Part,  Chapter, Paragraph

 1    I,     2.Acr    |          GDP~Gross Domestic Product~HTA~Health technology assessment~
 2    I,     2. 10.  5|       assessment~ ~The potential of HTA for problem solving and
 3    I,     2. 10.  5|             concerns how to conduct HTA studies with the aim of
 4    I,     2. 10.  5|           new medical technologies. HTA approaches in different
 5    I,     2. 10.  5|     conclusions reached and how the HTA evidence is used for decision
 6   II,     5.  3.Acr|           HPV~Human Papilloma Virus~HTA~Health Technology Assessment~
 7   II,     5.  3.  7|       Health Technology Assessment (HTA) regarding a new cancer
 8   II,     9.  1.  2|      newborns: a systematic review. HTA Assessment 2004; Vol 8,
 9   IV,    11.  4    |       Health Technology Assessment (HTA) is to inform the development
10   IV,    11.  4    |         health technology (INAHTA). HTA is described as a multidisciplinary
11   IV,    11.  4    |           Despite its policy goals, HTA must always be firmly rooted
12   IV,    11.  4    |            EUnetHTA).~ ~The role of HTA has been compared with that
13   IV,    11.  4    |             Figure 11.7 depicts how HTA projects ideally make their
14   IV,    11.  4    |      decision-making process.~ ~ ~ ~HTA is one source among other
15   IV,    11.  4    |           hearings, lobbyists, etc. HTA should be seen as information
16   IV,    11.  4    |            cannot all be covered by HTA (Figure 11.8).~ ~Figure
17   IV,    11.  4    |        Figure 11.8).~ ~Figure 11.8. HTA as an input to priority-setting
18   IV,    11.  4    |            From the 1980’s onwards, HTA has been institutionalised
19   IV,    11.  4    |           national focal points for HTA in most other member states (www ).
20   IV,    11.  4    |         Italy have several regional HTA agencies. A global network
21   IV,    11.  4    |      agencies. A global network for HTA agencies, INAHTA, has existed
22   IV,    11.  4    |           international society for HTA (HTAi) (ww g) and a scientific
23   IV,    11.  4    |        specific policy setting that HTA is informing into, the process
24   IV,    11.  4    |      informing into, the process of HTA can normatively be described
25   IV,    11.  4    |            11.9. The key point that HTA is multidimensional and
26   IV,    11.  4    |      considered for inclusion in an HTA project (Busse et al., 2002).
27   IV,    11.  4    |    methodologies that contribute to HTA:~ ~Safety, efficacy, effectiveness
28   IV,    11.  4    |            Information and data for HTA comes primarily from two
29   IV,    11.  4    |          2002)~ ~ ~The reporting of HTA varies from, say, large
30   IV,    11.  4    |         procedures. Transparency in HTA processes and reporting
31   IV,    11.  4    |         Pressures to provide timely HTA information to policy processes
32   IV,    11.  4    |        public attention has lead to HTA products such as “Rapid
33   IV,    11.  4    |          Alerts”.~ ~The practice of HTA varies considerably across
34   IV,    11.  4    |           across national settings. HTA informs policy- and decision-making,
35   IV,    11.  4    |            For the sake of utility, HTA designs its processes and
36   IV,    11.  4    |  duplication of efforts in European HTAincluding elements in
37   IV,    11.  4    |          elements in the process of HTA that can be shared. One
38   IV,    11.  4    |        practices are not applied in HTA across Europe. When the
39   IV,    11.  4    | recommendations, the duplication of HTA on the same topic may even
40   IV,    11.  4    |             scientific soundness of HTA, as was the case with HTA
41   IV,    11.  4    |           HTA, as was the case with HTA in positron emission tomography (
42   IV,    11.  4    |             for more information.~ ~HTA is increasingly used in
43   IV,    11.  4    |           As previously underlined, HTA informs policy and does
44   IV,    11.  4    |         process and the role of the HTA Programme) and appraisal (
45   IV,    11.  4    |               Walley, 2007) .~ ~The HTA Programme supports all NICE
46   IV,    11.  4    |             sustainable network for HTA in Europe. The Commission
47   IV,    11.  4    |             sustainable network for HTA in place by the end of the
48   IV,    11.  4    |             sustainable network for HTA. This work involved HTA
49   IV,    11.  4    |             HTA. This work involved HTA agencies, Ministries of
50   IV,    11.  4    |         draft proposal for European HTA Collaboration years 2009+
51   IV,    11.  6.  4|            Nevertheless, the use of HTA (NICE) is highly developed
52   IV,    11.  6.  4|       Health technology assessment (HTA) has assumed an increasing
53   IV,    11.  6.  4|            The general objective of HTA is to evaluate the effects
54   IV,    11.  6.  4|        national economy). Moreover, HTA is also concerned with the
55   IV,    11.  6.  4|             into the health system. HTA provides a range of stakeholders
56   IV,    11.  6.  4|           countries, programmes for HTA have been established either
57   IV,    11.  6.  4|        bodies that are dedicated to HTA (e.g. National Institute
58   IV,    11.  6.  4|         2006). The heterogeneity of HTA bodies reflects the differentiated
59   IV,    11.  6.  4|         policy formulation.~ ~While HTA programmes have generally
60   IV,    11.  6.  4|             a more effective use of HTA to ensure value for money
61   IV,    11.  6.  4|      enforce the decisions based on HTA. The trend however appears
62   IV,    11.  6.  4|       towards a greater reliance on HTA to review existing and new
63   IV,    11.  6.  5|            health care: The role of HTA in the European Union. Financing