PART II - HEALTH CONDITIONS
6. MAIN COMMUNICABLE DISEASES AND RELATED TIME-TRENDS: PREVALENCE, INCIDENCE AND MORTALITY
6.4. Control tools and policies
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6.4. Control tools
Commission Decision 2000/96/EC specifies the list of
communicable diseases (as listed on http://europa.eu.int) to be placed
progressively under EU-wide surveillance and the criteria for their selection.
The network's main task is to monitor and track developments. Within that
network, disease-specific networks (as listed on http://europa.eu.int) have
The monitoring and control of communicable diseases are
greatly facilitated by well-functioning surveillance systems. Surveillance
systems provide information for the early detection of potential outbreaks, and
help to identify disease trends, risk factors, and the need for interventions.
They provide information for priority setting, planning, implementation and
resource allocation for preventive programmes and for evaluating preventive
programmes and control measures.
In responding to these various issues, the European Union
network for the epidemiological surveillance and control of communicable diseases
was established by Decision 2119/98/EC of the European Parliament and the
Council and started work in 1999. The Communicable Diseases Network was set up
to detect and control communicable disease in people regardless of the cause
and manner of transmission. Its principal aim is to prevent further
transmission of the disease to other people through epidemiological
surveillance and investigation.