Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1    I,     2.  4       |            services. The Structural funds will be used to support
  2    I,     2.  5       |            undertakings and pension funds, which needs to be well
  3   II,     5.  3.  2   |        illegal.~ ~Lack of dedicated funds or specialised structures
  4   II,     5. 14.  3   |   professional time and health care funds to patients who need more
  5  III,    10.  2.  1   |       effective way to spend health funds, after childhood immunization (
  6  III,    10.  6.  2   |            services. The Structural funds will be used to support
  7   IV,    11.  1.  3   |           with competitive sickness funds e.g. Germany and the Netherlands;~
  8   IV,    11.  1.  3   |       competition between insurance funds in systems with social insurance;
  9   IV,    11.  1.  5   |           Germany, health insurance funds impose data and documentation
 10   IV,    11.  1.  6   |           information for insurance funds improved, and hospital costs
 11   IV,    11.  1.  6   |           regulation, collection of funds and handling of insurance
 12   IV,    11.  1.  6   |          permitted between sickness funds, with the exception of Luxembourg (
 13   IV,    11.  1.  6   |         competing private insurance funds though with heavy state
 14   IV,    11.  6       |            and recent trends, which funds are collected and how they
 15   IV,    11.  6.  2   |            functions: collection of funds, pooling funds across time
 16   IV,    11.  6.  2   |        collection of funds, pooling funds across time and across the
 17   IV,    11.  6.  2   |             national pool of public funds which has positive implications
 18   IV,    11.  6.  2   |             by individual insurance funds. Some countries have introduced
 19   IV,    11.  6.  2   |            between health insurance funds to improve purchasing, though
 20   IV,    11.  6.  2   |           constraints.~ ~Collecting funds~ ~The sources of financing
 21   IV,    11.  6.  2   |         competing private insurance funds.~ ~Table 11.12. Financing
 22   IV,    11.  6.  2   |         individual health insurance funds, as in Austria, the Czech Republic,
 23   IV,    11.  6.  2(4)|       expenditure data classify all funds channelled through social
 24   IV,    11.  6.  2(4)|            through social insurance funds as social insurance contributions
 25   IV,    11.  6.  2(4)|    substantial amounts of tax-based funds that are allocated to insurance
 26   IV,    11.  6.  2(4)|          are allocated to insurance funds to subsidize for those who
 27   IV,    11.  6.  2   |          equalizing revenues across funds (Thomson, Foubister and
 28   IV,    11.  6.  2   |              For instance, multiple funds that can compete may improve
 29   IV,    11.  6.  2   |        there are multiple competing funds, as in the Czech Republic,
 30   IV,    11.  6.  2   |            limit the incentives for funds to cream skim healthier
 31   IV,    11.  6.  2   |         will be in place to collect funds centrally (Thomson, Foubister
 32   IV,    11.  6.  2   |         Relying on health insurance funds to collect resources may
 33   IV,    11.  6.  2   |          revenue from the insurance funds (in Romania for the employed
 34   IV,    11.  6.  2   |             making health insurance fundsrevenue less vulnerable
 35   IV,    11.  6.  2   |          tax transfers to insurance funds were introduced to cover
 36   IV,    11.  6.  2   |        citizenship. Former sickness funds have been given private
 37   IV,    11.  6.  2   |          while the aim of competing funds and choice of insurer relies
 38   IV,    11.  6.  2   |            the presence of multiple funds, the insurance market is
 39   IV,    11.  6.  2   |             number of mergers among funds. Twenty years ago there
 40   IV,    11.  6.  2   |            years ago there were 100 funds, while currently there are
 41   IV,    11.  6.  2   |            are 19 private insurance funds, but only 5 when one considers
 42   IV,    11.  6.  2   |             insurance companies and funds (in Belgium, Denmark, Finland,
 43   IV,    11.  6.  4   |             social health insurance funds (Table 11.14), the resources
 44   IV,    11.  6.  4   |          resources generated by the funds may be pooled and then distributed
 45   IV,    11.  6.  4   |             then distributed to the funds. Pooling enhances efficiency
 46   IV,    11.  6.  4   |       separated. In most countries, funds are pooled at a single,
 47   IV,    11.  6.  4   |         individual health insurance funds are responsible for collecting
 48   IV,    11.  6.  4   |             and about 290 insurance funds, respectively) 100% of funds
 49   IV,    11.  6.  4   |        funds, respectively) 100% of funds are redistributed; the Czech Republic
 50   IV,    11.  6.  4   |            population for which the funds were pooled. Purchasing
 51   IV,    11.  6.  4   |   purchasers (e.g. social insurance funds), whereas in countries with
 52   IV,    11.  6.  4   |        distribution of resources of funds, ensuring equal access for
 53   IV,    11.  6.  4   |             possibility of sickness funds engaging in risk selection
 54   IV,    11.  6.  4   |        there is competition between funds (as in Belgium, the Czech Republic,
 55   IV,    11.  6.  4   |    governments and health insurance funds are often reluctant to surrender
 56   IV,    11.  6.  4   |          amongst competing sickness funds in social insurance systems,
 57   IV,    11.  6.  4   |      potential for health insurance funds to identify and preferentially
 58   IV,    11.  6.  4   |           to adjust for risk. Thus, funds still have strong financial
 59   IV,    11.  6.  4   |         competition among insurance funds (van de Ven et al 2007).~ ~
 60   IV,    11.  6.  4   |        Collection and allocation of funds, and description of the
 61   IV,    11.  6.  4   | institutions~Each fund allocates~22 funds~No risk pooling across funds.
 62   IV,    11.  6.  4   |        funds~No risk pooling across funds. No capitation.~Belgium~
 63   IV,    11.  6.  4   |            100 competitive sickness funds~Age, sex, unemployment,
 64   IV,    11.  6.  4   |           Regional Health Insurance Funds (insurance revenue).~ ~Insurance
 65   IV,    11.  6.  4   |          fund + 7 sector/enterprise funds*~Each fund allocates~*~ ~
 66   IV,    11.  6.  4   |            age~Germany~355 sickness funds~Federal Insurance Office~
 67   IV,    11.  6.  4   |            355 competitive sickness funds~Age, sex (and fund’s income
 68   IV,    11.  6.  4   |             social health insurance funds. Ministry of Finance. Ministry
 69   IV,    11.  6.  4   |      allocates to NHS and insurance funds to cover deficits.~30 sickness
 70   IV,    11.  6.  4   |         cover deficits.~30 sickness funds (employment based)~No capitation.
 71   IV,    11.  6.  4   |        Latvia~State~SCHIA allocates funds to 8 regional funds~ ~Size
 72   IV,    11.  6.  4   |       allocates funds to 8 regional funds~ ~Size and age structure~
 73   IV,    11.  6.  4   |        Luxembourg~Union of Sickness Funds~Union of Sickness Funds~
 74   IV,    11.  6.  4   |             Funds~Union of Sickness Funds~9 sickness funds (employment
 75   IV,    11.  6.  4   |           Sickness Funds~9 sickness funds (employment based)~No capitation.
 76   IV,    11.  6.  4   |             26 competitive sickness funds~Age, sex, welfare or disability
 77   IV,    11.  6.  4   |            DRGs)~Poland~16 regional funds + 1 trade fund~Each fund
 78   IV,    11.  6.  4   |           District health insurance funds and 2 national funds administered
 79   IV,    11.  6.  4   |      insurance funds and 2 national funds administered by Ministries
 80   IV,    11.  6.  4   |     Ministry of Health~42 insurance funds and 2 national funds~mix
 81   IV,    11.  6.  4   |      insurance funds and 2 national funds~mix of population risks~
 82   IV,    11.  6.  4   |             Switzerland~93 sickness funds~Joint Organization of Insurers (
 83   IV,    11.  6.  4   |            18)~Competitive sickness funds~Age, sex, region (and fund’
 84   IV,    11.  6.  4   |           Finance; Social insurance funds (SSK; GERF; Bag-Kur)~Ministry
 85   IV,    11.  6.  4   |            Health; Social insurance funds~Ministry of Health; Social
 86   IV,    11.  6.  4   |            Health; Social insurance funds~none~Wales~HM Revenue and
 87   IV,    11.  6.  4   |         Czech partner, since 2007 8 funds are present in Czech Republic;
 88   IV,    11.  6.  4   |            in Czech Republic; these funds are also purchasers of health
 89   IV,    11.  6.  4   |          hope that health insurance funds could collect additional
 90   IV,    12.Acr       |           Life Years~SFs~Structural Funds~WHO~World Health Organisation~ ~ ~ ~
 91   IV,    12.  1       |             structural and cohesion funds that, among others, also
 92   IV,    12.  3       |          resources (e.g. structural funds and the PROGRESS fund);and~·
 93   IV,    12.  5       |        other Community policies and funds; improve solidarity between
 94   IV,    12.  8       |           can use the EU Structural Funds for regional health investment
 95   IV,    12.  8       |        countries. The EU Structural Funds, together with the EEA and
 96   IV,    12. 10       |         organisations like sickness funds, sports clubs, automobile
 97   IV,    12. 10       |          system (Statutory Sickness Funds, Accident Insurance and
 98   IV,    12. 10       |      communal authorities, sickness funds, private organizations,
 99   IV,    12. 10       |            SGB V Statutory Sickness Funds can grant (financial) incentives
100   IV,    12. 10       |             manufactures, insurance funds, and patient organizations
101   IV,    13.  5       |            services. The structural funds should be used to support
102   IV,    13.  7.  3   |      national and European research funds have an important potential