EUGLOREH project
THE STATUS OF HEALTH IN THE EUROPEAN UNION:
TOWARDS A HEALTHIER EUROPE

FULL REPORT

PART II - HEALTH CONDITIONS

5. HEALTH IMPACTS OF NON COMMUNICABLE DISEASES AND RELATED TIME-TRENDS

5.10. Food allergy and intolerance

5.10.6. Future developments

Links:  Standard Highlighted

Link to concordances are always highlighted on mouse hover

5.10.6. Future developments

 

The first step in dealing with FA and intolerance in the community is establishing their true prevalence across age groups, taking into account gender and geographical area, as well as identifying the offending foods responsible for the majority of cases. For this purpose, well-designed multicenter, European-based epidemiological and clinical studies using common and gold standard diagnostic methods are urgently needed (Asero et al, 2007).

 

Furthermore, any efforts to establish minimum threshold doses for food allergens below which the triggering of an allergic reaction in susceptible individuals would be extremely unlikely, whereas this could be better achieved with substances responsible for non IgE-mediated food allergies and intolerances. Intensive basic research on the methods of detection of food allergens in foods that could increase sensitivity and possibly overcome food matrix issues, would be extraordinarily helpful to the food industry and policy makers to prevent adverse effects for consumers, and at the same time reduce or avoid precautionary labelling. The restriction of advisory labelling statements only to foods that actually present an hazard to susceptible consumers is a must to increase food choice and the quality of social life of food allergic individuals (de Blok et al, 2007), but it takes as well a great deal of knowledge and continuous research on cross-reactivity of allergens, on the way that food processing may affect allergenicity of foods or food components, and on the allergenic capacity of new proteins introduced in the market (e.g. novel foods, genetically modified organisms, Taylor, 2006; Thomas et al, 2007).