Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

  1    I,     2.  2       |            not reduce their travel expenditure severely. Taking into account
  2    I,     2.  6       |          share of public education expenditure varies across countries
  3   II,     5.  3.Acr   |        Antigen~TNEH~Total National Expenditure on Health~WCRF~World Cancer
  4   II,     5.  3.  6   |     correlated with total national expenditure on health (TNEH) for most
  5   II,     5.  4.  2   |          tolerance. Data of health expenditure are also provided. Currently,
  6   II,     5.  5.  3   |            amount of mental health expenditure. Families of people affected
  7   II,     5.  5.  3   |     national income and healthcare expenditure per capita. The results
  8   II,     5.  8.  3   |             In Sweden, the largest expenditure for patients with FEV1 below
  9   II,     5.  9. FB   |           by generating additional expenditure for health care systems
 10   II,     5.  9.  3   |           by generating additional expenditure for health care systems
 11   II,     5. 13       |       Branca et al, 2007b): health expenditure per inhabitant attributable
 12  III,    10.  1.  1   |            Energy input and energy expenditure are direct modulators of
 13  III,    10.  1.  1   |        amount of energy intake and expenditure as well as patterns of both
 14  III,    10.  1.  1   |          days) increases in energy expenditure, while increases in physical activity
 15  III,    10.  1.  1   |            coupling between energy expenditure and energy intake may be
 16  III,    10.  1.  1   |          between energy intake and expenditure increases: lean subjects
 17  III,    10.  1.  1   |           balance the extra energy expenditure through increased energy
 18  III,    10.  1.  1   |       altered by changes in energy expenditure. The literature is not unanimous
 19  III,    10.  1.  1   |        accurately assessing energy expenditure and intake create an uncertainty
 20  III,    10.  1.  3   |            coupling between energy expenditure and energy intake. Int J
 21  III,    10.  1.  3   |            exercise-induced energy expenditure? Proc Nutr Soc 58:107-113.~
 22  III,    10.  1.  3   |        Schneiter Ph (2003): Energy expenditure, physical activity and body-weight
 23  III,    10.  2.  1   |           the relationship between expenditure on commercial communications,
 24  III,    10.  2.  1   |          have found that increased expenditure on advertising is associated
 25  III,    10.  2.  1   |     muscles that results in energy expenditure above resting level (Caspersen
 26  III,    10.  2.  1   |   significant proportion of health expenditure is related to costs incurred
 27  III,    10.  2.  1   |       Branca et al, 2007b): health expenditure per inhabitant attributable
 28  III,    10.  4.  5   |            estimated costs. Annual expenditure on the management of contaminated
 29  III,    10.  4.  5   |        approximately 35 % of total expenditure in the surveyed countries
 30  III,    10.  5.  3   |          turns out in lower health expenditure. Observed effects are, among
 31   IV,    11.  1.  1   |          care, including trends in expenditure, sources of financing, progressiveness
 32   IV,    11.  1.  2   |      comparative figures on health expenditure, health care resources –
 33   IV,    11.  1.  3   |       practice. On average, public expenditure on healthcare per capita
 34   IV,    11.  1.  3   |           11.1. Private and Public expenditure ($US 2004) on healthcare
 35   IV,    11.  1.  6   |           on aggregate measures of expenditure and health status; thus
 36   IV,    11.  1.  6   |          health system features or expenditure and outcomes.~ ~Health system
 37   IV,    11.  1.  6   |            insurance claims. Often expenditure in this area can be used
 38   IV,    11.  2.  2   |         interpreting public health expenditure data: some public health
 39   IV,    11.  3.  2   |       consistent pattern of health expenditure growth was seen in most
 40   IV,    11.  3.  2   |         one of the main drivers of expenditure in the health system. Indeed,
 41   IV,    11.  3.  2   |           exist, the proportion of expenditure allocated to pharmaceuticals
 42   IV,    11.  3.  2   |       sources of financing. Public expenditure on pharmaceuticals is less
 43   IV,    11.  3.  2   |        Estimates of pharmaceutical expenditure include both prescription
 44   IV,    11.  3.  2   |     proportion (%) of total health expenditure, 1990-2005~ ~Pharmaceutical
 45   IV,    11.  3.  2   |          to control pharmaceutical expenditure is price regulation. Common
 46   IV,    11.  3.  2   |        return on capital). Because expenditure depends on a combination
 47   IV,    11.  3.  2   |           effective in controlling expenditure since savings could be offset
 48   IV,    11.  3.  2   |           they have slowed overall expenditure growth.~ ~In containing
 49   IV,    11.  6       |      financed, including levels of expenditure and recent trends, which
 50   IV,    11.  6.  1   |                     11.6.1. Health expenditure patterns and trends~ ~OECD
 51   IV,    11.  6.  1   |          that have faced continual expenditure growth there have been no
 52   IV,    11.  6.  1   |      cutting other areas of public expenditure, shifting to private sources
 53   IV,    11.  6.  1   |  controlling growth in health care expenditure but rather economic growth.
 54   IV,    11.  6.  1   |             In Finland, healthcare expenditure growth slowed in the 1990s
 55   IV,    11.  6.  1   |    resulted in large-scale cuts in expenditure, especially public expenditure.
 56   IV,    11.  6.  1   |     expenditure, especially public expenditure. Since the mid-1990s most
 57   IV,    11.  6.  1   |         seen a gradual increase in expenditure, with especially high levels
 58   IV,    11.  6.  1   |           the region in per capita expenditure: the lowest is seen in Romania,
 59   IV,    11.  6.  1   |     Switzerland. Per capita health expenditure over the last 10 years clearly
 60   IV,    11.  6.  1   |           Europe. Though levels of expenditure among the highest spending
 61   IV,    11.  6.  1   |     continued growth in healthcare expenditure across Europe include increases
 62   IV,    11.  6.  1   |             that impact healthcare expenditure. The process of accession
 63   IV,    11.  6.  1   |          with measuring healthcare expenditure and drawing comparisons
 64   IV,    11.  6.  1   |            11.9. Total health care expenditure as a percentage of GDP,
 65   IV,    11.  6.  1   |           11.10. Total health care expenditure per capita ($PPP in USD),
 66   IV,    11.  6.  2   |            a high degree of public expenditure. Table 11.11 shows that
 67   IV,    11.  6.  2   |         public share (%) of health expenditure is in most countries higher
 68   IV,    11.  6.  2   |            averaged 90% of private expenditure from out-of-pocket payments,
 69   IV,    11.  6.  2   |            share of private health expenditure in all countries. Private
 70   IV,    11.  6.  2   |           as a proportion of total expenditure and a proportion of private
 71   IV,    11.  6.  2   |            a proportion of private expenditure in some countries, for example
 72   IV,    11.  6.  2   |                Table 11.11. Public expenditure as a percentage (%) of total
 73   IV,    11.  6.  2   |     percentage (%) of total health expenditure, 1990-2005~ ~European healthcare
 74   IV,    11.  6.  2   |         savings), or some forms of expenditure are tax-deductible (Van
 75   IV,    11.  6.  2   |            tax component of public expenditure is not always evident due
 76   IV,    11.  6.  2(4)|       notice that the WHO and OECD expenditure data classify all funds
 77   IV,    11.  6.  2   |       shift from public to private expenditure in many countries (as noted
 78   IV,    11.  6.  2   |            the majority of private expenditure is from out-of-pocket payments (
 79   IV,    11.  6.  2   |         proportion of total health expenditure in almost all EU Member
 80   IV,    11.  6.  2   |     remains well below 5% of total expenditure. Spending on PHI as a proportion
 81   IV,    11.  6.  2   |            a proportion of private expenditure is also relatively low,
 82   IV,    11.  6.  2   |       higher proportion of private expenditure in Germany (40%) and the
 83   IV,    11.  6.  2   |        significantly to healthcare expenditure despite some hopes that
 84   IV,    11.  6.  2   |     proportion of total healthcare expenditure in many European countries
 85   IV,    11.  6.  2   |          increasing share of total expenditure in 15 countries, with a
 86   IV,    11.  6.  2   |         proportion of total health expenditure, 2004~ ~Informal payments~ ~
 87   IV,    11.  6.  2   |         proportion of total health expenditure in CEE and CIS countries.
 88   IV,    11.  6.  2   |          about 30% of total health expenditure in Poland (Lewis, 2002).
 89   IV,    11.  6.  2   |             of total out-of-pocket expenditure (Belli 2003). A recent survey
 90   IV,    11.  6.  2   |         increased from 9% of total expenditure in 1992 to 21% in 1997 (
 91   IV,    11.  6.  3   |          reliance on out-of-pocket expenditure, payroll taxes with a ceiling
 92   IV,    11.  6.  4   |          their relative healthcare expenditure needs. Increasingly, in
 93   IV,    11.  6.  5   | Comparative Analysis of Taxes, Tax Expenditure Transfers and Direct Transfers
 94   IV,    12.  2       |           the relationship between expenditure on commercial communications,
 95   IV,    12.  2       |          have found that increased expenditure on advertising is associated
 96   IV,    12.  4       |        Decision of 26 June 1990 on expenditure in the veterinary field~(
 97   IV,    12.  5       |            care utilisation~Health expenditure and financing~Health care
 98   IV,    12. 10       |            monitoring activity and expenditure based around these plans.
 99   IV,    13.Acr       |         interpreting public health expenditure data as some public health
100   IV,    13.  3       |         impact of ageing on public expenditure: projections for the EU25
101  Key,   Ap5.  0.  0   |            expectancies~expectancy~expenditure~expenditures~exposure~exposures~