: INDIVIDUAL DIRIMENT IMPEDIMENTS
1083 §1 A man cannot validly enter marriage before the completion of his
sixteenth year of age, nor a woman before the completion of her fourteenth
Episcopal Conference may establish a higher age for the lawful celebration of
1084 §1 Antecedent and perpetual impotence to have sexual intercourse, whether
on the part of the man or on that of the woman, whether absolute or relative,
by its very nature invalidates marriage.
§2 If the
impediment of impotence is doubtful, whether the doubt be one of law or one of
fact, the marriage is not to be prevented nor, while the doubt persists, is it
to be declared null.
prejudice to the provisions of can. 1098, sterility neither forbids nor
invalidates a marriage.
1085 §1 A person bound by the bond of a previous marriage, even if not
consummated, invalidly attempts marriage.
though the previous marriage is invalid or for any reason dissolved, it is not
thereby lawful to contract another marriage before the nullity or the
dissolution of the previous one has been established lawfully and with
1086 §1 A marriage is invalid when one of the two persons was baptised in the
catholic Church or received into it and has not by a formal act defected from
it, and the other was not baptised.
impediment is not to be dispensed unless the conditions mentioned in cann. 1125
and 1126 have been fulfilled.
§3 If at
the time the marriage was contracted one party was commonly understood to be
baptised, or if his or her baptism was doubtful, the validity of the marriage
is to be presumed in accordance with can. 1060, until it is established with
certainty that one party was baptised and the other was not.
1087 Those who are in sacred orders invalidly attempt marriage.
1088 Those who are bound by a public perpetual vow of chastity in a religious
institute invalidly attempt marriage.
1089 No marriage can exist between a man and a woman who has been abducted, or
at least detained, with a view to contracting a marriage with her, unless the
woman, after she has been separated from her abductor and established in a safe
and free place, chooses marriage of her own accord.
1090 §1 One who, with a view to entering marriage with a particular person, has
killed that person's spouse, or his or her own spouse, invalidly attempts this
also invalidly attempt marriage with each other who, by mutual physical or
moral action, brought about the death of either's spouse.
1091 §1 Marriage is invalid between those related by consanguinity in all
degrees of the direct line, whether ascending or descending, legitimate or
§2 In the
collateral line, it is invalid up to the fourth degree inclusive.
impediment of consanguinity is not multiplied.
marriage is never to be permitted if a doubt exists as to whether the parties
are related by consanguinity in any degree of the direct line, or in the second
degree of the collateral line.
1092 Affinity in any degree of the direct line invalidates marriage.
1093 The impediment of public propriety arises when a couple live together
after an invalid marriage, or from a notorious or public concubinage. It
invalidates marriage in the first degree of the direct line between the man and
those related by consanguinity to the woman, and vice versa.
1094 Those who are legally related by reason of adoption cannot validly marry
each other if their relationship is in the direct line or in the second degree
of the collateral line.