Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

 1    I,     2.  5    |      particularly sustained for the male section of the population,
 2   II,     4.  1    |       healthy life years~ ~In 1980, male life expectancy was around
 3   II,     4.  1    |             the largest increase in male life expectancy over the
 4   II,     5.  1.  1|       Parkin et al, 2005). Although male lung cancer incidence is
 5   II,     5.  3.  4|       Parkin et al, 2005). Although male lung cancer incidence is
 6   II,     5.  3.  5|      account (with the exception of male incidence in Eastern Europe).
 7   II,     5.  3.  5|         other macro-areas) both for male incidence and mortality.~ ~
 8   II,     5.  3.  5|             000). Finland had lower male incidence rate compared
 9   II,     5.  3.  5|           for men (Figure 5.3.10a). Male mortality rates (Figure
10   II,     5.  3.  5|            000). Sweden had a lower male incidence rate compared
11   II,     5.  3.  7|        frequent cancers also in the male population. Reductions in
12   II,     5.  4.  8|             and causes of trends in male diabetes prevalence, undiagnosed
13   II,     5.  5.  1|          global top 15 countries in male suicide rates, and five
14   II,     5.  5.  3|  nonetheless, 10% of cases occur in male. Both anorexia and bulimia
15   II,     5.  5.  3|            between the incidence in male and female populations (
16   II,     5.  5.  3|             and female populations (male:female ratio = 1.4); moreover,
17   II,     5.  5.  3|             000 in men, with female:male ratios between 1.1 and 3.
18   II,     5.  6.  3|            age there is a female to male incidence ratio of approximately
19   II,     5.  6.  3|          the age-adjusted female to male ratio being 4:1), and around
20   II,     5.  6.  6|            hand osteoarthritis in a male population. Arthritis Rheum
21   II,     5.  8.  3|     function was observed in 4% for male never smokers (9% in women).
22   II,     5.  8.  3|        female (18% and 40%) than in male COPD patients (10% and 20%).
23   II,     5.  8.  4|         function ranged from 4% for male never smokers (9% in women)
24   II,     5.  8.  4|             9% in women) to 41% for male continuous smokers (31%
25   II,     5.  8.  4|            been associated with the male gender (Siafakas et al,
26   II,     5.  8.  7|   persistent airflow obstruction in male smokers 40-65 years old.
27   II,     5.  9.  4|            noticeable change in the male to female ratio. In order
28   II,     5.  9.  4|             Over these 15 years the male to female ratio (M:F) significantly
29   II,     5. 10.  3|            in adults, the female to male ratio being around 3:2 in
30   II,     5. 12.  3|             substantial declines in male cirrhosis mortality were
31   II,     5. 12.  3|            countries had the lowest male cirrhosis mortality in 2000-
32   II,     6.  3.  3|        women than in men (female to male ratio, 1.5:1).~ ~A specific
33   II,     6.  3.  3|        higher in men than in women (male to female ratio, 4.4:1).~ ~
34   II,     6.  3.  3|           higher in men than women (male to female ratio, 2.3:1).~ ~ ~
35   II,     6.  3.  4|            is more common in males (male to female ratio, 1.7:1).
36   II,     7.  3.  2|            EU injury fatalities are male, 34% female (Figure 7.3).~ ~
37   II,     8.  1.  3|    limitations, compared with their male counterpart, to be involved
38   II,     9        |             is the leading cause of male disability in industrialised
39   II,     9.  2.  3|    universally.~ ~Eating disorders. Male and female adolescents tend
40   II,     9.  3.  1|          2006). Apart from very few male specific health risks in
41   II,     9.  3.  1|             men to account for this male to female life expectancy
42   II,     9.  3.  1|         women’s health.~ ~Even some male specific diseases are still
43   II,     9.  3.  1|            al, 2005). The idea of a male depressive syndrome, which
44   II,     9.  3.  1|           addressing the problem of male overweight and obesity.~ ~
45   II,     9.  3.  1|       experienced a 35% increase in male cases and a 32% rise in
46   II,     9.  3.  1|      describes ‘an inability of the male to achieve an erect penis
47   II,     9.  3.  1|             multifaceted process of male sexual function.’ (NIH consensus
48   II,     9.  3.  1|          has been the Massachusetts Male Ageing Study (MMAS). From
49   II,     9.  3.  1|             for the Study of Ageing Male (ISSAM) and the European
50   II,     9.  3.  1|             absence is for women in male dominated occupations. For
51   II,     9.  3.  1|             2003) The prevalence of male urinary incontinence in
52   II,     9.  3.  1|             results of the 'Cologne Male Survey'. International Journal
53   II,     9.  3.  1|              D (2007) The causes of male obesity and associated health
54   II,     9.  3.  1|           Hazardous Waist: tackling male weight problems. Radcliffe
55   II,     9.  3.  3| Particularly in Southern countries, male sexual initiation was very
56   II,     9.  3.  3|      compared to 21% of the general male population. Women with homosexual
57   II,     9.  4.  3|       Member State with the highest male and female mortality rate
58   II,     9.  4.  4|             is the leading cause of male disability in industrialised
59   II,     9.  5.  1|    mortality rate is lower than the male adult mortality rate in
60   II,     9.  5.  2|            to explain the differing male and female health experience~
61   II,     9.  5.  3|    Life-cycle stage~Mental disorder~Male: female difference~Childhood~
62   II,     9.  5.  3|          way they see themselves as male and female (Paechter, 2003).~ ~
63   II,     9.  5.  4|      including programmes to tackle male suicide and accidental death.~ ~ ~
64  III,    10.  1.  1|         1993). The evidence linking male alcohol consumption to intimate
65  III,    10.  2.  1|        women is still rising, while male mortality peaked in the
66  III,    10.  2.  1|         showed a decrease in total, male and female prevalence of
67  III,    10.  2.  1|          decrease of smoking in the male population between 2000
68  III,    10.  2.  1|        plateau at lower levels than male rates, while in some countries
69  III,    10.  2.  1|        experience is limited to its male populationfemale smoking
70  III,    10.  2.  1|        mouth, lung, and pancreas in male construction workers: a
71  III,    10.  2.  1|     involved in accidents find that male and female drivers at all
72  III,    10.  2.  1|           accounting for 12% of all male ill-health and premature
73  III,    10.  2.  1|          responsible for 29% of all male injuries and 19% of all
74  III,    10.  2.  1|        across the EU are young age, male gender, living in an urban
75  III,    10.  2.  1|         2001/2002 according to sex (Male/Female) was similar in Sweden (
76  III,    10.  2.  1|            intakes were observed in male Austrian elderly people
77  III,    10.  2.  1|            incidence of infections, male infertility and cardiovascular
78  III,    10.  5.  2|          average life expectancy of male children is one year higher (
79  III,    10.  5.  2|            in the Netherlands~ ~For male residents, the chart below
80  III,    10.  5.  2|       prevalence in urban and rural male citizens in the Netherlands~ ~
81  III,    10.  5.  2|             than in urban settings (Male: 909 in rural versus 597
82  III,    10.  5.  3|             Furthermore, 33% of the male and 22% of the female respondents
83  III,    10.  5.  3|            and the UK. Every second male worker in Greece, Latvia,
84  III,    10.  5.  3|          working days, particularly male workers. Shift work affects
85  III,    10.  5.  3|              More than every second male worker believes that he
86  III,    10.  6.  3|          was put to both female and male respondents45. Positive
87  III,    10.  6.  3|               Positive answers from male respondents were much lower
88  III,    10.  6.  3|        females. On average, 0.5% of male respondents recorded a sexual
89  Key,   Ap5.  0.  0|                    magnetic~malaria~male~males~malformations~malignancies~