Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

 1   II,     4.  1    |                    expectancies, showing for males even some drops over the
 2   II,     4.  1    |                   the 1980-2005 period. Here males had in 1980, on average,
 3   II,     5.  3.  5|                      was higher than that of males (46 vs 41 new cases per
 4   II,     5.  5.Int|                     and from 0.1% to 2.1% in males. There is often doubt about
 5   II,     5.  5.  1|              especially among women (1:9 for males, 1:42 for females) (Schmidtke
 6   II,     5.  5.  3|                earlier age of first onset in males) and place of living and
 7   II,     5.  5.  3|  schizophrenia-associated DALYs – 616544 for males and 579006 for females (
 8   II,     5.  5.  3|                     dominance in females and males has been found to shift
 9   II,     5.  6.  3|                     13 per 100,000 for adult males and 13-36 per 100,000 for
10   II,     5.  7.  3|                   with age and was higher in males than in females (Table 5.
11   II,     5.  7.  3|                  frequent in females than in males. The higher prevalence on
12   II,     5.  7.  3|                     lower in females than in males. Furthermore, the performance
13   II,     5.  7.  3|                    Meisinger et al, 2006) in males and from 6.2% (Italy) (Cirillo
14   II,     5.  7.  3|             prevalence was either similar in males and females (Germany, Italy)
15   II,     5.  7.  3|                      more than 50% higher in males compared to females (Table
16   II,     5.  7.  3|                  frequent in females than in males. The higher prevalence on
17   II,     5.  7.  3|                     lower in females than in males. Furthermore, the performance
18   II,     5.  8.  3|              estimated to increase by 40% in males and 140% in females between
19   II,     5.  8.  3|                     1.9 to 2.9 per 1 000) in males and by 90% in females (from
20   II,     5.  8.  3|                  Hoogendoorn et al, 2005) in males and 3..9, 8.1, 2.3, 0.4,
21   II,     5.  8.  3|                  FFMI) <15 (females) or <16 (males) kg/m2) in a large out-patient
22   II,     5.  8.  4|                  odds ratio 1.22 compared to males) (Cerveri et al, 2003).~ ~
23   II,     5.  8.  5|                    aged 53.5±11.5 yrs; 58.2% males) among which 64% were current
24   II,     5.  9.  3|                    childhood, affects mainly males and has a good prognosis;
25   II,     5.  9.  3|                      and the predominance of males among asthmatic patients
26   II,     5.  9.  4|               diagnose asthma in symptomatic males but not in females may be
27   II,     5.  9.  4|                   person-yrs(-1)) than among males (1.5 cases.1000 person-yrs(-
28   II,     5.  9.  4|                  with a higher prevalence in males (35.7%) than in females (
29   II,     5.  9.  4|                     of asthma - 12.4% of the males and 8.0% of the females (
30   II,     5. 11.  3|               prevalence between females and males correlates with the much
31   II,     5. 11.  3|                      cell carcinoma (BCC) in males, 1% for squamous cell carcinoma (
32   II,     6.  3.  4|                         TB is more common in males (male to female ratio, 1.
33   II,     7.  3.  2|                     and age, injuries affect males and females disproportionately.
34   II,     7.  3.  2|                     almost twice as high for males (72 injury deaths per 100
35   II,     7.  3.  2|                    injury deaths per 100 000 males) than it is for females (
36   II,     8.  2.  3|                      and Sweden (Odds Ratios males/females in the range 0.9-
37   II,     8.  2.  3|                    marked in men (Odd Ratios males/females in the range 1.5-
38   II,     8.  2.  3|                    was estimated to be 3.3% (males) and 2.8% (females) in the
39   II,     8.  2.  3|                    in 2001, to 4.6 YLD/1000 (males) and 4.3 YLD/1000 (females)
40   II,     8.  2.  3|                  EURO A and to 3.3 YLD/1000 (males and females) in the WHO
41   II,     9.  3.  1|                      been identified between males and females (Wizemann &
42   II,     9.  3.  1|                  range, the rate of death in males as a result of transport
43   II,     9.  3.  1|                     has the highest rate for males at 50-54 years of age (121.
44   II,     9.  3.  1|                   lesser extent in Malta for males and the Czech Republic for
45   II,     9.  3.  1|                   men and women, while Dutch males and French women have the
46   II,     9.  3.  1|                      rise, the proportion of males aged 65 or over from 4.2%
47   II,     9.  3.  1|                Androgen Deficiency in ageing males (andropause). While menopause
48   II,     9.  3.  1|                androgen deficiency of ageing males) have been used to better
49   II,     9.  3.  1|                Androgen Deficiency of Ageing Males~AIDS~Acquired immunodeficiency
50   II,     9.  3.  1|                 Androgen Deficiency of Aging Males~SHBG~Sex Hormone Binding
51   II,     9.  3.  3|                    countries, but more among males than females. Risk reduction
52   II,     9.  3.  3|               Wellings et al, 2001).~ ~Among males, the age at first sexual
53   II,     9.  3.  3|                     18 years of age for both males and females (Weiss, 2008).~ ~ ~
54   II,     9.  4.  3|                      suicide are found among males in Hungary, Lithuania and
55   II,     9.  4.  3|                 general higher prevalence in males. In a small sample of patients
56   II,     9.  4.  3|                     and in the 6th decade in males (Cattaneo, 2007).~ ~Sexually
57   II,     9.  4.  5|                      in life expectancy over males ranges from five to eight
58   II,     9.  5.  1|                European countries and 75 for males. In Eastern Europe and Romania,
59   II,     9.  5.  1|                    less than the average for males (WHO HFA-DB, 2006). In older
60   II,     9.  5.  2|                 socio-economic position. But males can be victims too, and
61   II,     9.  5.  3|              Commission, 2003). By contrast, males suffer more from accidents,
62   II,     9.  5.  3|             Pervasive developmental disorder~Males > > Females~Attention deficient
63   II,     9.  5.  3|                hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)~Males > > Females~Conduct disorders~
64   II,     9.  5.  3|                    Females~Conduct disorders~Males > > Females~Learning disability~
65   II,     9.  5.  3|                  Females~Learning disability~Males > > Females~Adolescence~
66   II,     9.  5.  3|           Adolescence~Depression~Females > > Males~Deliberate self-harm~Females >
67   II,     9.  5.  3|               Deliberate self-harm~Females > Males~Eating disorders~Females > >
68   II,     9.  5.  3|                 Eating disorders~Females > > Males~Substance abuse~Males > >
69   II,     9.  5.  3|                        Males~Substance abuse~Males > > Females~Adulthood~Depression
70   II,     9.  5.  3|             Depression and anxiety~Females > Males~Schizophrenia~Males = Females~
71   II,     9.  5.  3|                Females > Males~Schizophrenia~Males = Females~Bipolar disorder~
72   II,     9.  5.  3|                     Females~Bipolar disorder~Males = Females~Substance abuse~
73   II,     9.  5.  3|                      Females~Substance abuse~Males > > Females~Old agea~Dementias~
74   II,     9.  5.  3|                     agea~Dementias~Females > Males~Depression~Females > Males~
75   II,     9.  5.  3|                   Males~Depression~Females > Males~Psychoses~Females > > Males~>
76   II,     9.  5.  3|                  Males~Psychoses~Females > > Males~> prevalence is approximately
77  III,    10.  2.  1|              countries is declining for both males and females. In Eastern
78  III,    10.  2.  1|                Eastern Europe, mortality for males is now peaking or just beginning
79  III,    10.  2.  1|              symptoms~- Reduced fertility in males and females~- Earlier onset
80  III,    10.  2.  1|                     smoking prevalence among males peaking or just beginning
81  III,    10.  2.  1|                   are linked to alcohol. For males dying between the ages of
82  III,    10.  2.  1|                      higher prevalence among males than females, especially
83  III,    10.  2.  1|                     is 6-20 times higher for males and 10-50 times higher for
84  III,    10.  5.  2|                  more strongly expressed for males who have increased mortality
85  III,    10.  5.  2|                    settlement categories for males and females.~ ~Figure 10.
86  III,    10.  5.  2|                 urban and rural settlements, males~ ~Figure 10.5.2.6. Correlation
87   IV,    13.  2.  2| schizophrenia-associated DALYs616 544 for males, and 579 006 for females,
88  Key,   Ap5.  0.  0|                        magnetic~malaria~male~males~malformations~malignancies~