EUGLOREH project
THE STATUS OF HEALTH IN THE EUROPEAN UNION:
TOWARDS A HEALTHIER EUROPE

FULL REPORT

PART II - HEALTH CONDITIONS

5. HEALTH IMPACTS OF NON COMMUNICABLE DISEASES AND RELATED TIME-TRENDS

5.4. Diabetes

5.4.5. Risk factors

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5.4.5. Risk factors

 

The major risk factor for Type 2 diabetes is excess body weight or obesity, particularly when excess weight is due to abdominal fat In case of a genetic susceptibility, this fat accumulation drives progression to the disease.

Further risk factors for developing type 2 diabetes are:

-          high blood pressure or high cholesterol;

-          type 2 diabetes familiarity;

-          Asian, Afro-Caribbean or Middle-East background;

-          delivery of a high weight newborn (over 4 kg); or

-          experience of gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy only) and

-          old age

 

There are also other causes of diabetes. Maturity onset diabetes of the young, or MODY ‘s are monogenetic forms of diabetes, with different patterns in time and different treatments. Certain medical conditions such as acromegaly or Cushing’s disease can lead to increased insulin resistance and diabetes. Chronic pancreatitis can damage the insulin producing cells, meaning that patients with the disease may eventually also have diabetes.