Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

 1    I,     2.  7    |            outside the city, where taxes and square meter prices
 2  III,    10.  1.  1|        including costs of tobacco, taxes on tobacco products (e.g.
 3  III,    10.  2.  1|            losses, foregone income taxes and contributions to social
 4  III,    10.  2.  1|        times more money in tobacco taxes each year than they spend
 5  III,    10.  2.  1|     efforts. It finds that tobacco taxes, the single most effective
 6  III,    10.  2.  1|            and sponsorshipRaise taxes on tobacco~ ~The report
 7  III,    10.  2.  1|        times more money in tobacco taxes than they spend on tobacco
 8  III,    10.  2.  1|       Regular increases in tobacco taxes should be the policy at
 9  III,    10.  2.  1|      trans-border sales due to low taxes on alcohol).~ ~Despite the
10  III,    10.  2.  1|         price, with higher alcohol taxes or prices leading to reductions
11  III,    10.  2.  1|      revenue from alcohol-specific taxes (as a % of government revenue
12  III,    10.  2.  1|     importance of alcohol-specific taxes are unsurprisingly the average
13  III,    10.  2.  1|            the income from alcohol taxes.~ ~Figure 10.2.1.2.6. Alcohol
14   IV,    11.  1.  6|          the collection of general taxes has likely increased the
15   IV,    11.  6.  2|           include central or local taxes and social insurance contributions,
16   IV,    11.  6.  2|     contributions (usually payroll taxes) - although out-of-pocket
17   IV,    11.  6.  2|           or hypothecated). Direct taxes are taxes levied on individuals,
18   IV,    11.  6.  2|    hypothecated). Direct taxes are taxes levied on individuals, households
19   IV,    11.  6.  2|        households or firms. Direct taxes have the potential to redistribute
20   IV,    11.  6.  2|          Moreover, personal income taxes, a form of direct tax, are
21   IV,    11.  6.  2|              In contrast, indirect taxes, which are taxes on transactions
22   IV,    11.  6.  2|          indirect taxes, which are taxes on transactions and commodities,
23   IV,    11.  6.  2|    relative importance of indirect taxes in the financing system
24   IV,    11.  6.  2|           income redistribution.~ ~Taxes may be collected locally,
25   IV,    11.  6.  2|            In addition, collecting taxes at national levels benefits
26   IV,    11.  6.  2|          the other hand, earmarked taxes may reduce public resistance
27   IV,    11.  6.  2|          equity of access, because taxes can be used to reduce cost
28   IV,    11.  6.  2|          if the shift is to ‘flattaxes and indirect (consumption)
29   IV,    11.  6.  2|         and indirect (consumption) taxes as opposed to the more progressive
30   IV,    11.  6.  2|            more progressive direct taxes the equity gains will be
31   IV,    11.  6.  2|            argued that the payroll taxes should draw from a wider
32   IV,    11.  6.  3|            progressiveness. Direct taxes are progressive in all countries,
33   IV,    11.  6.  3|          countries, while indirect taxes were regressive in all countries
34   IV,    11.  6.  3|            from higher value-added taxes on luxury goods). Moreover,
35   IV,    11.  6.  3|         States of the time, direct taxes are progressively distributed
36   IV,    11.  6.  3|         distributed while indirect taxes are regressive according
37   IV,    11.  6.  3|          Kakwani indices: indirect taxes constitute a larger proportion
38   IV,    11.  6.  3|      regressive effect of indirect taxes can be seen in the UK. Lower
39   IV,    11.  6.  3|           their income on indirect taxes (32%) than higher income
40   IV,    11.  6.  3|         regressive due to indirect taxes, with the lowest income
41   IV,    11.  6.  3|            paying 40% of income in taxes, while the highest income
42   IV,    11.  6.  3|        paid 36% of their income on taxes (Commission on Taxation
43   IV,    11.  6.  3|       average rate of local income taxes led to a decline in progressiveness
44   IV,    11.  6.  3| out-of-pocket expenditure, payroll taxes with a ceiling and direct
45   IV,    11.  6.  3|     ceiling and direct consumption taxes.~ ~The WHO World Health
46   IV,    11.  6.  4|           the same body, like when taxes are collected and also pooled
47   IV,    11.  6.  4|     national level are those where taxes are collected locally or
48   IV,    11.  6.  4|            Revenue Agency (central taxes)~National Health Insurance
49   IV,    11.  6.  4|       comprises the Directorate of Taxes, 19 county tax offices,
50   IV,    11.  6.  4|            and Ministry of Health (taxes)~National Insurance Fund
51   IV,    11.  6.  5|            Comparative Analysis of Taxes, Tax Expenditure Transfers
52   IV,    12.  2    |        times more money in tobacco taxes each year than they spend
53   IV,    12.  2    |     efforts. It finds that tobacco taxes, the single most effective
54   IV,    12.  2    |    promotion and sponsorship~Raise taxes on tobacco.~The report also
55   IV,    12.  2    |        times more money in tobacco taxes than they spend on tobacco
56   IV,    12.  2    |         price, with higher alcohol taxes or prices leading to reductions
57   IV,    12.  2    |      revenue from alcohol-specific taxes (as a % of government revenue
58   IV,    12.  2    |     importance of alcohol-specific taxes are unsurprisingly the average
59   IV,    12.  2    |            the income from alcohol taxes.~ ~Managing the sale of
60   IV,    12. 10    |    addressed.~Increases in tobacco taxes (5 steps between 2002 and
61   IV,    12. 10    |            for novice driver act), taxes on alcopops are increased
62   IV,    12. 10    |            in 2004 (Act on alcopop taxes). In general, blood alcohol
63   IV,    12. 10    |         services, and they collect taxes, as well as receive state
64   IV,    12. 10    |          policy~Agriculture policy~Taxes, customs and enforcement
65   IV,    12. 10    |      service policy~Justice policy~Taxes, customs and enforcement
66   IV,    12. 10    |        Food policy~Consumer policy~Taxes policy~Child policy~ ~Breastfeeding
67   IV,    12. 10    |        Food policy~Consumer policy~Taxes policy~Child policy~ ~ ~