Code of Canon Law
IntraText CT - Text
Part II. PENALTIES FOR INDIVIDUAL DELICTS
Title I. Delicts Against Religion and the Unity of the Church(Cann. 1364 - 1369)
Can.1364 §1. Without prejudice to the prescript of can. 194, §1, n. 2, an apostate from the faith, a heretic, or a
schismatic incurs a latae sententiae excommunication; in addition, a cleric can be punished with the penalties
mentioned in can. 1336, §1, nn. 1, 2, and 3.
§2. If contumacy of long duration or the gravity of scandal demands it, other penalties can be added,
including dismissal from the clerical state.
Can.1365 A person guilty of prohibited participation in sacred rites (communicatio in sacris) is to be punished
with a just penalty.
Can.1366 Parents or those who take the place of parents who hand offer their children to be baptized or
educated in a non Catholic religion are to be punished with a censure or other just penalty.
Can.1367 A person who throws away the consecrated species or takes or retains them for a sacrilegious purpose
incurs a latae sententiae excommunication reserved to the Apostolic See; moreover, a cleric can be punished
with another penalty, not excluding dismissal from the clerical state.
Can.1368 A person who commits perjury while asserting or promising something before ecclesiastical authority is
to be punished with a just penalty.
Can.1369 A person who in a public show or speech, in published writing, or in other uses of the instruments of
social communication utters blasphemy, gravely injures good morals, expresses insults, or excites hatred or
contempt against religion or the Church is to be punished with a just penalty.
Title II Delicts Against Ecclesiastical Authorities and the Freedom of the Church(Cann. 1370 - 1377)
Can.1370 §1. A person who uses physical force against the Roman Pontiff incurs a latae sententiae
excommunication reserved to the Apostolic See; if he is a cleric, another penalty, not excluding dismissal from
the clerical state, can be added according to the gravity of the delict.
§2. A person who does this against a bishop incurs a latae sententiae interdict and, if he is a cleric, also a
latae sententiae suspension.
§3. A person who uses physical force against a cleric or religious out of contempt for the faith, the Church,
ecclesiastical power, or the ministry is to be punished with a just penalty.
Can.1371 The following are to be punished with a just penalty:
1/ in addition to the case mentioned in can. 1364, §1, a person who teaches a doctrine condemned by the
Roman Pontiff or an ecumenical council or who obstinately rejects the doctrine mentioned in can. 750, §2 or in
Can. 752 and who does not retract after having been admonished by the Apostolic See or an ordinary;
2/ a person who otherwise does not obey a legitimate precept or prohibition of the Apostolic See, an
ordinary, or a superior and who persists in disobedience after a warning.
Can.1372 A person who makes recourse against an act of the Roman Pontiff to an ecumenical council or the
college of bishops is to be punished with a censure.
Can.1373 A person who publicly incites among subjects animosities or hatred against the Apostolic See or an
ordinary because of some act of power or ecclesiastical ministry or provokes subjects to disobey them is to be
punished by an interdict or other just penalties.
Can.1374 A person who joins an association which plots against the Church is to be punished with a just
penalty; however, a person who promotes or directs an association of this kind is to be punished with an
Can.1375 Those who impede the freedom of ministry, of election, or of ecclesiastical power or the legitimate use
of sacred goods or other ecclesiastical goods or who greatly intimidate an elector, one elected, or one who
exercises ecclesiastical power or ministry can be punished with a just penalty.
Can.1376 A person who profanes a movable or immovable sacred object is to be punished with a just penalty.
Can.1377 A person who alienates ecclesiastical goods without the prescribed permission is to be punished with a