Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

 1   II,     4.  1    |        currently around 70, while females had 75 and 78 respectively.
 2   II,     5.  5.  1|           1:9 for males, 1:42 for females) (Schmidtke et al, 2004).~ ~
 3   II,     5.  5.  1|         15-64 and 65+ age groups, females in all countries have much
 4   II,     5.  5.  3|         common in adolescents and females (Levey, 2006). Levey (2006)
 5   II,     5.  5.  3|     increase among 15-24-year-old females was noticed from 1935 to
 6   II,     5.  5.  3|     increase among 15-24-year-old females was noticed from 1935 to
 7   II,     5.  5.  3|         rate among 10-14-year-old females has risen since the 1950s
 8   II,     5.  5.  3| prevalence rate of 0.3% for young females in Western Europe and the
 9   II,     5.  5.  3|          is 1% for 15-24-year-old females. 0.1% of young men are bulimic
10   II,     5.  5.  3|    bulimia affects 30 per 100.000 females, whereby the incidence rate
11   II,     5.  5.  3|       group (i.e., 2024-year-old females) shows an incidence rate
12   II,     5.  5.  3|          for males and 579006 for females (Mathers et al, 2006).~Deficits
13   II,     5.  5.  3|     disorder which affects mostly females and usually develops between
14   II,     5.  5.  3|         studies, the dominance in females and males has been found
15   II,     5.  6.  3|              OA is more common in females, increasing at the age of
16   II,     5.  6.  3|    impairment, particularly among females.~ ~OA was estimated to be
17   II,     5.  6.  3|          36 per 100,000 for adult females. Estimates of the prevalence
18   II,     5.  7.  3|           higher in males than in females (Table 5.7.3). Whereas incidence
19   II,     5.  7.  3|    countries and more frequent in females than in males. The higher
20   II,     5.  7.  3|       higher prevalence on CKD in females, which flies in the face
21   II,     5.  7.  3|         et al, 1999), is lower in females than in males. Furthermore,
22   II,     5.  7.  3|     Viktorsdottir et al, 2005) in females (Figure 5.7.3), while higher
23   II,     5.  7.  3|       either similar in males and females (Germany, Italy) or higher
24   II,     5.  7.  3|      Germany, Italy) or higher in females (Belgium (Van Biesen et
25   II,     5.  7.  3|       higher in males compared to females (Table 5.7.7). Prevalence
26   II,     5.  7.  3|    countries and more frequent in females than in males. The higher
27   II,     5.  7.  3|       higher prevalence on CKD in females, which flies in the face
28   II,     5.  7.  3|         et al, 1999), is lower in females than in males. Furthermore,
29   II,     5.  8.  3|          40% in males and 140% in females between 1994 and 2015 (Feenstra
30   II,     5.  8.  3|            in males and by 90% in females (from 1.0 to 2.9 per 1 000)
31   II,     5.  8.  3|          3, 0.4, respectively, in females.~ ~Mortality.~ ~Although
32   II,     5.  8.  3|   fat-free mass index (FFMI) <15 (females) or <16 (males) kg/m2) in
33   II,     5.  9.  3|         puberty, in particular in females, and is characterized by
34   II,     5.  9.  4|           the onset of puberty in females an unlikely contributory
35   II,     5.  9.  4|      symptomatic males but not in females may be in part responsible
36   II,     5.  9.  4| expression of asthma and atopy in females may also be implicated (
37   II,     5.  9.  4|         an incidence higher among females (2.9 cases.1000 person-yrs(-
38   II,     5.  9.  4|          in males (35.7%) than in females (28.8%). Skin sensitization
39   II,     5.  9.  4|         the males and 8.0% of the females (P=0.03). Analysis by multiple
40   II,     5. 11.  3| differences in prevalence between females and males correlates with
41   II,     5. 11.  3|        nickel allergy among young females with pierced skin has varied
42   II,     7.  3.  2|         injuries affect males and females disproportionately. The
43   II,     7.  3.  2|         000 males) than it is for females (35 per 100 000 females).
44   II,     7.  3.  2|           females (35 per 100 000 females). As a result, 66% of EU
45   II,     8.  2.  3|         Sweden (Odds Ratios males/females in the range 0.9-1.2), with
46   II,     8.  2.  3|          in men (Odd Ratios males/females in the range 1.5-2.3). Prevalence
47   II,     8.  2.  3|         be 3.3% (males) and 2.8% (females) in the WHO EUR-A epidemiological
48   II,     8.  2.  3|          males) and 4.3 YLD/1000 (females) in the WHO EURO A and to
49   II,     8.  2.  3|           3.3 YLD/1000 (males and females) in the WHO EURO B1 (WHO,
50   II,     9.  3.  1|      identified between males and females (Wizemann & Pardue, 2001)
51   II,     9.  3.  1|         times higher than that of females (Niederlaender, 2006). This
52   II,     9.  3.  1|        are consistently lower for females across the lifespan, while
53   II,     9.  3.  1|        and the Czech Republic for females. Mortalities in the recent
54   II,     9.  3.  1|         third of cases (36%) were females. For biological and social
55   II,     9.  3.  3|         but more among males than females. Risk reduction strategies
56   II,     9.  3.  3|         of age for both males and females (Weiss, 2008).~ ~ ~All over
57   II,     9.  4.  3|          during the 4th decade in females and in the 6th decade in
58   II,     9.  5.  1|          the European average for females, while in Latvia it is ten
59   II,     9.  5.  3|  developmental disorder~Males > > Females~Attention deficient hyperactivity
60   II,     9.  5.  3|         disorder (ADHD)~Males > > Females~Conduct disorders~Males > >
61   II,     9.  5.  3|       Conduct disorders~Males > > Females~Learning disability~Males > >
62   II,     9.  5.  3|     Learning disability~Males > > Females~Adolescence~Depression~Females > >
63   II,     9.  5.  3|    Females~Adolescence~Depression~Females > > Males~Deliberate self-harm~
64   II,     9.  5.  3|        Males~Deliberate self-harm~Females > Males~Eating disorders~
65   II,     9.  5.  3|            Males~Eating disorders~Females > > Males~Substance abuse~
66   II,     9.  5.  3|         Substance abuse~Males > > Females~Adulthood~Depression and
67   II,     9.  5.  3|  Adulthood~Depression and anxiety~Females > Males~Schizophrenia~Males =
68   II,     9.  5.  3|       Males~Schizophrenia~Males = Females~Bipolar disorder~Males =
69   II,     9.  5.  3|          Bipolar disorder~Males = Females~Substance abuse~Males > >
70   II,     9.  5.  3|         Substance abuse~Males > > Females~Old agea~Dementias~Females >
71   II,     9.  5.  3|        Females~Old agea~Dementias~Females > Males~Depression~Females >
72   II,     9.  5.  3|        Females > Males~Depression~Females > Males~Psychoses~Females > >
73   II,     9.  5.  3|         Females > Males~Psychoses~Females > > Males~> prevalence is
74   II,     9.  5.  3|      Percentage of 25-64 year old females with at least upper secondary
75   II,     9.  5.  3|        shown that in the UK young females are most likely to drink
76   II,     9.  5.  3|      nutrients. Poor nutrition in females can reduce learning and
77  III,    10.  2.  1|      declining for both males and females. In Eastern Europe, mortality
78  III,    10.  2.  1|      while still increasing among females.~ ~Cigarette smoking harms
79  III,    10.  2.  1|    Reduced fertility in males and females~- Earlier onset of menopause~-
80  III,    10.  2.  1|       prevalence among males than females, especially when considering
81  III,    10.  2.  1|        and 10-50 times higher for females, than that of the general
82  III,    10.  2.  1|      well-being and body image of females: predictors of greatest
83  III,    10.  3.  4|   amounting to 92% of all deaths. Females were particularly affected.
84  III,    10.  5.  2|         rates in urban areas. For females, there is a similar trend
85  III,    10.  5.  2|         an increased mortality in females irrespective of the settlement
86  III,    10.  5.  2|          categories for males and females.~ ~Figure 10.5.2.5. Correlation
87  III,    10.  5.  2|      urban and rural settlements, females~ ~One of the few national
88  III,    10.  5.  2|         2006). However, for rural females less problems were noticed
89  III,    10.  6.  1|       individual social networks. Females tend to have stronger social
90  III,    10.  6.  3|         were much lower than from females. On average, 0.5% of male
91   IV,    13.  2.  2|        for males, and 579 006 for females, respectively. Mild mental
92  Key,   Ap5.  0.  0|           feeling~feelings~female~females~fertility~fetus~fetuses~