Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

 1    I,     2. 10.  3|           between points of care (hospitals, laboratories and homes)
 2    I,     2. 10.  3|      namely health cards, virtual hospitals and provision of health-related
 3    I,     2. 10.  4|          systems and processes in hospitals are unable to efficiently
 4    I,     2. 10.  4|         all stock-on-hand in most hospitals is waste of working capital,
 5    I,     2. 10.  4|         identification systems in hospitals today is very low: it is
 6    I,     2. 10.  4|   estimated that less than 10% of hospitals currently use bar-codes
 7    I,     2. 10.  4|           much larger extent than hospitals and use it at the point
 8    I,     2. 10.  4|           at the point of sale.~ ~Hospitals have delayed investment
 9   II,     5.  3.  2|    several sources (e.g. district hospitals, cancer centres, hospices,
10   II,     5.  3.  2|        centres, hospices, private hospitals, screening registries, other
11   II,     5.  4.  2|       highly heterogeneous across hospitals and territories. An admission
12   II,     5.  4.  2|        are frequently recorded in hospitals.~A particular case of outcome
13   II,     5.  4.  2|      information obtained through hospitals and health insurances only
14   II,     5.  5.Int|         inpatient beds in general hospitals for short term treatment.
15   II,     5.  5.  3|  discharge rates from psychiatric hospitals between Finland and Norway.
16   II,     5.  5.  3|          admission to psychiatric hospitals. Therefore, there is an
17   II,     5.  5.  3|       psychiatric beds in general hospitals (10%) than the world average (
18   II,     5.  5.  3|           to rely on large mental hospitals to provide care for people
19   II,     5.  5.  3|          at the interface between hospitals and community care;~· to
20   II,     6.  3.  2|           in healthcare settings. Hospitals, especially intensive care
21   II,     6.  3.  2| differentiate antibiotic usage in hospitals and outpatient settings.
22   II,     6.  3.  2|           surveillance network of hospitals, whereby individual rates
23   II,     6.  3.  2|      those of other participating hospitals and services as a measure
24   II,     6.  3.  6|          places, such as schools, hospitals and cruise ships are on
25   II,     6.  4.  3|          systems being stretched, hospitals saturated, transport and
26   II,     7.  2.  6|        from selected Member State hospitals. This data is aggregated
27   II,     7.  3.  1|       injuries treated outside of hospitals (“All medically treated
28   II,     7.  3.  1|           injuries are treated in hospitals, making them an important
29   II,     9.  1.  1|         in nine European referral hospitals: descriptive study. Eur
30   II,     9.  1.  2|           some countries, private hospitals do not make their data available,
31   II,     9.  1.  2|          their data available, or hospitals do not use a standard coding
32   II,     9.  2.  5|     initiatives for Baby Friendly Hospitals (UNICEF, 1991), and for
33   II,     9.  2.  5|           children to appropriate hospitals in Europe (EACH, 1988).
34   II,     9.  2.  6|  statistical reporting systems in hospitals and primary care to seek
35   II,     9.  3.  1|         inpatient beds in general hospitals for short term treatment.
36   II,     9.  3.  2|         in nine European referral hospitals: descriptive study. Eur
37   II,     9.  4.  3|        older patients in thirteen hospitals in ten European countries
38   II,     9.  4.  5|        patients attending general hospitals as medical emergencies is
39  III,    10.  2.  1|  countries still allow smoking in hospitals and schools;~· Only 5% of
40  III,    10.  3.  3|          places, such as schools, hospitals and cruise ships are on
41  III,    10.  3.  4|   response and recovery periods . Hospitals, ambulances, retirement
42   IV,    11.  1.  5|    managed by teams in university hospitals. Despite being voluntary,
43   IV,    11.  1.  5|      economic use of medicines in hospitals in accordance with government
44   IV,    11.  1.  5|     information services based in hospitals have been developed to facilitate
45   IV,    11.  1.  5|      collection efforts on German hospitals to monitor performance on
46   IV,    11.  1.  5|           and, consequently, have hospitals stays 8 to 12 days longer
47   IV,    11.  1.  5|      professionals and individual hospitals, as well as the physical
48   IV,    11.  1.  6|        and case-based payment for hospitals).~ ~Fee-for-service is an
49   IV,    11.  1.  6|        while England includes all hospitals to determine average costs (
50   IV,    11.  1.  6|      determine average costs (300 hospitals), the Netherlands chooses
51   IV,    11.  1.  6|           the Netherlands chooses hospitals that are representative
52   IV,    11.  1.  6|        including 23 or 22% of all hospitals using DRGs), Italy, Germany
53   IV,    11.  1.  6|           and Spain include those hospitals with predefined cost accounting
54   IV,    11.  1.  6|            1%), 214 (12%), and 18 hospitals respectively). There is
55   IV,    11.  1.  6|   representative of the country’s hospitals (Schreyogg et al, 2006).
56   IV,    11.  1.  6|    differing degrees. In Austria, hospitals became more cost conscious,
57   IV,    11.  2.  1|          transfer care outside of hospitals because of the perceived
58   IV,    11.  2.  1|           the declining number of hospitals and hospital beds in many
59   IV,    11.  2.  1|          see below). Care outside hospitals is organized in different
60   IV,    11.  2.  1|         1990-2005~ ~The number of hospitals has seen a decreasing trend
61   IV,    11.  2.  1|           whole EU, the number of hospitals declined from 3.82 per 100,
62   IV,    11.  2.  1|         thus, a reduction of 0.72 hospitals), compared to a reduction
63   IV,    11.  2.  1|   compared to a reduction in 0.89 hospitals in the EU15 and an increase
64   IV,    11.  2.  1|           and an increase of 0.8. hospitals in the new Member States (
65   IV,    11.  2.  1|         average length of stay in hospitals has also decreased substantially
66   IV,    11.  3    |           physical resources e.g. hospitals and hospital beds, have
67   IV,    11.  5.  1|         process is carried out by hospitals or professionals falling
68   IV,    11.  6.  4|           Furthermore, to compare hospitals or populations, it is necessary
69   IV,    11.  6.  4|       benchmark (i.e. the pool of hospitals or reference populations
70   IV,    11.  6.  5|          McKee M, Healy J (2002): Hospitals in a changing Europe. Oxford,
71   IV,    12.  2    |  countries still allow smoking in hospitals and schools;~Only 5% of
72   IV,    12.  5    |          on health care supply in hospitals and medical practice)~-
73   IV,    12. 10    |     German network for smoke-free Hospitals (member of European network
74   IV,    12. 10    |   European network for smoke-free hospitals)~www – German non-smokers
75   IV,    12. 10    |           are on waiting lists at hospitals beyond a specific length
76   IV,    12. 10    |            Cancer ControlAcute HospitalsDisability and Mental
77   IV,    12. 10    |         appropriate activity from hospitals to community-based settings. ~ ~
78   IV,    12. 10    |   technology assessment. ~ ~Acute Hospitals~The Government is committed
79   IV,    12. 10    |          the development of acute hospitals include:~· Hospital networks
80   IV,    12. 10    |        private patients to public hospitals.~· Reduction in inappropriate
81   IV,    12. 10    |            Super Markets, Hotels, Hospitals, etc. A dynamic advertising
82   IV,    12. 10    |          with the above Decision, hospitals have to be obtained with
83   IV,    12. 10    |    hazardous medical waste. Also, hospitals are obliged to use different
84   IV,    12. 10    |          low income in the public hospitals and other health institutions
85   IV,    12. 10    | concerning work-related issues in hospitals in 1998 was founded the
86   IV,    12. 10    |       Network of Health Promoting Hospitals (HNHPH-www.neahygeia.gr/
87   IV,    12. 10    |    European Network of Smoke Free Hospitals. It aims to:~- Health promotion
88   IV,    12. 10    | Health promotion and education of hospitals employees~- Improvement
89   IV,    12. 10    |         specialized medical care (hospitals other than those at health
90   IV,    13.  6.  2|                          13.6.2.1 Hospitals~ ~Children do not occupy
91  Key,   Ap5.  0.  0|  hospitalization~hospitalizations~hospitals~household~households~housewives~