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Alphabetical    [«  »]
irksome 1
iron 36
irony 31
irrational 285
irrationally 1
irreconcilable 3
irregular 33
Frequency    [«  »]
286 force
285 concerned
285 hinders
285 irrational
285 peace
285 placed
285 seeing
St. Thomas Aquinas
Summa Theologica

IntraText - Concordances

irrational

    Part, Question
1 1, 3 | is of ~the essence of an irrational animal to be without reason. 2 1, 3 | differences, rational and irrational; which differences, however, 3 1, 20 | friendship. Now God does not love irrational creatures with the ~love 4 1, 20 | can be no friendship with irrational ~creatures, as the Philosopher 5 1, 20 | speaking exercised. But irrational creatures cannot attain 6 1, 20 | therefore, God does not love irrational creatures with ~the love 7 1, 22 | may say the same of ~other irrational creatures. Thus everything 8 1, 22 | however, that individual ~irrational creatures escape the care 9 1, 23 | 2 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 2: Irrational creatures are not capable 10 1, 23 | which by ~no means can be irrational; since predestination is " 11 1, 33 | trace, for ~instance of irrational creatures, according to 12 1, 39 | however, appears to be irrational; ~since, according to the 13 1, 48 | 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, in irrational creatures there is neither 14 1, 50 | Scriptures for ~the powers of irrational things to be designated 15 1, 50 | would be necessary ~that all irrational animals be of the same species; 16 1, 50 | sensible soul. Therefore ~irrational animals differ in species 17 1, 59 | from free-will, such as irrational animals; for the ~sheep 18 1, 63 | 1/1~OBJ 3: Further, some irrational animals have wicked dispositions 19 1, 77 | otherwise. Hence "rational" and "irrational" are differences ~dividing 20 1, 39 | however, appears to be irrational; ~since, according to the 21 1, 49 | 1/1~OBJ 2: Further, in irrational creatures there is neither 22 1, 51 | Scriptures for ~the powers of irrational things to be designated 23 1, 51 | would be necessary ~that all irrational animals be of the same species; 24 1, 51 | sensible soul. Therefore ~irrational animals differ in species 25 1, 60 | from free-will, such as irrational animals; for the ~sheep 26 1, 64 | 1/1~OBJ 3: Further, some irrational animals have wicked dispositions 27 1, 76 | otherwise. Hence "rational" and "irrational" are differences ~dividing 28 1, 78 | that in ~which man excels irrational animals is reason, or mind, 29 1, 81 | Nat. Hom.) says "that ~the irrational" part of the soul is divided 30 1, 81 | in reason, while in ~the irrational part of the soul are concupiscence 31 1, 84 | know it as ~"rational" or "irrational animal," that is, to know 32 1, 89 | difference of ~rational and irrational; but we cannot say that 33 1, 92 | Whether the image of God is in irrational creatures?~(3) Whether the 34 1, 92 | of God is to be found in irrational creatures?~Aquin.: SMT FP 35 1, 92 | of God is to be found in irrational ~creatures. For Dionysius 36 1, 92 | of rational, but ~also of irrational creatures. Therefore the 37 1, 92 | of God is to be found ~in irrational creatures.~Aquin.: SMT FP 38 1, 95 | no ~mastership over the irrational animals.~Aquin.: SMT FP 39 1, 95 | should rule over none but irrational creatures; not over men, 40 1, 101 | Fide Orth. ~ii, 11): "No irrational animal inhabited paradise"; 41 1, 102 | rewards and punishments. But ~irrational creatures which do not act 42 2, 1 | man. Now man differs from irrational ~animals in this, that he 43 2, 1 | idea of an end as such, as irrational animals. Therefore it seems 44 2, 1 | another. For ~the entire irrational nature is in comparison 45 2, 1 | whereas it is ~proper to the irrational nature to tend to an end, 46 2, 1 | apprehend the end, as do irrational animals, or do ~not apprehend 47 2, 1 | end. And it is thus with irrational ~creatures.~Aquin.: SMT 48 2, 1 | And this can belong to an irrational ~nature, but owing to some 49 2, 1 | acquisition of the end, then irrational creatures do ~not concur 50 2, 2 | wise and foolish, and even ~irrational creatures. Therefore delight 51 2, 3 | Para. 1/1~On the contrary, Irrational animals have the sensitive 52 2, 3 | prudence is ~in certain irrational animals, who are possessed 53 2, 5 | in several ~passages. But irrational animals that have the sensitive 54 2, 5 | since man is more noble than irrational creatures, it ~seems that 55 2, 5 | equipped than they. But irrational creatures ~can attain their 56 2, 5 | is more ~perfect than the irrational creature, which is not capable 57 2, 6 | human acts?~(2) Whether in irrational animals? ~(3) Whether there 58 2, 6 | is anything voluntary in irrational animals?~Aquin.: SMT FS 59 2, 6 | is nothing voluntary in irrational ~animals. For a thing is 60 2, 6 | iii, 9), it cannot be in ~irrational animals. Therefore neither 61 2, 6 | master of his actions. But irrational animals are not masters 62 2, 6 | thing as a ~voluntary act in irrational animals.~Aquin.: SMT FS 63 2, 6 | blame is due to the ~acts of irrational minds. Therefore such acts 64 2, 6 | that "both ~children and irrational animals participate in the 65 2, 6 | the end is ~exercised by irrational animals, through their senses 66 2, 6 | within the competency of even irrational animals.~Aquin.: SMT FS 67 2, 6 | action is attributed to ~irrational animals, in so far as they 68 2, 6 | that voluntariness is in irrational animals, ~as stated above.~ 69 2, 6 | as is not to be found in ~irrational animals.~Aquin.: SMT FS 70 2, 10 | same is to be said as of irrational animals, which follow, of ~ 71 2, 11 | creature alone, or also to ~irrational animals?~(3) Whether enjoyment 72 2, 11 | creature alone, or also to ~irrational animals? ~Aquin.: SMT FS 73 2, 11 | relates to the last end. But irrational animals ~cannot obtain the 74 2, 11 | enjoyment is not ~possible for irrational animals.~Aquin.: SMT FS 75 2, 11 | particular. Such knowledge is in irrational animals: whose ~appetitive 76 2, 11 | in a perfect degree; to irrational ~animals, imperfectly; to 77 2, 12 | within the competency of irrational animals?~Aquin.: SMT FS 78 2, 12 | within the competency of irrational animals?~Aquin.: SMT FS 79 2, 12 | OBJ 1: It would seem that irrational animals intend the end. 80 2, 12 | the sensitive nature in irrational animals. But nature ~intends 81 2, 12 | Much more, therefore, do irrational animals intend the end.~ 82 2, 12 | enjoyment. But ~enjoyment is in irrational animals, as stated above ( 83 2, 12 | to tend to something. But irrational ~animals act for an end; 84 2, 12 | something of the kind. Therefore irrational animals intend an end.~Aquin.: 85 2, 12 | reason. Since therefore irrational animals are void ~of reason, 86 2, 12 | archer. And in this way, irrational ~animals intend an end, 87 2, 12 | reason alone. Wherefore irrational ~animals do not intend an 88 2, 12 | 3 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 3: Irrational animals are moved to an 89 2, 13 | choice is to be found in irrational animals?~(3) Whether choice 90 2, 13 | choice is to be found in irrational animals?~Aquin.: SMT FS 91 2, 13 | OBJ 1: It would seem that irrational animals are able to choose. 92 2, 13 | in Ethic. iii, 2,3. But irrational animals desire something 93 2, 13 | Therefore choice is ~in irrational animals.~Aquin.: SMT FS 94 2, 13 | preference to others. But irrational animals take ~something 95 2, 13 | Therefore choice is ~in irrational animals.~Aquin.: SMT FS 96 2, 13 | But prudence is found in irrational ~animals: hence it is said 97 2, 13 | Therefore it ~seems that irrational animals are able to choose.~ 98 2, 13 | says ~that "children and irrational animals act willingly but 99 2, 13 | Therefore choice is not in irrational animals.~Aquin.: SMT FS 100 2, 13 | appetite which is all that irrational animals have. Wherefore ~ 101 2, 13 | animals have. Wherefore ~irrational animals are not competent 102 2, 13 | Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 2: An irrational animal takes one thing in 103 2, 13 | is that in the works of irrational ~animals we notice certain 104 2, 15 | Whether it is to be found in irrational animals?~(3) Whether it 105 2, 15 | consent is to be found in irrational animals?~Aquin.: SMT FS 106 2, 15 | consent is to be found in irrational animals. ~For consent implies 107 2, 15 | thing. But the ~appetite of irrational animals is determinate to 108 2, 15 | consent is to be found in irrational animals.~Aquin.: SMT FS 109 2, 15 | there were no ~consent in irrational animals, there would be 110 2, 15 | instance, or anger. But irrational ~animals act through passion. 111 2, 15 | But counsel is not in ~irrational animals. Therefore neither 112 2, 15 | properly speaking, is not in irrational animals. ~The reason of 113 2, 15 | of moving the stick. But ~irrational animals have not the command 114 2, 15 | natural instinct. Hence in the irrational animal, ~there is indeed 115 2, 15 | And hence it is that the irrational ~animal is not properly 116 2, 15 | Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 1: In irrational animals the determination 117 2, 15 | appetite, such as is found ~in irrational animals.~Aquin.: SMT FS 118 2, 15 | follow the ~passion: whereas irrational animals have not that power. 119 2, 16 | Whether it is to be found in irrational animals?~(3) Whether it 120 2, 16 | Whether use is to be found in irrational animals?~Aquin.: SMT FS 121 2, 16 | that use is to be found in irrational animals. For ~it is better 122 2, 16 | enjoyment is to be found in irrational animals, as stated ~above ( 123 2, 16 | action is to use them. But ~irrational animals apply their members 124 2, 16 | Therefore it is possible for ~irrational animals to use.~Aquin.: 125 2, 17 | Whether command belongs to irrational animals?~(3) Of the order 126 2, 17 | Whether command belongs to irrational animals?~Aquin.: SMT FS 127 2, 17 | that command belongs to irrational animals. ~Because, according 128 2, 17 | But both powers are in irrational animals. Therefore command 129 2, 17 | command is ~to be found in irrational animals.~Aquin.: SMT FS 130 2, 17 | commanded by ~the soul, even in irrational animals, since they are 131 2, 17 | action is to be found in irrational animals, as Damascene ~says ( 132 2, 17 | command is to be found in ~irrational animals.~Aquin.: SMT FS 133 2, 17 | stated above (A[1]). ~But in irrational animals there is no reason. 134 2, 17 | Wherefore it is impossible that irrational animals should ~command 135 2, 17 | this is only in man. In irrational ~animals the appetitive 136 2, 17 | Reply OBJ 2: The body of the irrational animal is competent to obey; 137 2, 17 | Impulse to action is in irrational animals otherwise than ~ 138 2, 17 | hand, the ~impulse of the irrational animal arises from natural 139 2, 18 | divided into rational and ~irrational; and the irrational into 140 2, 18 | and ~irrational; and the irrational into animals with wings, 141 2, 18 | essential ~determinations of the irrational being. But the following 142 2, 22 | passion is a movement of ~the irrational soul, when we think of good 143 2, 24 | wit, as movements of the irrational appetite, thus there is 144 2, 24 | Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 3: In irrational animals the sensitive appetite 145 2, 26 | from free-will. Such is, in irrational animals, ~the "sensitive 146 2, 29 | is ~pleasant: thus also irrational animals refrain from pleasure 147 2, 30 | Orth. ii, 12) that "the ~irrational part which is subject and 148 2, 30 | concupiscence and anger. This is the irrational part of ~the soul, passive 149 2, 30 | former concupiscences are "irrational," but the ~latter, "rational." 150 2, 30 | the ~Philosopher calls "irrational" (Rhet. i, 11); or by apprehension 151 2, 31 | We do not speak of joy in irrational animals; whereas ~we do 152 2, 31 | we do not ascribe ~joy to irrational animals, but only delight.~ 153 2, 31 | common to us and to the irrational animals. ~Therefore it is 154 2, 31 | we have in common ~with irrational animals.~Aquin.: SMT FS 155 2, 40 | Consequently, in the ~actions of irrational animals and of other natural 156 2, 46 | justice between man and ~irrational beings. And yet sometimes 157 2, 46 | sometimes one is angry with irrational beings; ~thus, out of anger, 158 2, 46 | movement of anger even ~against irrational and inanimate beings, which 159 2, 50 | the nutritive power is an irrational part, so ~is the sensitive 160 2, 50 | fortitude, "belong to the irrational ~part."~Aquin.: SMT FS Q[ 161 2, 55 | are virtues even of the ~irrational parts; as the Philosopher 162 2, 55 | Virtue cannot be in the irrational part of the soul, except ~ 163 2, 56 | these virtues belong to the irrational part of the ~soul."~Aquin.: 164 2, 60 | something in common with irrational ~animals. Accordingly in 165 2, 67 | moral virtues, are ~in the irrational parts of the soul, as the 166 2, 67 | Ethic. ~iii, 10). Now the irrational parts of the soul are corrupted, 167 2, 67 | state of resurrection, the irrational powers will be in ~the bodily 168 2, 67 | preceding the resurrection, the irrational parts ~will not be in the 169 2, 72 | species, e.g. "rational" and "irrational," ~"animate," and "inanimate": 170 2, 73 | which are common to us and irrational minds": ~hence, by these 171 2, 74 | sensuality ~is common to us and irrational animals. Therefore sin cannot 172 2, 74 | part are ~common to us and irrational animals, nevertheless, in 173 2, 74 | fortitude are virtues of the ~irrational parts, as the Philosopher 174 2, 91 | nature, as is the case in irrational creatures, ~which act for 175 2, 91 | Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 3: Even irrational animals partake in their 176 2, 91 | stated above (Q[90], A[1]). Irrational creatures, however, do ~ 177 2, 91 | more self-sufficing than irrational ~creatures. But irrational 178 2, 91 | irrational ~creatures. But irrational creatures have no Divine 179 2, 91 | 3 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 3: Irrational creatures are not ordained 180 2, 93 | done regarding the use of irrational things ~subject to man, 181 2, 93 | those things, ~for these irrational creatures do not move themselves, 182 2, 93 | man cannot impose laws ~on irrational beings, however much they 183 2, 93 | eternal law. ~Consequently irrational creatures are subject to 184 2, 93 | 2 Para. 1/1~Reply OBJ 2: Irrational creatures neither partake 185 2, 93 | subordinate to reason; so too irrational creatures are moved ~by 186 2, 93 | and in this second way, irrational creatures are subject to ~ 187 2, 95 | soul either rational or ~irrational is contained in the notion 188 2, 95 | of its being rational or ~irrational; but not in the point of 189 2, 102 | therefore, neither of other irrational animals. ~Therefore without 190 2, 102 | cruelty even in regard to irrational ~animals, so as to be less 191 2, 102 | since it happens that even irrational animals ~are sensible to 192 2, 109 | nature, not only rational but irrational, and ~even to inanimate 193 2, 10 | he differs ~not from an irrational animal; so that even as 194 2, 24 | of charity?~(3) Whether irrational creatures ought to be loved 195 2, 24 | Thes. Para. 1/1~Whether irrational creatures also ought to 196 2, 24 | OBJ 1: It would seem that irrational creatures also ought to 197 2, 24 | conformed to ~God. Now God loves irrational creatures out of charity, 198 2, 24 | Therefore we also should love irrational creatures out of ~charity.~ 199 2, 24 | image, so ~too, are the irrational creatures, in as much as 200 2, 24 | charity extends ~also to irrational creatures.~Aquin.: SMT SS 201 2, 24 | faith. Now faith extends to irrational creatures, since we believe ~ 202 2, 24 | charity extends also to irrational creatures.~Aquin.: SMT SS 203 2, 24 | neighbor cannot be extended to irrational ~creatures, since they have 204 2, 24 | charity does not extend to irrational creatures.~Aquin.: SMT SS 205 2, 24 | regard to the first, no irrational creature can be loved out 206 2, 24 | friendship, which cannot have an irrational creature for its ~object: 207 2, 24 | wish good things to an ~irrational creature, because it is 208 2, 24 | proves ~(Ethic. viii, 5). Now irrational creatures can have no fellowship 209 2, 24 | reason. Hence friendship with irrational ~creatures is impossible, 210 2, 24 | happiness, to which the irrational creature cannot attain. ~ 211 2, 24 | friendship of charity towards an irrational ~creature.~Aquin.: SMT SS 212 2, 24 | Nevertheless we can love irrational creatures out of charity, 213 2, 24 | himself: wherefore even irrational ~creatures naturally desire 214 2, 24 | Now everything, ~even an irrational being, naturally hates its 215 2, 24 | good. In this way we love irrational creatures out of ~charity, 216 2, 45 | Further, man surpasses irrational beings by his reason, but 217 2, 45 | what man is in relation to irrational ~creatures. Now man is the 218 2, 45 | creatures. Now man is the end of irrational creatures, according to ~ 219 2, 48 | command, but otherwise than as irrational and inanimate beings ~are 220 2, 48 | motion by their movers. For irrational and inanimate beings ~are 221 2, 62 | they have no sense, nor to irrational animals, because they have 222 2, 74 | one may lawfully curse an irrational creature?~(3) Whether cursing 223 2, 74 | it is lawful to curse an irrational creature?~Aquin.: SMT SS 224 2, 74 | is unlawful to curse an irrational ~creature. Cursing would 225 2, 74 | relation to ~punishment. Now irrational creatures are not competent 226 2, 74 | 1~OBJ 2: Further, in an irrational creature there is nothing 227 2, 74 | nowise lawful to curse an ~irrational creature.~Aquin.: SMT SS 228 2, 74 | Para. 1/1~OBJ 3: Further, irrational creatures are either stable, 229 2, 74 | nowise lawful to curse an irrational creature.~Aquin.: SMT SS 230 2, 74 | evil are said to happen to irrational creatures in relation to ~ 231 2, 74 | ministration, in ~so far as irrational creatures minister to the 232 2, 74 | Moral. ~iv, 3). Again the irrational creature is related to the 233 2, 74 | signification of Judea. Thirdly, the irrational creature is related to ~ 234 2, 74 | Body Para. 2/3~But to curse irrational beings, considered as creatures 235 2, 88 | Whether it is lawful to adjure irrational creatures?~Aquin.: SMT SS 236 2, 88 | it is lawful to adjure an irrational creature?~Aquin.: SMT SS 237 2, 88 | seem unlawful to adjure an irrational creature. An ~adjuration 238 2, 88 | understands not, such as an irrational creature. Therefore it is ~ 239 2, 88 | and unlawful to adjure an irrational creature.~Aquin.: SMT SS 240 2, 88 | is not consistent with an irrational ~creature. Therefore it 241 2, 88 | cannot be employed towards ~irrational creatures, since they are 242 2, 88 | not the ~power to command irrational creatures, but only He of 243 2, 88 | is it lawful to adjure irrational creatures.~Aquin.: SMT SS 244 2, 88 | Para. 1/3~I answer that, Irrational creatures are directed to 245 2, 88 | Wherefore the operation of the irrational ~creature is ascribed not 246 2, 88 | permission, makes use of irrational creatures in order to ~inflict 247 2, 88 | Accordingly the adjuration of an irrational creature may be of two ~ 248 2, 88 | adjuration is referred to the irrational ~creature in itself: and 249 2, 88 | would be vain to adjure an ~irrational creature. Secondly, so that 250 2, 88 | director and ~mover of the irrational creature, and in this sense 251 2, 88 | the devil, who uses the irrational ~creature for our harm. 252 2, 88 | demons is expelled from ~an irrational creature. But it is not 253 2, 101 | is honored, so too in the irrational creature we ~find the trace 254 2, 101 | honor is shown to certain irrational creatures, as, for instance, 255 2, 101 | subjection nor honor to an irrational ~creature considered in 256 2, 102 | will, but because, unlike ~irrational creatures, he is not compelled 257 2, 106 | dumb animals and ~any other irrational creatures, because in this 258 2, 163 | Further, the serpent is an irrational animal. Now wisdom, speech, ~ 259 2, 163 | punishment are not befitting an irrational animal. Therefore the ~serpent 260 2, 187 | perfect species, even as the irrational to the rational ~animal. 261 3, 4 | likeness of image, so in irrational ~creatures we find the image 262 3, 4 | of trace. Therefore the irrational creature ~was as capable 263 3, 4 | nature alone. ~For in the irrational creature the fitness of 264 3, 4 | does ~not imply that the irrational creature, in which such 265 3, 4 | operation. And hence the ~irrational creature which falls short 266 3, 5 | had true human flesh, but irrational flesh, since our soul ~differs 267 3, 13 | spirit of life, and the irrational spirit of life by the rational 268 3, 15 | virtues, which are in the ~irrational part of the soul, make it 269 3, 23 | called the Father even of the irrational ~creature, according to 270 3, 23 | called the Father of the irrational creature, not ~properly 271 3, 44 | miracles which He worked in irrational creatures.~Aquin.: SMT TP 272 3, 44 | worked miracles fittingly on irrational creatures?~Aquin.: SMT TP 273 3, 44 | miracles unfittingly on ~irrational creatures. For brute animals 274 3, 44 | His miracles ~in regard to irrational creatures seem to have been 275 3, 44 | only on man, but also on ~irrational creatures.~Aquin.: SMT TP 276 3, 68 | OBJ 2: Further, man excels irrational animals in that he has reason. 277 3, 68 | therefore, that just as irrational animals are not baptized, 278 3, 68 | bodily organ; but not like irrational ~animals through want of 279 3, 77 | remains a man, he can be an irrational animal. ~For it would follow 280 3, 80 | abominable before God than the ~irrational creature: for it is said 281 3, 80 | made like to them." But an irrational animal, such as a mouse ~ 282 3, 80 | must not be ~said that the irrational animal eats the body of 283 3, 80 | this sacrament than any ~irrational creature. Hence he would 284 Suppl, 49| that act, which moves ~even irrational animals in which there is 285 Suppl, 55| divided into rational and irrational and not into white and ~


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