PART II - HEALTH CONDITIONS
5. HEALTH IMPACTS OF NON COMMUNICABLE DISEASES AND RELATED TIME-TRENDS
5.4.5. Risk factors
Link to concordances are always highlighted on mouse hover
The major risk factor for Type 2 diabetes is excess body
weight or obesity, particularly when excess weight is due to abdominal
fat In case of a genetic susceptibility, this fat accumulation drives
progression to the disease.
Further risk factors for developing type 2 diabetes are:
high blood pressure or
type 2 diabetes
Asian, Afro-Caribbean or
delivery of a high
weight newborn (over 4 kg); or
gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy only) and
There are also other causes of diabetes. Maturity onset diabetes of the
young, or MODY ‘s are monogenetic forms of diabetes, with different patterns in
time and different treatments. Certain medical conditions such as acromegaly or
Cushing’s disease can lead to increased insulin resistance and diabetes.
Chronic pancreatitis can damage the insulin producing cells, meaning that
patients with the disease may eventually also have diabetes.