variation in the wording of the question,
 88  III,    10.  2.  1   |            there is a considerable variation in levels of recorded consumption,
 89  III,    10.  2.  1   |           the 1960s, the amount of variation has more than halved (Anderson &
 90  III,    10.  2.  1   |           of many years of gradual variation, it is also possible for
 91  III,    10.  2.  1   |            IDUs shows considerable variation in the EU (Figure 10.2.3.
 92  III,    10.  2.  1   |             although inter-country variation is still observable and
 93  III,    10.  2.  1   |           of caries risk. Examiner variation may have contributed to
 94  III,    10.  2.  1   |             2005).~ ~Socioeconomic variation~ ~An increased prevalence
 95  III,    10.  2.  4   |      disease and inherited genetic variation to biological markers of
 96  III,    10.  2.  4   |          Nieters A (2006): Genetic variation in TNF and IL10 and risk
 97  III,    10.  4.  3   |          2003. There is a regional variation. In the Nordic- and some
 98  III,    10.  5.  1   |       national data and shows what variation in the quality of living
 99  III,    10.  5.  2   |            care. Key dimensions of variation between urban and rural
100  III,    10.  6.  1   |         support. There was a major variation between countries, perhaps
101   IV,    11.  1.  5   |        driving a large part of the variation.~ ~Table 11.2. Perceived
102   IV,    11.  2       |           although there is a wide variation across countries in the
103   IV,    11.  2.  1   |       waiting times; although some variation can be seen across countries.
104   IV,    11.  3.  1   |             There is a substantial variation in the supply of physicians
105   IV,    11.  6.  1   |          appears to be significant variation across the region in per
106   IV,    11.  6.  3   |     systems, there is considerable variation across countries. Comparing
107   IV,    11.  6.  4   |     socioeconomic status (and cost variation)~Estonia~Taxation Agency~
108   IV,    13.  6.  2   |           have other systems. This variation cannot easily be reflected
109   IV,    13.  6.  2   |  particular challenge and a policy variation across Europe, concerns